2006 ford f150 transmission lines

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Common Issues With Ford F-150 Pickup Trucks

Common issues with Ford trucks

For more than 40 years, the Ford F-150 has been one of America’s most popular passenger vehicles. With its robust design and spacious interior, the Ford F-150 is a great vehicle for transportation and leisure. With proper maintenance, F-150 models generally give users years of reliable performance. Over the course of seven decades and more than 13 generations of trucks, Ford is the automotive choice for millions of drivers.

As popular as Ford trucks remain, each model has had its share of problems, though. Whether the issue is aesthetic or mechanical, it is crucial to understand these issues so that you can be better prepared for any common maintenance needs or know what to look for when considering the purchase of a used Ford F-150.

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Common Issues With 2015-2017 Ford F-150 Pickup Trucks

For the 2015-2017 Ford F-150, common problems range from interior mishaps to issues with functional components. 2015 Ford F-150 problems have largely centered on transmission issues that lead to rough shifting. Ford F-150 problems in 2016 models also include engine problems.

Ford truck transmission problems have frequently arisen in newer F-Series models. Ford F-150 problems in 2017 have prompted a large recall over a faulty transmission gear indicator.

While it is still early in the life of these newer trucks, here’s a rundown of some other common issues that owners have experienced so far.

1. Generation 13 MyFord Touch Complaints

The Ford F-Series has had several reported problems with its MyFord Touch feature. Though intended to enhance the technological options of the console, the feature has been found unreliable by many owners.

Consequently, vehicle buyers have threatened the automaker with a class-action lawsuit. The litigants claim the glitchy characteristics of MyFord Touch have disabled certain vital vehicle commands. For example, complaints have emerged that the prompts of the feature fail to enact the defroster or rear-view camera on F-150s. Other reported problems with the feature include diminished temperature control and navigation.

2. Frozen Handle Truck Recall

Frozen latch issue

One of the biggest problems with 2015-2017 F-Series trucks has been a frozen door handle latch issue. In subzero temperatures, the latch will often fail to engage with the door striker. Consequently, the door might fly open when the truck is in motion.

The door has also been known to freeze shut and lock the driver inside.

The frozen handle issue was the subject of a lawsuit that, while dismissed in court, led to the automaker’s recall of some 1.3 million trucks in October 2017. Ford issued a statement saying they would augment the trucks with water shields over the latches to remedy the issue. The recalled trucks were manufactured at the automaker’s Kentucky, Michigan and Missouri assembly plants.

3. Gearshift Recall

Ford truck transmission issue

A transmission issue with the 2017 Ford F-150 has led to a recall of 15,000 trucks. According to the automaker, the 10-speed gear in its 2017 trucks is intended to keep the vehicle in the same gear, regardless of the shift-lever position. Unfortunately, the feature has resulted in gearshifts that disengage from the transmission and render the vehicle incapable of shifting.

In the worst-case scenario, the shift lever might read the truck as parked while the transmission is still in motion.

4. Electronic Throttle Body Malfunction

Electronic throttle bodies have been a long-reported issue in Ford vehicles. In today’s Ford F-Series trucks, the electronic throttle body (ETB) is data-controlled. The ETB transmits sensory data to the throttle valve, which controls the quantity of air that passes to the engine. In recent model Ford F-150s, an error called “limp mode” sometimes occurs, where the ETB stops reading and the truck abruptly loses momentum.

Due to the high frequency of “limp mode” problems on 13th-generation F-Series models, replacement parts often have to be back-ordered. Consequently, Ford has told customers to hang tight for durations that could last weeks.

However, despite the fact that a failing ETB can resume functioning, experts say it is not worth the risk to drive a truck after an incident of “limp mode.” If you have a failed ETB, replace it immediately. If you must wait for parts, use a secondary vehicle or rental car in the meantime.

5. Seat Cooling Issue

Ford truck seat cooling issues

On recent F-Series models, drivers have raised complaints about the seat cooling function. In some trucks, the seat will cool briefly and then the function will fail. Some users have said the function will work on the base of the seat, but not along the back. According to reports, the hose that provides airflow to the seats often comes undone. The 2016 Platinum has been a frequent subject of this issue.
Shop 2015-2017 Ford F-150 Parts »

Common Issues With 2009-2014 Ford F-150 Pickup Trucks

Common Ford truck problems in 2009-2014 F-Series pickup trucks have run the gamut from digital-system malfunctions to problems with the master cylinder, the ignition coil, the gaskets and various other components.

1. Generation 12 MyFord Touch Complaints

In Ford’s Generation 12 F-150s, complaints have arisen about the unreliability of MyFord Touch1 — a touchscreen feature in Generation 12 and 13 models. Since 2010, drivers have cited the feature as one of the main reasons for Ford’s declining ratings in user satisfaction.

Ford F Series touchscreen issue

Early users of the touch-screen feature reported it would abruptly stop working. Moreover, the commands were variably unresponsive and the system did not synchronize with smartphones. In 2014, Ford responded to these complaints with a redesigned user interface meant to enhance the performance of MyFord Touch. Despite these efforts, complaints about the system have continued with newer models in the F-150 series.

Recurrent complaints about MyFord Touch have described the following performance issues:

  • The screen fails to return once it goes into energy-saving mode.
  • The sync system freezes and remains inoperable once the driver has shut the truck off.
  • The system fails to recognize smartphones, despite the automaker’s efforts to remedy this issue.
  • The rear-view camera shuts off when the truck is in reverse.

The system has reportedly proven incompatible with portable MP3 players. Once frozen, MyFord Touch has even failed to reboot in trucks where someone has removed and reinstalled the battery.

MyFord Touch has also been reportedly difficult to use in colder weather. Moreover, users claim the system is difficult to update. In fact, most users have needed to visit the dealership for upgrades. Ever since Ford removed buttons from the interface, users have claimed commands are difficult to input when wearing gloves or with long fingers.

Before the rollout of MyFord Touch, Ford trucks ranked fifth among non-luxury vehicles in customer satisfaction. Within two years of the introduction of the touchscreen system, the automaker dropped to 23rd out of 32 brands. While this may not have been the only factor in the ranking drop, it definitely didn’t help the F-150’s case.

2. Passenger Side Head Gasket Leak

Many drivers of 2009-2014 Ford F-150s have reported that many trucks suffer from ill-assembled head gaskets, and oil is liable to leak from the passenger side. According to auto experts, the leaks are the result of overheating, overfilling and the disintegration of gasket coating. Leaks first become evident by the smell of burnt oil. Owners of the Ford F-150 have most often reported such leaks after driving the truck at least 160,000 miles.

While a new head gasket can be costly, some fix the problem by applying a JB Weld bond to the leaking area.

3. Engine Oil Pan Gasket Leak

F150 oil pan leak issue

An oil pan gasket leak can also occur when engine oil accumulates in the exhaust system of a Ford F-150. As with the head gasket leak, the telltale sign is when the smell of burning oil emits from the engine. A pan gasket is far more affordable to replace and is a relatively easy DIY task. According to reports from select owners of the F-150, they avoided the problem with a periodic tightening of the bolts around the pan gasket.

4. Rough-Running Engine

Generation 12 F-150s have been known to run rough when the engine is idling. The problem is typically the result of sticking exhaust gas recirculation sensors. The sensors stick due to the accumulation of carbon. Ford experts recommend drivers change the sensors every 100,000 miles. Once a truck has accumulated that many miles, the sensors start to wear down, which, in turn, can leave the engine unbalanced.

If the mass airflow (MAF) sensor becomes clogged, the cause will typically be a dirty hot wire. This problem will also cause the engine to run rough when idling. While it can help to clean the sensor, it is often better to buy a new one. Replacement valves are generally affordable and can help improve the engine running of an F-150.

If you do decide to try cleaning the MAF sensor, be sure to only use MAF sensor-specific cleaner. Many try to use throttle body cleaner on their MAF sensors and this often does more harm than good.

5. Ignition Coil Failure

Ignition coil failure in Generation 12 F-150s

When excessive gaps appear in the spark plugs, the ignition coils stop working. Without functioning ignition coils, the engine is liable to misfire. Sparkplug gaps are an inevitable result of wear. For improved longevity, lubricate the plugs with dielectric grease. This step will prevent wear of the rubber seal and the possibility of water damage.

