Internal revenue code chapter 1

Internal revenue code chapter 1 DEFAULT

TAX CODE


TITLE 2. STATE TAXATION


SUBTITLE F. FRANCHISE TAX


CHAPTER 171. FRANCHISE TAX


SUBCHAPTER A. DEFINITIONS; TAX IMPOSED


Sec. 171.0001. GENERAL DEFINITIONS. In this chapter:

(1) "Affiliated group" means a group of one or more entities in which a controlling interest is owned by a common owner or owners, either corporate or noncorporate, or by one or more of the member entities.

(1-a) "Artist" means a natural person or an entity that contracts to perform or entertain at a live entertainment event.

(2) Repealed by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 117, Sec. 28(3), eff. September 1, 2013.

(3) "Banking corporation" means each state, national, domestic, or foreign bank, whether organized under the laws of this state, another state, or another country, or under federal law, including a limited banking association organized under Subtitle A, Title 3, Finance Code, and each bank organized under Section 25(a), Federal Reserve Act (12 U.S.C. Sections 611-631) (edge corporations), but does not include a bank holding company as that term is defined by Section 2, Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (12 U.S.C. Section 1841).


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(4) "Beginning date" means:

(A) for a taxable entity chartered or organized in this state, the date on which the taxable entity's charter or organization takes effect; and

(B) for any other taxable entity, the date on which the taxable entity begins doing business in this state.


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(4) "Beginning date" means:

(A) except as provided by Paragraph (B):

(i) for a taxable entity chartered or organized in this state, the date on which the taxable entity's charter or organization takes effect; and

(ii) for any other taxable entity, the date on which the taxable entity begins doing business in this state; or

(B) for a taxable entity that qualifies as a new veteran-owned business as defined by Section 171.0005, the earlier of:

(i) the fifth anniversary of the date on which the taxable entity begins doing business in this state; or

(ii) the date the taxable entity ceases to qualify as a new veteran-owned business as defined by Section 171.0005.


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(4) "Beginning date" means:

(A) for a taxable entity chartered or organized in this state, the date on which the taxable entity's charter or organization takes effect; and

(B) for any other taxable entity, the date on which the taxable entity begins doing business in this state.

(5) "Charter" includes a limited liability company's certificate of organization, a limited partnership's certificate of limited partnership, and the registration of a limited liability partnership.

(6) "Client" means:

(A) a client as that term is defined by Section 91.001, Labor Code; or

(B) a client of a temporary employment service, as that term is defined by Section 93.001(2), Labor Code, to whom individuals are assigned for a purpose described by that subdivision.

(7) "Combined group" means taxable entities that are part of an affiliated group engaged in a unitary business and that are required to file a group report under Section 171.1014.

(8) "Controlling interest" means:

(A) for a corporation, either more than 50 percent, owned directly or indirectly, of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock of the corporation, or more than 50 percent, owned directly or indirectly, of the beneficial ownership interest in the voting stock of the corporation;

(B) for a partnership, association, trust, or other entity other than a limited liability company, more than 50 percent, owned directly or indirectly, of the capital, profits, or beneficial interest in the partnership, association, trust, or other entity; and

(C) for a limited liability company, either more than 50 percent, owned directly or indirectly, of the total membership interest of the limited liability company or more than 50 percent, owned directly or indirectly, of the beneficial ownership interest in the membership interest of the limited liability company.

(8-a) "Covered employee" has the meaning assigned by Section 91.001, Labor Code.

(9) "Internal Revenue Code" means the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 in effect for the federal tax year beginning on January 1, 2007, not including any changes made by federal law after that date, and any regulations adopted under that code applicable to that period.

(10) "Lending institution" means an entity that makes loans and:

(A) is regulated by the Federal Reserve Board, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, the Office of Thrift Supervision, the Texas Department of Banking, the Office of Consumer Credit Commissioner, the Credit Union Department, or any comparable regulatory body;

(B) is licensed by, registered with, or otherwise regulated by the Department of Savings and Mortgage Lending;

(C) is a "broker" or "dealer" as defined by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 at 15 U.S.C. Section 78c; or

(D) provides financing to unrelated parties solely for agricultural production.

(10-a) "Live entertainment event" means an event that occurs on a specific date to which tickets are sold in advance by a third-party vendor and at which:

(A) a natural person or a group of natural persons, physically present at the venue, performs for the purpose of entertaining a ticket holder who is present at the event;

(B) a traveling circus or animal show performs for the purpose of entertaining a ticket holder who is present at the event; or

(C) a historical, museum-quality artifact is on display in an exhibition.

(10-b) "Live event promotion services" means services related to the promotion, coordination, operation, or management of a live entertainment event. The term includes services related to:

(A) the provision of staff for the live entertainment event; or

(B) the scheduling and promotion of an artist performing or entertaining at the live entertainment event.

(11) "Management company" means a corporation, limited liability company, or other limited liability entity that conducts all or part of the active trade or business of another entity (the "managed entity") in exchange for:

(A) a management fee; and

(B) reimbursement of specified costs incurred in the conduct of the active trade or business of the managed entity, including "wages and cash compensation" as determined under Sections 171.1013(a) and (b).

(11-a) "Natural person" means a human being or the estate of a human being. The term does not include a purely legal entity given recognition as the possessor of rights, privileges, or responsibilities, such as a corporation, limited liability company, partnership, or trust.

(11-b) "Qualified live event promotion company" means a taxable entity that:

(A) receives at least 50 percent of the entity's annual total revenue from the provision or arrangement for the provision of three or more live event promotion services;

(B) maintains a permanent nonresidential office from which the live event promotion services are provided or arranged;

(C) employs 10 or more full-time employees during all or part of the period for which taxable margin is calculated;

(D) does not provide services for a wedding or carnival; and

(E) is not a movie theater.

(12) "Retail trade" means:

(A) the activities described in Division G of the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification Manual published by the federal Office of Management and Budget;

(B) apparel rental activities classified as Industry 5999 or 7299 of the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification Manual published by the federal Office of Management and Budget;

(C) the activities classified as Industry Group 753 of the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification Manual published by the federal Office of Management and Budget;

(D) rental-purchase agreement activities regulated by Chapter 92, Business & Commerce Code;

(E) activities involving the rental or leasing of tools, party and event supplies, and furniture that are classified as Industry 7359 of the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification Manual published by the federal Office of Management and Budget; and

(F) heavy construction equipment rental or leasing activities classified as Industry 7353 of the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification Manual published by the federal Office of Management and Budget.

(13) "Savings and loan association" means a savings and loan association or savings bank, whether organized under the laws of this state, another state, or another country, or under federal law.

(13-a) "Security," for purposes of Sections 171.1011(g), 171.1011(g-2), and 171.106(f) only, has the meaning assigned by Section 475(c)(2), Internal Revenue Code, and includes instruments described by Sections 475(e)(2)(B), (C), and (D) of that code.

(14) "Shareholder" includes a limited liability company's member and a limited banking association's participant.

(15) "Professional employer organization" means:

(A) a business entity that offers professional employer services, as that term is defined by Section 91.001, Labor Code; or

(B) a temporary employment service, as that term is defined by Section 93.001, Labor Code.

(16) "Total revenue" means the total revenue of a taxable entity as determined under Section 171.1011.

(17) "Unitary business" means a single economic enterprise that is made up of separate parts of a single entity or of a commonly controlled group of entities that are sufficiently interdependent, integrated, and interrelated through their activities so as to provide a synergy and mutual benefit that produces a sharing or exchange of value among them and a significant flow of value to the separate parts. In determining whether a unitary business exists, the comptroller shall consider any relevant factor, including whether:

(A) the activities of the group members are in the same general line, such as manufacturing, wholesaling, retailing of tangible personal property, insurance, transportation, or finance;

(B) the activities of the group members are steps in a vertically structured enterprise or process, such as the steps involved in the production of natural resources, including exploration, mining, refining, and marketing; or

(C) the members are functionally integrated through the exercise of strong centralized management, such as authority over purchasing, financing, product line, personnel, and marketing.

(18) "Wholesale trade" means the activities described in Division F of the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification Manual published by the federal Office of Management and Budget.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 2, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 1, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., 1st C.S., Ch. 4 (S.B. 1), Sec. 45.01, eff. January 1, 2012.

Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., 1st C.S., Ch. 4 (S.B. 1), Sec. 51.01, eff. January 1, 2012.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 117 (S.B. 1286), Sec. 23, eff. September 1, 2013.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 117 (S.B. 1286), Sec. 28(3), eff. September 1, 2013.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232 (H.B. 500), Sec. 1, eff. January 1, 2014.

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 329 (S.B. 1049), Sec. 1, eff. January 1, 2016.

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 329 (S.B. 1049), Sec. 2, eff. January 1, 2020.

Acts 2021, 87th Leg., R.S., Ch. 859 (S.B. 938), Sec. 2, eff. January 1, 2022.

Acts 2021, 87th Leg., R.S., Ch. 859 (S.B. 938), Sec. 3, eff. January 1, 2026.

Sec. 171.0002. DEFINITION OF TAXABLE ENTITY. (a) Except as otherwise provided by this section, "taxable entity" means a partnership, limited liability partnership, corporation, banking corporation, savings and loan association, limited liability company, business trust, professional association, business association, joint venture, joint stock company, holding company, or other legal entity. The term includes a combined group. A joint venture does not include joint operating or co-ownership arrangements meeting the requirements of Treasury Regulation Section 1.761-2(a)(3) that elect out of federal partnership treatment as provided by Section 761(a), Internal Revenue Code.

(b) "Taxable entity" does not include:

(1) a sole proprietorship;

(2) a general partnership:

(A) the direct ownership of which is entirely composed of natural persons; and

(B) the liability of which is not limited under a statute of this state or another state, including by registration as a limited liability partnership;

(3) a passive entity as defined by Section 171.0003; or

(4) an entity that is exempt from taxation under Subchapter B.

(c) "Taxable entity" does not include an entity that is:

(1) a grantor trust as defined by Sections 671 and 7701(a)(30)(E), Internal Revenue Code, all of the grantors and beneficiaries of which are natural persons or charitable entities as described in Section 501(c)(3), Internal Revenue Code, excluding a trust taxable as a business entity pursuant to Treasury Regulation Section 301.7701-4(b);

(2) an estate of a natural person as defined by Section 7701(a)(30)(D), Internal Revenue Code, excluding an estate taxable as a business entity pursuant to Treasury Regulation Section 301.7701-4(b);

(3) an escrow;

(4) a real estate investment trust (REIT) as defined by Section 856, Internal Revenue Code, and its "qualified REIT subsidiary" entities as defined by Section 856(i)(2), Internal Revenue Code, provided that:

(A) a REIT with any amount of its assets in direct holdings of real estate, other than real estate it occupies for business purposes, as opposed to holding interests in limited partnerships or other entities that directly hold the real estate, is a taxable entity; and

(B) a limited partnership or other entity that directly holds the real estate as described in Paragraph (A) is not exempt under this subdivision, without regard to whether a REIT holds an interest in it;

(5) a real estate mortgage investment conduit (REMIC), as defined by Section 860D, Internal Revenue Code;

(6) a nonprofit self-insurance trust created under Chapter 2212, Insurance Code, or a predecessor statute;

(7) a trust qualified under Section 401(a), Internal Revenue Code;

(8) a trust or other entity that is exempt under Section 501(c)(9), Internal Revenue Code; or

(9) an unincorporated entity organized as a political committee under the Election Code or the provisions of the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 (2 U.S.C. Section 431 et seq.).

(d) An entity that can file as a sole proprietorship for federal tax purposes is not a sole proprietorship for purposes of Subsection (b)(1) and is not exempt under that subsection if the entity is formed in a manner under the statutes of this state, another state, or a foreign country that limit the liability of the entity.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 2, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., 1st C.S., Ch. 4 (S.B. 1), Sec. 45.02, eff. January 1, 2012.

Sec. 171.0003. DEFINITION OF PASSIVE ENTITY. (a) An entity is a passive entity only if:

(1) the entity is a general or limited partnership or a trust, other than a business trust;

(2) during the period on which margin is based, the entity's federal gross income consists of at least 90 percent of the following income:

(A) dividends, interest, foreign currency exchange gain, periodic and nonperiodic payments with respect to notional principal contracts, option premiums, cash settlement or termination payments with respect to a financial instrument, and income from a limited liability company;

(B) distributive shares of partnership income to the extent that those distributive shares of income are greater than zero;

(C) capital gains from the sale of real property, gains from the sale of commodities traded on a commodities exchange, and gains from the sale of securities; and

(D) royalties, bonuses, or delay rental income from mineral properties and income from other nonoperating mineral interests; and

(3) the entity does not receive more than 10 percent of its federal gross income from conducting an active trade or business.

(a-1) In making the computation under Subsection (a)(3), income described by Subsection (a)(2) may not be treated as income from conducting an active trade or business.

(b) The income described by Subsection (a)(2) does not include:

(1) rent; or

(2) income received by a nonoperator from mineral properties under a joint operating agreement if the nonoperator is a member of an affiliated group and another member of that group is the operator under the same joint operating agreement.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 2, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 3, eff. January 1, 2008.

Sec. 171.0004. DEFINITION OF CONDUCTING ACTIVE TRADE OR BUSINESS. (a) The definition in this section applies only to Section 171.0003.

(b) An entity conducts an active trade or business if:

(1) the activities being carried on by the entity include one or more active operations that form a part of the process of earning income or profit; and

(2) the entity performs active management and operational functions.

(c) Activities performed by the entity include activities performed by persons outside the entity, including independent contractors, to the extent the persons perform services on behalf of the entity and those services constitute all or part of the entity's trade or business.

(d) An entity conducts an active trade or business if assets, including royalties, patents, trademarks, and other intangible assets, held by the entity are used in the active trade or business of one or more related entities.

(e) For purposes of this section:

(1) the ownership of a royalty interest or a nonoperating working interest in mineral rights does not constitute conduct of an active trade or business;

(2) payment of compensation to employees or independent contractors for financial or legal services reasonably necessary for the operation of the entity does not constitute conduct of an active trade or business; and

(3) holding a seat on the board of directors of an entity does not by itself constitute conduct of an active trade or business.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 2, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 4, eff. January 1, 2008.


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Text of section effective until January 01, 2026


Sec. 171.0005. DEFINITION OF NEW VETERAN-OWNED BUSINESS. (a) A taxable entity is a new veteran-owned business only if the taxable entity is a new business in which each owner is a natural person who:

(1) served in and was honorably discharged from a branch of the United States armed forces; and

(2) provides verification to the comptroller of the person's service and discharge required by Subdivision (1).

(b) The Texas Veterans Commission shall provide to a person who meets the requirements of Subsection (a)(1) written verification of that status in a form required by the comptroller. The comptroller shall adopt rules prescribing the form and content of the verification and the manner in which the verification may be provided to the comptroller.

(c) For purposes of Subsection (a), a new business is a taxable entity that:

(1) is chartered or organized or otherwise formed in this state; and

(2) first begins doing business in this state on or after January 1, 2022.

Added by Acts 2021, 87th Leg., R.S., Ch. 859 (S.B. 938), Sec. 4, eff. January 1, 2022.

Repealed by Acts 2021, 87th Leg., R.S., Ch. 859 (S.B. 938), Sec. 9(2), eff. January 1, 2026.

Sec. 171.001. TAX IMPOSED. (a) A franchise tax is imposed on each taxable entity that does business in this state or that is chartered or organized in this state.

(b) The tax imposed under this chapter extends to the limits of the United States Constitution and the federal law adopted under the United States Constitution.

(c) The tax imposed under this section or Section 171.0011 is not imposed on an entity if, during the period on which the report is based, the entity qualifies as a passive entity as defined by Section 171.0003.


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(d) Notwithstanding Subsection (a), the tax imposed under this chapter is not imposed on a taxable entity that qualifies as a new veteran-owned business as defined by Section 171.0005 until the earlier of:

(1) the fifth anniversary of the date on which the taxable entity begins doing business in this state; or

(2) the date the taxable entity ceases to qualify as a new veteran-owned business as defined by Section 171.0005.


Text of subsection effective on January 01, 2026


(d) Repealed by Acts 2021, 87th Leg., R.S., Ch. 859 (S.B. 938), Sec. 9(3), eff. January 1, 2026.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1691, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., ch. 901, Sec. 53(a), eff. Aug. 26, 1991; Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 1st C.S., ch. 5, Sec. 8.01, eff. Jan. 1, 1992; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 765, Sec. 7, eff. Aug. 30, 1993; Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 914, Sec. 12, eff. Sept. 1, 1995; Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1002, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1996; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 1185, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1998; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 184, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 2000; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 209, Sec. 31, 32, eff. Oct. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 2, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 329 (S.B. 1049), Sec. 4, eff. January 1, 2016.

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 329 (S.B. 1049), Sec. 9(2), eff. January 1, 2020.

Acts 2021, 87th Leg., R.S., Ch. 859 (S.B. 938), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2022.

Acts 2021, 87th Leg., R.S., Ch. 859 (S.B. 938), Sec. 9(3), eff. January 1, 2026.

Sec. 171.0011. ADDITIONAL TAX. (a) Except as provided by Section 171.001(c), an additional tax is imposed on a taxable entity that for any reason becomes no longer subject to the tax imposed under this chapter.

(b) The additional tax is equal to the appropriate rate under Section 171.002 of the taxable entity's taxable margin computed on the period beginning on the day after the last day for which the tax imposed on taxable margin or net taxable earned surplus was computed and ending on the date the taxable entity is no longer subject to the tax imposed under this chapter.

(c) The additional tax imposed and any report required by the comptroller are due on the 60th day after the date the taxable entity becomes no longer subject to the tax imposed under this chapter.

(d) Except as otherwise provided by this section, the provisions of this chapter apply to the tax imposed under this section.

(e) Repealed by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282, Sec. 37(1), eff. January 1, 2008.

Added by Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 1st C.S., ch. 5, Sec. 8.02, eff. Jan. 1, 1992. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 546, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1994.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 2, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 6, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 37(1), eff. January 1, 2008.

Sec. 171.002. RATES; COMPUTATION OF TAX. (a) Subject to Sections 171.003 and 171.1016 and except as provided by Subsection (b), the rate of the franchise tax is 0.75 percent of taxable margin.

(b) Subject to Sections 171.003 and 171.1016, the rate of the franchise tax is 0.375 percent of taxable margin for those taxable entities primarily engaged in retail or wholesale trade.

(c) A taxable entity is primarily engaged in retail or wholesale trade only if:

(1) the total revenue from its activities in retail or wholesale trade is greater than the total revenue from its activities in trades other than the retail and wholesale trades;

(2) except as provided by Subsection (c-1), less than 50 percent of the total revenue from activities in retail or wholesale trade comes from the sale of products it produces or products produced by an entity that is part of an affiliated group to which the taxable entity also belongs; and

(3) the taxable entity does not provide retail or wholesale utilities, including telecommunications services, electricity, or gas.

(c-1) Subsection (c)(2) does not apply to total revenue from activities in a retail trade described by Major Group 58 of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual published by the federal Office of Management and Budget.

(c-2) For purposes of Subsection (c)(3), the provision of telecommunications services does not include selling telephone prepaid calling cards.

(d) A taxable entity is not required to pay any tax and is not considered to owe any tax for a period if:

(1) the amount of tax computed for the taxable entity is less than $1,000; or

(2) the amount of the taxable entity's total revenue from its entire business is less than or equal to $1 million or the amount determined under Section 171.006 per 12-month period on which margin is based.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1691, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1984, 68th Leg., 2nd C.S., ch. 31, art. 3, part D, Sec. 1, eff. May 1, 1985; Acts 1987, 70th Leg., 2nd C.S., ch. 5, art. 2, pt. 1, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1988; Acts 1987, 70th Leg., 2nd C.S., ch. 5, art. 2, pt. 2, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1990; Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 1st C.S., ch. 5, Sec. 8.031(a), eff. Jan. 1, 1992; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 1185, Sec. 2, eff. Jan. 1, 1998; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 394, Sec. 10, eff. Jan. 1, 2000.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 2, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 7, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 286 (H.B. 4765), Sec. 1(a), eff. January 1, 2010.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 286 (H.B. 4765), Sec. 2(a), eff. January 1, 2012.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232 (H.B. 500), Sec. 17, eff. January 1, 2014.

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 449 (H.B. 32), Sec. 2, eff. January 1, 2016.

Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 275 (H.B. 2126), Sec. 1, eff. January 1, 2018.

Sec. 171.003. INCREASE IN RATE REQUIRES VOTER APPROVAL. (a) An increase in a rate provided by Section 171.002(a) or (b) takes effect only if approved by a majority of the registered voters voting in a statewide referendum held on the question of increasing the rate. The referendum must specify the increased rate or rates.

