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.38 Special

Revolver cartridge designed by Smith & Wesson (S&W)

This article is about the firearms cartridge. For the band, see 38 Special (band).

.38 Special
38 Special - FMJ - SB - 1.jpg

.38 Special cartridge

TypeRevolver
Place of originUnited States
DesignerSmith & Wesson
Designed1898
ManufacturerSmith & Wesson
Produced1898–present
Parent case.38 Long Colt
Case typeRimmed, straight
Bullet diameter.357 in (9.1 mm)
Neck diameter.379 in (9.6 mm)
Base diameter.379 in (9.6 mm)
Rim diameter.44 in (11 mm)
Rim thickness.058 in (1.5 mm)
Case length1.155 in (29.3 mm)
Overall length1.550 in (39.4 mm)
Case capacity23.4 gr H2O (1.52 cm3)
Primer typeSmall pistol
Maximum pressure17,500 psi (121 MPa)
Bullet mass/typeVelocityEnergy
9.53 g (147 gr) Cor-Bon FMJ900 ft/s (270 m/s)264 ft⋅lbf (358 J)
8.1 g (125 gr) Hornady JHP900 ft/s (270 m/s)225 ft⋅lbf (305 J)
8.1 g (125 gr) Underwood FMJ +P1,000 ft/s (300 m/s)278 ft⋅lbf (377 J)
10.24 g (158 gr) Grizzly JHP +P975 ft/s (297 m/s)333 ft⋅lbf (451 J)
6.48 g (100 gr) Cor-bon PB +P1,150 ft/s (350 m/s)294 ft⋅lbf (399 J)
Test barrel length: 4 in (vented)
Source(s): [1][2][3][4][5]

The .38 Special, also commonly known as .38 S&W Special (not to be confused with .38 S&W), .38 Smith & Wesson Special, .38 Spl, .38 Spc, (pronounced "thirty-eight special"), or 9x29mmR is a rimmed, centerfirecartridge designed by Smith & Wesson.

The .38 Special is most commonly used in revolvers, but also finds use in semi-automatic pistols and carbines.

The .38 Special was the standard service cartridge for the majority of United States police departments from the 1920s to the 1990s. It was also a common sidearm cartridge used by United States military personnel in World War I, World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. In other parts of the world, it is known by its metric designation of 9×29.5mmR[6] or 9.1×29mmR.[7]

Known for its accuracy and manageable recoil, the .38 Special remains one of the most popular revolver cartridges in the world[8] more than a century after its introduction. It is used recreationally for target shooting, formal target competition, personal defense, and small-game hunting.

Overview[edit]

First model M&P revolver designed in 1899 for the .38 Special cartridge. This particular revolver left the factory in 1900.

The .38 Special was designed and entered production in 1898 as an improvement over the .38 Long Colt which, as a military service cartridge, was found to have inadequate stopping power against the charges of Filipino Muslim warriors during the Philippine–American War.[9] Upon its introduction, the .38 Special was originally loaded with black powder, but the cartridge's popularity caused manufacturers to offer smokeless powder loadings within a year of its introduction.

Despite its name, the caliber of the .38 Special cartridge is actually .357 inches (36 caliber/9.07 mm), with the ".38" referring to the approximate diameter of the loaded brass case. This came about because the original .38-caliber cartridge, the .38 Short Colt, was designed for use in converted .36-caliber cap-and-ball Navy revolvers, which had untapered cylindrical firing chambers of approximately 0.374-inch (9.5 mm) diameter that required heeled bullets, the exposed portion of which was the same diameter as the cartridge case.

Except for case length, the .38 Special is identical to the .38 Short Colt, .38 Long Colt, and .357 Magnum. This nearly identical nature of the three rounds allows a .38 Special round to be safely fired in revolvers chambered for .357 Magnum. It also allows .38 Short Colt and .38 Long Colt rounds to be safely fired in revolvers chambered for .38 Special. Thus the .38 Special round and revolvers chambered for it have a unique versatility. However, the longer and more powerful .357 Magnum cartridge will usually not chamber and fire in weapons rated specifically for .38 Special (e.g., all versions of the Smith & Wesson Model 10), which are not designed for the greatly increased pressure of the magnum rounds. Both .38 Special and .357 Magnum will chamber in Colt New Army revolvers in .38 Long Colt due to their straight walled chambers, but this should not be done under any circumstances, due to dangerous pressure levels up to three times what the New Army is designed to withstand.