6. Power Rear Sliding Window Defroster Failure

For trucks that have a power rear sliding window with integrated defroster, a common problem is a failure in the defroster’s electrical contact. There is a small tab located on the lower edge of the moving portion of the window and then another small contact tab on the lower portion of the fixed window pane. This contact fails, causing the defroster to stop working. If the truck also has heated sideview mirrors, the heat function will stop working as it is part of the rear window defroster circuit. Ford has not issued a recall against this defect, and the published fix is to replace the entire rear window assembly.

7. Transmission Shifting Problems

Ford issued a recall notice on the automatic transmission in the 2009-2012 F150s. Some transmissions in this year range reportedly started downshifting into second gear without warning. At any speed, but especially at highway, this could be dangerous. The fix is a simply flash update. This update has been known to cause the gear indicator numbers, located in the center gauge display, to disappear. While this doesn’t affect the vehicle’s performance, it’s annoying.
Shop 2009-2014 Ford F-150 Parts »

Common Issues With 2004-2008 Ford F-150 Pickup Trucks

These years of Ford F-150 pickups had a number of reported issues, from spark plugs to airbags to window components. 2005 Ford F-150s also had engine problems in the form of ticking noises. Up through 2007, the F-150 also had some reported engine problems related to the cam phaser.

1. Spark Plugs Breaking Off

When it comes to Ford 4.6 spark plug problems, the years 2004 through 2008 were troublesome for the F-Series. Likewise, Ford 5.4 spark plug problems have been common on models from these years as well.

One of the most complicated Ford truck spark plug problems has been the issue of plugs that won’t come out intact. If you attempt to take out the spark plugs in the three-valve engine of a 2004-2008 F-150, the tips are liable to break off and leave the remainder lodged in the cylinder. The problem is partially due to the supposedly long service life of the plugs, which are supposed to last for 100,000 miles. The problem with that span is that it places the truck outside its normal warranty.

Two-pieced spark plug in Ford trucks

Ford developed a plug with a two-piece shell that can work well if treated every 30,000 miles. However, the plug will not generally last for the 100,000-mile intervals the automaker encourages. Somewhere inbetween those two mileage intervals, the plugs are liable to bond to the electrodes. Most problematically, a weld at the bottom of the socket holds the plug down as you try to pull it out, which is what causes the plug to break.

When the head of a spark plug breaks off, extracting the remainder can be a very difficult process. Even professional mechanics have trouble accomplishing the task. In 2004-2008 models F-150 spark plug problems are among the costliest of repair expenses associated with the F-Series.

2. Aluminum Hood Corrosion on Ford Hoods

During the mid-2000s, Ford received a slew of customer complaints about corroded auto parts on its new models. The problem centered on the hoods of the automaker’s 2000-2007 F-150s.

Corrosion has also been an issue for fuel tank straps in some trucks. On Heritage edition 2004 F-150s, corrosion of the fuel-tank straps led to a recall of the model. The problem was causing tanks to drop off, in addition to disconnections between the tank and the fuel line.

3. Airbag Deployment Issues

Ford F150 airbag issues

Another issue with mid-2000s F-150s concerned the abrupt, undesired deployment of the driver-side airbag. Drivers reported the issue on 2005-2006 models of the truck, and it eventually led to a recall that involved over 144,000 trucks. If you look to purchase a used 2005-2006 F-150, make sure that this recall was addressed.

4. Window Component Failure

Drivers of 2004 and 2005 F-150s reported a problem concerning windows. The issue involved the power regulators on door-side windows, which were failing and causing window panes to drop into the doors or to become stuck or make a grinding noise.

5. Loud Ticking/Knocking Noise From the Engine

Problems with the cam phaser have also been reported on these F-150s. Signs of this problem typically include sounds that resemble clicks and knocks coming from the engine. At the time the problem was being reported, Ford dealers allegedly claimed the sounds indicated nothing problematic about the engine. Consequently, drivers ignored the issue and engines failed as a result.

Some auto experts have advised F-150 drivers to steer clear of the Triton 5.4-liter V8 because of costly problems associated with the engine.
Shop 2004-2008 Ford F-150 Parts »

Common Issues With 1997-2003 Ford F-Series Pickup Trucks

From 1997 through 2003, Ford pickup truck models were the subject of numerous complaints concerning age-old issues such as engine noise, head gasket leaks and window seal leaks. Most prominent, however, have been the controversies surrounding tank delamination and spark plug ejection.

1. Spark Plug Ejection

In 1997-2003 models of the Ford F-150, the most commonly reported problem with the truck was with ejecting spark plugs. Drivers have put forward several different theories regarding the cause of this problem. Some auto experts have claimed the plug design was flawed from the outset, claiming that the cylinder heads that consist of weak, four-thread aluminum supposedly compounded the problem.

Another theory asserts the spark plugs were too torqued and insufficiently tightened on the production line. As such, the sparks were prone to vibrate and erode the threads of the aluminum. Once worn, the aluminum would fail to hold the spark plugs in place.

The Ford pickups that are likeliest to blow spark plugs are the 2001-2004 F-150 models. Nonetheless, drivers have also reported the problem in 1997-2000 and 2005-2008 F-150s.

In response to the complaints, Ford initially asserted the issue was the result of users over-torquing replacement spark plugs. However, F-150 owners were mostly complaining about ejections of the original spark plugs that came with the vehicle.
Shop 1997-2003 Ford F-Series Parts »

Common Issues With 1987-1996 Ford F-150 Pickup Trucks

Ford truck transmission problems were common on F-Series models of the early and mid-1990s. Likewise, F-150s from this period and even earlier have had issues with the alternator belt, ball joints and suspension.

1. Alternator Belt

On 1990 to 1994 model F-150s, the alternator belt has been the subject of numerous complaints. A telltale sign of trouble is when the engine makes chirping or squealing noises. The sounds are an indicator that the pulley for the air conditioner or the power-steering is askew.

2. Automatic Transmission

If the TR/MLP sensor is faulty, the transmission is liable to fall out of alignment. Consequently, the engine might flare as you shift the truck into fourth gear. Drivers have reported this problem most commonly in 1994-1995 model F-150s.

On 1990-1993 models, flare-up issues with the transmission have also been reported. However, the problem occurs when drivers shift the truck between the second and third gears. On these vehicles, Ford has attributed the issue to distorted valve plates.

3. Ball Joints

On 1990-1996 Ford F-150s, the ball joints have been particularly vulnerable to water exposure. If exposed, the ball joints are liable to expire prematurely. Consequently, you will need to change them out for new ones.

4. Hard Starting

1990-96 Ford truck starting issues

Drivers have reported complaints of hard-starting on 1990-1996 model F-150s. Ford attributed this issue to faulty harness wiring in the power control module. Symptoms of the problem include vehicular stalling, hesitation and failure to start.

On 1995 and 1996 Ford trucks, hard-starting has also been linked to a stuck idle air control valve. An engine that cranks and stalls or fails to start altogether indicates this problem.

5. Suspension Problems

Owners of 1991 to 1994 Ford trucks have reported problems with the front suspension system. The problem is due to weak leaf springs along the front of the vehicle. To fix the issue, get newer, stronger leaf springs.

If the truck has twin-axle suspension, cupping is liable to occur with the front tires. You can remedy the issue with new springs or added leaves. However, some cases require the change-out of additional replacement parts. In any case, you must get the suspension properly aligned.

6. Vehicle Noise

1990-96 Ford truck rear noise

Drivers have reported complaints of rear noise on 1990-1996 Ford trucks. The noise resembles a chattering sound and occurs during soft turns after driving the vehicle at high speeds. The problem is down to one of two causes — an insufficient friction modifier or a faulty Traction-Lok differential. If the rivets are loose on the frame, change out the rivets for bolts.

7. Recall History

In 1993, the Ford F-150 with Touch Drive was the subject of a recall. The issue involved the transfer case, which tended to fall out of high gear when the vehicle was coasting. Another issue from the same year involved Fords with dual fuel tanks, which were recalled due to system issues. The problem stemmed from the regulator, which could wear prematurely and lead to high-system fuel pressure.

1993 Ford F Series Touch Drive recall

On 1993 Ford F-150 (and F-250 and F-350) models with speed control systems, internal leaking was linked to the deactivation switch. Ford attributed instances of overheating to the problem, which could potentially cause fires. To remedy the problem, Ford issued a recall to install fused wiring harnesses on F-150/250/350/450 models.