(b) This section does not apply to a decrease in a rate provided by Section 171.002(a) or (b). If a rate is decreased, this section applies to any subsequent increase in that rate.

(c) This section does not apply to any change in the tax imposed by this chapter in relation to:

(1) the manner in which the tax is computed, including the determination of margin and taxable margin and any allowable deductions or credits;

(2) the manner in which the tax is administered or enforced; or

(3) the applicability of the tax to certain entities.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 2, eff. January 1, 2008.

Sec. 171.006. ADJUSTMENT OF ELIGIBILITY FOR NO TAX DUE, DISCOUNTS, AND COMPENSATION DEDUCTION. (a) In this section, "consumer price index" means the average over a state fiscal biennium of the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), U.S. City Average, published monthly by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, or its successor in function.

(b) Beginning in 2010, on January 1 of each even-numbered year, the amounts prescribed by Sections 171.002(d)(2) and 171.1013(c) are increased or decreased by an amount equal to the amount prescribed by those sections on December 31 of the preceding year multiplied by the percentage increase or decrease during the preceding state fiscal biennium in the consumer price index and rounded to the nearest $10,000.

(c) The amounts determined under Subsection (b) apply to a report originally due on or after the date the determination is made.

(d) The comptroller shall make the determination required by this section and may adopt rules related to making that determination.

(e) A determination by the comptroller under this section is final and may not be appealed.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 2, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 9, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 10, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232 (H.B. 500), Sec. 3, eff. January 1, 2014.

SUBCHAPTER B. EXEMPTIONS


Sec. 171.051. APPLICATION FOR EXEMPTION; EFFECTIVE DATE. (a) Except as provided by Subsection (c) of this section, a corporation may apply for an exemption under this subchapter by filing with the comptroller, as provided by the rules of the comptroller, evidence of the corporation's qualifications for the exemption.

(b) If a corporation files the evidence establishing the corporation's qualifications for an exemption within 15 months after the last day of the calendar month in which the corporation's charter or certificate of authority is dated, the exemption is recognized, if it is finally established, as of the date of the charter or certificate.

(c) The exemption provided by Section 171.063 of this code must be established as provided by that section, but a corporation may apply for and receive other exemptions as provided by this section.

(d) Neither this section nor Section 171.063 of this code requires a corporation that was granted a franchise tax exemption before September 1, 1975, that was entitled to the exemption on September 1, 1975, and that has held the exemption since that date, to file an additional application, report, letter of exemption, or other evidence of qualification for that exemption.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1693, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Sec. 171.052. CERTAIN CORPORATIONS. (a) Except as provided by Subsection (c), an insurance organization, title insurance company, or title insurance agent authorized to engage in insurance business in this state that is required to pay an annual tax measured by its gross premium receipts is exempted from the franchise tax. A nonadmitted insurance organization that is required to pay a gross premium receipts tax during a tax year is exempted from the franchise tax for that same tax year. A nonadmitted insurance organization that is subject to an occupation tax or any other tax that is imposed for the privilege of doing business in another state or a foreign jurisdiction, including a tax on gross premium receipts, is exempted from the franchise tax.

(b) Farm mutuals, local mutual aid associations, and burial associations are not subject to the franchise tax.

(c) An entity is subject to the franchise tax for a tax year in any portion of which the entity is in violation of an order issued by the Texas Department of Insurance under Section 2254.003(b), Insurance Code, that is final after appeal or that is no longer subject to appeal.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1693, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 30, Sec. 1, eff. Aug. 26, 1985; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 546, Sec. 2, eff. Jan. 1, 1994; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1275, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 209, Sec. 33, eff. Oct. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 3, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 569 (S.B. 734), Sec. 5, eff. June 14, 2013.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232 (H.B. 500), Sec. 4, eff. January 1, 2014.

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1236 (S.B. 1296), Sec. 16.003, eff. September 1, 2015.

Sec. 171.0525. EXEMPTION--CERTAIN INSURANCE COMPANIES. A corporation that is a farm mutual insurance company, local mutual aid association, or burial association is exempted from the franchise tax.

Added by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1274, Sec. 23, eff. April 1, 2005.

Sec. 171.053. EXEMPTION--RAILWAY TERMINAL CORPORATION. A corporation organized as a railway terminal corporation and having no annual net income from its business is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1693, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.


Text of section effective until January 01, 2022


Sec. 171.055. EXEMPTION--OPEN-END INVESTMENT COMPANY. An open-end investment company, as defined by the Investment Company Act of 1940 (Section 80a-1 et seq., 15 U.S.C.), that is subject to that Act and that is registered under The Securities Act (Article 581-1 et seq., Vernon's Texas Civil Statutes) is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1693, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Amended by:

Acts 2019, 86th Leg., R.S., Ch. 491 (H.B. 4171), Sec. 2.41, eff. January 1, 2022.


Text of section effective on January 01, 2022


Sec. 171.055. EXEMPTION--OPEN-END INVESTMENT COMPANY. An open-end investment company, as defined by the Investment Company Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. Section 80a-1 et seq.), that is subject to that Act and that is registered under The Securities Act (Title 12, Government Code) is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1693, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Amended by:

Acts 2019, 86th Leg., R.S., Ch. 491 (H.B. 4171), Sec. 2.41, eff. January 1, 2022.

Sec. 171.056. EXEMPTION--CORPORATION WITH BUSINESS INTEREST IN SOLAR ENERGY DEVICES. A corporation engaged solely in the business of manufacturing, selling, or installing solar energy devices, as defined by Section 171.107 of this code, is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1693, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Sec. 171.057. EXEMPTION--NONPROFIT CORPORATION ORGANIZED TO PROMOTE COUNTY, CITY, OR ANOTHER AREA. A nonprofit corporation organized solely to promote the public interest of a county, city, town, or another area in the state is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1694, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Sec. 171.058. EXEMPTION--NONPROFIT CORPORATION ORGANIZED FOR RELIGIOUS PURPOSES. A nonprofit corporation organized for the purpose of religious worship is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1694, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Sec. 171.059. EXEMPTION--NONPROFIT CORPORATION ORGANIZED TO PROVIDE BURIAL PLACES. A nonprofit corporation organized to provide places of burial is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1694, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Sec. 171.060. EXEMPTION--NONPROFIT CORPORATION ORGANIZED FOR AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES. A nonprofit corporation organized to hold agricultural fairs and encourage agricultural pursuits is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1694, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Sec. 171.061. EXEMPTION--NONPROFIT CORPORATION ORGANIZED FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES. A nonprofit corporation organized solely for educational purposes is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1694, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1002, Sec. 3, eff. Jan. 1, 1996.

Sec. 171.062. EXEMPTION--NONPROFIT CORPORATION ORGANIZED FOR PUBLIC CHARITY. A nonprofit corporation organized for purely public charity is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1694, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Sec. 171.063. EXEMPTION-NONPROFIT CORPORATION EXEMPT FROM FEDERAL INCOME TAX. (a) The following corporations are exempt from the franchise tax:

(1) a nonprofit corporation exempted from the federal income tax under Section 501(c)(3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8), (10), or (19), Internal Revenue Code which in the case of a nonprofit hospital means a hospital providing community benefits that include charity care and government-sponsored indigent health care as set forth in Subchapter D, Chapter 311, Health and Safety Code;

(2) a corporation exempted under Section 501(c)(2) or (25), Internal Revenue Code, if the corporation or corporations for which it holds title to property is either exempt from or not subject to the franchise tax; and

(3) a corporation exempted from federal income tax under Section 501(c)(16), Internal Revenue Code.

(b) A corporation is entitled to an exemption under this section based on the corporation's exemption from the federal income tax if the corporation files with the comptroller evidence establishing the corporation's exemption.

(c) A corporation's exemption under Subsection (b) of this section is established by furnishing the comptroller with a copy of the Internal Revenue Service's letter of exemption issued to the corporation.

(d) If the Internal Revenue Service has not timely issued to a corporation a letter of exemption, evidence establishing the corporation's provisional exemption under this section is sufficient if the corporation timely files with the comptroller evidence that the corporation has applied in good faith for the federal tax exemption. The evidence must be filed not later than the 15th month after the day that is the last day of a calendar month and that is nearest to the date of the corporation's charter or certificate of authority.

(e) An exemption established under Subsection (c) or (d) of this section is to be recognized, after it is finally established, as of the date of the corporation's charter or certificate of authority.

(f) If a corporation timely files evidence with the comptroller under Subsection (d) of this section that it has applied for a federal tax exemption and if the application is finally denied by the Internal Revenue Service, this chapter does not impose a penalty on the corporation from the date of its charter or certificate of authority to the date of the final denial.


Text of subsection effective until January 01, 2022


(g) If a corporation's federal tax exemption is withdrawn by the Internal Revenue Service for failure of the corporation to qualify or maintain its qualification for the exemption, the corporation's exemption under this section ends on the effective date of that withdrawal by the Internal Revenue Service. The effective date of the withdrawal is considered the corporation's beginning date for purposes of determining the corporation's privilege periods and for all other purposes of this chapter.


Text of subsection effective on January 01, 2022



Text of subsection effective until January 01, 2026


(g) If a corporation's federal tax exemption is withdrawn by the Internal Revenue Service for failure of the corporation to qualify or maintain its qualification for the exemption, the corporation's exemption under this section ends on the effective date of that withdrawal by the Internal Revenue Service. The effective date of the withdrawal is considered the corporation's beginning date for purposes of determining the corporation's privilege periods and for all other purposes of this chapter, except that if the corporation would have been subject to Section 171.001(d) in the absence of the federal tax exemption, and the effective date of the withdrawal is a date earlier than the date the corporation would have become subject to the franchise tax as provided by Section 171.001(d), the date the corporation would have become subject to the franchise tax under that section is considered the corporation's beginning date for those purposes.


Text of subsection effective on January 01, 2026


(g) If a corporation's federal tax exemption is withdrawn by the Internal Revenue Service for failure of the corporation to qualify or maintain its qualification for the exemption, the corporation's exemption under this section ends on the effective date of that withdrawal by the Internal Revenue Service. The effective date of the withdrawal is considered the corporation's beginning date for purposes of determining the corporation's privilege periods and for all other purposes of this chapter.

(h) A requirement that a nonprofit hospital provide charity care and community benefits under Subsection (a)(1) may be satisfied by a donation of money to the Texas Healthy Kids Corporation established by Chapter 109, Health and Safety Code, if:

(1) the money is donated to be used for a purpose described by Section 109.033(c), Health and Safety Code; and

(2) not more than 10 percent of the charity care required under any provision of Section 311.045, Health and Safety Code, may be satisfied by the donation.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1694, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 324, Sec. 3, eff. Aug. 31, 1987; Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 239, Sec. 1, eff. June 2, 1989; Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 1st C.S., ch. 5, Sec. 8.04, eff. Jan. 1, 1992; Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 781, Sec. 6, eff. Sept. 1, 1995; Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1002, Sec. 4, eff. Jan. 1, 1996; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 550, Sec. 3, eff. Jan. 1, 1998; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 1185, Sec. 3, eff. Jan. 1, 1998; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 1467, Sec. 2.50, 2.51, eff. Jan. 1, 2000.

Amended by:

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 329 (S.B. 1049), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2016.

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 329 (S.B. 1049), Sec. 6, eff. January 1, 2020.

Acts 2021, 87th Leg., R.S., Ch. 859 (S.B. 938), Sec. 6, eff. January 1, 2022.

Acts 2021, 87th Leg., R.S., Ch. 859 (S.B. 938), Sec. 7, eff. January 1, 2026.

Sec. 171.064. EXEMPTION--NONPROFIT CORPORATION ORGANIZED FOR CONSERVATION PURPOSES. A nonprofit corporation organized solely to educate the public about the protection and conservation of fish, game, other wildlife, grasslands, or forests is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1695, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1002, Sec. 5, eff. Jan. 1, 1996.

Sec. 171.065. EXEMPTION--NONPROFIT CORPORATION ORGANIZED TO PROVIDE WATER SUPPLY OR SEWER SERVICES. A nonprofit water supply or sewer service corporation organized in behalf of a city or town under Chapter 67, Water Code, is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1695, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 62, Sec. 18.47, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Sec. 171.066. EXEMPTION--NONPROFIT CORPORATION INVOLVED WITH CITY NATURAL GAS FACILITY. A nonprofit corporation organized to construct, acquire, own, lease, or operate a natural gas facility in behalf and for the benefit of a city or residents of a city is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1695, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Sec. 171.067. EXEMPTION--NONPROFIT CORPORATION ORGANIZED TO PROVIDE CONVALESCENT HOMES FOR ELDERLY. A nonprofit corporation organized to provide a convalescent home or other housing for persons who are at least 62 years old or who are handicapped or disabled is exempted from the franchise tax, whether or not the corporation is organized for purely public charity.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1695, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Sec. 171.068. EXEMPTION--NONPROFIT CORPORATION ORGANIZED TO PROVIDE COOPERATIVE HOUSING. A nonprofit corporation engaged solely in the business of owning residential property for the purpose of providing cooperative housing for persons is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1695, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Sec. 171.069. EXEMPTION--MARKETING ASSOCIATIONS. A marketing association incorporated under Chapter 52, Agriculture Code, is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1695, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1002, Sec. 6, eff. Jan. 1, 1996.

Sec. 171.070. EXEMPTION--LODGES. A lodge incorporated under Article 1399 et seq., Revised Civil Statutes of Texas, 1925, is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1696, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Sec. 171.071. EXEMPTION--FARMERS' COOPERATIVE SOCIETY. A cooperative that is either a farmers' cooperative society incorporated under Chapter 51, Agriculture Code, or a cooperative whose single member is a farmers' cooperative described in Section 521(b)(1), Internal Revenue Code, that has at least 500 farmer-fruit grower members, is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1696, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1002, Sec. 7, eff. Jan. 1, 1996.

Amended by:

Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1104 (H.B. 3992), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2017.

Sec. 171.072. EXEMPTION--HOUSING FINANCE CORPORATION. A housing finance corporation incorporated under the Texas Housing Finance Corporations Act (Chapter 394, Local Government Code) is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1696, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 149, Sec. 44, eff. Sept. 1, 1987.

Sec. 171.073. EXEMPTION--HOSPITAL LAUNDRY COOPERATIVE ASSOCIATION. A hospital laundry cooperative association incorporated under Subchapter A, Chapter 301, Health and Safety Code, is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1696, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., ch. 14, Sec. 284(16), eff. Sept. 1, 1991.

Sec. 171.074. EXEMPTION--DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION. A nonprofit corporation organized under the Development Corporation Act (Subtitle C1, Title 12, Local Government Code) is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1696, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1983, 68th Leg., p. 1039, ch. 235, art. 7, Sec. 2(a), eff. Sept. 1, 1983.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 885 (H.B. 2278), Sec. 3.72, eff. April 1, 2009.

Sec. 171.075. EXEMPTION--COOPERATIVE ASSOCIATION. A cooperative association incorporated under Subchapter B, Chapter 301, Health and Safety Code, or under the Cooperative Association Act (Article 1396--50.01, Vernon's Texas Civil Statutes) is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1696, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., ch. 14, Sec. 284(29), eff. Sept. 1, 1991.

Sec. 171.076. EXEMPTION--COOPERATIVE CREDIT ASSOCIATION. A cooperative credit association incorporated under Chapter 55, Agriculture Code, an organization organized under 12 U.S.C. Section 2071, or an agricultural credit association regulated by the Farm Credit Administration is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1696, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1002, Sec. 8, eff. Jan. 1, 1996; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1263, Sec. 56, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Sec. 171.077. EXEMPTION--CREDIT UNION. A credit union incorporated under Subtitle D, Title 3, Finance Code, is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1696, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 62, Sec. 7.93, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Sec. 171.079. EXEMPTION--ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE CORPORATION. An electric cooperative corporation incorporated under Chapter 161, Utilities Code, that is not a participant in a joint powers agency is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1696, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 765, Sec. 2.27, eff. Sept. 1, 1995; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 62, Sec. 18.48, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Sec. 171.080. EXEMPTION--TELEPHONE COOPERATIVE CORPORATIONS. A telephone cooperative corporation incorporated under Chapter 162, Utilities Code, is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1696, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 62, Sec. 18.49, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Sec. 171.081. EXEMPTION--CORPORATION EXEMPT BY ANOTHER LAW. Another statute that exempts a corporation from the franchise tax is not affected by this chapter.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1696, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Sec. 171.082. EXEMPTION--CERTAIN HOMEOWNERS' ASSOCIATIONS. (a) A nonprofit corporation is exempted from the franchise tax if:

(1) the corporation is organized and operated primarily to obtain, manage, construct, and maintain the property in or of a residential condominium or residential real estate development; and

(2) the owners of individual lots, residences, or residential units control at least 51 percent of the votes of the corporation and that voting control, however acquired, is not held by:

(A) a single individual or family; or

(B) one or more developers, declarants, banks, investors, or other similar parties.

(b) For purposes of this section, a condominium project is considered residential if the project is legally restricted for use as residences. A real estate development is considered residential if the property is legally restricted for use as residences.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 2758, ch. 752, Sec. 4, eff. May 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1002, Sec. 9, eff. Jan. 1, 1996.

Sec. 171.083. EXEMPTION--EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICE CORPORATION. A nonprofit corporation that is organized for the sole purpose of and engages exclusively in providing emergency medical services, including rescue and ambulance services, is exempted from the franchise tax.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 2785, ch. 752, Sec. 14, eff. May 1, 1982.

Sec. 171.084. EXEMPTION--CERTAIN TRADE SHOW PARTICIPANTS. (a) A corporation is exempted from the franchise tax if:

(1) the only business activity conducted by or on behalf of the corporation in this state is related to the solicitation of orders conducted by representatives of the corporation who:

(A) solicit orders of personal property to be sent outside this state for approval or rejection by the corporation and, if approved, to be filled by shipment or delivery from a point outside this state; or

(B) solicit orders in the name of or for the benefit of a customer or prospective customer of the corporation, if the orders are filled or intended to be filled by the customer or prospective customer of the corporation by making orders to the corporation described by Paragraph (A) of this subdivision; and

(2) the solicitation of orders is conducted on an occasional basis at trade shows:

(A) promoted by wholesale centers;

(B) promoted by nonprofit trade or professional associations for the purpose of facilitating the solicitation of orders from members of the trade or profession; or

(C) held at municipally or county-owned convention centers or meeting facilities.

(b) For purposes of this section, the solicitation of orders is conducted on an occasional basis only if the solicitation is conducted during not more than five periods during the business period of the corporation to which a tax report applies and if no single period during which solicitation is conducted is longer than 120 hours.

(c) In this section, "wholesale center" means a permanent wholesale facility that has permanent tenants and that promotes at least four national or regional trade shows in a calendar year. A tenant leasing space at a wholesale center for a period longer than the period prescribed by Subsection (b) may qualify for the exemption provided by this section only if the tenant solicits orders on an occasional basis at the trade show as prescribed by Subsection (b).

Added by Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 778, Sec. 1, eff. May 1, 1988. Amended by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 209, Sec. 34, eff. Oct. 1, 2003.

Sec. 171.085. EXEMPTION; RECYCLING OPERATION. A corporation engaged solely in the business of recycling sludge, as defined by Section 361.003, Solid Waste Disposal Act (Chapter 361, Health and Safety Code), is exempted from the franchise tax.

Added by Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 641, Sec. 3, eff. Sept. 1, 1991. Amended by Acts 1990, 71st Leg., 6th C.S., ch. 10, art. 2, Sec. 33, eff. Sept. 6, 1990.

Sec. 171.086. EXEMPTION: POLITICAL SUBDIVISION CORPORATION. A political subdivision corporation formed under Section 304.001, Local Government Code, is exempted from the franchise tax.

Added by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232 (H.B. 500), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2014.

Sec. 171.087. EXEMPTION--NONPROFIT CORPORATION ORGANIZED FOR STUDENT LOAN FUNDS OR STUDENT SCHOLARSHIP PURPOSES. A nonprofit corporation organized solely to provide a student loan fund or student scholarships is exempted from the franchise tax.

Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1002, Sec. 10, eff. Jan. 1, 1996.

Sec. 171.088. EXEMPTION--NONCORPORATE ENTITY ELIGIBLE FOR CERTAIN EXEMPTIONS. An entity that is not a corporation but that, because of its activities, would qualify for a specific exemption under this subchapter if it were a corporation, qualifies for the exemption and is exempt from the tax in the same manner and under the same conditions as a corporation.

Added by Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 4, eff. January 1, 2008.