History[edit]

The .38 Special was designed and produced in 1898 to be a higher velocity round, with better penetration properties than the .38 Long Colt that was in Government Service in the Philippines during the Spanish–American War. The .38 Long Colt revolver round would not penetrate the insurgent Philippine Morro warrior shields, and the Government contracted the new revolver round to Smith & Wesson. The .38 Special held a minimum of 21 grains of black powder, which was 3 grains more than the current .38 Long Colt, and it was 100 to 150 feet per second faster with a 158 grain bullet.

During the late 1920s, and in response to demands for a more effective law enforcement version of the cartridge, a new standard-velocity loading for the .38 Special was developed by Western Cartridge Company. This .38 Special variant incorporated a 200 grains (13 g) round-nosed lead 'Lubaloy' bullet, the .38 Super Police.[10]Remington-Peters also introduced a similar loading. Testing revealed that the longer, heavier 200 grains (13 g) .357-calibre bullet fired at low velocity tended to 'keyhole' or tumble upon impact, providing more shock effect against unprotected personnel.[11] At the same time, authorities in Great Britain, who had decided to adopt the .38 caliber revolver as a replacement for their existing .455 service cartridge, also tested the same 200 grains (13.0 g) bullet in the smaller .38 S&W cartridge. This cartridge was called the .38 S&W Super Police or the .38/200. Britain would later adopt the .38/200 as its standard military handgun cartridge.

Smith & Wesson M&P in .38 Special produced in 1899
Air Force issue Smith & Wesson Model 15–4 in .38 Special

In 1930, Smith & Wesson introduced a large frame .38 Special revolver with a 5-inch barrel and fixed sights intended for police use, the Smith & Wesson .38/44 Heavy Duty.[12][13] The following year, a new high-power loading called the .38 Special Hi-Speed with a 158 grains (10.2 g) metal-tip bullet was developed for these revolvers in response to requests from law enforcement agencies for a handgun bullet that could penetrate auto bodies and body armor.[14] That same year, Colt Firearms announced that their Colt Official Police would also handle 'high-speed' .38 Special loadings.[15] The .38/44 high-speed cartridge came in three bullet weights: 158 grains (10.2 g), 150 grains (9.7 g), and 110 grains (7.1 g), with either coated lead or steel jacket, metal-piercing bullets.[16] The media attention gathered by the .38/44 and its ammunition eventually led Smith & Wesson to develop a completely new cartridge with a longer case length in 1934, this was the .357 Magnum.

During World War II, some U.S. aircrew (primarily Navy and Marine Corps) were issued .38 Special S&W Victory revolvers as sidearms in the event of a forced landing. In May 1943, a new .38 Special cartridge with a 158 grains (10.2 g), full-steel-jacketed, copper flash-coated bullet meeting the requirements of the rules of land warfare was developed at Springfield Armory and adopted for the Smith & Wesson revolvers.[17] The new military .38 Special loading propelled its 158 grains (10.2 g) bullet at a standard 850 ft/s (260 m/s) from a 4-inch (100 mm) revolver barrel.[17] During the war, many U.S. naval and Marine aircrew were also issued red-tipped .38 Special tracer rounds using either a 120 or 158 gr (7.8 or 10.2 g) bullet for emergency signaling purposes.[17]