In 1994, Ford received complaints about its airbag in F-150/250 models. The issue involved improper airbag deployment. According to some reports, the airbag and warning light would regularly malfunction. Alternately, the airbag would deploy if someone slammed the passenger door at the same time the driver started the ignition.
Shop 1987-1996 Ford F-Series Parts »

Evolution of Ford Pickup Trucks(1948-1986)

Ford has developed its trucks over the last seven decades through with amazing advancements in engineering, technology and manufacturing. Between the late 1940s and mid-1980s, the automaker progressed through seven generations of the F-Series that resulted in the development of the Ford F-150 that we know today.

Here’s a quick look at these classic models.

1. 1948-1952

The Ford Motor Company unveiled its F-Series in January 1948. Billed as the automaker’s “Bonus Built Line,” models in the series ranged from half-ton pickups to the three-ton F-8.

In 1951, Ford made numerous revisions in the series, including altered cabs, fenders, grilles and hoods. Moreover, engineers enlarged the dashboard for improved viewing access. 1951 models also had foamier cabs with two-tone upholstery and assorted comfort features. The 1951 model was rated 100 horsepower.

Further alterations came on the 1952 model, which had a six-cylinder engine with 101 horsepower.

2. 1953-1956

In 1953, Ford unveiled its second generation of models in the F-Series. The trucks now had longer hoods and grille bars. Ford also redesigned the cabs with larger windows. The series was now billed as the “Economy Line Truck” and featured a new emblem that depicted a gear cog with a lightning bolt in the middle. The F-1 series was now suffixed with two extra digits. F-100s now offered automatic transmission.

In 1954, Ford replaced the flathead V-8 engine in its trucks with the overhead-valve V-8 the automaker had used in its cars for two years running. The engine, now called the “Y-Block,” generated 15 percent more horsepower than prior models. From this year forward, automatic transmission was extended to trucks in the F-250 and F-350 lines.

In 1955, Ford changed the upper bar of the grille from vertical to V-shaped. F-100s were also now equipped with power brakes. The following year, the automaker introduced wraparound windshields and redesigned dashboards to the F-Series.

3. 1957-1960

In 1957, Ford unveiled its third-generation F-Series, which featured a more modern look. Trucks in the series now included wider cabs and hoods with flush-mount fenders. Engines were now rated 139 horsepower.

In 1958, Ford redesigned its trucks to incorporate quad headlights. This move was accompanied by the introduction of the Super Duty model of trucks that featured engines with 534 cubic inches.

1959 changes to Ford truck bed

In 1959, the eight-foot bed started gaining on the six-and-a-half-foot bed in Ford trucks. Also, the Flareside bed was now being eclipsed by the smoother Styleside.

4. 1961-1966

In 1962, Ford redesigned its F-Series grilles with crossbars instead of the Ford nameplate.

In 1963, Ford produced F-100s with Flareside, Styleside and cab-integrated Styleside bed designs, the last of which promptly got discontinued.

Starting in 1964, the automaker designed F-Series trucks to accommodate air conditioners. The following year, they unveiled coil-spring front suspension. 1965 and 1966 models feature the front-fender TWIN I-Beam emblem.

5. 1967-1972

Ford restyled its trucks yet again in 1967, when the automaker unveiled its fifth generation of the F-Series. In 1968, a law passed that required automakers to incorporate side reflectors or side lights on all cars and trucks. Ford altered its hood emblems to accommodate side reflectors.

In 1968, Ford introduced engines of 360 and 390 cubic inches. They also made changes to F-Series armrests, door handles, heat controls and window levers. On the bottom bedside panels, Ford added marker reflectors to bring the trucks up to date with federal regulations.

In 1970, Ford also introduced the Ranger XLT. With its vinyl upholstery and convenient features, the vehicle marked the automaker’s drive toward luxury and comfort.

Over the next two years, the automaker altered its trim on the F-Series. Brighter, colorful upholstery was a hallmark of 1972 Ford models.

6. 1973-1979

1973 ushered in the sixth generation of the Ford F-Series. The grille on newer models contained dual metallic inserts split with an aluminum bar. Along the top of the grille, the name “FORD” was spelled out in letter-spaced upper-case.

In 1974, Ford gave its F-Series trucks added dimension in the cab. With 22 extra inches in length, the trucks could now feature side-facing jump seats.

In 1975, Ford added a new model to the F-Series — the F-150. Between the F-100 and F-250, the new model featured midway payload capacity.

As America celebrated its bicentennial, the Ford F-Series became the nation’s bestselling truck. The automaker’s success was due in large part to the popularity of the F-150. 1976 models featured square headlamp bezels. From this point onward, body panels used galvanized sheet metal to prevent rust.

In 1979, the automaker rolled out its famous “Built Ford Tough” advertising slogan. Newer models featured rectangular headlamps, while the grilles were available in chrome or black.

7. 1980-1986

The 1980s began with F-Series models that featured independent front suspension with Styleside and Flareside beds. In 1981, Ford introduced an optional downsized V-8 engine — 255 cubic inches — as part of a drive to boost fuel economy.

In 1982, the F-Series featured a blue oval at the heart of the grille, removing the “FORD” letters from the hood. During the early 1980s, the F-Series gained on the car as a popular passenger vehicle, which was due in part to regulations that effectively banished high-performance cars.

In 1984, Ford discontinued its F-100 line because it failed to meet newly revised emission standards. Longtime buyers of that vehicle switched over to the Ford F-150, which became the automaker’s leading full-sized truck.

In 1985, Ford unveiled its fuel-injected 5.0-liter engine as an option for F-Series models. As 1986 brought the seventh generation of the F-Series to a close, the F-150 remained the automaker’s bestselling pickup.

Common Restoration Items Needed for Classic Ford Pickup Trucks

Restoring a classic Ford truck

Classic F-Series models from the 1950s to 1970s can require minor to major overhauls to function as a daily driver. In general, a Ford truck restoration will require several of the following components:

  • New engine
  • Transmission
  • Brakes
  • Suspension
  • Upholstery
  • Interior parts
  • Quarter panels
  • Truck beds
  • Window seals
  • Hoods

To restore a classic Ford pickup truck, you will need to assess its current condition. Chances are, you’ll need to restore or change several parts to make the vehicle operable again, sometimes a majority of it will need to be reconstructed completely. Some of the first areas to inspect should include the carburetor, the radiator, the spark plugs and the ignition coil.

If you can get the truck to start, issues with the vehicle’s functionality will become readily apparent. Look for signs of leaking or mixed engine fluids. For example, if you see antifreeze in the oil, chances are there is a crack in the engine block. Other things to check include the brake pedals, clutch and gearshift.

Here’s an overview of what the restoration process may entail:

1. Sandblast the Body

The paint job on a long-dormant Ford is liable to be cracked and the body panels possibly rusted in spots. Before you can repaint the vehicle, go over the body panels with a sandblaster to prime the truck for a fresh paint job. The new paint job should be the final step in the restoration after you have restored all the engine parts. In the meantime, a sandblast will prevent the panels from re-rusting.

To prevent sand mist from harming other parts of the truck, remove or completely wrap the drive train and cover any engine parts that might otherwise be vulnerable.

2. Prepare the Engine Components and Other Structural Components

After you sandblast the truck, prepare the restoration of the engine and transmission. At a minimum you will need a rebuild kit. If the engine is stuck you may need a new block. For a classic Ford pickup, an inline six motor would be one of the more authentic options.

The cylinder walls on any old engine that has long sat dormant are liable to be worn down or pitted; therefore, you’ll probably need to reassemble the engine with new parts. You might need to have the motor bored and cleaned at an auto repair shop.

Check the shocks and leaf springs to see whether they are intact or need replacing.

Inspect the brakes. If nobody has driven the truck in 20 years or more, you are liable to find corrosion along the brake lines. Moreover, the drums and wheel cylinders are bound to be worn. Replace the wheel cylinders at a minimum and the entire brake system if necessary. Other parts you might need to replace could include the radiator, the gas tank and the motor mounts.

3. Paint Body and Reassemble

Paint and reassemble

With the original primer sanded off the vehicle’s body, powder coat the frame of the truck if possible. With the color of your choice, apply a new coat of paint to the entire vehicle. If you do not have tools and experience to do this well, have a professional do it. You will be glad you did.

Now that you have the paint job complete, reassemble the vehicle. Put the engine, drive shaft and transmission into place. Other parts to replace at this time would include the lights, windows, weatherstripping and tires. If necessary, reupholster the interior in whichever color or pattern you prefer. Add new carpeting and interior touches.