SUBCHAPTER C. DETERMINATION OF TAXABLE MARGIN; ALLOCATION AND APPORTIONMENT


Sec. 171.101. DETERMINATION OF TAXABLE MARGIN. (a) The taxable margin of a taxable entity is computed by:

(1) determining the taxable entity's margin, which is the lesser of:

(A) the amount provided by this paragraph, which is the lesser of:

(i) 70 percent of the taxable entity's total revenue from its entire business, as determined under Section 171.1011; or

(ii) an amount equal to the taxable entity's total revenue from its entire business as determined under Section 171.1011 minus $1 million; or

(B) an amount computed by determining the taxable entity's total revenue from its entire business under Section 171.1011 and subtracting the greater of:

(i) $1 million; or

(ii) an amount equal to the sum of:

(a) at the election of the taxable entity, either:

(1) cost of goods sold, as determined under Section 171.1012; or

(2) compensation, as determined under Section 171.1013; and

(b) any compensation, as determined under Section 171.1013, paid to an individual during the period the individual is serving on active duty as a member of the armed forces of the United States if the individual is a resident of this state at the time the individual is ordered to active duty and the cost of training a replacement for the individual;

(2) apportioning the taxable entity's margin to this state as provided by Section 171.106 to determine the taxable entity's apportioned margin; and

(3) subtracting from the amount computed under Subdivision (2) any other allowable deductions to determine the taxable entity's taxable margin.

(b) Notwithstanding Subsection (a)(1)(B)(ii)(a), a professional employer organization may subtract only the greater of $1 million as provided by Subsection (a)(1)(B)(i) or compensation as determined under Section 171.1013.

(c) In making a computation under this section, an amount that is zero or less is computed as a zero.

(d) An election under Subsection (a)(1)(B)(ii) shall be made by the taxable entity on its annual report and is effective only for that annual report. A taxable entity shall notify the comptroller of its election not later than the due date of the annual report.

(e) For purposes of Subsection (f), "aerospace costs" means any costs not already subtracted under Subsection (a)(1)(B)(ii)(a) that are properly allocated and incurred under the Federal Acquisition Regulation (48 C.F.R. Chapter 1) and subject to the requirements of 48 C.F.R. Chapter 2 or Chapter 18 for contracts, or subcontracts supporting those contracts, for the sale of goods or services to the federal government by a taxable entity in the aerospace industry that is engaged in activities described by North American Industry Classification System code 334511, 3364, 3399, 5413, 5415, 5416, or 5419. For purposes of this subsection, a reference to a federal regulation includes a successor regulation.

(f) In computing the sum for purposes of Subsection (a)(1)(B)(ii), a taxable entity may add to other amounts described by that subparagraph:

(1) for a report originally due on or after January 1, 2020, and before January 1, 2021, 20 percent of aerospace costs;

(2) for a report originally due on or after January 1, 2021, and before January 1, 2022, 40 percent of aerospace costs;

(3) for a report originally due on or after January 1, 2022, and before January 1, 2023, 60 percent of aerospace costs;

(4) for a report originally due on or after January 1, 2023, and before January 1, 2024, 80 percent of aerospace costs; and

(5) for a report originally due on or after January 1, 2024, 100 percent of aerospace costs.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1697, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., ch. 901, Sec. 53(b), eff. Aug. 26, 1991; Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 1st C.S., ch. 5, Sec. 8.05, eff. Jan. 1, 1992.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 11, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 117 (S.B. 1286), Sec. 24, eff. September 1, 2013.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232 (H.B. 500), Sec. 6, eff. January 1, 2014.

Acts 2019, 86th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1073 (H.B. 1607), Sec. 2, eff. January 1, 2020.

Sec. 171.1011. DETERMINATION OF TOTAL REVENUE FROM ENTIRE BUSINESS. (a) In this section, a reference to an Internal Revenue Service form includes a variant of the form. For example, a reference to Form 1120 includes Forms 1120-A, 1120-S, and other variants of Form 1120. A reference to an Internal Revenue Service form also includes any subsequent form with a different number or designation that substantially provides the same information as the original form.

(b) In this section, a reference to an amount reportable as income on a line number on an Internal Revenue Service form is the amount entered to the extent the amount entered complies with federal income tax law and includes the corresponding amount entered on a variant of the form, or a subsequent form, with a different line number to the extent the amount entered complies with federal income tax law.

(c) Except as provided by this section, and subject to Section 171.1014, for the purpose of computing its taxable margin under Section 171.101, the total revenue of a taxable entity is:

(1) for a taxable entity treated for federal income tax purposes as a corporation, an amount computed by:

(A) adding:

(i) the amount reportable as income on line 1c, Internal Revenue Service Form 1120;

(ii) the amounts reportable as income on lines 4 through 10, Internal Revenue Service Form 1120; and

(iii) any total revenue reported by a lower tier entity as includable in the taxable entity's total revenue under Section 171.1015(b); and

(B) subtracting:

(i) bad debt expensed for federal income tax purposes that corresponds to items of gross receipts included in Subsection (c)(1)(A) for the current reporting period or a past reporting period;

(ii) to the extent included in Subsection (c)(1)(A), foreign royalties and foreign dividends, including amounts determined under Section 78 or Sections 951-964, Internal Revenue Code;

(iii) to the extent included in Subsection (c)(1)(A), net distributive income from a taxable entity treated as a partnership or as an S corporation for federal income tax purposes;

(iv) allowable deductions from Internal Revenue Service Form 1120, Schedule C, to the extent the relating dividend income is included in total revenue;

(v) to the extent included in Subsection (c)(1)(A), items of income attributable to an entity that is a disregarded entity for federal income tax purposes; and

(vi) to the extent included in Subsection (c)(1)(A), other amounts authorized by this section;

(2) for a taxable entity treated for federal income tax purposes as a partnership, an amount computed by:

(A) adding:

(i) the amount reportable as income on line 1c, Internal Revenue Service Form 1065;

(ii) the amounts reportable as income on lines 4, 6, and 7, Internal Revenue Service Form 1065;

(iii) the amounts reportable as income on lines 3a and 5 through 11, Internal Revenue Service Form 1065, Schedule K;

(iv) the amounts reportable as income on line 17, Internal Revenue Service Form 8825;

(v) the amounts reportable as income on line 11, plus line 2 or line 45, Internal Revenue Service Form 1040, Schedule F; and

(vi) any total revenue reported by a lower tier entity as includable in the taxable entity's total revenue under Section 171.1015(b); and

(B) subtracting:

(i) bad debt expensed for federal income tax purposes that corresponds to items of gross receipts included in Subsection (c)(2)(A) for the current reporting period or a past reporting period;

(ii) to the extent included in Subsection (c)(2)(A), foreign royalties and foreign dividends, including amounts determined under Section 78 or Sections 951-964, Internal Revenue Code;

(iii) to the extent included in Subsection (c)(2)(A), net distributive income from a taxable entity treated as a partnership or as an S corporation for federal income tax purposes;

(iv) to the extent included in Subsection (c)(2)(A), items of income attributable to an entity that is a disregarded entity for federal income tax purposes; and

(v) to the extent included in Subsection (c)(2)(A), other amounts authorized by this section; or

(3) for a taxable entity other than a taxable entity treated for federal income tax purposes as a corporation or partnership, an amount determined in a manner substantially equivalent to the amount for Subdivision (1) or (2) determined by rules that the comptroller shall adopt.

(d) Subject to Section 171.1014, a taxable entity that is part of a federal consolidated group shall compute its total revenue under Subsection (c) as if it had filed a separate return for federal income tax purposes.

(e) A taxable entity that owns an interest in a passive entity shall exclude from the taxable entity's total revenue the taxable entity's share of the net income of the passive entity, but only to the extent the net income of the passive entity was generated by the margin of any other taxable entity.

(f) A taxable entity shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), flow-through funds that are mandated by law or fiduciary duty to be distributed to other entities, including taxes collected from a third party by the taxable entity and remitted by the taxable entity to a taxing authority.

(g) A taxable entity shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), only the following flow-through funds that are mandated by contract or subcontract to be distributed to other entities:

(1) sales commissions to nonemployees, including split-fee real estate commissions;

(2) the tax basis as determined under the Internal Revenue Code of securities underwritten; and

(3) subcontracting payments made under a contract or subcontract entered into by the taxable entity to provide services, labor, or materials in connection with the actual or proposed design, construction, remodeling, remediation, or repair of improvements on real property or the location of the boundaries of real property.

(g-1) A taxable entity that is a lending institution shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), proceeds from the principal repayment of loans.

(g-2) A taxable entity shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), the tax basis as determined under the Internal Revenue Code of securities and loans sold.

(g-3) A taxable entity that provides legal services shall exclude from its total revenue:

(1) to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), the following flow-through funds that are mandated by law, contract, or fiduciary duty to be distributed to the claimant by the claimant's attorney or to other entities on behalf of a claimant by the claimant's attorney:

(A) damages due the claimant;

(B) funds subject to a lien or other contractual obligation arising out of the representation, other than fees owed to the attorney;

(C) funds subject to a subrogation interest or other third-party contractual claim; and

(D) fees paid an attorney in the matter who is not a member, partner, shareholder, or employee of the taxable entity;

(2) to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), reimbursement of the taxable entity's expenses incurred in prosecuting a claimant's matter that are specific to the matter and that are not general operating expenses; and

(3) $500 per pro bono services case handled by the attorney, but only if the attorney maintains records of the pro bono services for auditing purposes in accordance with the manner in which those services are reported to the State Bar of Texas.

(g-4) A taxable entity that is a pharmacy cooperative shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), flow-through funds from rebates from pharmacy wholesalers that are distributed to the pharmacy cooperative's shareholders. A taxable entity that provides a pharmacy network shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), reimbursements, pursuant to contractual agreements, for payments to pharmacies in the pharmacy network.

(g-5) A taxable entity that is a qualified live event promotion company shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), a payment made to an artist in connection with the provision of a live entertainment event or live event promotion services.

(g-6) A taxable entity that is a qualified destination management company as defined by Section 151.0565 shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), payments made to other persons to provide services, labor, or materials in connection with the provision of destination management services as defined by Section 151.0565.

(g-7) A taxable entity that is a qualified courier and logistics company shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), subcontracting payments made by the taxable entity to nonemployee agents for the performance of delivery services on behalf of the taxable entity. For purposes of this subsection, "qualified courier and logistics company" means a taxable entity that:

(1) receives at least 80 percent of the taxable entity's annual total revenue from its entire business from a combination of at least two of the following courier and logistics services:

(A) expedited same-day delivery of an envelope, package, parcel, roll of architectural drawings, box, or pallet;

(B) temporary storage and delivery of the property of another entity, including an envelope, package, parcel, roll of architectural drawings, box, or pallet; and

(C) brokerage of same-day or expedited courier and logistics services to be completed by a person or entity under a contract that includes a contractual obligation by the taxable entity to make payments to the person or entity for those services;

(2) during the period on which margin is based, is registered as a motor carrier under Chapter 643, Transportation Code, and if the taxable entity operates on an interstate basis, is registered as a motor carrier or broker under the motor vehicle registration system established under 49 U.S.C. Section 14504a or a similar federal registration program that replaces that system during that period;

(3) maintains an automobile liability insurance policy covering individuals operating vehicles owned, hired, or otherwise used in the taxable entity's business, with a combined single limit for each occurrence of at least $1 million;

(4) maintains at least $25,000 of cargo insurance;

(5) maintains a permanent nonresidential office from which the courier and logistics services are provided or arranged;

(6) has at least five full-time employees during the period on which margin is based;

(7) is not doing business as a livery service, floral delivery service, motor coach service, taxicab service, building supply delivery service, water supply service, fuel or energy supply service, restaurant supply service, commercial moving and storage company, or overnight delivery service; and

(8) is not delivering items that the taxable entity or an affiliated entity sold.

(g-8) A taxable entity that is primarily engaged in the business of transporting aggregates shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), subcontracting payments made by the taxable entity to independent contractors for the performance of delivery services on behalf of the taxable entity. In this subsection, "aggregates" means any commonly recognized construction material removed or extracted from the earth, including dimension stone, crushed and broken limestone, crushed and broken granite, other crushed and broken stone, construction sand and gravel, industrial sand, dirt, soil, cementitious material, and caliche.

(g-10) A taxable entity that is primarily engaged in the business of transporting barite shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), subcontracting payments made by the taxable entity to nonemployee agents for the performance of transportation services on behalf of the taxable entity. For purposes of this subsection, "barite" means barium sulfate (BaSO4), a mineral used as a weighing agent in oil and gas exploration.

(g-11) A taxable entity that is primarily engaged in the business of performing landman services shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), subcontracting payments made by the taxable entity to nonemployees for the performance of landman services on behalf of the taxable entity. In this subsection, "landman services" means:

(1) performing title searches for the purpose of determining ownership of or curing title defects related to oil, gas, or other related mineral or petroleum interests;

(2) negotiating the acquisition or divestiture of mineral rights for the purpose of the exploration, development, or production of oil, gas, or other related mineral or petroleum interests; or

(3) negotiating or managing the negotiation of contracts or other agreements related to the ownership of mineral interests for the exploration, exploitation, disposition, development, or production of oil, gas, or other related mineral or petroleum interests.

(g-12) A taxable entity that is a performing rights society that licenses the public performance of nondramatic musical works on behalf of a copyright owner shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), payments made to the public performance rights holder and the copyright owner for whom the taxable entity licenses the public performance.

(h) If the taxable entity belongs to an affiliated group, the taxable entity may not exclude payments described by Subsection (f), (g), (g-1), (g-2), (g-3), or (g-4) that are made to entities that are members of the affiliated group.

(i) Except as provided by Subsection (g), a payment made under an ordinary contract for the provision of services in the regular course of business may not be excluded.

(j) Any amount excluded under this section may not be included in the determination of cost of goods sold under Section 171.1012 or the determination of compensation under Section 171.1013.

(k) A taxable entity that is a professional employer organization shall exclude from its total revenue payments received from a client for wages, payroll taxes on those wages, employee benefits, and workers' compensation benefits for the covered employees of the client.

(l) For purposes of Subsection (g)(1):

(1) "Sales commission" means:

(A) any form of compensation paid to a person for engaging in an act for which a license is required by Chapter 1101, Occupations Code; or

(B) compensation paid to a sales representative by a principal in an amount that is based on the amount or level of certain orders for or sales of the principal's product and that the principal is required to report on Internal Revenue Service Form 1099-MISC.

(2) "Principal" means a person who:

(A) manufactures, produces, imports, distributes, or acts as an independent agent for the distribution of a product for sale;

(B) uses a sales representative to solicit orders for the product; and

(C) compensates the sales representative wholly or partly by sales commission.

(m) A taxable entity shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), dividends and interest received from federal obligations.

(m-1) A taxable entity that is a management company shall exclude from its total revenue reimbursements of specified costs incurred in its conduct of the active trade or business of a managed entity, including "wages and cash compensation" as determined under Sections 171.1013(a) and (b).

(n) Except as provided by Subsection (o), a taxable entity that is a health care provider shall exclude from its total revenue:

(1) to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), the total amount of payments the health care provider received:

(A) under the Medicaid program, Medicare program, Indigent Health Care and Treatment Act (Chapter 61, Health and Safety Code), and Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP);

(B) for professional services provided in relation to a workers' compensation claim under Title 5, Labor Code; and

(C) for professional services provided to a beneficiary rendered under the TRICARE military health system; and

(2) the actual cost to the health care provider for any uncompensated care provided, but only if the provider maintains records of the uncompensated care for auditing purposes and, if the provider later receives payment for all or part of that care, the provider adjusts the amount excluded for the tax year in which the payment is received.

(n-1) The comptroller shall adopt rules governing:

(1) the computation of the actual cost to a health care provider of any uncompensated care provided under Subsection (n)(2); and

(2) the audit requirements related to the computation of those costs.

(o) A health care provider that is a health care institution shall exclude from its total revenue 50 percent of the amounts described by Subsection (n).

(p) In this section:

(1) "Federal obligations" means:

(A) stocks and other direct obligations of, and obligations unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States government and United States government agencies; and

(B) direct obligations of a United States government-sponsored agency.

(2) "Health care institution" means:

(A) an ambulatory surgical center;

(B) an assisted living facility licensed under Chapter 247, Health and Safety Code;

(C) an emergency medical services provider;

(D) a home and community support services agency;

(E) a hospice;

(F) a hospital;

(G) a hospital system;

(H) an intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded or a home and community-based services waiver program for persons with mental retardation adopted in accordance with Section 1915(c) of the federal Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. Section 1396n);

(I) a birthing center;

(J) a nursing home;

(K) an end stage renal disease facility licensed under Section 251.011, Health and Safety Code; or

(L) a pharmacy.

(3) "Health care provider" means a taxable entity that participates in the Medicaid program, Medicare program, Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), state workers' compensation program, or TRICARE military health system as a provider of health care services.

(4) "Obligation" means any bond, debenture, security, mortgage-backed security, pass-through certificate, or other evidence of indebtedness of the issuing entity. The term does not include a deposit, a repurchase agreement, a loan, a lease, a participation in a loan or pool of loans, a loan collateralized by an obligation of a United States government agency, or a loan guaranteed by a United States government agency.

(4-a) "Pro bono services" means the direct provision of legal services to the poor, without an expectation of compensation.

(4-b) Repealed by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282, Sec. 37(2), eff. January 1, 2008.

(5) "United States government" means any department or ministry of the federal government, including a federal reserve bank. The term does not include a state or local government, a commercial enterprise owned wholly or partly by the United States government, or a local governmental entity or commercial enterprise whose obligations are guaranteed by the United States government.

(6) "United States government agency" means an instrumentality of the United States government whose obligations are fully and explicitly guaranteed as to the timely payment of principal and interest by the full faith and credit of the United States government. The term includes the Government National Mortgage Association, the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Federal Housing Administration, the Farmers Home Administration, the Export-Import Bank, the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Small Business Administration, and any successor agency.

(7) "United States government-sponsored agency" means an agency originally established or chartered by the United States government to serve public purposes specified by the United States Congress but whose obligations are not explicitly guaranteed by the full faith and credit of the United States government. The term includes the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, the Federal National Mortgage Association, the Farm Credit System, the Federal Home Loan Bank System, the Student Loan Marketing Association, and any successor agency.

(8) "Vaccine" means a preparation or suspension of dead, live attenuated, or live fully virulent viruses or bacteria, or of antigenic proteins derived from them, used to prevent, ameliorate, or treat an infectious disease.

(q) A taxable entity shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), all revenue received that is directly derived from the operation of a facility that is:

(1) located on property owned or leased by the federal government; and

(2) managed or operated primarily to house members of the armed forces of the United States.

(r) A taxable entity shall exclude, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), total revenue received from oil or gas produced, during the dates certified by the comptroller pursuant to Subsection (s), from:

(1) an oil well designated by the Railroad Commission of Texas or similar authority of another state whose production averages less than 10 barrels a day over a 90-day period; and

(2) a gas well designated by the Railroad Commission of Texas or similar authority of another state whose production averages less than 250 mcf a day over a 90-day period.

(s) The comptroller shall certify dates during which the monthly average closing price of West Texas Intermediate crude oil is below $40 per barrel and the average closing price of gas is below $5 per MMBtu, as recorded on the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX).

(t) The comptroller shall adopt rules as necessary to accomplish the legislative intent prescribed by this section.

(u) A taxable entity shall exclude from its total revenue the actual cost paid by the taxable entity for a vaccine.

(v) A taxable entity primarily engaged in the business of transporting goods by waterways that does not subtract cost of goods sold in computing its taxable margin shall exclude from its total revenue direct costs of providing transportation services by intrastate or interstate waterways to the same extent that a taxable entity that sells in the ordinary course of business real or tangible personal property would be authorized by Section 171.1012 to subtract those costs as costs of goods sold in computing its taxable margin, notwithstanding Section 171.1012(e)(3).

(w-1) A taxable entity primarily engaged in the business of providing services as an agricultural aircraft operation, as defined by 14 C.F.R. Section 137.3, shall exclude from its total revenue the cost of labor, equipment, fuel, and materials used in providing those services.

(x) A taxable entity that is registered as a motor carrier under Chapter 643, Transportation Code, shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Subsection (c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), flow-through revenue derived from taxes and fees.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 12, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 13, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 37(2), eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1360 (S.B. 636), Sec. 3(a), eff. January 1, 2010.

Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., 1st C.S., Ch. 4 (S.B. 1), Sec. 45.03, eff. January 1, 2012.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 117 (S.B. 1286), Sec. 25, eff. September 1, 2013.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1006 (H.B. 2451), Sec. 1, eff. January 1, 2014.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1034 (H.B. 2766), Sec. 1, eff. January 1, 2014.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232 (H.B. 500), Sec. 7, eff. January 1, 2014.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232 (H.B. 500), Sec. 8, eff. January 1, 2014.

Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 703 (H.B. 3254), Sec. 1, eff. January 1, 2018.

Acts 2019, 86th Leg., R.S., Ch. 447 (S.B. 1824), Sec. 1, eff. June 4, 2019.