In 1956, the U.S. Air Force adopted the Cartridge, Caliber .38, Ball M41, a military variant of the .38 Special cartridge designed to conform to the rules of land warfare. The original .38 M41 ball cartridge used a 130-grain full-metal-jacketed bullet, and was loaded to an average pressure of only 13,000 pounds per square inch (90 MPa), giving a muzzle velocity of approximately 725 ft/s (221 m/s) from a 4-inch (100 mm) barrel.[18][19] This ammunition was intended to prolong the life of S&W M12 and Colt Aircrewman revolvers equipped with aluminum cylinders and frames, which were prone to stress fractures when fired with standard .38 ammunition. By 1961, a slightly revised M41 .38 cartridge specification known as the Cartridge, Caliber .38 Ball, Special, M41 had been adopted for U.S. armed forces using .38 Special caliber handguns.[19] The new M41 Special cartridge used a 130-grain FMJ bullet loaded to a maximum allowable pressure of 16,000 pounds per square inch (110 MPa) for a velocity of approximately 950 ft/s (290 m/s) in a solid 6-inch (150 mm) test barrel, and about 750 ft/s (230 m/s) from a 4-inch (100 mm) revolver barrel.[20][21] The M41 ball cartridge was first used in .38 revolvers carried by USAF aircrew and Strategic Air Command security police, and by 1961 was in use by the U.S. Army for security police, dog handlers, and other personnel equipped with .38 Special caliber revolvers.[21] A variant of the standard M41 cartridge with a semi-pointed, unjacketed lead bullet was later adopted for CONUS (Continental United States) police and security personnel.[19] At the same time, .38 tracer cartridges were reintroduced by the US Navy, Marines, and Air Force to provide a means of emergency signaling by downed aircrew. Tracer cartridges in .38 Special caliber of different colors were issued, generally as part of a standard aircrew survival vest kit.

A request for more powerful .38 Special ammunition for use by Air Police and security personnel resulted in the Caliber .38 Special, Ball, PGU-12/B High Velocity cartridge.[20] Issued only by the U.S. Air Force, the PGU-12/B had a greatly increased maximum allowable pressure rating of 20,000 psi, sufficient to propel a 130-grain FMJ bullet at 1,125 ft/s (343 m/s) from a solid 6-inch (150 mm) test barrel, and about 950–1,000 ft/s from a 4-inch (100 mm) revolver barrel.[20] The PGU-12/B High Velocity cartridge differs from M41 Special ammunition in two important respects—the PGU-12/B is a much higher-pressure cartridge, with a bullet deeply set and crimped into the cartridge case.

In response to continued complaints over ineffectiveness of the standard .38 Special 158-grain cartridge in stopping assailants in numerous armed confrontations during the 1950s and 1960s, ammunition manufacturers began to experiment with higher-pressure (18,500 CUP) loadings of the .38 Special cartridge, known as .38 Special +P (+P or +P+ designation indicates that the cartridge is using higher pressures, therefore it is overpressure ammunition). In 1972, the Federal Bureau of Investigation introduced a new .38 +P loading that became known as the "FBI Load".[22] The FBI Load combined a more powerful powder charge with a 158-grain unjacketed soft lead[23] semi-wadcutter hollow-point bullet designed to readily expand at typical .38 Special velocities obtained in revolvers commonly used by law enforcement.[22] The FBI Load proved very satisfactory in effectively stopping adversaries in numerous documented shootings using 2- to 4-inch barreled revolvers.[22][24] The FBI Load was later adopted by the Chicago Police Department and numerous other law enforcement agencies.[22]

Demand for a .38 cartridge with even greater performance for law enforcement led to the introduction of the +P+ .38 Special cartridge, first introduced by Federal and Winchester. Originally labeled "For Law Enforcement Only",[25][unreliable source?] +P+ ammunition is intended for heavier-duty .38 Special and .357 Magnum revolvers, as the increased pressure levels can result in accelerated wear and significant damage to firearms rated for lower-pressure .38 Special loadings (as with all .38 Special loadings, the .38 Special +P+ can also be fired safely in .357 Magnum revolvers).[26]

Performance[edit]

.38 Special bullet coming from a Smith & Wesson 686, photographed with an air-gap flash
.38 Special wadcuttersloaded cartridges and 148 grain hollow-base wadcutter bullet, used for target shooting

Due to its black-powder heritage, the .38 Special is a low-pressure cartridge, one of the lowest in common use today at 17,500 psi. By modern standards, the .38 Special fires a medium-sized bullet at rather low speeds. In the case of target loads, a 148 gr (9.6 g) bullet is propelled to only 690 ft/s (210 m/s).[27] The closest comparisons are the .380 ACP, which fires much lighter bullets slightly faster than most .38 Special loads; the 9×19mm Parabellum, which fires a somewhat lighter bullet significantly faster; and the .38 Super, which fires a comparable bullet considerably faster. All of these cartridges are usually found in semi-automatic pistols.