Trust Raybuck Auto Body Parts

At Raybuck Auto Body Parts, we carry Ford truck body panels and parts for each generation of the F-Series. Whether you wish to restore a classic 1948 truck or repair a more recent model, our catalog is the first place to look. We sell hundreds of parts for F-150, F-250 and F-350 models from each model year range in the history of the F-Series.

We specialize in aftermarket replacement parts that allow lovers of vintage F-Series models to restore their trucks to like-new condition. We also serve as an alternative to the OEM market for replacement parts on newer Ford trucks. Click over to our catalog to see our inventory.

Sours: https://raybuck.com/common-ford-truck-issues/
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Ford F-Series

Series of full-sized pick-up trucks manufactured by Ford

For the 1999–present F-250 and higher models, see Ford Super Duty.

"F150" redirects here. For other uses, see F150 (disambiguation).

"Ford F1" redirects here. For Ford factory Formula One racing efforts, see Stewart Grand Prix.

Motor vehicle

The Ford F-Series is a series of trucks marketed and manufactured by Ford since the 1948 model year. Slotted above the Ford Ranger in the Ford truck model range, the F-Series is marketed as a range of full-sized pickup trucks.[1] Alongside the F-150 (introduced in 1975), the F-Series also includes the Super Duty series (introduced in 1999), which includes the heavier-duty F-250 through F-450 pickups, F-450/F-550 chassis cabs, and F-600/F-650/F-750 Class 6-8 commercial trucks. The most popular version of the model line is the F-150 pickup truck, currently in its 14th generation.

The F-Series trucks have been developed into a wide range of design configurations during their production run. Alongside medium-duty trucks and "Big Job" conventional trucks (the forerunners of the Ford L-series), the model line has been sold as a chassis-cab truck and a panel van (a predecessor of the Ford E-Series). The F-Series has also served as the basis for multiple full-sized Ford SUVs, including the Ford Bronco, Ford Expedition/Lincoln Navigator, and Ford Excursion. The F-Series has been marketed by its three North American brands, as Mercury sold the model line as the Mercury M-Series in Canada from 1948 to 1968; Lincoln sold the F-Series during the 2000s as the Lincoln Blackwood and the later Lincoln Mark LT.

Since 1977, the F-Series has remained the best-selling pickup truck line in the United States; it has been the highest-selling vehicle overall since 1981.[2][3] The F-Series is the best-selling vehicle in Canada.[4][when?] As of the 2018 model year, the F-Series generated $41 billion in annual revenue for Ford.[5] Currently, Ford manufactures the F-Series in four facilities in the United States.

First generation (1948–1952)[edit]

Main article: Ford F-Series (first generation)

The first-generation F-Series pickup (known as the Ford Bonus-Built) was introduced in 1948 as a replacement for the previous car-based pickup line introduced in 1942. The F-Series was sold in eight different weight ratings, with pickup, panel truck, cab-over engine (COE), conventional truck, and school-bus chassis body styles.

Second generation (1953–1956)[edit]

Main article: Ford F-Series (second generation)

For the 1953 model year, Ford introduced a second generation of the F-Series trucks. Increased dimensions, improved engines, and an updated chassis were features of the second generation. In another change, the model nomenclature of the F-Series was expanded to three numbers; this remains in use in the present day. The half-ton F-1 became the F-100 (partially influenced by the North American F-100 Super Sabre)[citation needed]; the F-2 and F-3 were combined into the 3⁄4-ton F-250, while the F-4 became the one-ton F-350. Conventional F-Series trucks were F-500 to F-900; COE chassis were renamed C-Series trucks.

While the cabs, doors, radiator support, inner fenders, and hoods are the same from 1953 to 1956 F-100 and F-250s (the fenders varied on F-250, F-350, and F-500, and long boxes were only available on the F-250), in 1956, the cab underwent a major revision. Centered around a wraparound windshield, the cab was given new doors, a redesigned dashboard, and an (optional) panoramic rear window. In line with Ford cars, the 1956 F-Series offered seat belts as an option.

Third generation (1957–1960)[edit]

Main article: Ford F-Series (third generation)

Introduced in 1957, the third-generation F-series was a significant modernization and redesign. Front fenders became integrated into the body, and the new Styleside bed continued the smooth lines to the rear of the pickup.

The cab-over F-Series was discontinued, having been replaced by the tilt-cab C-Series.

In 1959, Ford began in-house production of four-wheel drive pickups.

Fourth generation (1961–1966)[edit]

Main article: Ford F-Series (fourth generation)

Ford introduced a dramatically new style of pickup in 1961 with the fourth-generation F-Series. Longer and lower than its predecessors, these trucks had increased dimensions and new engine and gearbox choices. Additionally, the 1961–1963 models offered an optional unibody design with the cab and bed integrated. The traditional separate cab/bed was offered concurrently. The unibody proved unpopular, and Ford discontinued the option after the 1963 model year.

In 1965, the F-Series was given a significant midcycle redesign. A completely new platform, including the "Twin I-Beam" front suspension, was introduced, and continued to be used until 1996 on the F-150 and until 2016 on the F-250/350 4x2. Additionally, the Ranger name made its first appearance in 1965 on a Ford pickup; previously, the Ranger denoted a base model of the Edsel, but starting in 1965, it was used to denote a high-level styling package for F-Series pickups.[6]

Fifth generation (1967–1972)[edit]

Main article: Ford F-Series (fifth generation)

1972 F-250 camper special

Introduced in 1967, the fifth-generation F-series pickup was built on the same platform as the 1965 revision of the fourth generation. Dimensions and greenhouse glass were increased, engine options were expanded, and plusher trim levels became available during the fifth generation's production run.

Suspension components from all 1969 F-Series models are completely interchangeable.

Sixth generation (1973–1979)[edit]

Main article: Ford F-Series (sixth generation)

The sixth-generation F-series was introduced in 1973. This version of the F-series continued to be built on the 1965 fourth-generation's revised platform, but with significant modernization and refinements, including front disc brakes, increased cabin dimensions, full double-wall bed construction, and increased use of galvanized steel.

The FE engine series was discontinued in 1976 after a nearly 20-year run, replaced by the more modern 335 and 385 series engines.

In 1975, the F-150 was introduced in between the F-100 and the F-250 to avoid certain emission control restrictions. For 1978, square headlights replaced the previous models' round ones on higher trim package models, such as Lariat and Ranger, and in 1979 became standard equipment. Also for 1978, the Ford Bronco was redesigned into a variant of the F-series pickup; 1979 was the last year that the 460 engine was available in a half-ton truck.

Seventh generation (1980–1986)[edit]

Main article: Ford F-Series (seventh generation)

The seventh-generation F-Series was introduced for 1980, marking the first ground-up redesign of the model line since 1965. Alongside an all-new chassis, the pickup trucks received a completely new body. While distinguished by straighter body lines, the aerodynamics of the exterior were optimized to improve fuel economy. Sharing their cab structure with F-Series pickup trucks, medium-duty trucks (F-600 through F-800) underwent their first redesign since 1967.

The powertrain line of this generation underwent multiple revisions through its production. At its launch, the engine line was largely carried over from 1979. While the 7.5 L V8 was dropped entirely, a 4.2 L V8 was introduced as the smallest V8 engine. For 1982, a 3.8 L V6 became the standard engine for the F-100. For 1983, to improve the fuel efficiency of the model line, the M-Series engines (the 5.8 L 351M and 6.6 L 400 V8s) were dropped; the latter was replaced by the return of the 7.5 L V8. In response to low demand and poor performance, the 4.2 L V8 and 3.8 L V6 were phased out in 1982 and 1983, respectively. For the F-250 and F-350, a 6.9 L diesel V8 (sourced from a partnership with International Harvester) became an option for 1983. For 1984, an "H.O." version of the 5.8 L V8 was introduced. The 5.0 L V8 was fitted with fuel injection as standard equipment for 1986, becoming the first such engine in an American-market pickup truck. The 4.9 L was fuel injected on 1987 models.

In line with the previous generation, the SuperCab and four-door crew cab made their return in 1980 and 1982, respectively. For the first time, a dual-rear-wheel version of the F-350 was offered as a pickup truck.

For 1982, Ford revised the badging of the model line, replacing the "FORD" hood lettering with the Ford Blue Oval grille emblem, a design that remains in use on all F-Series trucks today (except the Raptor). The same year, the Ranger trims was dropped; the name shifted to the Ford Ranger compact pickup (replacing the Ford Courier). After 30 years as the smallest F-Series truck, the F-100 was dropped after 1983, eliminating model overlap with the F-150 (and payload overlap with the Ranger).