Sec. 171.1012. DETERMINATION OF COST OF GOODS SOLD. (a) In this section:

(1) "Goods" means real or tangible personal property sold in the ordinary course of business of a taxable entity.

(2) "Production" means construction, manufacture, development, mining, extraction, improvement, creation, raising, or growth.

(3)(A) "Tangible personal property" means:

(i) personal property that can be seen, weighed, measured, felt, or touched or that is perceptible to the senses in any other manner;

(ii) films, sound recordings, videotapes, live and prerecorded television and radio programs, books, and other similar property embodying words, ideas, concepts, images, or sound, without regard to the means or methods of distribution or the medium in which the property is embodied, for which, as costs are incurred in producing the property, it is intended or is reasonably likely that any medium in which the property is embodied will be mass-distributed by the creator or any one or more third parties in a form that is not substantially altered; and

(iii) a computer program, as defined by Section 151.0031.

(B) "Tangible personal property" does not include:

(i) intangible property; or

(ii) services.

(b) Subject to Section 171.1014, a taxable entity that elects to subtract cost of goods sold for the purpose of computing its taxable margin shall determine the amount of that cost of goods sold as provided by this section.

(c) The cost of goods sold includes all direct costs of acquiring or producing the goods, including:

(1) labor costs;

(2) cost of materials that are an integral part of specific property produced;

(3) cost of materials that are consumed in the ordinary course of performing production activities;

(4) handling costs, including costs attributable to processing, assembling, repackaging, and inbound transportation costs;

(5) storage costs, including the costs of carrying, storing, or warehousing property, subject to Subsection (e);

(6) depreciation, depletion, and amortization, reported on the federal income tax return on which the report under this chapter is based, to the extent associated with and necessary for the production of goods, including recovery described by Section 197, Internal Revenue Code;

(7) the cost of renting or leasing equipment, facilities, or real property directly used for the production of the goods, including pollution control equipment and intangible drilling and dry hole costs;

(8) the cost of repairing and maintaining equipment, facilities, or real property directly used for the production of the goods, including pollution control devices;

(9) costs attributable to research, experimental, engineering, and design activities directly related to the production of the goods, including all research or experimental expenditures described by Section 174, Internal Revenue Code;

(10) geological and geophysical costs incurred to identify and locate property that has the potential to produce minerals;

(11) taxes paid in relation to acquiring or producing any material, or taxes paid in relation to services that are a direct cost of production;

(12) the cost of producing or acquiring electricity sold; and

(13) a contribution to a partnership in which the taxable entity owns an interest that is used to fund activities, the costs of which would otherwise be treated as cost of goods sold of the partnership, but only to the extent that those costs are related to goods distributed to the taxable entity as goods-in-kind in the ordinary course of production activities rather than being sold.

(d) In addition to the amounts includable under Subsection (c), the cost of goods sold includes the following costs in relation to the taxable entity's goods:

(1) deterioration of the goods;

(2) obsolescence of the goods;

(3) spoilage and abandonment, including the costs of rework labor, reclamation, and scrap;

(4) if the property is held for future production, preproduction direct costs allocable to the property, including costs of purchasing the goods and of storage and handling the goods, as provided by Subsections (c)(4) and (c)(5);

(5) postproduction direct costs allocable to the property, including storage and handling costs, as provided by Subsections (c)(4) and (c)(5);

(6) the cost of insurance on a plant or a facility, machinery, equipment, or materials directly used in the production of the goods;

(7) the cost of insurance on the produced goods;

(8) the cost of utilities, including electricity, gas, and water, directly used in the production of the goods;

(9) the costs of quality control, including replacement of defective components pursuant to standard warranty policies, inspection directly allocable to the production of the goods, and repairs and maintenance of goods; and

(10) licensing or franchise costs, including fees incurred in securing the contractual right to use a trademark, corporate plan, manufacturing procedure, special recipe, or other similar right directly associated with the goods produced.

(e) The cost of goods sold does not include the following costs in relation to the taxable entity's goods:

(1) the cost of renting or leasing equipment, facilities, or real property that is not used for the production of the goods;

(2) selling costs, including employee expenses related to sales;

(3) distribution costs, including outbound transportation costs;

(4) advertising costs;

(5) idle facility expense;

(6) rehandling costs;

(7) bidding costs, which are the costs incurred in the solicitation of contracts ultimately awarded to the taxable entity;

(8) unsuccessful bidding costs, which are the costs incurred in the solicitation of contracts not awarded to the taxable entity;

(9) interest, including interest on debt incurred or continued during the production period to finance the production of the goods;

(10) income taxes, including local, state, federal, and foreign income taxes, and franchise taxes that are assessed on the taxable entity based on income;

(11) strike expenses, including costs associated with hiring employees to replace striking personnel, but not including the wages of the replacement personnel, costs of security, and legal fees associated with settling strikes;

(12) officers' compensation;

(13) costs of operation of a facility that is:

(A) located on property owned or leased by the federal government; and

(B) managed or operated primarily to house members of the armed forces of the United States; and

(14) any compensation paid to an undocumented worker used for the production of goods. As used in this subdivision:

(A) "undocumented worker" means a person who is not lawfully entitled to be present and employed in the United States; and

(B) "goods" includes the husbandry of animals, the growing and harvesting of crops, and the severance of timber from realty.

(f) A taxable entity may subtract as a cost of goods sold indirect or administrative overhead costs, including all mixed service costs, such as security services, legal services, data processing services, accounting services, personnel operations, and general financial planning and financial management costs, that it can demonstrate are allocable to the acquisition or production of goods, except that the amount subtracted may not exceed four percent of the taxable entity's total indirect or administrative overhead costs, including all mixed service costs. Any costs excluded under Subsection (e) may not be subtracted under this subsection.

(g) A taxable entity that is allowed a subtraction by this section for a cost of goods sold and that is subject to Section 263A, 460, or 471, Internal Revenue Code, may capitalize that cost in the same manner and to the same extent that the taxable entity capitalized that cost on its federal income tax return or may expense those costs, except for costs excluded under Subsection (e), or in accordance with Subsections (c), (d), and (f). If the taxable entity elects to capitalize costs, it must capitalize each cost allowed under this section that it capitalized on its federal income tax return. If the taxable entity later elects to begin expensing a cost that may be allowed under this section as a cost of goods sold, the entity may not deduct any cost in ending inventory from a previous report. If the taxable entity elects to expense a cost of goods sold that may be allowed under this section, a cost incurred before the first day of the period on which the report is based may not be subtracted as a cost of goods sold. If the taxable entity elects to expense a cost of goods sold and later elects to capitalize that cost of goods sold, a cost expensed on a previous report may not be capitalized.

(h) A taxable entity shall determine its cost of goods sold, except as otherwise provided by this section, in accordance with the methods used on the federal income tax return on which the report under this chapter is based. This subsection does not affect the type or category of cost of goods sold that may be subtracted under this section.

(i) A taxable entity may make a subtraction under this section in relation to the cost of goods sold only if that entity owns the goods. The determination of whether a taxable entity is an owner is based on all of the facts and circumstances, including the various benefits and burdens of ownership vested with the taxable entity. A taxable entity furnishing labor or materials to a project for the construction, improvement, remodeling, repair, or industrial maintenance (as the term "maintenance" is defined in 34 T.A.C. Section 3.357) of real property is considered to be an owner of that labor or materials and may include the costs, as allowed by this section, in the computation of cost of goods sold. Solely for purposes of this section, a taxable entity shall be treated as the owner of goods being manufactured or produced by the entity under a contract with the federal government, including any subcontracts that support a contract with the federal government, notwithstanding that the Federal Acquisition Regulation may require that title or risk of loss with respect to those goods be transferred to the federal government before the manufacture or production of those goods is complete.

(j) A taxable entity may not make a subtraction under this section for cost of goods sold to the extent the cost of goods sold was funded by partner contributions and deducted under Subsection (c)(13).

(k) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, if the taxable entity is a lending institution that offers loans to the public and elects to subtract cost of goods sold, the entity, other than an entity primarily engaged in an activity described by category 5932 of the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification Manual published by the federal Office of Management and Budget, may subtract as a cost of goods sold an amount equal to interest expense. For purposes of this subsection, an entity engaged in lending to unrelated parties solely for agricultural production offers loans to the public.

(k-1) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the following taxable entities may subtract as a cost of goods sold the costs otherwise allowed by this section in relation to tangible personal property that the entity rents or leases in the ordinary course of business of the entity:

(1) a motor vehicle rental or leasing company that remits a tax on gross receipts imposed under Section 152.026;

(2) a heavy construction equipment rental or leasing company; and

(3) a railcar rolling stock rental or leasing company.

(k-2) This subsection applies only to a pipeline entity: (1) that owns or leases and operates the pipeline by which the product is transported for others and only to that portion of the product to which the entity does not own title; and (2) that is primarily engaged in gathering, storing, transporting, or processing crude oil, including finished petroleum products, natural gas, condensate, and natural gas liquids, except for a refinery installation that manufactures finished petroleum products from crude oil. Notwithstanding Subsection (e)(3) or (i), a pipeline entity providing services for others related to the product that the pipeline does not own and to which this subsection applies may subtract as a cost of goods sold its depreciation, operations, and maintenance costs allowed by this section related to the services provided.

(k-3) For purposes of Subsection (k-2), "processing" means the physical or mechanical removal, separation, or treatment of crude oil, including finished petroleum products, natural gas, condensate, and natural gas liquids after those materials are produced from the earth. The term does not include the chemical or biological transformation of those materials.

(l) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a payment made by one member of an affiliated group to another member of that affiliated group not included in the combined group may be subtracted as a cost of goods sold only if it is a transaction made at arm's length.

(m) In this section, "arm's length" means the standard of conduct under which entities that are not related parties and that have substantially equal bargaining power, each acting in its own interest, would negotiate or carry out a particular transaction.

(n) In this section, "related party" means a person, corporation, or other entity, including an entity that is treated as a pass-through or disregarded entity for purposes of federal taxation, whether the person, corporation, or entity is subject to the tax under this chapter or not, in which one person, corporation, or entity, or set of related persons, corporations, or entities, directly or indirectly owns or controls a controlling interest in another entity.

(o) If a taxable entity, including a taxable entity with respect to which cost of goods sold is determined pursuant to Section 171.1014(e)(1), whose principal business activity is film or television production or broadcasting or the distribution of tangible personal property described by Subsection (a)(3)(A)(ii), or any combination of these activities, elects to subtract cost of goods sold, the cost of goods sold for the taxable entity shall be the costs described in this section in relation to the property and include depreciation, amortization, and other expenses directly related to the acquisition, production, or use of the property, including expenses for the right to broadcast or use the property.

(t) If a taxable entity that is a movie theater elects to subtract cost of goods sold, the cost of goods sold for the taxable entity shall be the costs described by this section in relation to the acquisition, production, exhibition, or use of a film or motion picture, including expenses for the right to use the film or motion picture.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 14, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 15, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232 (H.B. 500), Sec. 9, eff. January 1, 2014.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232 (H.B. 500), Sec. 10(a), eff. September 1, 2013.

Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 377 (H.B. 4002), Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2017.

Sec. 171.1013. DETERMINATION OF COMPENSATION. (a) Except as otherwise provided by this section, "wages and cash compensation" means the amount entered in the Medicare wages and tips box of Internal Revenue Service Form W-2 or any subsequent form with a different number or designation that substantially provides the same information. The term also includes, to the extent not included above:

(1) net distributive income from a taxable entity treated as a partnership for federal income tax purposes, but only if the person receiving the distribution is a natural person;

(2) net distributive income from limited liability companies and corporations treated as S corporations for federal income tax purposes, but only if the person receiving the distribution is a natural person;

(3) stock awards and stock options deducted for federal income tax purposes; and

(4) net distributive income from a limited liability company treated as a sole proprietorship for federal income tax purposes, but only if the person receiving the distribution is a natural person.

(b) Subject to Section 171.1014, a taxable entity that elects to subtract compensation for the purpose of computing its taxable margin under Section 171.101 may subtract an amount equal to:

(1) subject to the limitation in Subsection (c), all wages and cash compensation paid by the taxable entity to its officers, directors, owners, partners, and employees; and

(2) the cost of all benefits, to the extent deductible for federal income tax purposes, the taxable entity provides to its officers, directors, owners, partners, and employees, including workers' compensation benefits, health care, employer contributions made to employees' health savings accounts, and retirement.

(b-1) This subsection applies to a taxable entity that is a small employer, as that term is defined by Section 1501.002, Insurance Code, and that has not provided health care benefits to any of its employees in the calendar year preceding the beginning date of its reporting period. Subject to Section 171.1014, a taxable entity to which this subsection applies that elects to subtract compensation for the purpose of computing its taxable margin under Section 171.101 may subtract health care benefits as provided under Subsection (b) and may also subtract:

(1) for the first 12-month period on which margin is based and in which the taxable entity provides health care benefits to all of its employees, an additional amount equal to 50 percent of the cost of health care benefits provided to its employees for that period; and

(2) for the second 12-month period on which margin is based and in which the taxable entity provides health care benefits to all of its employees, an additional amount equal to 25 percent of the cost of health care benefits provided to its employees for that period.

(c) Notwithstanding the actual amount of wages and cash compensation paid by a taxable entity to its officers, directors, owners, partners, and employees, a taxable entity may not include more than $300,000, or the amount determined under Section 171.006, per 12-month period on which margin is based, for any person in the amount of wages and cash compensation it determines under this section. If a person is paid by more than one entity of a combined group, the combined group may not subtract in relation to that person a total of more than $300,000, or the amount determined under Section 171.006, per 12-month period on which margin is based.

(c-1) Subject to Section 171.1014, a taxable entity that elects to subtract compensation for the purpose of computing its taxable margin under Section 171.101 may not subtract any wages or cash compensation paid to an undocumented worker. As used in this section "undocumented worker" means a person who is not lawfully entitled to be present and employed in the United States.

(d) A taxable entity that is a professional employer organization:

(1) may not include as wages or cash compensation payments described by Section 171.1011(k); and

(2) shall determine compensation as provided by this section only for the taxable entity's own employees that are not covered employees.

(e) Subject to the other provisions of this section, in determining compensation, a taxable entity that is a client that contracts with a professional employer organization for covered employees:

(1) shall include payments made to the professional employer organization for wages and benefits for the covered employees as if the covered employees were actual employees of the entity;

(2) may not include an administrative fee charged by the professional employer organization for the provision of the covered employees; and

(3) may not include any other amount in relation to the covered employees, including payroll taxes.

(f) A taxable entity that is a management company:

(1) may not include as wages or cash compensation any amounts reimbursed by a managed entity; and

(2) shall determine compensation as provided by this section for only those wage and compensation payments that are not reimbursed by a managed entity.

(g) A taxable entity that is a managed entity shall include reimbursements made to the management company for wages and compensation as if the reimbursed amounts had been paid to employees of the managed entity.

(h) Subject to Section 171.1014, a taxable entity that elects to subtract compensation for the purpose of computing its taxable margin under Section 171.101 may not include as wages or cash compensation amounts paid to an employee whose primary employment is directly associated with the operation of a facility that is:

(1) located on property owned or leased by the federal government; and

(2) managed or operated primarily to house members of the armed forces of the United States.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 16, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 117 (S.B. 1286), Sec. 26, eff. September 1, 2013.

Sec. 171.10131. PROVISIONS RELATED TO CERTAIN MONEY RECEIVED FOR COVID-19 RELIEF. (a) In this section, "qualifying loan or grant proceeds" means the amount of money received by a taxable entity that:

(1) is:

(A) a loan or grant under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (15 U.S.C. Section 9001 et seq.), as amended by the Paycheck Protection Program Flexibility Act of 2020 (Pub. L. No. 116-142), the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (Pub. L. No. 116-260), the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 (Pub. L. No. 117-2), and the PPP Extension Act of 2021 (Pub. L. No. 117-6);

(B) a shuttered venue operator grant under Section 324 of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (Pub. L. No. 116-260), as amended by Section 5005 of the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 (Pub. L. No. 117-2);

(C) microloan program recovery assistance under Section 329 of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (Pub. L. No. 116-260); or

(D) a grant from the restaurant revitalization fund established under Section 5003 of the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 (Pub. L. No. 117-2); and

(2) is not included in the taxable entity's gross income for purposes of federal income taxation under:

(A) Section 276 or 278 of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (Pub. L. No. 116-260); or

(B) Section 9672 or 9673 of the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 (Pub. L. No. 117-2).

(b) Notwithstanding any other law, a taxable entity:

(1) shall exclude from its total revenue, to the extent included under Section 171.1011(c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), qualifying loan or grant proceeds;

(2) may include as a cost of goods sold under Section 171.1012 any expense paid using qualifying loan or grant proceeds to the extent the expense is otherwise includable as a cost of goods sold under that section; and

(3) may include as compensation under Section 171.1013 any expense paid using qualifying loan or grant proceeds to the extent the expense is otherwise includable as compensation under that section.

Added by Acts 2021, 87th Leg., R.S., Ch. 4 (H.B. 1195), Sec. 1, eff. May 8, 2021.

Sec. 171.1014. COMBINED REPORTING; AFFILIATED GROUP ENGAGED IN UNITARY BUSINESS. (a) Taxable entities that are part of an affiliated group engaged in a unitary business shall file a combined group report in lieu of individual reports based on the combined group's business. The combined group may not include a taxable entity that conducts business outside the United States if 80 percent or more of the taxable entity's property and payroll, as determined by factoring under Chapter 141, are assigned to locations outside the United States. In applying Chapter 141, if either the property factor or the payroll factor is zero, the denominator is one. The combined group may not include a taxable entity that conducts business outside the United States and has no property or payroll if 80 percent or more of the taxable entity's gross receipts, as determined under Sections 171.103, 171.105, and 171.1055, are assigned to locations outside the United States.

(b) The combined group is a single taxable entity for purposes of the application of the tax imposed under this chapter, including Section 171.002(d).

(c) For purposes of Section 171.101, a combined group shall determine its total revenue by:

(1) determining the total revenue of each of its members as provided by Section 171.1011 as if the member were an individual taxable entity;

(2) adding the total revenues of the members determined under Subdivision (1) together; and

(3) subtracting, to the extent included under Section 171.1011(c)(1)(A), (c)(2)(A), or (c)(3), items of total revenue received from a member of the combined group.

(d) For purposes of Section 171.101, a combined group shall make an election to subtract either cost of goods sold or compensation that applies to all of its members, or $1 million. Regardless of the election, the taxable margin of the combined group may not exceed the amount provided by Section 171.101(a)(1)(A) for the combined group.

(d-1) A member of a combined group may claim as cost of goods sold those costs that qualify under Section 171.1012 if the goods for which the costs are incurred are owned by another member of the combined group.

(e) For purposes of Section 171.101, a combined group that elects to subtract costs of goods sold shall determine that amount by:

(1) determining the cost of goods sold for each of its members as provided by Section 171.1012 as if the member were an individual taxable entity;

(2) adding the amounts of cost of goods sold determined under Subdivision (1) together; and

(3) subtracting from the amount determined under Subdivision (2) any cost of goods sold amounts paid from one member of the combined group to another member of the combined group, but only to the extent the corresponding item of total revenue was subtracted under Subsection (c)(3).

(f) For purposes of Section 171.101, a combined group that elects to subtract compensation shall determine that amount by:

(1) determining the compensation for each of its members as provided by Section 171.1013 as if each member were an individual taxable entity, subject to the limitation prescribed by Section 171.1013(c);

(2) adding the amounts of compensation determined under Subdivision (1) together; and

(3) subtracting from the amount determined under Subdivision (2) any compensation amounts paid from one member of the combined group to another member of the combined group, but only to the extent the corresponding item of total revenue was subtracted under Subsection (c)(3).

(g) Repealed by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282, Sec. 37(3), eff. January 1, 2008.

(h) Each taxable entity that is part of a combined group report shall, for purposes of determining margin and apportionment, include its activities for the same period used by the combined group.

(i) Each member of the combined group shall be jointly and severally liable for the tax of the combined group.

(j) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a taxable entity that provides retail or wholesale electric utilities may not be included as a member of a combined group that includes one or more taxable entities that do not provide retail or wholesale electric utilities if that combined group in the absence of this subsection:

(1) would not meet the requirements of Section 171.002(c) solely because one or more members of the combined group provide retail or wholesale electric utilities; and

(2) would have less than five percent of the combined group's total revenue derived from providing retail or wholesale electric utilities.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 17, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 37(3), eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232 (H.B. 500), Sec. 11, eff. January 1, 2014.