The higher-pressure .38 +P loads at 20,000 psi offer about 20% more muzzle energy than standard-pressure loads and places it between the .380 ACP and the 9mm Parabellum; similar to that of the 9×18mm Makarov. A few specialty manufacturers' +P loads for this cartridge can attain even higher energies than that, especially when fired from longer barrels, produce energies in the range of the 9mm Parabellum. These loads are generally not recommended for older revolvers or ones not specifically "+P" rated.

CartridgeBullet weightMuzzle velocityMuzzle energyMax pressure
.38 Short Colt135 gr (8.7 g)777 ft/s (237 m/s)181 ft•lbf (245 J)7,500 CUP
.38 Long Colt150 gr (9.7 g)777 ft/s (237 m/s)201 ft•lbf (273 J)12,000 CUP
.38 S&W158 gr (10.2 g)767 ft/s (234 m/s)206 ft•lbf (279 J)14,500 psi
.38 S&W Special Wadcutter148 gr (9.6 g)690 ft/s (210 m/s)156 ft•lbf (212 J)17,500 psi
.38 S&W Special158 gr (10.2 g)940 ft/s (290 m/s)310 ft•lbf (420 J)17,500 psi
.38 Special Super Police200 gr (13 g)671 ft/s (205 m/s)200 ft•lbf (271 J)17,500 psi
.38 Special +P158 gr (10.2 g)1,000 ft/s (300 m/s)351 ft•lbf (476 J)20,000 psi
.38 Special +P+110 gr (7.1 g)1,100 ft/s (340 m/s)295 ft•lbf (400 J)22,500 psi[26]
.380 ACP100 gr (6.5 g)895 ft/s (273 m/s)178 ft•lbf (241 J)21,500 psi
9×19mm Parabellum115 gr (7.5 g)1,300 ft/s (400 m/s)420 ft•lbf (570 J)35,000 psi
9×19mm Parabellum124 gr (8.0 g)1,180 ft/s (360 m/s)383 ft•lbf (520 J)35,000 psi
9×18mm Makarov95 gr (6.2 g)1,050 ft/s (320 m/s)231 ft•lbf (313 J)23,500 psi
.38 Super130 gr (8.4 g)1,275 ft/s (389 m/s)468 ft•lbf (634 J)36,500 psi
.357 Magnum158 gr (10.2 g)1,349 ft/s (411 m/s)639 ft•lbf (866 J)35,000 psi
.357 SIG125 gr (8.1 g)1,450 ft/s (440 m/s)584 ft•lbf (792 J)40,000 psi

All of the above specifications for .38 loadings, and the .357 Magnum, are applicable when fired from a 6-inch (150 mm) barreled revolver. The velocity is reduced when using the more standard 4-inch (100 mm) barreled guns.[28] Power (muzzle energy) will, of course, decrease accordingly.

Although only a few US police departments now issue or authorize use of the .38 Special revolver as a standard-duty weapon, the caliber remains popular with some police officers for use in short-barreled revolvers carried when off duty or for undercover-police investigations. It is also widely used in revolvers purchased for civilian home defense or for concealed carry by individuals with a CCW permit.

Terminal performance and expansion[edit]

.38 Specials come with a range of different bullet types.

There are many companies that manufacture .38 Special ammunition. It can range from light target loads to more powerful defensive ammunition. Because of the relatively low pressure that the .38 Special cartridge and even its more powerful +P version can be loaded to, most 38 Special bullets do not expand reliably, even when using hollow-point designs, especially if fired from a short-barreled or 'snub-nose' revolver. In 2004, Speer Bullets introduced the Gold Dot jacketed hollow-point .38 Special cartridge in an attempt to solve this very problem. Another solution is to use an unjacketed soft lead hollow-point bullet as found in the FBI Load.[22] The latter's 158-grain soft lead hollow point is loaded to +P pressures and velocity, which ensures more reliable expansion in unprotected flesh, even when fired in a 2-inch short-barreled revolver.[22]

Handloading[edit]