This generation was the final version of the F-Series to offer a three-speed, column-shifted manual transmission; it is also the second-to-last vehicle sold in the United States with this configuration.

Eighth generation (1987–1991)[edit]

Main article: Ford F-Series (eighth generation)

Ford F-150 (light-duty type)

The eighth-generation F-Series was introduced for 1987 as a major revision of the 1980–1986 generation. While the cab was carried over, many body panels were revised, including a completely new front fascia; the interior also underwent a redesign. The long-running Flareside bed design was retired, with all examples produced with Styleside beds.

Following the 1986 transition of the 5.0 L V8 to fuel injection, the 4.9 L I6 followed suit for 1987, with the 5.8 L and 7.5 L engines doing so for 1988; the F-Series became the first American pickup truck model line sold without carbureted engines. The same year, the 6.9 L diesel V8 was increased in size to 7.3 L. Following the discontinuation of the three-speed manual, a five-speed manual became standard equipment (a four-speed remained a special-order option until 1989). For 1989, an E4OD four-speed automatic (overdrive version of the C6 heavy-duty three-speed) was introduced.

Slotted between the F-350 and F-600, the F-Super Duty was introduced in 1987; an ancestor of the current F-450/F-550, the F-Super Duty was designed exclusively for chassis cab applications.

Ninth generation (1992–1997)[edit]

Main article: Ford F-Series (ninth generation)

1993 Ford F-150, with dual fuel tanks

The ninth-generation F-Series was introduced for 1992 as the second redesign of the 1980 F-Series architecture. Adapting design elements from the newly introduced Explorer and redesigned E-Series and Ranger, the F-Series received a slightly lower hoodline, rounding the front fenders, bumper, and grille. Coinciding with a redesign of the interior, the F-Series received a driver-side airbag.

After a six-year hiatus, the FlareSide bed made its return, becoming a submodel of the F-150. To appeal to younger buyers, the bodywork of the FlareSide bed was modernized, adapting the fenders of a dual rear-wheel F-350 to a single rear-wheel chassis. To commemorate the 75th anniversary of the first Ford factory-produced truck (the 1917 Ford Model TT), Ford offered a 75th-anniversary package on its 1992 F-series, consisting of a stripe package, an argent-colored step bumper, and special 75th-anniversary logos. In response to the Chevrolet 454SS pickup truck, Ford introduced the SVT Lightning, powered by a 240 hp 5.8 L V8.[citation needed]

For 1993, a turbocharger became available on the 7.3 L "IDI" diesel. In the middle of the 1994 model year (referred to as "1994.5"), International replaced the IDI with the new 7.3 L T444E turbo diesel, the first engine branded as a Ford PowerStroke. While sharing its predecessor's displacement, the engine was an entirely new design.

For the 1997 model year, the ninth generation was gradually phased out of production; the F-150 was replaced by the tenth-generation F-Series (see below), with the F-250 (rebranded as the F-250 Heavy Duty) and F-350 remaining in production. For 1999, the larger F-Series trucks (and the F-Super Duty) were replaced by Ford Super Duty pickups.[citation needed]

Tenth generation (1997–2004)[edit]

Main articles: Ford F-Series (tenth generation) and Ford Super Duty

For the 1997 model year, Ford made a substantial change to the F-Series range of trucks, splitting its pickup line into two vehicle families. From the 1970s to the 1990s, pickup trucks had transitioned in usage. Alongside vehicles designed exclusively for work use, the market segment saw a major increase in demand for dual-purpose vehicles for both work and personal use, effectively serving as a second car. To further expand its growing market share, Ford sought to develop vehicles for both types of buyers, repackaging the F-150 in a more contemporary design (as a larger version of the Ranger) while retaining the heavier-duty F-250 and F-350 for customers interested in a work-use vehicle.

The tenth-generation F-Series was introduced in January 1996 as a 1997 model. Initially released solely as the F-150, a higher-GVWR F-250 was released in 1997. The model line was marketed alongside its predecessor, pared down to the F-250HD and F-350; for 1999, these were replaced by the Super Duty trucks.[citation needed]

Ford F-150 Harley-Davidson Edition

In the most extensive redesign of the F-Series in 17 years, the chassis received fully independent front suspension, ending the use of Twin I-Beam front axles. Sharing only the transmissions with its predecessor, the 1997 F-150 received a range of engines new to the F-Series, including a 4.2 L V6 and 4.6 L V8; a 5.4 L V8 was added during 1997. Introduced in the full-sized Crown Victoria/Grand Marquis/Town Car sedans, the Modular/Triton V8 was the first overhead-camshaft engine to be installed in a full-sized pickup truck.

Distinguished by its rounded exterior, the tenth generation was again offered in standard- and extended-cab (SuperCab) configurations. To improve rear-seat access, a rear-hinged third door (curbside) was introduced for the SuperCab; following its popularity, the SuperCab received a fourth door for 1999. For 2001, the F-150 became the first "1⁄2-ton" truck offered as a crew cab with full-sized doors; produced with a slightly shortened bed, the F-150 SuperCrew shared the length of a standard-bed SuperCab.[citation needed]

The SVT Lightning made its return for 1999, powered by a supercharged version of the 5.4 L V8; over 28,000 were produced from 1999 to 2004. For 2002, Lincoln-Mercury introduced the Lincoln Blackwood, the first Lincoln pickup. Sharing the front bodywork of the Lincoln Navigator SUV and the same cab and chassis as the F-150 SuperCrew, the Blackwood was designed with a model-exclusive bed and was sold only in black. Due to very poor sales, the model line was discontinued after 2002.[citation needed]

For 1999, Ford redesigned the F-250 and F-350, introducing them as the first generation of the Ford F-Series Super Duty model line. While remaining part of the F-Series, the Super Duty trucks were designed with a different chassis, powertrain, and body design, as they are developed for heavier-duty work use. For 2000, the Super Duty line was expanded to include the medium-duty truck (F-650/F-750) series, designed in a joint venture with Navistar International.[citation needed]

Eleventh generation (2004–2008)[edit]

Main article: Ford F-Series (eleventh generation)

For the 2004 model year, the F-150 was redesigned on an all-new platform, which has a fully boxed-in frame and introduced rear shocks to mount outside of the frame for decreased wheel hop and improved ride quality. This new body style kept the fully independent front suspension introduced in the last generation, but added vacuum-driven front wheel hubs for the four-wheel drive (4WD) versions. The previous generation had full-time connected front axles. The improvement saves fuel and by default goes into a wheel-locked position. Should a failure occur in the vacuum solenoid, system, or hoses, the wheel hub defaults to a 4WD position to keep from leaving a driver stranded. Internally, a three-valve version of the 5.4 L V8 was introduced and replaced the previous two-valve version. Externally, the 11th-generation model was different from its predecessor, with sharper-edged styling; a major change was the adoption of the stepped driver's window from the Super Duty trucks. Regardless of cab type, all F-150s were given four doors, with the rear doors on the regular cab providing access to behind-the-seat storage. Ford also introduced additional variants of the F-150. The FX4 Off-Road package available since the 2002 model year became its own trim level. A sportier version of the F-150 became available as STX, replaced by FX2 Sport in 2007.

From 2005 to 2008, Lincoln-Mercury dealers sold this version of the F-150 as the Lincoln Mark LT, replacing the Blackwood.[citation needed]

In late 2007 for the 2008 model year, the Super Duty trucks were given an all-new platform. While using the same bed and cabin as before, these are distinguished from their predecessors by an all-new interior and a much larger grille and head lamps. Previously available only as a chassis-cab model, the F-450 now was available as a pickup directly from Ford.[7]

Twelfth generation (2009–2014)[edit]

Main article: Ford F-Series (twelfth generation)

The 12th-generation F-150 was introduced for the 2009 model year as an update of the Ford full-sized truck platform. Similar to its predecessor, these trucks are distinguished by their Super Duty-style grilles and head lamps; standard-cab models again have two doors instead of four. The FlareSide bed was continued until 2010, dropped along with the manual gearbox; outside of Mexico, the Lincoln Mark LT was replaced by the F-150 Platinum. A new model for 2010 included the SVT Raptor, a dedicated off-road pickup.