Sec. 171.1015. REPORTING FOR CERTAIN PARTNERSHIPS IN TIERED PARTNERSHIP ARRANGEMENT. (a) In this section, "tiered partnership arrangement" means an ownership structure in which any of the interests in one taxable entity treated as a partnership or an S corporation for federal income tax purposes (a "lower tier entity") are owned by one or more other taxable entities (an "upper tier entity"). A tiered partnership arrangement may have two or more tiers.

(b) In addition to the tax it is required to pay under this chapter on its own taxable margin, a taxable entity that is an upper tier entity may include, for purposes of calculating its own taxable margin, the total revenue of a lower tier entity if the lower tier entity submits a report to the comptroller showing the amount of total revenue that each upper tier entity that owns it should include within the upper tier entity's own taxable margin calculation, according to the ownership interest of the upper tier entity.

(c) This section does not apply to that percentage of the total revenue attributable to an upper tier entity by a lower tier entity if the upper tier entity is not subject to the tax under this chapter. In this case, the lower tier entity is liable for the tax on its taxable margin.

(d) Section 171.002(d) does not apply to an upper tier entity if, before the attribution of any total revenue by a lower tier entity to an upper tier entity under this section, the lower tier entity does not meet the criteria of Section 171.002(d)(1) or (d)(2).

(e) The comptroller shall adopt rules to administer this section.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 18, eff. January 1, 2008.

Sec. 171.1016. E-Z COMPUTATION AND RATE. (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, a taxable entity whose total revenue from its entire business is not more than $20 million may elect to pay the tax imposed under this chapter in the amount computed and at the rate provided by this section rather than in the amount computed and at the tax rate provided by Section 171.002.

(b) The amount of the tax for which a taxable entity that elects to pay the tax as provided by this section is liable is computed by:

(1) determining the taxable entity's total revenue from its entire business, as determined under Section 171.1011;

(2) apportioning the amount computed under Subdivision (1) to this state, as provided by Section 171.106, to determine the taxable entity's apportioned total revenue; and

(3) multiplying the amount computed under Subdivision (2) by the rate of 0.331 percent.

(c) A taxable entity that elects to pay the tax as provided by this section may not take a credit, deduction, or other adjustment that is not specifically authorized by this section.

(d) Repealed by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232, Sec. 15, eff. January 1, 2014.

(e) A reference in this chapter or other law to the rate of the franchise tax means, as appropriate, the rate under Section 171.002 or, for a taxable entity that elects to pay the tax as provided by this section, the rate under this section.

Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 19, eff. January 1, 2008.

Transferred from Tax Code, Section 171.1016 by Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 91 (S.B. 1303), Sec. 27.001(58), eff. September 1, 2011.

Amended by:

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232 (H.B. 500), Sec. 15, eff. January 1, 2014.

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 449 (H.B. 32), Sec. 3, eff. January 1, 2016.

Sec. 171.103. DETERMINATION OF GROSS RECEIPTS FROM BUSINESS DONE IN THIS STATE FOR MARGIN. (a) Subject to Section 171.1055, in apportioning margin, the gross receipts of a taxable entity from its business done in this state is the sum of the taxable entity's receipts from:

(1) each sale of tangible personal property if the property is delivered or shipped to a buyer in this state regardless of the FOB point or another condition of the sale;

(2) each service performed in this state, except that receipts derived from servicing loans secured by real property are in this state if the real property is located in this state;

(3) each rental of property situated in this state;

(4) the use of a patent, copyright, trademark, franchise, or license in this state;

(5) each sale of real property located in this state, including royalties from oil, gas, or other mineral interests; and

(6) other business done in this state.

(b) A combined group shall include in its gross receipts computed under Subsection (a) the gross receipts of each taxable entity that is a member of the combined group and that has a nexus with this state for the purpose of taxation.

(c) Repealed by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232, Sec. 15, eff. January 1, 2014.

(d) Repealed by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232, Sec. 15, eff. January 1, 2014.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1697, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1984, 68th Leg., 2nd C.S., ch. 31, art. 15, Sec. 1, eff. Oct. 2, 1984; Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 1st C.S., ch. 5, Sec. 8.06, eff. Jan. 1, 1992; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 1185, Sec. 5, eff. Jan. 1, 1998.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 20, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232 (H.B. 500), Sec. 15, eff. January 1, 2014.

Sec. 171.105. DETERMINATION OF GROSS RECEIPTS FROM ENTIRE BUSINESS FOR MARGIN. (a) Subject to Section 171.1055, in apportioning margin, the gross receipts of a taxable entity from its entire business is the sum of the taxable entity's receipts from:

(1) each sale of the taxable entity's tangible personal property;

(2) each service, rental, or royalty; and

(3) other business.

(b) If a taxable entity sells an investment or capital asset, the taxable entity's gross receipts from its entire business for taxable margin includes only the net gain from the sale.

(c) A combined group shall include in its gross receipts computed under Subsection (a) the gross receipts of each taxable entity that is a member of the combined group, without regard to whether that entity has a nexus with this state for the purpose of taxation.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1698, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 1st C.S., ch. 5, Sec. 8.07, eff. Jan. 1, 1992.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2008.

Sec. 171.1055. EXCLUSION OF CERTAIN RECEIPTS FOR MARGIN APPORTIONMENT. (a) In apportioning margin, receipts excluded from total revenue by a taxable entity under Section 171.1011 may not be included in either the receipts of the taxable entity from its business done in this state as determined under Section 171.103 or the receipts of the taxable entity from its entire business done as determined under Section 171.105.

(b) In apportioning margin, receipts derived from transactions between individual members of a combined group that are excluded under Section 171.1014(c)(3) may not be included in the receipts of the taxable entity from its business done in this state as determined under Section 171.103, except that receipts ultimately derived from the sale of tangible personal property between individual members of a combined group where one member party to the transaction does not have nexus in this state shall be included in the receipts of the taxable entity from its business done in this state as determined under Section 171.103 to the extent that the member of the combined group that does not have nexus in this state resells the tangible personal property without substantial modification to a purchaser in this state. "Receipts ultimately derived from the sale" means the amount paid for the tangible personal property by the third party purchaser.

(c) In apportioning margin, receipts derived from transactions between individual members of a combined group that are excluded under Section 171.1014(c)(3) may not be included in the receipts of the taxable entity from its entire business done as determined under Section 171.105.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 21, eff. January 1, 2008.

Sec. 171.106. APPORTIONMENT OF MARGIN TO THIS STATE. (a) Except as provided by this section, a taxable entity's margin is apportioned to this state to determine the amount of tax imposed under Section 171.002 by multiplying the margin by a fraction, the numerator of which is the taxable entity's gross receipts from business done in this state, as determined under Section 171.103, and the denominator of which is the taxable entity's gross receipts from its entire business, as determined under Section 171.105.

(b) A taxable entity's margin that is derived, directly or indirectly, from the sale of management, distribution, or administration services to or on behalf of a regulated investment company, including a taxable entity that includes trustees or sponsors of employee benefit plans that have accounts in a regulated investment company, is apportioned to this state to determine the amount of the tax imposed under Section 171.002 by multiplying the taxable entity's total margin from the sale of services to or on behalf of a regulated investment company by a fraction, the numerator of which is the average of the sum of shares owned at the beginning of the year and the sum of shares owned at the end of the year by the investment company shareholders who are commercially domiciled in this state or, if the shareholders are individuals, are residents of this state, and the denominator of which is the average of the sum of shares owned at the beginning of the year and the sum of shares owned at the end of the year by all investment company shareholders. In this subsection, "regulated investment company" has the meaning assigned by Section 851(a), Internal Revenue Code.

(c) A taxable entity's margin that is derived, directly or indirectly, from the sale of management, administration, or investment services to an employee retirement plan is apportioned to this state to determine the amount of the tax imposed under Section 171.002 by multiplying the taxable entity's total margin from the sale of services to an employee retirement plan company by a fraction, the numerator of which is the average of the sum of beneficiaries domiciled in Texas at the beginning of the year and the sum of beneficiaries domiciled in Texas at the end of the year, and the denominator of which is the average of the sum of all beneficiaries at the beginning of the year and the sum of all beneficiaries at the end of the year. In this section, "employee retirement plan" means a plan or other arrangement that is qualified under Section 401(a), Internal Revenue Code, or satisfies the requirements of Section 403, Internal Revenue Code, or a government plan described in Section 414(d), Internal Revenue Code. The term does not include an individual retirement account or individual retirement annuity within the meaning of Section 408, Internal Revenue Code.

(d) A banking corporation shall exclude from the numerator of the bank's apportionment factor interest earned on federal funds and interest earned on securities sold under an agreement to repurchase that are held in this state in a correspondent bank that is domiciled in this state. In this subsection, "correspondent" has the meaning assigned by 12 C.F.R. Section 206.2(c).

(e) Receipts from services that a defense readjustment project performs in a defense economic readjustment zone are not receipts from business done in this state.

(f) Notwithstanding Section 171.1055, if a loan or security is treated as inventory of the seller for federal income tax purposes, the gross proceeds of the sale of that loan or security are considered gross receipts.

(f-1) Notwithstanding Section 171.1055, if a lending institution categorizes a loan or security as "Securities Available for Sale" or "Trading Securities" under Financial Accounting Standard No. 115, the gross proceeds of the sale of that loan or security are considered gross receipts. In this subsection, "Financial Accounting Standard No. 115" means the Financial Accounting Standard No. 115 in effect as of January 1, 2009, not including any changes made after that date. In this subsection, "security" means a security as defined in Section 171.0001(13-a).

(g) A receipt from Internet hosting as defined by Section 151.108(a) is a receipt from business done in this state only if the customer to whom the service is provided is located in this state.

(h) A taxable entity that is a broadcaster shall include in the numerator of the broadcaster's apportionment factor receipts arising from licensing income from broadcasting or otherwise distributing film programming by any means only if the legal domicile of the broadcaster's customer is in this state. In this subsection:

(1) "Broadcaster" means a taxable entity, not including a cable service provider or a direct broadcast satellite service, that is a:

(A) television station licensed by the Federal Communications Commission;

(B) television broadcast network;

(C) cable television network; or

(D) television distribution company.

(2) "Customer" means a person, including a licensee, that has a direct connection or contractual relationship with a broadcaster under which the broadcaster derives revenue.

(3) "Film programming" means all or part of a live or recorded performance, event, or production intended to be distributed for visual and auditory perception by an audience.

(4) "Programming" includes news, entertainment, sporting events, plays, stories, or other literary, commercial, educational, or artistic works.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1698, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 1st C.S., ch. 5, Sec. 8.07, eff. Jan. 1, 1992; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 1185, Sec. 7, eff. Jan. 1, 1998; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 184, Sec. 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2000; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1263, Sec. 59, eff. Jan. 1, 2002; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 209, Sec. 37, eff. Oct. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 22, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1055 (H.B. 4611), Sec. 1, eff. January 1, 2010.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232 (H.B. 500), Sec. 12, eff. January 1, 2014.

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1098 (H.B. 2896), Sec. 1, eff. January 1, 2018.

Sec. 171.107. DEDUCTION OF COST OF SOLAR ENERGY DEVICE FROM MARGIN APPORTIONED TO THIS STATE. (a) In this section, "solar energy device" means a system or series of mechanisms designed primarily to provide heating or cooling or to produce electrical or mechanical power by collecting and transferring solar-generated energy. The term includes a mechanical or chemical device that has the ability to store solar-generated energy for use in heating or cooling or in the production of power.

(b) A taxable entity may deduct from its apportioned margin 10 percent of the amortized cost of a solar energy device if:

(1) the device is acquired by the taxable entity for heating or cooling or for the production of power;

(2) the device is used in this state by the taxable entity; and

(3) the cost of the device is amortized in accordance with Subsection (c).

(c) The amortization of the cost of a solar energy device must:

(1) be for a period of at least 60 months;

(2) provide for equal monthly amounts or conform to federal depreciation schedules;

(3) begin on the month in which the device is placed in service in this state; and

(4) cover only a period in which the device is in use in this state.

(d) A taxable entity that makes a deduction under this section shall file with the comptroller an amortization schedule showing the period in which a deduction is to be made. On the request of the comptroller, the taxable entity shall file with the comptroller proof of the cost of the solar energy device or proof of the device's operation in this state.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1698, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 1st C.S., ch. 5, Sec. 8.07, eff. Jan. 1, 1992; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 1467, Sec. 2.59, eff. Jan. 1, 2000.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2008.

Sec. 171.108. DEDUCTION OF COST OF CLEAN COAL PROJECT FROM MARGIN APPORTIONED TO THIS STATE. (a) In this section, "clean coal project" has the meaning assigned by Section 5.001, Water Code.

(b) A taxable entity may deduct from its apportioned margin 10 percent of the amortized cost of equipment:

(1) that is used in a clean coal project;

(2) that is acquired by the taxable entity for use in generation of electricity, production of process steam, or industrial production;

(3) that the taxable entity uses in this state; and

(4) the cost of which is amortized in accordance with Subsection (c).

(c) The amortization of the cost of capital used in a clean coal project must:

(1) be for a period of at least 60 months;

(2) provide for equal monthly amounts;

(3) begin in the month during which the equipment is placed in service in this state; and

(4) cover only a period during which the equipment is used in this state.

(d) A taxable entity that makes a deduction under this section shall file with the comptroller an amortization schedule showing the period for which the deduction is to be made. On the request of the comptroller, the taxable entity shall file with the comptroller proof of the cost of the equipment or proof of the equipment's operation in this state.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 1097 (H.B. 2201), Sec. 4, eff. June 18, 2005.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2008.

Sec. 171.109. DEDUCTION OF RELOCATION COSTS BY CERTAIN TAXABLE ENTITIES FROM MARGIN APPORTIONED TO THIS STATE. (a) In this section, "relocation costs" means the costs incurred by a taxable entity to relocate the taxable entity's main office or other principal place of business from one location to another. The term includes:

(1) costs of relocating computers and peripherals, other business supplies, furniture, and inventory; and

(2) any other costs related to the relocation that are allowable deductions for federal income tax purposes.

(b) Subject to Subsection (c), a taxable entity may deduct from its apportioned margin relocation costs incurred in relocating the taxable entity's main office or other principal place of business to this state from another state if the taxable entity:

(1) did not do business in this state before relocating the taxable entity's main office or other principal place of business to this state; and

(2) is not a member of an affiliated group engaged in a unitary business, another member of which is doing business in this state on the date the taxable entity relocates the taxable entity's main office or other principal place of business to this state.

(c) A taxable entity must take the deduction authorized by Subsection (b) on the report based on the taxable entity's initial period described by Section 171.151(1).

(d) On the comptroller's request, a taxable entity that takes a deduction authorized by this section shall file with the comptroller proof of the deducted relocation costs.

Added by Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1232 (H.B. 500), Sec. 13(a), eff. September 1, 2013.

For expiration of this section, see Subsection (e).


Sec. 171.111. TEMPORARY CREDIT ON TAXABLE MARGIN. (a) On the first report originally due under this chapter on or after January 1, 2008, a taxable entity must notify the comptroller in writing of its intent to take a credit in an amount allowed by this section on the tax due on taxable margin. The taxable entity may thereafter elect to claim the credit for the current year and future year at or before the original due date of any report due after January 1, 2008, until the taxable entity revokes the election or this section expires, whichever is earlier. A taxable entity may claim the credit for not more than 20 consecutive privilege periods beginning with the first report originally due under this chapter on or after January 1, 2008. A taxable entity may make only one election under this section and the election may not be conveyed, assigned, or transferred to another entity.

(b) The credit allowed under this section for any privilege period is computed by:

(1) determining the amount of the business loss carryforwards of the taxable entity under Section 171.110(e), as that section applied to annual reports originally due before January 1, 2008, that were not exhausted on a report originally due under this chapter before January 1, 2008;

(2) multiplying the amount determined under Subdivision (1) by:

(A) 2.25 percent for reports originally due on or after January 1, 2008, and before January 1, 2018; and

(B) 7.75 percent for reports originally due on or after January 1, 2018, and before September 1, 2027; and

(3) multiplying the amount determined under Subdivision (2) by 4.5 percent.

(c) The comptroller may request that the taxable entity submit, with each annual report in which the taxable entity is eligible to take a credit, information relating to the amount determined under Subsection (b)(1). The taxable entity shall submit in the form and content the comptroller requires any information relating to the amount determined under Subsection (b)(1) or any other matter relevant to the computation of the credit for which the taxable entity is eligible.

(d) A credit that a taxable entity is entitled to under this section may not be conveyed, assigned, or transferred. A taxable entity loses the right to claim the credit if the entity changes combined groups after June 30, 2007.

(d-1) A taxable entity, other than a combined group, may not claim the credit under this section unless the taxable entity was, on May 1, 2006, subject to the tax imposed by this chapter as this chapter existed on that date. A taxable entity that is a combined group may claim the credit for each member entity that was, on May 1, 2006, subject to the tax imposed by this chapter as this chapter existed on that date and shall compute the amount of the credit for that member as provided by this section.

(d-2) The amount of credit claimed, including any unused credit carried forward, may not exceed the amount of franchise tax due for the report. Unused credits may not be carried forward to reports originally due on or after September 1, 2027.

(e) This section expires September 1, 2027.

Added by Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 1st C.S., ch. 5, Sec. 8.09, eff. Jan. 1, 1992.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 23, eff. January 1, 2008.

Sec. 171.1121. GROSS RECEIPTS FOR MARGIN. (a) For purposes of this section, "gross receipts" means all revenues reportable by a taxable entity on its federal tax return, without deduction for the cost of property sold, materials used, labor performed, or other costs incurred, unless otherwise specifically provided in this chapter.

(b) Except as otherwise provided by this section, a taxable entity shall use the same accounting methods to apportion margin as used in computing margin.

(c) A taxable entity may not change its accounting methods used to calculate gross receipts more often than once every four years without the express written consent of the comptroller. A change in accounting methods is not justified solely because it results in a reduction of tax liability.

Added by Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 1st C.S., ch. 5, Sec. 8.10, eff. Jan. 1, 1992. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 546, Sec. 8, eff. Jan. 1, 1994; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 1185, Sec. 11, eff. Jan. 1, 1998; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1263, Sec. 61, eff. Jan. 1, 2002.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 5, eff. January 1, 2008.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1282 (H.B. 3928), Sec. 24, eff. January 1, 2008.

SUBCHAPTER D. PAYMENT OF TAX


Sec. 171.151. PRIVILEGE PERIOD COVERED BY TAX. The franchise tax shall be paid for each of the following:

(1) an initial period beginning on the taxable entity's beginning date and ending on the day before the first anniversary of the beginning date;

(2) a second period beginning on the first anniversary of the beginning date and ending on December 31 following that date; and

(3) after the initial and second periods have expired, a regular annual period beginning each year on January 1 and ending the following December 31.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1699, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 31, Sec. 5, eff. Aug. 26, 1985; Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 1st C.S., ch. 5, Sec. 8.11, eff. Jan. 1, 1992; Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1002, Sec. 14, eff. Jan. 1, 1996.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 6, eff. January 1, 2008.

Sec. 171.152. DATE ON WHICH PAYMENT IS DUE. (a) Payment of the tax covering the initial period is due within 90 days after the date that the initial period ends or, if applicable, within 91 days after the date of the merger.

(b) Payment of the tax covering the second period is due on the same date as the tax covering the initial period.

(c) Payment of the tax covering the regular annual period is due May 15, of each year after the beginning of the regular annual period. However, if the first anniversary of the taxable entity's beginning date is after October 3 and before January 1, the payment of the tax covering the first regular annual period is due on the same date as the tax covering the initial period.

Acts 1981, 67th Leg., p. 1699, ch. 389, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1984, 68th Leg., 2nd C.S., ch. 10, art. 3, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1984; Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 31, Sec. 7, eff. Aug. 26, 1985; Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 1st C.S., ch. 5, Sec. 8.12, eff. Jan. 1, 1992; Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 1002, Sec. 15, eff. Jan. 1, 1996.

Amended by:

Acts 2006, 79th Leg., 3rd C.S., Ch. 1 (H.B. 3), Sec. 6, eff. January 1, 2008.

Sec. 171.1532. BUSINESS ON WHICH TAX ON NET TAXABLE MARGIN IS BASED. (a) The tax covering the privilege periods included on the initial report is based on the business done by the taxable entity during the period beginning on the taxable entity's beginning date and:

(1) ending on the last accounting period ending date that is at least 60 days before the original due date of the initial report; or

(2) if there is no such period ending date in Subdivision (1), then ending on the day that is the last day of a calendar month and that is nearest to the end of the taxable entity's first year of business.

(b) The tax covering the regular annual period, other than a regular annual period included on the initial report, is based on the business done by the taxable entity during the period beginning with the day after the last date upon which taxable margin or net taxable earned surplus on a previous report was based and ending with its last accounting period ending date for federal income tax purposes in the year before the year in which the report is originally due.