The .38 Special is particularly popular among handloaders. The cartridge's straight walls, headspacing on the rim, ready availability of previously-fired cases, and ability to be fired in .357 Magnum firearms, all contribute to this popularity. Additionally, the .38 Special's heritage as a black powder cartridge gives it a case size capable of accommodating many types of powders, from slower-burning (e.g., Hodgdon H-110 or Hercules 2400) to fast-burning (e.g., Alliant Bullseye, the traditional smokeless powder for this cartridge). This flexibility in powders translates directly to versatility in muzzle energy that a handloader can achieve. Thus, with proper care, a suitably-strong revolver, and adherence to safe handloading practices, the .38 Special can accommodate ammunition ranging from light-recoiling target loads to +P+ self-defense rounds. The .38 Special, handloaded with premium to regular lead bullets can be loaded safely to equal the now popular 9x19mm Parabellum round. The round is as viable today as a self-defense round as it was back in 1898.[29]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^"Federal Cartridge Co. ballistics page". Archived from the original on 26 June 2007. Retrieved 25 September 2007.
  2. ^"SAAMI Pressures". Archived from the original on 21 June 2007. Retrieved 25 September 2007.
  3. ^"SAAMI Pressures". Archived from the original on 16 November 2007. Retrieved 25 September 2007.
  4. ^"Load Data << Accurate Powders". Retrieved 25 September 2007.
  5. ^"Cartridge Loading Data – Hodgdon". Archived from the original on 16 November 2007. Retrieved 25 September 2007.
  6. ^Hogg, Ian (1989). Jane's Infantry Weapons 1989–90, 15th Edition. Jane's Information Group. p. 514. ISBN .
  7. ^Jones, Richard (2009). Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009–2010. Jane's Information Group. p. 621. ISBN .
  8. ^"What are the most popular calibers in the US? - Knowledge Glue". Knowledge Glue. 14 September 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  9. ^Barnes, Frank C. Ken Warner, editor. Cartridges of the World, 6th Edition. Northbrook, Illinois: DBI Books, 1989. ISBN 978-0-87349-033-7. The failure of the .38 Long Colt as a service cartridge caused the U.S. Army to insist on a .45 chambering for its 1907 pistol trials.
  10. ^Sharpe, Phil, The New Smith & Wesson Heavy Duty .38, The American Rifleman, November 1931
  11. ^Sharpe, Phil, The New Smith & Wesson Heavy Duty .38, The American Rifleman, November 1931: "..the destruction of this load was terrific..Every shot showed evidence of key-holing after the first half of the penetration had been accomplished."
  12. ^Shideler, Dan, Is This the Greatest .38 Ever, Gun Digest, 4 August 2008
  13. ^Sharpe, Phil, The New Smith & Wesson Heavy Duty .38, The American Rifleman, November 1931: Chambered in .38 Special, the .38/44 was built on the old S&W .44-calibre Hand Ejector frame.
  14. ^Shideler, Dan, Is This the Greatest .38 Ever, Gun Digest, 4 August 2008: The new .38/44 load developed a maximum allowable pressure of 20,000 pounds per square inch (140 MPa), producing a velocity of about 1,100 ft/s (340 m/s) from a 5 in (130 mm) barrel with a 158 gr (10.2 g) metal-tipped bullet.
  15. ^Ayoob, Massad. "The Colt Official Police: 61 years of production, 99 years of service", Guns magazine. BNET Web site – Find articles. Accessed 2 April 2011: Because of their heavy frames, these revolvers could withstand the higher-pressures generated by the new loadings.
  16. ^The metal-penetrating bullets were often described as Highway Patrol loads.
  17. ^ abcBrown Jr., Edwards, "DCM Shopper's Guide", The American Rifleman, (April 1946), p. 18
  18. ^Scarlata, Paul, "Smith & Wesson's Model 12 Airweight", Shooting Times. Retrieved 3 April 2011. Archived 31 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ abcTM 43-0001-27, Army Ammunition Data Sheets – Small Caliber Ammunition, FSC 1305, Washington, D.C.: Dept. of the Army, 29 April 1994
  20. ^ abcMilitary .38 Special Ammunition, The American Rifleman (March 1982), p. 68
  21. ^ abTM 9-1305-200. Small Arms Ammunition, Washington, D.C.: Departments of the Army and the Air Force (June 1961)
  22. ^ abcdefAyoob, Massad, "Why are We Still Using the .38 – It's Still A Good Cartridge", American Handgunner, San Diego: Publishers Development Corp., Vol. 6, No. 30, September/October 1981, p. 64
  23. ^Typically, the FBI Load utilized a very soft lead alloy of 5.5–6 as measured on the Brinell hardness scale to ensure reliable expansion.
  24. ^Ayoob, Massad, The Gun Digest Book of Combat Handgunnery, Iola, Wisconsin: Gun Digest Books, ISBN 0-89689-525-4, ISBN 978-0-89689-525-6 (2011), p. 98
  25. ^"FEDERAL Premium - 38 Special High Velocity (+P+) (image)". 19 August 2014. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014.
  26. ^ ab"Miscellaneous Questions". frfrogspad.com.
  27. ^"Federal Ammunition - 38 SPL 148GR LEAD WC MATCH". federalpremium.com.
  28. ^Ballistics By The Inch .38 special results.
  29. ^Chuck Taylor (May 2000). ".38-44 HV: The Original Magnum - revolver round". Guns Magazine. Archived from the original on 15 November 2007 – via Find Articles.