In 2010, Ford shifted its electronics from a general electric module base to the computerized and programmable body control module, allowing for fewer parts differences and programmable upgrade options from the dealer or factory. In 2011, Ford reintroduced the 5.0 in the F=Series with its new 5.0 Coyote dual overhead cam TiVVT engine with 360 hp.

As part of a major focus on fuel economy, the entire engine lineup for the F-150 was updated for the 2011 model year. Along with the new V8 engine, the F-150 gained a new 3.7 L base V6 engine, and a powerful twin-turbocharged 3.5 L V6, dubbed EcoBoost by Ford. An automatic transmission became the only version. Other modifications include the addition of a Nexteer Automotiveelectric power steering system on most models.[citation needed]

A recent study conducted by iSeeCars.com and published on the Ford Motor Company website listed the Ford F-250 Super Duty as the longest-lasting vehicle and Expedition, Explorer, and F-150 among the top-20 longest-lasting vehicles.[8]

Thirteenth generation (2015–2020)[edit]

Main article: Ford F-Series (thirteenth generation)

The 13th-generation Ford F-Series was introduced for the 2015 model year. Largely previewed by the Ford Atlas concept vehicle at the 2013 Detroit Auto Show, the new design marked several extensive changes to the F-Series design. In the interest of fuel economy, Ford designers reduced curb weight of the F-150 by nearly 750 pounds, without physically altering its exterior footprint. To allow for such a massive weight reduction, nearly every body panel was switched from steel to aluminum (with the exception of the firewall); the frame itself remains high-strength steel.[9][10] To prove the durability of the aluminum-intensive design, during the development of the 13th-generation F-Series, Ford entered camouflaged prototypes into the Baja 1000 endurance race (where the vehicles finished). The 2015 F-150 was the first pickup truck with adaptive cruise control, which uses radar sensors on the front of the vehicle to maintain a set following distance from the vehicle ahead of it, decreasing speed if necessary.[citation needed]

The 3.7 L V6 was dropped, replaced by a 3.5 L V6 as the standard engine, with a 2.7 L EcoBoost V6 added alongside the 3.5 L EcoBoost V6. While the 6.2 L V8 was withdrawn, the 5.0 L V8 continued as an option, with a six-speed automatic as the sole transmission.[citation needed]

For the 2017 model year, the 3.5L EcoBoost 2nd gen was debuted along with the new 10-speed 10R80 transmission. The 2.7 L EcoBoost and 5.0L Coyote remained the same and both continued to be mated with the 6-speed 6R80 transmission.

For the 2018 model year, the Ford F-150 underwent a midcycle redesign, being revealed at the 2017 New York International Auto Show.[11][12][13] Following the introduction of the 2017 Super Duty model line, the F-Series (F-150 through F-550 and Ford Raptor) are again manufactured using a common cab (for the first time since 1996). For 2018, the F-150 shifted from the long-running three-bar design used on Ford trucks to the two-bar design that debuted on the 2017 Super Duty model line. The powertrain underwent several revisions, as the 3.5 L V6 was replaced by a 3.3 L V6 mated to a six-speed transmission.[14] The 2.7 L EcoBoost V6 engine and 5.0 L V8 engines were fitted with a 10-speed automatic (from the Raptor) and stop-start capability (previously only from the 2.7 L EcoBoost).[15] In 2018, a PowerStroke diesel engine was fitted to the F-150 for the first time, as Ford introduced a 250 hp 440 lb-ft of torque 3.0 L turbocharged V6 (from the "Lion" lineup of engines shared by PSA Peugeot Citroën and Jaguar Land Rover).[15][16][17]

Safety and driver-assistance features improved and added for the 2018 model year include Pre-Collision Assist with Pedestrian Detection and Adaptive Cruise Control with Stop and Go.[18]

The crew-cab version of the 2018 F-150 reclaimed an IIHS Top Safety Pick rating.[19]

Fourteenth generation (2021–present)[edit]

Main article: Ford F-Series (fourteenth generation)

The 14th-generation Ford F-Series was introduced for the 2021 model year through a live presentation streamed over the Internet on June 25, 2020.[20][21] Sharing a strong visual resemblance to the 13th generation, the 2021 F-150 underwent a redesign of 92% of its parts, carrying over only its cab and pickup box structure.[22]

The powertrain line is largely carried over from the previous generation, with a 3.3-liter V6, 2.7-liter and 3.5-liter EcoBoost twin-turbo V6s, a 5.0-liter V8, and a 3.0-liter diesel V6.[23] Dubbed PowerBoost, an optional gasoline-electric hybrid powertrain was introduced for the first time in a Ford light truck, pairing an electric motor with the 3.5-liter V6.[23] The six-speed automatic is dropped, with all engines paired to a 10-speed automatic.[22][23] The 5.0-liter V8 receives a new cylinder deactivation system, called Variable Displacement Engine technology, similar to GM's Active Fuel Management and Chrysler's Multi-Displacement System.[24]

Along with exterior design changes to enhance aerodynamics, many changes were made to the interior, adding fold-flat front seats and larger touchscreens (including a digital instrument panel);[23] as an option, Active Drive Assist was offered as a driver-assistance system.

A new F-150 Raptor was announced in January 2021, and features a 3.5-liter V6 gasoline engine.[25]

A fully electric version of the F-150 called the Lightning, was unveiled on May 19, 2021.[23][26]

Special models[edit]

Throughout its production, variants of the Ford F-Series has been produced to attract buyers. While these variants primarily consist of trim packages, others are high-performance versions while other variants were designed with various means of improving functionality.

Unibody F-Series (1961–1962)[edit]

For 1961 into part of the 1963 model year, the Ford F-Series was offered with a third body configuration, integrating the Styleside bed with the cab. With the pickup bed stampings welded directly to the cab before both assemblies were mounted to the frame, the design simplified the assembly and paint process (the configuration was similar to that of the Ford Ranchero). Following a poor market reception, the unibody pickup bed design was withdrawn during the 1963 model year.

Specials (1962–1979)[edit]

From 1961 to 1979, Ford offered several Special option packages for the F-Series, typically designed for owners with specific uses for their vehicles. For 1961, the Camper Special option package was introduced; designed for owners of slide-in truck campers, the option package featured prewiring for the camper, heavy-duty transmission and engine cooling, and a larger alternator. For 1968, Ford introduced the Contractor's Special, and Farm and Ranch Special, which featured toolboxes and heavier-duty suspension. The Explorer Special was introduced as a lower-priced variant of the Ranger trim. The Trailer Special was offered with trailer brake controller, heavy-duty radiator, transmission cooler, and tow hitch.

In 1980, the Special option packages were withdrawn as part of the F-Series redesign, while a number of features continued as stand-alone options; the Explorer continued as a variant of the Ranger trim through the 1986 model year.

F-150 Nite (1991–1992)[edit]

Sold from 1991 to 1992 on the Ford F-150 XLT Lariat, the Nite special edition was an monochromatic option package, featuring black paint and trim with a multicolor accent stripe. For 1991, it was exclusive to the regular-cab F-150; for 1992, it was available on all bodystyles of the F-150 and introduced on the Ford Bronco.

The Nite edition was available with two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive with either the 5.0L or 5.8L V8; it also included a sport suspension and alloy wheels on 235/75R15 white-letter tires.

Eddie Bauer (1994–1996)[edit]

For 1994, Ford introduced the Eddie Bauer trim level for the F-150. In a fashion similar to the same trim packages on the Aerostar, Bronco, and Explorer/Bronco II, it consisted of outdoors-themed interior trim with two-tone exterior paint.

SVT Lightning[edit]

Second-generation Ford SVT Lightning

1993–1995[edit]

Main article: Ford SVT Lightning (1993-1995)

Introduced as a 1993 model, the Ford SVT Lightning is a high-performance version of the F-150 that was produced by the Ford Special Vehicle Team (SVT). Intended as a competitor for the Chevrolet 454SS, the SVT Lightning was derived from the F-150; to improve its handling, extensive modifications were made to the front and rear suspension and frame. Powered by a 240 hp version of the 5.8L V8, the Lightning used a heavy-duty 4-speed automatic transmission from the F-350 (normally paired with the 7.5L V8 or 7.3L diesel V8). While slower in acceleration than the GMC Syclone, the Lightning retained nearly all of the towing and payload capacity of a standard Ford F-150. Produced from 1993 to 1995, the first-generation SVT Lightning was withdrawn as Ford readied the 1997 Ford F-150 for sale.