Sours: https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/docs/TX/htm/TX.171.htm

Internal Revenue Code section 1

Section 1 of the Internal Revenue Code (26 U.S.C. § 1 or simply IRC §1), titled "Tax Imposed" is the law that imposes a federal income tax on taxable income, and sets forth the amount of the tax to be paid. A similar tax on corporations is set forth in IRC §11.

Within the layout of the IRC, this section appears as follows:

  • Subtitle A – Income Taxes (§§ 1–1563)
    • Chapter 1 – Normal Taxes and Surtaxes (§§ 1–1400T)
      • Subchapter A – Determination of Tax Liability (§§ 1–59A)
        • Part I – Tax on Individuals (§§ 1–5)
          • Section 1 – Tax imposed

Basic provisions of section 1[edit]

Section 1 imposes the Federal income tax on the "taxable income" of individuals (mainly in subsections (a) through (d)) and on the taxable income of certain estates and trusts (subsection e).

For individuals, section 1 divides income earners into categories depending on whether they are married individuals filing jointly, married individuals filing separately, unmarried individuals, surviving spouses, or heads of households. Section 1 sets forth the formula for what amount of taxable income must be paid to the United States.

As currently worded (in mid-2006), subsections (a) through (d) actually list the tax rate schedules for the year 1993. Based in part on the provisions of subsections (f) and (i), the tax rate schedules for 1994 and subsequent years (reflecting, among other things, tax rate changes and cost of living adjustments) are promulgated by the Internal Revenue Service. In other words, the official tax rate schedules for years 1994 and thereafter are not found in the text of section 1 itself.

Example of tax rate schedule for year 1993 for "head of household"[edit]

For example, for the year 1993, §1(b) states:

(b) Heads of households

There is hereby imposed on the taxable income of every head of a household (as defined in section 2 (b)) a tax determined in accordance with the following table:

If taxable income is:The tax is:
Not over $29,60015% of taxable income.
Over $29,600 but not over $76,400$4,440, plus 28% of the excess over $29,600.
Over $76,400 but not over $127,500$17,544, plus 31% of the excess over $76,400.
Over $127,500 but not over $250,000$33,385, plus 36% of the excess over $127,500.
Over $250,000$77,485, plus 39.6% of the excess over $250,000.

People meeting the description of a "head of a household" with a taxable income of $50,000 for the year 1993 would have looked to the table to see that their income falls within the category of persons earning "Over $29,600 but not over $76,400". The tax would be:

$4,440, plus 28% of the excess over $29,600
which is equal to
$4,440, plus 28% of ($50,000 – $29,600)

$50,000 minus $29,600 equals $20,400, and 28% of $20,400 is $5,712, so the total tax due on an income of $50,000 would be ($4,400 + $5,712), for a final total of $10,152. By comparison, a person realizing one million dollars of taxable income would have been assessed $374,485 for the same period ($77,485 + 39.6% ($1,000,000–$250,000)). A base of $50,000 taxable income would thus yield an after-tax income of $39,848, while a base $1,000,000 income would yield an after-tax income of $625,515.

These figures, however, do not account for a number of important variables. For example, the tax applies only to taxable income, which is defined in IRC §63 as gross income minus allowable deductions to gross income, personal exemptions, and either the standard deduction or itemized deductions. Gross income, in turn, is defined in IRC §61. Since taxpayers may make a variety of deductions, such as the deduction for selling a piece of property at a loss allowed under IRC §165, a taxpayer's gross income will be higher than his taxable income.

Example of tax rate schedule for year 2006 for "head of household"[edit]

Based on the cost of living adjustment and tax rate change provisions of section 1, the same schedule for a "head of household" for the year 2006 (i.e., for tax returns due April 15, 2007) is as follows:

If taxable income is:The tax is:
Not over $10,75010% of taxable income.
Over $10,750 but not over $41,050$1,075.00, plus 15% of the excess over $10,750.
Over $41,050 but not over $106,000$5,620.00, plus 25% of the excess over $41,050.
Over $106,000 but not over $171,650$21,857.50, plus 28% of the excess over $106,000.
Over $171,650 but not over $336,550$40,239.50, plus 33% of the excess over $171,650.
Over $336,550$94,656.50, plus 35% of the excess over $336,550.

Source: Internal Revenue Service, Publication 1796 (Rev. Feb. 2006).

Using the same calculations as in the section above, a $50,000 earner would pay $7,857.50 in income tax as of 2006, a reduction of $2,294.50; the $1,000,000 earner would pay $326,864, a reduction of $47,621.

Income taxation of estates and trusts[edit]

By contrast, the 2005 tax rate schedule for estates and trusts (not found in the text of the statute, but in IRS publications), provides for relatively high marginal tax rates on relatively low levels of income:

If taxable income is:The tax is:
Not over $2,00015% of taxable income.
Over $2,000 but not over $4,700$300.00, plus 25% of the excess over $2,000.
Over $4,700 but not over $7,150$975.00, plus 28% of the excess over $4,700.
Over $7,150 but not over $9,750$1,661.00, plus 33% of the excess over $7,150.
Over $9,750$2,519.00, plus 35% of the excess over $9,750.

Source, Internal Revenue Service, Year 2005 Instructions for Form 1041, U.S. Income Tax Return for Estates and Trusts, at page 23.

Changes to the tax code are frequently aimed at the provisions of IRC §1, with adjustments being made to the percentage of income taxed in each category, and the dollar amounts which trigger a higher level of taxation.

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internal_Revenue_Code_section_1
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26 U.S.C.
United States Code, 2011 Edition
Title 26 - INTERNAL REVENUE CODE
Subtitle A - Income Taxes
CHAPTER 1 - NORMAL TAXES AND SURTAXES
Subchapter F - Exempt Organizations
From the U.S. Government Publishing Office, www.gpo.gov

Subchapter F—Exempt Organizations

Part

III.

Taxation of business income of certain exempt organizations.

IV.

Farmers’ cooperatives.

V.

Shipowners’ protection and indemnity associations.

VI.

Political organizations.

VII.

Certain homeowners associations.

VIII.

Higher education savings entities.

        

Amendments

1997—Pub. L. 105–34, title II, §211(e)(1)(B), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 812, substituted “Higher education savings entities” for “Qualified State tuition programs” in part VIII heading.

1996—Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §1806(b)(2), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1898, added part VIII heading.

1976—Pub. L. 94–455, title XXI, §2101(d), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1899, added part VII heading.

1975—Pub. L. 93–625, §10(d), Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2119, added part VI heading.

1969—Pub. L. 91–172, title I, §101(j)(58), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 532, added part II heading, and redesignated former parts II, III and IV as parts III, IV and V, respectively.

PART I—GENERAL RULE

Sec.

501.

Exemption from tax on corporations, certain trusts, etc.

502.

Feeder organizations.

503.

Requirements for exemption.

504.

Status after organization ceases to qualify for exemption under section 501(c)(3) because of substantial lobbying or because of political activities.

505.

Additional requirements for organizations described in paragraph (9), (17), or (20) of section 501(c).

        

Amendments

1987—Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10711(b)(2)(B), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–464, substituted “substantial lobbying or because of political activities” for “substantial lobbying” in item 504.

1984—Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title V, §513(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 865, added item 505.

1976—Pub. L. 94–455, title XIII, §1307(d)(3)(B), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1728, added item 504.

1969—Pub. L. 91–172, title I, §101(j)(61), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 532, struck out item 504 “Denial of exemption”.

§501. Exemption from tax on corporations, certain trusts, etc.

(a) Exemption from taxation

An organization described in subsection (c) or (d) or section 401(a) shall be exempt from taxation under this subtitle unless such exemption is denied under section 502 or 503.

(b) Tax on unrelated business income and certain other activities

An organization exempt from taxation under subsection (a) shall be subject to tax to the extent provided in parts II, III, and VI of this subchapter, but (notwithstanding parts II, III, and VI of this subchapter) shall be considered an organization exempt from income taxes for the purpose of any law which refers to organizations exempt from income taxes.

(c) List of exempt organizations

The following organizations are referred to in subsection (a):

(1) Any corporation organized under Act of Congress which is an instrumentality of the United States but only if such corporation—

(A) is exempt from Federal income taxes—

(i) under such Act as amended and supplemented before July 18, 1984, or

(ii) under this title without regard to any provision of law which is not contained in this title and which is not contained in a revenue Act, or


(B) is described in subsection (l).


(2) Corporations organized for the exclusive purpose of holding title to property, collecting income therefrom, and turning over the entire amount thereof, less expenses, to an organization which itself is exempt under this section. Rules similar to the rules of subparagraph (G) of paragraph (25) shall apply for purposes of this paragraph.

(3) Corporations, and any community chest, fund, or foundation, organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, testing for public safety, literary, or educational purposes, or to foster national or international amateur sports competition (but only if no part of its activities involve the provision of athletic facilities or equipment), or for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals, no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual, no substantial part of the activities of which is carrying on propaganda, or otherwise attempting, to influence legislation (except as otherwise provided in subsection (h)), and which does not participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing or distributing of statements), any political campaign on behalf of (or in opposition to) any candidate for public office.

(4)(A) Civic leagues or organizations not organized for profit but operated exclusively for the promotion of social welfare, or local associations of employees, the membership of which is limited to the employees of a designated person or persons in a particular municipality, and the net earnings of which are devoted exclusively to charitable, educational, or recreational purposes.

(B) Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to an entity unless no part of the net earnings of such entity inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

(5) Labor, agricultural, or horticultural organizations.

(6) Business leagues, chambers of commerce, real-estate boards, boards of trade, or professional football leagues (whether or not administering a pension fund for football players), not organized for profit and no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

(7) Clubs organized for pleasure, recreation, and other nonprofitable purposes, substantially all of the activities of which are for such purposes and no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder.

(8) Fraternal beneficiary societies, orders, or associations—

(A) operating under the lodge system or for the exclusive benefit of the members of a fraternity itself operating under the lodge system, and

(B) providing for the payment of life, sick, accident, or other benefits to the members of such society, order, or association or their dependents.


(9) Voluntary employees’ beneficiary associations providing for the payment of life, sick, accident, or other benefits to the members of such association or their dependents or designated beneficiaries, if no part of the net earnings of such association inures (other than through such payments) to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual. For purposes of providing for the payment of sick and accident benefits to members of such an association and their dependents, the term “dependent” shall include any individual who is a child (as defined in section 152(f)(1)) of a member who as of the end of the calendar year has not attained age 27.

(10) Domestic fraternal societies, orders, or associations, operating under the lodge system—

(A) the net earnings of which are devoted exclusively to religious, charitable, scientific, literary, educational, and fraternal purposes, and

(B) which do not provide for the payment of life, sick, accident, or other benefits.


(11) Teachers’ retirement fund associations of a purely local character, if—

(A) no part of their net earnings inures (other than through payment of retirement benefits) to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual, and

(B) the income consists solely of amounts received from public taxation, amounts received from assessments on the teaching salaries of members, and income in respect of investments.


(12)(A) Benevolent life insurance associations of a purely local character, mutual ditch or irrigation companies, mutual or cooperative telephone companies, or like organizations; but only if 85 percent or more of the income consists of amounts collected from members for the sole purpose of meeting losses and expenses.

(B) In the case of a mutual or cooperative telephone company, subparagraph (A) shall be applied without taking into account any income received or accrued—

(i) from a nonmember telephone company for the performance of communication services which involve members of the mutual or cooperative telephone company,

(ii) from qualified pole rentals,

(iii) from the sale of display listings in a directory furnished to the members of the mutual or cooperative telephone company, or

(iv) from the prepayment of a loan under section 306A, 306B, or 311 1 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (as in effect on January 1, 1987).


(C) In the case of a mutual or cooperative electric company, subparagraph (A) shall be applied without taking into account any income received or accrued—

(i) from qualified pole rentals, or

(ii) from any provision or sale of electric energy transmission services or ancillary services if such services are provided on a nondiscriminatory open access basis under an open access transmission tariff approved or accepted by FERC or under an independent transmission provider agreement approved or accepted by FERC (other than income received or accrued directly or indirectly from a member),

(iii) from the provision or sale of electric energy distribution services or ancillary services if such services are provided on a nondiscriminatory open access basis to distribute electric energy not owned by the mutual or electric cooperative company—

(I) to end-users who are served by distribution facilities not owned by such company or any of its members (other than income received or accrued directly or indirectly from a member), or

(II) generated by a generation facility not owned or leased by such company or any of its members and which is directly connected to distribution facilities owned by such company or any of its members (other than income received or accrued directly or indirectly from a member),


(iv) from any nuclear decommissioning transaction, or

(v) from any asset exchange or conversion transaction.


(D) For purposes of this paragraph, the term “qualified pole rental” means any rental of a pole (or other structure used to support wires) if such pole (or other structure)—

(i) is used by the telephone or electric company to support one or more wires which are used by such company in providing telephone or electric services to its members, and

(ii) is used pursuant to the rental to support one or more wires (in addition to the wires described in clause (i)) for use in connection with the transmission by wire of electricity or of telephone or other communications.


For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term “rental” includes any sale of the right to use the pole (or other structure).

(E) For purposes of subparagraph (C)(ii), the term “FERC” means the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and references to such term shall be treated as including the Public Utility Commission of Texas with respect to any ERCOT utility (as defined in section 212(k)(2)(B) of the Federal Power Act (16 U.S.C. 824k(k)(2)(B))).

(F) For purposes of subparagraph (C)(iv), the term “nuclear decommissioning transaction” means—

(i) any transfer into a trust, fund, or instrument established to pay any nuclear decommissioning costs if the transfer is in connection with the transfer of the mutual or cooperative electric company's interest in a nuclear power plant or nuclear power plant unit,

(ii) any distribution from any trust, fund, or instrument established to pay any nuclear decommissioning costs, or

(iii) any earnings from any trust, fund, or instrument established to pay any nuclear decommissioning costs.


(G) For purposes of subparagraph (C)(v), the term “asset exchange or conversion transaction” means any voluntary exchange or involuntary conversion of any property related to generating, transmitting, distributing, or selling electric energy by a mutual or cooperative electric company, the gain from which qualifies for deferred recognition under section 1031 or 1033, but only if the replacement property acquired by such company pursuant to such section constitutes property which is used, or to be used, for—

(i) generating, transmitting, distributing, or selling electric energy, or

(ii) producing, transmitting, distributing, or selling natural gas.


(H)(i) In the case of a mutual or cooperative electric company described in this paragraph or an organization described in section 1381(a)(2)(C), income received or accrued from a load loss transaction shall be treated as an amount collected from members for the sole purpose of meeting losses and expenses.

(ii) For purposes of clause (i), the term “load loss transaction” means any wholesale or retail sale of electric energy (other than to members) to the extent that the aggregate sales during the recovery period do not exceed the load loss mitigation sales limit for such period.

(iii) For purposes of clause (ii), the load loss mitigation sales limit for the recovery period is the sum of the annual load losses for each year of such period.

(iv) For purposes of clause (iii), a mutual or cooperative electric company's annual load loss for each year of the recovery period is the amount (if any) by which—

(I) the megawatt hours of electric energy sold during such year to members of such electric company are less than

(II) the megawatt hours of electric energy sold during the base year to such members.


(v) For purposes of clause (iv)(II), the term “base year” means—

(I) the calendar year preceding the start-up year, or

(II) at the election of the mutual or cooperative electric company, the second or third calendar years preceding the start-up year.


(vi) For purposes of this subparagraph, the recovery period is the 7-year period beginning with the start-up year.

(vii) For purposes of this subparagraph, the start-up year is the first year that the mutual or cooperative electric company offers nondiscriminatory open access or the calendar year which includes the date of the enactment of this subparagraph, if later, at the election of such company.

(viii) A company shall not fail to be treated as a mutual or cooperative electric company for purposes of this paragraph or as a corporation operating on a cooperative basis for purposes of section 1381(a)(2)(C) by reason of the treatment under clause (i).

(ix) For purposes of subparagraph (A), in the case of a mutual or cooperative electric company, income received, or accrued, indirectly from a member shall be treated as an amount collected from members for the sole purpose of meeting losses and expenses.

(13) Cemetery companies owned and operated exclusively for the benefit of their members or which are not operated for profit; and any corporation chartered solely for the purpose of the disposal of bodies by burial or cremation which is not permitted by its charter to engage in any business not necessarily incident to that purpose and no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.

(14)(A) Credit unions without capital stock organized and operated for mutual purposes and without profit.

(B) Corporations or associations without capital stock organized before September 1, 1957, and operated for mutual purposes and without profit for the purpose of providing reserve funds for, and insurance of shares or deposits in—

(i) domestic building and loan associations,

(ii) cooperative banks without capital stock organized and operated for mutual purposes and without profit,

(iii) mutual savings banks not having capital stock represented by shares, or

(iv) mutual savings banks described in section 591(b) 2


(C) Corporations or associations organized before September 1, 1957, and operated for mutual purposes and without profit for the purpose of providing reserve funds for associations or banks described in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of subparagraph (B); but only if 85 percent or more of the income is attributable to providing such reserve funds and to investments. This subparagraph shall not apply to any corporation or association entitled to exemption under subparagraph (B).

(15)(A) Insurance companies (as defined in section 816(a)) other than life (including interinsurers and reciprocal underwriters) if—

(i)(I) the gross receipts for the taxable year do not exceed $600,000, and

(II) more than 50 percent of such gross receipts consist of premiums, or

(ii) in the case of a mutual insurance company—

(I) the gross receipts of which for the taxable year do not exceed $150,000, and

(II) more than 35 percent of such gross receipts consist of premiums.


Clause (ii) shall not apply to a company if any employee of the company, or a member of the employee's family (as defined in section 2032A(e)(2)), is an employee of another company exempt from taxation by reason of this paragraph (or would be so exempt but for this sentence).

(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), in determining whether any company or association is described in subparagraph (A), such company or association shall be treated as receiving during the taxable year amounts described in subparagraph (A) which are received during such year by all other companies or associations which are members of the same controlled group as the insurance company or association for which the determination is being made.

(C) For purposes of subparagraph (B), the term “controlled group” has the meaning given such term by section 831(b)(2)(B)(ii), except that in applying section 831(b)(2)(B)(ii) for purposes of this subparagraph, subparagraphs (B) and (C) of section 1563(b)(2) shall be disregarded.

(16) Corporations organized by an association subject to part IV of this subchapter or members thereof, for the purpose of financing the ordinary crop operations of such members or other producers, and operated in conjunction with such association. Exemption shall not be denied any such corporation because it has capital stock, if the dividend rate of such stock is fixed at not to exceed the legal rate of interest in the State of incorporation or 8 percent per annum, whichever is greater, on the value of the consideration for which the stock was issued, and if substantially all such stock (other than nonvoting preferred stock, the owners of which are not entitled or permitted to participate, directly or indirectly, in the profits of the corporation, on dissolution or otherwise, beyond the fixed dividends) is owned by such association, or members thereof; nor shall exemption be denied any such corporation because there is accumulated and maintained by it a reserve required by State law or a reasonable reserve for any necessary purpose.

(17)(A) A trust or trusts forming part of a plan providing for the payment of supplemental unemployment compensation benefits, if—

(i) under the plan, it is impossible, at any time prior to the satisfaction of all liabilities, with respect to employees under the plan, for any part of the corpus or income to be (within the taxable year or thereafter) used for, or diverted to, any purpose other than the providing of supplemental unemployment compensation benefits,

(ii) such benefits are payable to employees under a classification which is set forth in the plan and which is found by the Secretary not to be discriminatory in favor of employees who are highly compensated employees (within the meaning of section 414(q)), and

(iii) such benefits do not discriminate in favor of employees who are highly compensated employees (within the meaning of section 414(q)). A plan shall not be considered discriminatory within the meaning of this clause merely because the benefits received under the plan bear a uniform relationship to the total compensation, or the basic or regular rate of compensation, of the employees covered by the plan.


(B) In determining whether a plan meets the requirements of subparagraph (A), any benefits provided under any other plan shall not be taken into consideration, except that a plan shall not be considered discriminatory—

(i) merely because the benefits under the plan which are first determined in a nondiscriminatory manner within the meaning of subparagraph (A) are then reduced by any sick, accident, or unemployment compensation benefits received under State or Federal law (or reduced by a portion of such benefits if determined in a nondiscriminatory manner), or

(ii) merely because the plan provides only for employees who are not eligible to receive sick, accident, or unemployment compensation benefits under State or Federal law the same benefits (or a portion of such benefits if determined in a nondiscriminatory manner) which such employees would receive under such laws if such employees were eligible for such benefits, or

(iii) merely because the plan provides only for employees who are not eligible under another plan (which meets the requirements of subparagraph (A)) of supplemental unemployment compensation benefits provided wholly by the employer the same benefits (or a portion of such benefits if determined in a nondiscriminatory manner) which such employees would receive under such other plan if such employees were eligible under such other plan, but only if the employees eligible under both plans would make a classification which would be nondiscriminatory within the meaning of subparagraph (A).