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.38_Special
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.38 S&W

.38 Smith & Wesson
380RevolverMkIIz Cartridges.JPG

A box of WWII-dated .380" Revolver Mk IIz cartridges (and separate cartridges)

TypeRevolver
Place of originUnited States
In service1922–1963
Used byUnited Kingdom
Wars
DesignerSmith & Wesson
Designed1877
ManufacturerSmith & Wesson
Variants.38/200, .380 Rim, .38 Colt New Police, .38 S&W Super Police, MKE 9.65 mm Normal
Bullet diameter.361 in (9.2 mm)
Neck diameter.3855 in (9.79 mm)
Base diameter.3865 in (9.82 mm)
Rim diameter.440 in (11.2 mm)
Rim thickness.055 in (1.4 mm)
Case length.775 in (19.7 mm)
Overall length1.240 in (31.5 mm)
Primer typeSmall pistol
Maximum pressure14,500 psi (100 MPa)
Bullet mass/typeVelocityEnergy
158 gr (10 g) LSWC767 ft/s (234 m/s)206 ft⋅lbf (279 J)
195 gr (13 g) LRN653 ft/s (199 m/s)185 ft⋅lbf (251 J)
200 gr (13 g) LRN620 ft/s (190 m/s)176 ft⋅lbf (239 J)

The .38 S&W, also commonly known as .38 S&W Short (it is sometimes referred to as .38 S&W Short to differentiate it from .38 Long Colt and .38 Special), 9×20mmR, or .38/200, is a revolvercartridge developed by Smith & Wesson in 1877. Versions of the cartridge were the standard revolver cartridges of the British military from 1922 to 1963. Though similar in name, it is not interchangeable with the later .38 Special due to a different case shape and slightly larger bullet diameter.[1]

History[edit]

Revolvers chambered for .38 S&W (Colt New Police). Colt Police Positives L&R- Iver Johnson Hammerless Safety Front.

The round was first introduced in 1877 for use in the S&W .38 Single Action.[1]

After World War I, the British military sought to replace pre-war revolvers with easier to handle weapons. Webley demonstrated a lighter version of their Mk III revolver with modified .38 S&W ammunition, firing a heavy 200-grain (13 g) bullet. It received favorable reports, and the revolver was accepted in principle.

As Webley had used the .38 S&W cartridge dimensions for their revolver, and the cartridge length was fixed by the size of the cylinder of the revolver (the same as for the wider .455), Kynoch produced a cartridge with the same dimensions as the .38 S&W but with 2.8 grains (0.18 g) of "Neonite" nitrocellulose powder and a 200 grain (13.0 g) bullet. In tests performed on cadavers and live animals, it was found that the lead bullet, being overly long and heavy for its calibre, become unstable after penetrating the target, somewhat increasing target effect. The relatively low velocity allowed all of the energy of the cartridge to be spent inside the human target, rather than the bullet passing through. This was deemed satisfactory and the design for the cartridge was accepted as the ".38/200 Cartridge, Revolver Mk I".