1999–2004[edit]

Main article: Ford SVT Lightning (1999-2004)

After a three-year hiatus, Ford released a second generation of the SVT Lightning for the 1999 model year. In line with its 1993–1995 predecessor, the second-generation Lightning was based on the F-150 with a number of suspension modifications; in a design change, all examples were produced with a FlareSide bed. In place of a model-specific engine, the second-generation was powered by a supercharged version of the 5.4L V8 from the F-150, producing 360 hp (increased to 380 hp in 2001).[27] As before, the higher-output engine was paired with a heavier-duty transmission from the F-350 pickup.

For the 2004 redesign of the Ford F-150, the SVT Lightning was not included, leaving 2004 as the final year for the model line. While of an entirely different design focus from the SVT Lightning, the SVT/Ford Raptor is the succeeding generation of high-performance Ford F-Series pickup trucks.

See Also[edit]

Ford F-150 Lightning (electric) (2022-)

Harley-Davidson Edition (2000–2011)[edit]

From 2000 to 2011, the Harley-Davidson Edition was an option package available on the F-150. Primarily an appearance package featuring monochromatic black trim, from 2002 to 2003, the edition included a slightly detuned version of the supercharged 5.4L V8 engine from the SVT Lightning. In 2003, a 100th Anniversary Edition was produced for F-150 SuperCrew trucks. For 2004, the Harley-Davidson option package became available for F-250/F-350 Super Duty trucks. After 2008, the option package adopted many of the options featured from the Platinum trim level, featuring leather seating produced from materials reserved for Harley-Davidson biker jackets.[28]

For 2012, the Harley-Davidson Edition was replaced by the Limited trim level, retaining a monochromatic exterior appearance (shifting past motorcycle-themed trim).

SVT/Ford Raptor (2010–2014; 2017–present)[edit]

For 2010, Ford introduced its second high-performance truck, the SVT Raptor. In contrast to the enhanced on-road performance of the SVT Lightning, the SVT Raptor is a focused towards off-road use, in line with that of a Baja 1000 racing truck. While a road-legal vehicle, many design modifications of the Raptor were made to improve its off-road capability, with the vehicle featuring a model-exclusive suspension with long-travel springs and shocks. The Raptor shares only its cab with a standard F-150; to accommodate its larger tires, the Raptor is fitted with wider front fenders, hood, and pickup bed. Initially produced as a SuperCab, a Raptor SuperCrew was introduced late in the 2010 model year. For the first time on a Ford vehicle in North America since 1983, the word "Ford" was spelled across the grille of the SVT Raptor in place of the Ford Blue Oval badge.

For 2010, the SVT Raptor was powered by a 310 hp 5.4L V8; a 411 hp 6.2L V8 (from the F-150 Platinum and Super Duty trucks) became optional, replacing the 5.4L V8 for 2011. A six-speed automatic is the sole transmission paired with both engines.

After a two-year hiatus, the second-generation Ford Raptor (the SVT prefix was removed) was introduced for the 2017 model year. Derived from the thirteenth-generation F-Series, the Ford Raptor shifted to an aluminum body. Again produced as a high-performance off-road vehicle, the Raptor is produced in SuperCab and SuperCrew configurations, with long-travel suspension specific to the vehicle. As a design theme, the second-generation Raptor does not carry a Ford Blue Oval grille badge, instead spelling out "Ford" across the grille.

To improve fuel economy and reduce weight, the 6.2L V8 was replaced by a 450 horsepower and 510 Ft-Lbs torque High Output 3.5L twin-turbocharged EcoBoost V6, paired with a 10-speed automatic transmission.[29]

For 2019, Ford made upgrades to enhance the off-road capability of the Raptor series truck line. They introduced new FOX Live Valve Shocks. The new shocks auto adjust the suspension's compression dampening based on the terrain via a live sensor electrically controlled solenoid valves. This new Terrain Management System works with sensors in the body to adjust as the truck is driving. The new Trail control for 2019 also adds adaptive cruise control for off-road use.[30]

Ford also added an optional Blue Accent Package with Recaro front racing seats for the 2019 model year.

F-150 King Ranch (2001–present)[edit]

In 2001, Ford's marketing department leveraged a partnership with the 825,000-acre King Ranch in south Texas, which is the largest ranch in both Texas and the United States and which operates a large fleet of Ford trucks. The truck was emblazoned with the King Ranch's Running W brand and upholstered in saddle leather. It was the industry's first full-size lightweight pickup truck with a full rear passenger compartment and 4 full-size doors, becoming the SuperCrew cab. Along with the Limited and Platinum, the King Ranch continues to comprise the luxury end of the F-150 spectrum. 40% of King Ranch F-150 sales are in Texas, Ford's largest pickup truck market.[31]

F-150 Platinum (2009–present)[edit]

Introduced for 2009, Platinum is a luxury-oriented trim of the Ford F-150. Effectively replacing the Lincoln Mark LT in the United States and Canada[32] (though its production continued through 2014 in Mexico), the Platinum adopted many of the luxury features and content from the Mark LT with more subdued exterior styling (the Platinum was fitted with an eggcrate grille similar to early models of the Ford Expedition).

In 2013, Ford began use of the Platinum trim for Super Duty trucks, from the F-250 to the F-450 pickup trucks. Until 2016, the Platinum trim was an add-on package to a Super Duty that was ordered as a Lariat. 2017 saw the Platinum become a separate trim level.[citation needed]

F-150 Tremor (2014)[edit]

For the 2014 model year, Ford introduced the Tremor model of the F-150. The Tremor was released as a high-performance sport truck for street truck enthusiasts. The regular-cab Tremor is based on the style of the FX Appearance Package with the 3.5 Liter EcoBoost engine and a 4.10 rear axle. The interior uses a console-mounted shifter, custom bucket seats and a flow-through center console not found in any other F-150. The Tremor is available in both 4x2 and 4x4. Both options feature an electronic locking rear differential and customized suspension. There were 2,230 Tremors built.[citation needed]

Ford F-150 Lightning electric pickup[edit]

Main article: Ford F-150 Lightning electric pickup

At the 2019 Detroit Auto Show in January 2019, Ford announced the intention to produce a fully-electric light pickup. Prototype test mules on an existing F-150 chassis were tested during 2019, including a record-setting demonstration test tow of 1,250,000 pounds (570,000 kg) on rails.

Ford unveiled the truck, called the F-150 Lightning, on May 19, 2021. It intends to begin production in the spring of 2022.[34] In May 2021, Ford named the new vehicle the F-150 Lightning.[35] Ford received 44,500 refundable-deposit orders in the first two days after the announcement, and a further 25,000 in the next two days after that.[36] Starting price is $39,974 for the fleet version and median price for an XLT model is $52,974, in both cases before tax incentives, which generally reduce about $10,000[citation needed][where?] from the final price. This compares favorably with the previous internal combustion models, which cost about $13,000 more, out-the door.[37] The F-150 Lightning also significantly out-performs its internal combustion predecessors... The low-end configuration has 426 hp, 240-mile range, and its smaller batter allows a 2,000 lb. payload. The high-end configuration has 563 hp, 300+ mile capacity, 0-60 times in the mid-four-second range, and towing capacity of 10,000 lbs. Both models have 775 lb.-ft. of torque, full-time 4wd, independent rear suspension, and currently come in a crew-cab configuration only, with 5.5' bed.[37] The active suspension provides real-time load weighing function. Like Tesla, the Ford F-150 Lightning has over-the-air software updates, and a significant software driving aids which allow limited hands-off highway driving, but fall short of full self-driving.[37] The F-150 Lightning provides household-oriented V2G power, which can meet the electrical needs of a typical American home for three to ten days, and supply up to 9.6kW of power through eleven 120V and 240V electrical outlets distributed around the truck.[38]

As of May 27, 2021, Ford has begun discussing the other vehicles beyond the F-series, such as the Expedition and Navigator, which will be underpinned by their full-size EV truck chassis, as well as the smaller chassis which will be used for the Bronco, Explorer, and Aviator.[39]

Variants[edit]

Medium-duty trucks[edit]

Main article: Ford F-Series (medium duty truck)

Early 1970s Ford F600/F700

For most of its production, the F-Series was sold in a medium-duty conventional truck configuration alongside the traditional pickup trucks. Beginning in 1948 with the 1½ ton F-5 (later F-500), the medium-duty trucks ranged up to the F-8 (F-800). Prior to the 1957 introduction of the Ford C-Series tilt-cab, the medium-duty range was offered as both a conventional and in a COE (cabover) configuration.