(C) A plan shall be considered to meet the requirements of subparagraph (A) during the whole of any year of the plan if on one day in each quarter it satisfies such requirements.

(D) The term “supplemental unemployment compensation benefits” means only—

(i) benefits which are paid to an employee because of his involuntary separation from the employment of the employer (whether or not such separation is temporary) resulting directly from a reduction in force, the discontinuance of a plant or operation, or other similar conditions, and

(ii) sick and accident benefits subordinate to the benefits described in clause (i).


(E) Exemption shall not be denied under subsection (a) to any organization entitled to such exemption as an association described in paragraph (9) of this subsection merely because such organization provides for the payment of supplemental unemployment benefits (as defined in subparagraph (D)(i)).

(18) A trust or trusts created before June 25, 1959, forming part of a plan providing for the payment of benefits under a pension plan funded only by contributions of employees, if—

(A) under the plan, it is impossible, at any time prior to the satisfaction of all liabilities with respect to employees under the plan, for any part of the corpus or income to be (within the taxable year or thereafter) used for, or diverted to, any purpose other than the providing of benefits under the plan,

(B) such benefits are payable to employees under a classification which is set forth in the plan and which is found by the Secretary not to be discriminatory in favor of employees who are highly compensated employees (within the meaning of section 414(q)),

(C) such benefits do not discriminate in favor of employees who are highly compensated employees (within the meaning of section 414(q)). A plan shall not be considered discriminatory within the meaning of this subparagraph merely because the benefits received under the plan bear a uniform relationship to the total compensation, or the basic or regular rate of compensation, of the employees covered by the plan, and

(D) in the case of a plan under which an employee may designate certain contributions as deductible—

(i) such contributions do not exceed the amount with respect to which a deduction is allowable under section 219(b)(3),

(ii) requirements similar to the requirements of section 401(k)(3)(A)(ii) are met with respect to such elective contributions,

(iii) such contributions are treated as elective deferrals for purposes of section 402(g), and

(iv) the requirements of section 401(a)(30) are met.


For purposes of subparagraph (D)(ii), rules similar to the rules of section 401(k)(8) shall apply. For purposes of section 4979, any excess contribution under clause (ii) shall be treated as an excess contribution under a cash or deferred arrangement.

(19) A post or organization of past or present members of the Armed Forces of the United States, or an auxiliary unit or society of, or a trust or foundation for, any such post or organization—

(A) organized in the United States or any of its possessions,

(B) at least 75 percent of the members of which are past or present members of the Armed Forces of the United States and substantially all of the other members of which are individuals who are cadets or are spouses, widows,,3 widowers, ancestors, or lineal descendants of past or present members of the Armed Forces of the United States or of cadets, and

(C) no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.


(20) an 4 organization or trust created or organized in the United States, the exclusive function of which is to form part of a qualified group legal services plan or plans, within the meaning of section 120. An organization or trust which receives contributions because of section 120(c)(5)(C) shall not be prevented from qualifying as an organization described in this paragraph merely because it provides legal services or indemnification against the cost of legal services unassociated with a qualified group legal services plan.

(21)(A) A trust or trusts established in writing, created or organized in the United States, and contributed to by any person (except an insurance company) if—

(i) the purpose of such trust or trusts is exclusively—

(I) to satisfy, in whole or in part, the liability of such person for, or with respect to, claims for compensation for disability or death due to pneumoconiosis under Black Lung Acts,

(II) to pay premiums for insurance exclusively covering such liability,

(III) to pay administrative and other incidental expenses of such trust in connection with the operation of the trust and the processing of claims against such person under Black Lung Acts, and

(IV) to pay accident or health benefits for retired miners and their spouses and dependents (including administrative and other incidental expenses of such trust in connection therewith) or premiums for insurance exclusively covering such benefits; and


(ii) no part of the assets of the trust may be used for, or diverted to, any purpose other than—

(I) the purposes described in clause (i),

(II) investment (but only to the extent that the trustee determines that a portion of the assets is not currently needed for the purposes described in clause (i)) in qualified investments, or

(III) payment into the Black Lung Disability Trust Fund established under section 9501, or into the general fund of the United States Treasury (other than in satisfaction of any tax or other civil or criminal liability of the person who established or contributed to the trust).


(B) No deduction shall be allowed under this chapter for any payment described in subparagraph (A)(i)(IV) from such trust.

(C) Payments described in subparagraph (A)(i)(IV) may be made from such trust during a taxable year only to the extent that the aggregate amount of such payments during such taxable year does not exceed the excess (if any), as of the close of the preceding taxable year, of—

(i) the fair market value of the assets of the trust, over

(ii) 110 percent of the present value of the liability described in subparagraph (A)(i)(I) of such person.


The determinations under the preceding sentence shall be made by an independent actuary using actuarial methods and assumptions (not inconsistent with the regulations prescribed under section 192(c)(1)(A)) each of which is reasonable and which are reasonable in the aggregate.

(D) For purposes of this paragraph:

(i) The term “Black Lung Acts” means part C of title IV of the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977, and any State law providing compensation for disability or death due to that pneumoconiosis.

(ii) The term “qualified investments” means—

(I) public debt securities of the United States,

(II) obligations of a State or local government which are not in default as to principal or interest, and

(III) time or demand deposits in a bank (as defined in section 581) or an insured credit union (within the meaning of section 101(7) of the Federal Credit Union Act, 12 U.S.C. 1752(7)) located in the United States.


(iii) The term “miner” has the same meaning as such term has when used in section 402(d) of the Black Lung Benefits Act (30 U.S.C. 902(d)).

(iv) The term “incidental expenses” includes legal, accounting, actuarial, and trustee expenses.


(22) A trust created or organized in the United States and established in writing by the plan sponsors of multiemployer plans if—

(A) the purpose of such trust is exclusively—

(i) to pay any amount described in section 4223(c) or (h) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, and

(ii) to pay reasonable and necessary administrative expenses in connection with the establishment and operation of the trust and the processing of claims against the trust,


(B) no part of the assets of the trust may be used for, or diverted to, any purpose other than—

(i) the purposes described in subparagraph (A), or

(ii) the investment in securities, obligations, or time or demand deposits described in clause (ii) of paragraph (21)(D),


(C) such trust meets the requirements of paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of section 4223(b), 4223(h), or, if applicable, section 4223(c) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, and

(D) the trust instrument provides that, on dissolution of the trust, assets of the trust may not be paid other than to plans which have participated in the plan or, in the case of a trust established under section 4223(h) of such Act, to plans with respect to which employers have participated in the fund.


(23) Any association organized before 1880 more than 75 percent of the members of which are present or past members of the Armed Forces and a principal purpose of which is to provide insurance and other benefits to veterans or their dependents.

(24) A trust described in section 4049 of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (as in effect on the date of the enactment of the Single-Employer Pension Plan Amendments Act of 1986).

(25)(A) Any corporation or trust which—

(i) has no more than 35 shareholders or beneficiaries,

(ii) has only 1 class of stock or beneficial interest, and

(iii) is organized for the exclusive purposes of—

(I) acquiring real property and holding title to, and collecting income from, such property, and

(II) remitting the entire amount of income from such property (less expenses) to 1 or more organizations described in subparagraph (C) which are shareholders of such corporation or beneficiaries of such trust.


For purposes of clause (iii), the term “real property” shall not include any interest as a tenant in common (or similar interest) and shall not include any indirect interest.

(B) A corporation or trust shall be described in subparagraph (A) without regard to whether the corporation or trust is organized by 1 or more organizations described in subparagraph (C).

(C) An organization is described in this subparagraph if such organization is—

(i) a qualified pension, profit sharing, or stock bonus plan that meets the requirements of section 401(a),

(ii) a governmental plan (within the meaning of section 414(d)),

(iii) the United States, any State or political subdivision thereof, or any agency or instrumentality of any of the foregoing, or

(iv) any organization described in paragraph (3).


(D) A corporation or trust shall in no event be treated as described in subparagraph (A) unless such corporation or trust permits its shareholders or beneficiaries—

(i) to dismiss the corporation's or trust's investment adviser, following reasonable notice, upon a vote of the shareholders or beneficiaries holding a majority of interest in the corporation or trust, and

(ii) to terminate their interest in the corporation or trust by either, or both, of the following alternatives, as determined by the corporation or trust:

(I) by selling or exchanging their stock in the corporation or interest in the trust (subject to any Federal or State securities law) to any organization described in subparagraph (C) so long as the sale or exchange does not increase the number of shareholders or beneficiaries in such corporation or trust above 35, or

(II) by having their stock or interest redeemed by the corporation or trust after the shareholder or beneficiary has provided 90 days notice to such corporation or trust.


(E)(i) For purposes of this title—

(I) a corporation which is a qualified subsidiary shall not be treated as a separate corporation, and

(II) all assets, liabilities, and items of income, deduction, and credit of a qualified subsidiary shall be treated as assets, liabilities, and such items (as the case may be) of the corporation or trust described in subparagraph (A).


(ii) For purposes of this subparagraph, the term “qualified subsidiary” means any corporation if, at all times during the period such corporation was in existence, 100 percent of the stock of such corporation is held by the corporation or trust described in subparagraph (A).

(iii) For purposes of this subtitle, if any corporation which was a qualified subsidiary ceases to meet the requirements of clause (ii), such corporation shall be treated as a new corporation acquiring all of its assets (and assuming all of its liabilities) immediately before such cessation from the corporation or trust described in subparagraph (A) in exchange for its stock.

(F) For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term “real property” includes any personal property which is leased under, or in connection with, a lease of real property, but only if the rent attributable to such personal property (determined under the rules of section 856(d)(1)) for the taxable year does not exceed 15 percent of the total rent for the taxable year attributable to both the real and personal property leased under, or in connection with, such lease.

(G)(i) An organization shall not be treated as failing to be described in this paragraph merely by reason of the receipt of any otherwise disqualifying income which is incidentally derived from the holding of real property.

(ii) Clause (i) shall not apply if the amount of gross income described in such clause exceeds 10 percent of the organization's gross income for the taxable year unless the organization establishes to the satisfaction of the Secretary that the receipt of gross income described in clause (i) in excess of such limitation was inadvertent and reasonable steps are being taken to correct the circumstances giving rise to such income.

(26) Any membership organization if—

(A) such organization is established by a State exclusively to provide coverage for medical care (as defined in section 213(d)) on a not-for-profit basis to individuals described in subparagraph (B) through—

(i) insurance issued by the organization, or

(ii) a health maintenance organization under an arrangement with the organization,


(B) the only individuals receiving such coverage through the organization are individuals—

(i) who are residents of such State, and

(ii) who, by reason of the existence or history of a medical condition—

(I) are unable to acquire medical care coverage for such condition through insurance or from a health maintenance organization, or

(II) are able to acquire such coverage only at a rate which is substantially in excess of the rate for such coverage through the membership organization,


(C) the composition of the membership in such organization is specified by such State, and

(D) no part of the net earnings of the organization inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual.


A spouse and any qualifying child (as defined in section 24(c)) of an individual described in subparagraph (B) (without regard to this sentence) shall be treated as described in subparagraph (B).

(27)(A) Any membership organization if—

(i) such organization is established before June 1, 1996, by a State exclusively to reimburse its members for losses arising under workmen's compensation acts,

(ii) such State requires that the membership of such organization consist of—

(I) all persons who issue insurance covering workmen's compensation losses in such State, and

(II) all persons and governmental entities who self-insure against such losses, and


(iii) such organization operates as a non-profit organization by—

(I) returning surplus income to its members or workmen's compensation policyholders on a periodic basis, and

(II) reducing initial premiums in anticipation of investment income.


(B) Any organization (including a mutual insurance company) if—

(i) such organization is created by State law and is organized and operated under State law exclusively to—

(I) provide workmen's compensation insurance which is required by State law or with respect to which State law provides significant disincentives if such insurance is not purchased by an employer, and

(II) provide related coverage which is incidental to workmen's compensation insurance,


(ii) such organization must provide workmen's compensation insurance to any employer in the State (for employees in the State or temporarily assigned out-of-State) which seeks such insurance and meets other reasonable requirements relating thereto,

(iii)(I) the State makes a financial commitment with respect to such organization either by extending the full faith and credit of the State to the initial debt of such organization or by providing the initial operating capital of such organization, and (II) in the case of periods after the date of enactment of this subparagraph, the assets of such organization revert to the State upon dissolution or State law does not permit the dissolution of such organization, and

(iv) the majority of the board of directors or oversight body of such organization are appointed by the chief executive officer or other executive branch official of the State, by the State legislature, or by both.


(28) The National Railroad Retirement Investment Trust established under section 15(j) of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1974.

(29) CO–OP

(A) .—A qualified nonprofit health insurance issuer (within the meaning of section 1322 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act) which has received a loan or grant under the CO–OP program under such section, but only with respect to periods for which the issuer is in compliance with the requirements of such section and any agreement with respect to the loan or grant.

(B) .—Subparagraph (A) shall apply to an organization only if—

(i) the organization has given notice to the Secretary, in such manner as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe, that it is applying for recognition of its status under this paragraph,

(ii) except as provided in section 1322(c)(4) of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual,

(iii) no substantial part of the activities of which is carrying on propaganda, or otherwise attempting, to influence legislation, and

(iv) the organization does not participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing or distributing of statements), any political campaign on behalf of (or in opposition to) any candidate for public office.

(d) Religious and apostolic organizations

The following organizations are referred to in subsection (a): Religious or apostolic associations or corporations, if such associations or corporations have a common treasury or community treasury, even if such associations or corporations engage in business for the common benefit of the members, but only if the members thereof include (at the time of filing their returns) in their gross income their entire pro rata shares, whether distributed or not, of the taxable income of the association or corporation for such year. Any amount so included in the gross income of a member shall be treated as a dividend received.

(e) Cooperative hospital service organizations

For purposes of this title, an organization shall be treated as an organization organized and operated exclusively for charitable purposes, if—

(1) such organization is organized and operated solely—

(A) to perform, on a centralized basis, one or more of the following services which, if performed on its own behalf by a hospital which is an organization described in subsection (c)(3) and exempt from taxation under subsection (a), would constitute activities in exercising or performing the purpose or function constituting the basis for its exemption: data processing, purchasing (including the purchasing of insurance on a group basis), warehousing, billing and collection (including the purchase of patron accounts receivable on a recourse basis), food, clinical, industrial engineering, laboratory, printing, communications, record center, and personnel (including selection, testing, training, and education of personnel) services; and

(B) to perform such services solely for two or more hospitals each of which is—

(i) an organization described in subsection (c)(3) which is exempt from taxation under subsection (a),

(ii) a constituent part of an organization described in subsection (c)(3) which is exempt from taxation under subsection (a) and which, if organized and operated as a separate entity, would constitute an organization described in subsection (c)(3), or

(iii) owned and operated by the United States, a State, the District of Columbia, or a possession of the United States, or a political subdivision or an agency or instrumentality of any of the foregoing;


(2) such organization is organized and operated on a cooperative basis and allocates or pays, within 8½ months after the close of its taxable year, all net earnings to patrons on the basis of services performed for them; and

(3) if such organization has capital stock, all of such stock outstanding is owned by its patrons.


For purposes of this title, any organization which, by reason of the preceding sentence, is an organization described in subsection (c)(3) and exempt from taxation under subsection (a), shall be treated as a hospital and as an organization referred to in section 170(b)(1)(A)(iii).

(f) Cooperative service organizations of operating educational organizations

For purposes of this title, if an organization is—

(1) organized and operated solely to hold, commingle, and collectively invest and reinvest (including arranging for and supervising the performance by independent contractors of investment services related thereto) in stocks and securities, the moneys contributed thereto by each of the members of such organization, and to collect income therefrom and turn over the entire amount thereof, less expenses, to such members,

(2) organized and controlled by one or more such members, and

(3) comprised solely of members that are organizations described in clause (ii) or (iv) of section 170(b)(1)(A)—

(A) which are exempt from taxation under subsection (a), or

(B) the income of which is excluded from taxation under section 115(a),


then such organization shall be treated as an organization organized and operated exclusively for charitable purposes.

(g) Definition of agricultural

For purposes of subsection (c)(5), the term “agricultural” includes the art or science of cultivating land, harvesting crops or aquatic resources, or raising livestock.

(h) Expenditures by public charities to influence legislation

(1) General rule

In the case of an organization to which this subsection applies, exemption from taxation under subsection (a) shall be denied because a substantial part of the activities of such organization consists of carrying on propaganda, or otherwise attempting, to influence legislation, but only if such organization normally—

(A) makes lobbying expenditures in excess of the lobbying ceiling amount for such organization for each taxable year, or

(B) makes grass roots expenditures in excess of the grass roots ceiling amount for such organization for each taxable year.

(2) Definitions

For purposes of this subsection—

(A) Lobbying expenditures

The term “lobbying expenditures” means expenditures for the purpose of influencing legislation (as defined in section 4911(d)).

(B) Lobbying ceiling amount

The lobbying ceiling amount for any organization for any taxable year is 150 percent of the lobbying nontaxable amount for such organization for such taxable year, determined under section 4911.

(C) Grass roots expenditures

The term “grass roots expenditures” means expenditures for the purpose of influencing legislation (as defined in section 4911(d) without regard to paragraph (1)(B) thereof).

(D) Grass roots ceiling amount

The grass roots ceiling amount for any organization for any taxable year is 150 percent of the grass roots nontaxable amount for such organization for such taxable year, determined under section 4911.

(3) Organizations to which this subsection applies

This subsection shall apply to any organization which has elected (in such manner and at such time as the Secretary may prescribe) to have the provisions of this subsection apply to such organization and which, for the taxable year which includes the date the election is made, is described in subsection (c)(3) and—

(A) is described in paragraph (4), and

(B) is not a disqualified organization under paragraph (5).

(4) Organizations permitted to elect to have this subsection apply

An organization is described in this paragraph if it is described in—

(A) section 170(b)(1)(A)(ii) (relating to educational institutions),

(B) section 170(b)(1)(A)(iii) (relating to hospitals and medical research organizations),

(C) section 170(b)(1)(A)(iv) (relating to organizations supporting government schools),

(D) section 170(b)(1)(A)(vi) (relating to organizations publicly supported by charitable contributions),

(E) section 509(a)(2) (relating to organizations publicly supported by admissions, sales, etc.), or

(F) section 509(a)(3) (relating to organizations supporting certain types of public charities) except that for purposes of this subparagraph, section 509(a)(3) shall be applied without regard to the last sentence of section 509(a).

(5) Disqualified organizations

For purposes of paragraph (3) an organization is a disqualified organization if it is—

(A) described in section 170(b)(1)(A)(i) (relating to churches),

(B) an integrated auxiliary of a church or of a convention or association of churches, or

(C) a member of an affiliated group of organizations (within the meaning of section 4911(f)(2)) if one or more members of such group is described in subparagraph (A) or (B).

(6) Years for which election is effective

An election by an organization under this subsection shall be effective for all taxable years of such organization which—

(A) end after the date the election is made, and

(B) begin before the date the election is revoked by such organization (under regulations prescribed by the Secretary).

(7) No effect on certain organizations

With respect to any organization for a taxable year for which—

(A) such organization is a disqualified organization (within the meaning of paragraph (5)), or

(B) an election under this subsection is not in effect for such organization,


nothing in this subsection or in section 4911 shall be construed to affect the interpretation of the phrase, “no substantial part of the activities of which is carrying on propaganda, or otherwise attempting, to influence legislation,” under subsection (c)(3).

(8) Affiliated organizations

For rules regarding affiliated organizations, see section 4911(f).

(i) Prohibition of discrimination by certain social clubs

Notwithstanding subsection (a), an organization which is described in subsection (c)(7) shall not be exempt from taxation under subsection (a) for any taxable year if, at any time during such taxable year, the charter, bylaws, or other governing instrument, of such organization or any written policy statement of such organization contains a provision which provides for discrimination against any person on the basis of race, color, or religion. The preceding sentence to the extent it relates to discrimination on the basis of religion shall not apply to—

(1) an auxiliary of a fraternal beneficiary society if such society—

(A) is described in subsection (c)(8) and exempt from tax under subsection (a), and

(B) limits its membership to the members of a particular religion, or


(2) a club which in good faith limits its membership to the members of a particular religion in order to further the teachings or principles of that religion, and not to exclude individuals of a particular race or color.

(j) Special rules for certain amateur sports organizations

(1) In general

In the case of a qualified amateur sports organization—

(A) the requirement of subsection (c)(3) that no part of its activities involve the provision of athletic facilities or equipment shall not apply, and

(B) such organization shall not fail to meet the requirements of subsection (c)(3) merely because its membership is local or regional in nature.