After a period of service, it was realized that the 200 gr (13 g) soft lead bullet could arguably contravene the Hague Conventions, which outlawed the use of bullets designed so as to "expand or flatten easily in the human body". A new cartridge was therefore adopted as "Cartridge, Pistol, .380 Mk II" or ".380 Mk IIz", firing a 180 gr (11.7 g) full metal jacket bullet. The .38/200 Mk I loading was retained in service for marksmanship and training purposes. However, after the outbreak of war, supply exigencies and the need to order readily available and compatible ammunition, such as the .38 S&W Super Police, from U.S. sources forced British authorities to issue both the .38/200 Mk I and MkII/IIz cartridges interchangeably to forces deploying for combat.[2]

The Cartridge S.A. Ball Revolver .380 inch Mark II and Cartridge S.A. Ball Revolver .380 inch Mark IIz cartridge were theoretically phased out of British service in 1963, when the 9×19mm semi-automatic Browning Hi-Power pistol was finally issued to most British and Commonwealth forces.

Variants[edit]

The .38 Colt New Police was Colt's Manufacturing Company's proprietary name for what was essentially the .38 S&W with a flat-nosed bullet.[1]

The U.S. .38 S&W Super Police cartridge was nearly identical to the British .38/200 Mk I, using a 200 gr (13 g) lead alloy bullet with a muzzle velocity of 630 ft/s (190 m/s) and a muzzle energy of 176 ft⋅lbf (239 J), and was supplied by several U.S. manufacturers to the British government as equivalent to the Mk I loading.[1]

MKE9.65 mm Normal (9.2×23mmR (.38 Smith & Wesson)) cartridge has a 177 gr (11.5 g) lead-antimony alloy bullet with a gilding-metal full metal jacket and a Boxer-primed brass case. The "normal" designation differentiates it from their 9.65mm Special (9.1×29mmR (.38 Special)) round. It uses the 9.65 mm (.38-caliber) nominal bore rather than its 9.2 mm (.361-caliber) actual bore. It has a muzzle velocity of 590 ft/s (180 m/s).

Current status[edit]

The .380 Mk IIz is still produced by the Ordnance Factory Board in India, for use in revolvers.[3] Commercially, only Ruger makes limited runs of revolvers in this caliber for overseas sales, and only a few companies still manufacture ammunition.[1] The majority that do offer it in only a 145 gr (9.4 g) lead round nose bullet, though Fiocchi still markets FMJ rounds. Some companies, such as Buffalo Bore, usually manufacture several different types of ammunition for either self-defense and/or hunting.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ abcdeBarnes, Frank C. (5 October 2012). Cartridges of the World: A Complete Illustrated Reference for More Than 1,500 Cartridges. Iola, Wisconsin: Gun Digest Books. p. 349. ISBN .
  2. ^Shore, C. (Capt), With British Snipers to the Reich, Paladin Press (1988), pp. 201, 224–225
  3. ^"Ordnance Factory Board".
  4. ^Buffalo Bore 38 S&W (New Colt Police ) - 125 gr. Hard Cast FN 1,000 fps. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
  • Robert J. Maze (2002-03-01). Howdad to High Power, a Century of British Breechloading Service Pistols. ISBN .
  • Clifford Shore (May 2011). With British Snipers to the Reich. Literary Licensing, LLC. ISBN .
  • Mark Stamps; Ian D. Skennerton (1993-01-01). 380 Enfield No. 2 Revolver. ISBN .

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/.38_S%26W
Smith \u0026 Wesson Model 14 .38 Special

They walked through the park, quite deserted at this time of day, Michael sat down and sat Yana next to him. Well, Yanchik, tell me how are you. How with Maxim.

38 s&w

I told a friend giving him a cigarette and looking at the sidekick. Suddenly, a crazy idea appeared in my head, to accept Vitka into our family. The friend was my age, handsome in appearance.

S\u0026W Model 60 .38 Special

I often lower my eyes and I can clearly see my mother's face, she is all red with shame and excitement. Having played enough Sergei says, - Okay, laughed and that's enough. Len, ask me to cum in your pussy. Cum in my farting fucked up hole Seryozhenka. Andryusha, don't listen, cover your ears.

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Face. This whole scene was driving me crazy, and I knew I wouldn't last too long. Um, could you please share.



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