Following the introduction of the fifth-generation F-Series in 1967, the medium-duty trucks were designed separately from the pickup truck range. Although remaining part of the F-Series range, the medium-duty trucks shared only the cab and interior with the F-Series pickup trucks. Since 1967, the cab design has changed only in 1980 and in 2000. Redesigned on an all-new chassis, the 2017 F-Series medium-duty trucks retain an updated version of the 2000–2016 F-650/F750 cab.

The medium-duty F-Series served as the donor platform for the B-Series cowled bus chassis produced from 1948 to 1998. Produced primarily for school bus bodies, the B-Series was discontinued as part of the sale of the Ford heavy-truck line to Freightliner in 1996.

Heavy-duty trucks[edit]

Above its medium-duty truck ranges, the Ford F-Series was used as a heavy-truck chassis during its early production. In 1951, Ford debuted its "Big Job" line, denoting the F-8 conventional.[40] In 1958, the "Super Duty" and "Extra Heavy Duty" replaced the Big Job trucks, marking the debut of the Super Duty V8 engine line.[41] In 1963, the N-Series became the first short-hood conventional built by Ford, replacing the F-900 Super Duty/Extra Heavy Duty. Although based on an all-new chassis and separate bodywork, the cab was sourced from the F-Series.

In 1970, Ford introduced the L-Series "Louisville" line of conventional trucks, moving all heavy truck development away from the F-Series. The L-Series/Aeromax would remain in production through 1998, as Ford exited the North American heavy-truck segment. Outside North America, Ford builds the Ford Cargo, and Ford F-MAX.

Vans[edit]

1956 Ford F-100 panel van

From 1948 until 1960, the F-Series was produced in a panel van configuration; in contrast to General Motors, Ford never offered a passenger "carryall" variant (competing against the Chevrolet/GMC Suburban or the International Travelall). For 1961, the panel van was discontinued, largely replaced by the Econolinecompact van.[citation needed]

From 1968 to the present day, the Econoline/Club Wagon/E-Series vans have shared a degree of mechanical commonality with the F-Series pickup trucks (during the 1970s, some body components were shared). While no longer produced for retail sale, the E-Series still shares its engines and transmission with the Ford Super Duty trucks.[citation needed]

Export[edit]

This 1955 Australian F-100 Freighter had special high side panels, perhaps unique to Australia; note the right-hand drive.

As of 2018, outside of the United States, Canada, and Mexico, the Ford F-150 is officially sold in most Caribbean countries (except Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Kitts and Nevis and Cuba), Suriname, Ecuador, Peru, Chile, the Middle East (including Afghanistan), Iceland, China, Cambodia, the Philippines, Angola, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Madagascar, the Dutch territories of Aruba, Curaçao, Saint Maarten and the British overseas territory of the Cayman Islands. The SVT Raptor is sold in the United States, Canada, Mexico, the Middle East (including Afghanistan), China, Ecuador, Chile and Peru. Both are available in LHD only.

In Mexico, the F-150 (XLT and higher trim levels) is called the "Ford Lobo" (Ford Wolf) while the F-150 SVT Raptor is called the "Ford Lobo Raptor". The F-150 XL remains as F-150 XL.

There is a strong grey market presence of Ford F-Series trucks around the world, most notably in Europe, China, South Korea, and Australia, and usually driven by wealthy car enthusiasts, as the higher end trim models are the most sought-after versions.

In Bolivia, Ford F-series truck are imported from the United States. F-150 single, super cab and crew cab are available with short and long bed. F-series Heavy Duty like F-250, F-350 are available in Super Cab and Crew cab with long bed, but the F-450 is available only in a chassis version. The F-150 Raptor is available, too.

In Australia, Ford F-series trucks are imported and converted to right-hand drive by several Australian importers, mostly by the Harrison Motoring Group, which as become the largest importer of F-Series vehicles in the Southern Hemisphere. Harrison F-Trucks have become Australia's number one converter and supplier of the famous Ford F-Series badges.

In the United Kingdom, most imported Ford F-Series trucks are the F-150 model in LHD, and usually the higher-end four door versions.

The addition of the 3.0l V6 turbo diesel engine could potentially make the Ford F-150 go global and in both LHD and RHD from the factory.

Motorsports[edit]

The truck won the San Felipe 250 eight times between 1999 and 2007.[citation needed]

The F-Series represents Ford in the NASCAR Gander Outdoors Truck Series. Greg Biffle won the 2000 NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series Championship, being the only Ford driver to do so. Ford also won the Manufacturers' Championship in 1999 and 2000.

Drivers such as Roger Norman and Larry Roeseler won the Primm 300 in 2003, 2007 and 2008.[citation needed]

In 2008, Ford announced its entrance into the Baja 1000 class-eight race for moderately modified, full-size pickups. The driver of record was Steve Oligos, supported by co-drivers Randy Merritt, Greg Foutz, and Bud Brutsman.[42] The vehicle was built with collaboration between the Ford Special Vehicle Team (SVT), Ford Racing, and Foutz Motorsports, Inc. The Ford F-150 SVT Raptor R completed the 2008 41st Tecate SCORE Baja 1000 race in 25.28:10,[43] and ranked third in its class.[44]Tavo Vildosola and Gus Vildosola won the event in 2010.

In the Best in the Desert race series, an F-150 SVT Raptor R completed the "Terrible's 250" race, placing second overall in the class 8000.[45]

In January 2010, a single Raptor SVT (No. 439), driven by Chilean driver Javier Campillay, competed in the Argentina-Chile Dakar Rally. However, the pickup was unable to finish due to a catch-up crash with another car in the middle of the road during stage seven. In January 2011, two Raptors started in the Argentina-Chile Dakar Rally in Buenos Aires, with Campillay driving the more reliable Raptor (No. 375), and American female driver Sue Mead driving a T2 Raptor (No. 374). Mead crossed the finish line in Buenos Aires and won the "super production" class, the first North American class win in Dakar history. Campillay was unable to finish the 12th stage after losing time due to mechanical failure during the 11th stage, which led to his disqualification for failing to reach the race camp by the designated deadline.[citation needed]

Police usage[edit]

A police F-150 with a storage holder mounted on the bed

Ford F-150s are commonly used as police trucks.[46] They are primarily used to patrol off-road areas such as mountains, forests, flooded areas, shorelines, and beaches, where a standard police car has difficulty maneuvering.[47] In addition, they are often used for transporting SWAT teams, and can even have facilities to securely detain and transport a small number of suspects. Other common police uses include equipping the truck with cages for animal control or using them to transport mounted units or police boats.[48]

Awards and recognition[edit]

The Ford F-150 has won numerous awards; in 2009 alone, it received:[49]

  • Motor Trend 2009 Truck of the Year Award
  • 2009 Best Redesigned Vehicle from Kelley Blue Book's kbb.com
  • Top honors as the "truck of Texas" as well as the "best luxury pickup" for the 2009 F-150 King Ranch from Texas Auto Writers Association
  • Automotive Excellence Award in the Workhorse Category from Popular Mechanics
  • "Top safety pick" from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety for its standard safety technology: safety canopy side curtain air bags and AdvanceTrac with roll stability control
  • Residual Value Award from Automotive Leasing Guide (ALG) for retaining the highest percentage of its original price among 2009 full-size light-duty pickups at the end of a conventional three-year lease, based on ALG projections
  • Motor Trend's Truck Trend Top 5 Pickups from Specialty Equipment Market Association (SEMA) for 2009 Ford F-150 Heavy Duty DeWalt Contractor Concept
  • Accessory-Friendly Pickup Design Award from SEMA
  • "Best overall half-ton pickup" from PickupTrucks.com

Sales[edit]

Quantities of Ford F-Series trucks sold

Calendar Year United StatesCanada
1997 746,111[50]
1998 836,629
1999[51]869,001
2000 876,716
2001[52]911,597
2002[53]813,701
2003 845,58668,375
2004[54]939,51171,790
2005 901,46369,549[citation needed]
2006[55]796,03972,128
2007 690,58973,618[citation needed]
2008[56]515,51367,749
2009[57]413,62581,396
2010[58]528,34997,913[59]
2011 584,91796,325
2012 645,316106,358[60]
2013 763,402[61]122,325
2014 753,851[62]126,277[63]
2015 780,354[64]118,837
2016 820,799[65]145,409[66]
2017 896,764 155,290
2018 909,330 145,694
2019 896,526 145,064

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ford_F-Series
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