(2) Qualified amateur sports organization defined

For purposes of this subsection, the term “qualified amateur sports organization” means any organization organized and operated exclusively to foster national or international amateur sports competition if such organization is also organized and operated primarily to conduct national or international competition in sports or to support and develop amateur athletes for national or international competition in sports.

(k) Treatment of certain organizations providing child care

For purposes of subsection (c)(3) of this section and sections 170(c)(2), 2055(a)(2), and 2522(a)(2), the term “educational purposes” includes the providing of care of children away from their homes if—

(1) substantially all of the care provided by the organization is for purposes of enabling individuals to be gainfully employed, and

(2) the services provided by the organization are available to the general public.

(l) Government corporations exempt under subsection (c)(1)

For purposes of subsection (c)(1), the following organizations are described in this subsection:

(1) The Central Liquidity Facility established under title III of the Federal Credit Union Act (12 U.S.C. 1795 et seq.).

(2) The Resolution Trust Corporation established under section 21A 1 of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act.

(3) The Resolution Funding Corporation established under section 21B of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act.

(4) The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute established under section 1181(b) of the Social Security Act.

(m) Certain organizations providing commercial-type insurance not exempt from tax

(1) Denial of tax exemption where providing commercial-type insurance is substantial part of activities

An organization described in paragraph (3) or (4) of subsection (c) shall be exempt from tax under subsection (a) only if no substantial part of its activities consists of providing commercial-type insurance.

(2) Other organizations taxed as insurance companies on insurance business

In the case of an organization described in paragraph (3) or (4) of subsection (c) which is exempt from tax under subsection (a) after the application of paragraph (1) of this subsection—

(A) the activity of providing commercial-type insurance shall be treated as an unrelated trade or business (as defined in section 513), and

(B) in lieu of the tax imposed by section 511 with respect to such activity, such organization shall be treated as an insurance company for purposes of applying subchapter L with respect to such activity.

(3) Commercial-type insurance

For purposes of this subsection, the term “commercial-type insurance” shall not include—

(A) insurance provided at substantially below cost to a class of charitable recipients,

(B) incidental health insurance provided by a health maintenance organization of a kind customarily provided by such organizations,

(C) property or casualty insurance provided (directly or through an organization described in section 414(e)(3)(B)(ii)) by a church or convention or association of churches for such church or convention or association of churches,

(D) providing retirement or welfare benefits (or both) by a church or a convention or association of churches (directly or through an organization described in section 414(e)(3)(A) or 414(e)(3)(B)(ii)) for the employees (including employees described in section 414(e)(3)(B)) of such church or convention or association of churches or the beneficiaries of such employees, and

(E) charitable gift annuities.

(4) Insurance includes annuities

For purposes of this subsection, the issuance of annuity contracts shall be treated as providing insurance.

(5) Charitable gift annuity

For purposes of paragraph (3)(E), the term “charitable gift annuity” means an annuity if—

(A) a portion of the amount paid in connection with the issuance of the annuity is allowable as a deduction under section 170 or 2055, and

(B) the annuity is described in section 514(c)(5) (determined as if any amount paid in cash in connection with such issuance were property).

(n) Charitable risk pools

(1) In general

For purposes of this title—

(A) a qualified charitable risk pool shall be treated as an organization organized and operated exclusively for charitable purposes, and

(B) subsection (m) shall not apply to a qualified charitable risk pool.

(2) Qualified charitable risk pool

For purposes of this subsection, the term “qualified charitable risk pool” means any organization—

(A) which is organized and operated solely to pool insurable risks of its members (other than risks related to medical malpractice) and to provide information to its members with respect to loss control and risk management,

(B) which is comprised solely of members that are organizations described in subsection (c)(3) and exempt from tax under subsection (a), and

(C) which meets the organizational requirements of paragraph (3).

(3) Organizational requirements

An organization (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as the “risk pool”) meets the organizational requirements of this paragraph if—

(A) such risk pool is organized as a nonprofit organization under State law provisions authorizing risk pooling arrangements for charitable organizations,

(B) such risk pool is exempt from any income tax imposed by the State (or will be so exempt after such pool qualifies as an organization exempt from tax under this title),

(C) such risk pool has obtained at least $1,000,000 in startup capital from nonmember charitable organizations,

(D) such risk pool is controlled by a board of directors elected by its members, and

(E) the organizational documents of such risk pool require that—

(i) each member of such pool shall at all times be an organization described in subsection (c)(3) and exempt from tax under subsection (a),

(ii) any member which receives a final determination that it no longer qualifies as an organization described in subsection (c)(3) shall immediately notify the pool of such determination and the effective date of such determination, and

(iii) each policy of insurance issued by the risk pool shall provide that such policy will not cover the insured with respect to events occurring after the date such final determination was issued to the insured.


An organization shall not cease to qualify as a qualified charitable risk pool solely by reason of the failure of any of its members to continue to be an organization described in subsection (c)(3) if, within a reasonable period of time after such pool is notified as required under subparagraph (E)(ii), such pool takes such action as may be reasonably necessary to remove such member from such pool.

(4) Other definitions

For purposes of this subsection—

(A) Startup capital

The term “startup capital” means any capital contributed to, and any program-related investments (within the meaning of section 4944(c)) made in, the risk pool before such pool commences operations.

(B) Nonmember charitable organization

The term “nonmember charitable organization” means any organization which is described in subsection (c)(3) and exempt from tax under subsection (a) and which is not a member of the risk pool and does not benefit (directly or indirectly) from the insurance coverage provided by the pool to its members.

(o) Treatment of hospitals participating in provider-sponsored organizations

An organization shall not fail to be treated as organized and operated exclusively for a charitable purpose for purposes of subsection (c)(3) solely because a hospital which is owned and operated by such organization participates in a provider-sponsored organization (as defined in section 1855(d) of the Social Security Act), whether or not the provider-sponsored organization is exempt from tax. For purposes of subsection (c)(3), any person with a material financial interest in such a provider-sponsored organization shall be treated as a private shareholder or individual with respect to the hospital.

(p) Suspension of tax-exempt status of terrorist organizations

(1) In general

The exemption from tax under subsection (a) with respect to any organization described in paragraph (2), and the eligibility of any organization described in paragraph (2) to apply for recognition of exemption under subsection (a), shall be suspended during the period described in paragraph (3).

(2) Terrorist organizations

An organization is described in this paragraph if such organization is designated or otherwise individually identified—

(A) under section 212(a)(3)(B)(vi)(II) or 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act as a terrorist organization or foreign terrorist organization,

(B) in or pursuant to an Executive order which is related to terrorism and issued under the authority of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act or section 5 of the United Nations Participation Act of 1945 for the purpose of imposing on such organization an economic or other sanction, or

(C) in or pursuant to an Executive order issued under the authority of any Federal law if—

(i) the organization is designated or otherwise individually identified in or pursuant to such Executive order as supporting or engaging in terrorist activity (as defined in section 212(a)(3)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act) or supporting terrorism (as defined in section 140(d)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989); and

(ii) such Executive order refers to this subsection.

(3) Period of suspension

With respect to any organization described in paragraph (2), the period of suspension—

(A) begins on the later of—

(i) the date of the first publication of a designation or identification described in paragraph (2) with respect to such organization, or

(ii) the date of the enactment of this subsection, and


(B) ends on the first date that all designations and identifications described in paragraph (2) with respect to such organization are rescinded pursuant to the law or Executive order under which such designation or identification was made.

(4) Denial of deduction

No deduction shall be allowed under any provision of this title, including sections 170, 545(b)(2), 556(b)(2),5 642(c), 2055, 2106(a)(2), and 2522, with respect to any contribution to an organization described in paragraph (2) during the period described in paragraph (3).

(5) Denial of administrative or judicial challenge of suspension or denial of deduction

Notwithstanding section 7428 or any other provision of law, no organization or other person may challenge a suspension under paragraph (1), a designation or identification described in paragraph (2), the period of suspension described in paragraph (3), or a denial of a deduction under paragraph (4) in any administrative or judicial proceeding relating to the Federal tax liability of such organization or other person.

(6) Erroneous designation

(A) In general

If—

(i) the tax exemption of any organization described in paragraph (2) is suspended under paragraph (1),

(ii) each designation and identification described in paragraph (2) which has been made with respect to such organization is determined to be erroneous pursuant to the law or Executive order under which such designation or identification was made, and

(iii) the erroneous designations and identifications result in an overpayment of income tax for any taxable year by such organization,


credit or refund (with interest) with respect to such overpayment shall be made.

(B) Waiver of limitations

If the credit or refund of any overpayment of tax described in subparagraph (A)(iii) is prevented at any time by the operation of any law or rule of law (including res judicata), such credit or refund may nevertheless be allowed or made if the claim therefor is filed before the close of the 1-year period beginning on the date of the last determination described in subparagraph (A)(ii).

(7) Notice of suspensions

If the tax exemption of any organization is suspended under this subsection, the Internal Revenue Service shall update the listings of tax-exempt organizations and shall publish appropriate notice to taxpayers of such suspension and of the fact that contributions to such organization are not deductible during the period of such suspension.

(q) Special rules for credit counseling organizations

(1) In general

An organization with respect to which the provision of credit counseling services is a substantial purpose shall not be exempt from tax under subsection (a) unless such organization is described in paragraph (3) or (4) of subsection (c) and such organization is organized and operated in accordance with the following requirements:

(A) The organization—

(i) provides credit counseling services tailored to the specific needs and circumstances of consumers,

(ii) makes no loans to debtors (other than loans with no fees or interest) and does not negotiate the making of loans on behalf of debtors,

(iii) provides services for the purpose of improving a consumer's credit record, credit history, or credit rating only to the extent that such services are incidental to providing credit counseling services, and

(iv) does not charge any separately stated fee for services for the purpose of improving any consumer's credit record, credit history, or credit rating.


(B) The organization does not refuse to provide credit counseling services to a consumer due to the inability of the consumer to pay, the ineligibility of the consumer for debt management plan enrollment, or the unwillingness of the consumer to enroll in a debt management plan.

(C) The organization establishes and implements a fee policy which—

(i) requires that any fees charged to a consumer for services are reasonable,

(ii) allows for the waiver of fees if the consumer is unable to pay, and

(iii) except to the extent allowed by State law, prohibits charging any fee based in whole or in part on a percentage of the consumer's debt, the consumer's payments to be made pursuant to a debt management plan, or the projected or actual savings to the consumer resulting from enrolling in a debt management plan.


(D) At all times the organization has a board of directors or other governing body—

(i) which is controlled by persons who represent the broad interests of the public, such as public officials acting in their capacities as such, persons having special knowledge or expertise in credit or financial education, and community leaders,

(ii) not more than 20 percent of the voting power of which is vested in persons who are employed by the organization or who will benefit financially, directly or indirectly, from the organization's activities (other than through the receipt of reasonable directors’ fees or the repayment of consumer debt to creditors other than the credit counseling organization or its affiliates), and

(iii) not more than 49 percent of the voting power of which is vested in persons who are employed by the organization or who will benefit financially, directly or indirectly, from the organization's activities (other than through the receipt of reasonable directors’ fees).


(E) The organization does not own more than 35 percent of—

(i) the total combined voting power of any corporation (other than a corporation which is an organization described in subsection (c)(3) and exempt from tax under subsection (a)) which is in the trade or business of lending money, repairing credit, or providing debt management plan services, payment processing, or similar services,

(ii) the profits interest of any partnership (other than a partnership which is an organization described in subsection (c)(3) and exempt from tax under subsection (a)) which is in the trade or business of lending money, repairing credit, or providing debt management plan services, payment processing, or similar services, and

(iii) the beneficial interest of any trust or estate (other than a trust which is an organization described in subsection (c)(3) and exempt from tax under subsection (a)) which is in the trade or business of lending money, repairing credit, or providing debt management plan services, payment processing, or similar services.


(F) The organization receives no amount for providing referrals to others for debt management plan services, and pays no amount to others for obtaining referrals of consumers.

(2) Additional requirements for organizations described in subsection (c)(3)

(A) In general

In addition to the requirements under paragraph (1), an organization with respect to which the provision of credit counseling services is a substantial purpose and which is described in paragraph (3) of subsection (c) shall not be exempt from tax under subsection (a) unless such organization is organized and operated in accordance with the following requirements:

(i) The organization does not solicit contributions from consumers during the initial counseling process or while the consumer is receiving services from the organization.

(ii) The aggregate revenues of the organization which are from payments of creditors of consumers of the organization and which are attributable to debt management plan services do not exceed the applicable percentage of the total revenues of the organization.

(B) Applicable percentage

(i) In general

For purposes of subparagraph (A)(ii), the applicable percentage is 50 percent.

(ii) Transition rule

Notwithstanding clause (i), in the case of an organization with respect to which the provision of credit counseling services is a substantial purpose and which is described in paragraph (3) of subsection (c) and exempt from tax under subsection (a) on the date of the enactment of this subsection, the applicable percentage is—

(I) 80 percent for the first taxable year of such organization beginning after the date which is 1 year after the date of the enactment of this subsection, and

(II) 70 percent for the second such taxable year beginning after such date, and

(III) 60 percent for the third such taxable year beginning after such date.

(3) Additional requirement for organizations described in subsection (c)(4)

In addition to the requirements under paragraph (1), an organization with respect to which the provision of credit counseling services is a substantial purpose and which is described in paragraph (4) of subsection (c) shall not be exempt from tax under subsection (a) unless such organization notifies the Secretary, in such manner as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe, that it is applying for recognition as a credit counseling organization.

(4) Credit counseling services; debt management plan services

For purposes of this subsection—

(A) Credit counseling services

The term “credit counseling services” means—

(i) the providing of educational information to the general public on budgeting, personal finance, financial literacy, saving and spending practices, and the sound use of consumer credit,

(ii) the assisting of individuals and families with financial problems by providing them with counseling, or

(iii) a combination of the activities described in clauses (i) and (ii).

(B) Debt management plan services

The term “debt management plan services” means services related to the repayment, consolidation, or restructuring of a consumer's debt, and includes the negotiation with creditors of lower interest rates, the waiver or reduction of fees, and the marketing and processing of debt management plans.

(r) Additional requirements for certain hospitals

(1) In general

A hospital organization to which this subsection applies shall not be treated as described in subsection (c)(3) unless the organization—

(A) meets the community health needs assessment requirements described in paragraph (3),

(B) meets the financial assistance policy requirements described in paragraph (4),

(C) meets the requirements on charges described in paragraph (5), and

(D) meets the billing and collection requirement described in paragraph (6).

(2) Hospital organizations to which subsection applies

(A) In general

This subsection shall apply to—

(i) an organization which operates a facility which is required by a State to be licensed, registered, or similarly recognized as a hospital, and

(ii) any other organization which the Secretary determines has the provision of hospital care as its principal function or purpose constituting the basis for its exemption under subsection (c)(3) (determined without regard to this subsection).

(B) Organizations with more than 1 hospital facility

If a hospital organization operates more than 1 hospital facility—

(i) the organization shall meet the requirements of this subsection separately with respect to each such facility, and

(ii) the organization shall not be treated as described in subsection (c)(3) with respect to any such facility for which such requirements are not separately met.

(3) Community health needs assessments

(A) In general

An organization meets the requirements of this paragraph with respect to any taxable year only if the organization—

(i) has conducted a community health needs assessment which meets the requirements of subparagraph (B) in such taxable year or in either of the 2 taxable years immediately preceding such taxable year, and

(ii) has adopted an implementation strategy to meet the community health needs identified through such assessment.

(B) Community health needs assessment

A community health needs assessment meets the requirements of this paragraph if such community health needs assessment—

(i) takes into account input from persons who represent the broad interests of the community served by the hospital facility, including those with special knowledge of or expertise in public health, and

(ii) is made widely available to the public.

(4) Financial assistance policy

An organization meets the requirements of this paragraph if the organization establishes the following policies:

(A) Financial assistance policy

A written financial assistance policy which includes—

(i) eligibility criteria for financial assistance, and whether such assistance includes free or discounted care,

(ii) the basis for calculating amounts charged to patients,

(iii) the method for applying for financial assistance,

(iv) in the case of an organization which does not have a separate billing and collections policy, the actions the organization may take in the event of non-payment, including collections action and reporting to credit agencies, and

(v) measures to widely publicize the policy within the community to be served by the organization.

(B) Policy relating to emergency medical care

A written policy requiring the organization to provide, without discrimination, care for emergency medical conditions (within the meaning of section 1867 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395dd)) to individuals regardless of their eligibility under the financial assistance policy described in subparagraph (A).

(5) Limitation on charges

An organization meets the requirements of this paragraph if the organization—

(A) limits amounts charged for emergency or other medically necessary care provided to individuals eligible for assistance under the financial assistance policy described in paragraph (4)(A) to not more than the amounts generally billed to individuals who have insurance covering such care, and

(B) prohibits the use of gross charges.

(6) Billing and collection requirements

An organization meets the requirement of this paragraph only if the organization does not engage in extraordinary collection actions before the organization has made reasonable efforts to determine whether the individual is eligible for assistance under the financial assistance policy described in paragraph (4)(A).

(7) Regulatory authority

The Secretary shall issue such regulations and guidance as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this subsection, including guidance relating to what constitutes reasonable efforts to determine the eligibility of a patient under a financial assistance policy for purposes of paragraph (6).

(s) Cross reference

For nonexemption of Communist-controlled organizations, see section 11(b) of the Internal Security Act of 1950 (64 Stat. 997; 50 U.S.C. 790(b)).

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 163; Mar. 13, 1956, ch. 83, §5(2), 70 Stat. 49; Pub. L. 86–428, §1, Apr. 22, 1960, 74 Stat. 54; Pub. L. 86–667, §1, July 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 534; Pub. L. 87–834, §8(d), Oct. 16, 1962, 76 Stat. 997; Pub. L. 89–352, §1, Feb. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 4; Pub. L. 89–800, §6(a), Nov. 8, 1966, 80 Stat. 1515; Pub. L. 90–364, title I, §109(a), June 28, 1968, 82 Stat. 269; Pub. L. 91–172, title I, §§101(j)(3)–(6), 121(b)(5)(A), (6)(A), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 526, 527, 541; Pub. L. 91–618, §1, Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1855; Pub. L. 92–418, §1(a), Aug. 29, 1972, 86 Stat. 656; Pub. L. 93–310, §3(a), June 8, 1974, 88 Stat. 235; Pub. L. 93–625, §10(c), Jan. 3, 1975, 88 Stat. 2119; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIII, §§1307(a)(1), (d)(1)(A), 1312(a), 1313(a), title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), title XXI, §§2113(a), 2134(b), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1720, 1727, 1730, 1834, 1907, 1927; Pub. L. 94–568, §§1(a), 2(a), Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2697; Pub. L. 95–227, §4(a), Feb. 10, 1978, 92 Stat. 15; Pub. L. 95–345, §1(a), Aug. 15, 1978, 92 Stat. 481; Pub. L. 95–600, title VII, §703(b)(2), (g)(2)(A), (B), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2939, 2940; Pub. L. 96–222, title I, §108(b)(2)(B), Apr. 1, 1980, 94 Stat. 226; Pub. L. 96–364, title II, §209(a), Sept. 26, 1980, 94 Stat. 1290; Pub. L. 96–601, §3(a), Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3496; Pub. L. 96–605, title I, §106(a), Dec. 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 3523; Pub. L. 97–119, title I, §103(c)(1), Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1638; Pub. L. 97–248, title II, §286(a), title III, §354(a), (b), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 569, 640, 641; Pub. L. 97–448, title III, §306(b)(5), Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2406; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title X, §§1032(a), 1079, div. B, title VIII, §2813(b), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1033, 1056, 1206; Pub. L. 99–272, title XI, §11012(b), Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 260; Pub. L. 99–514, title X, §§1012(a), 1024(b), title XI, §§1109(a), 1114(b)(14), title XVI, §1603(a), title XVIII, §§1879(k)(1), 1899A(15), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2390, 2406, 2435, 2451, 2768, 2909, 2959; Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10711(a)(2), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–464; Pub. L. 100–647, title I, §§1010(b)(4), 1011(c)(7)(D), 1016(a)(1)(A), (2)–(4), 1018(u)(14), (15), (34), title II, §2003(a)(1), (2), title VI, §6202(a), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3451, 3458, 3573, 3574, 3590, 3592, 3597, 3598, 3730; Pub. L. 101–73, title XIV, §1402(a), Aug. 9, 1989, 103 Stat. 550; Pub. L. 102–486, title XIX, §1940(a), Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3034; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13146(a), (b), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 443; Pub. L. 104–168, title XIII, §1311(b)(1), July 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 1477; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, §§1114(a), 1704(j)(5), Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1759, 1882; Pub. L. 104–191, title III, §§341(a), 342(a), Aug. 21, 1996, 110 Stat. 2070; Pub. L. 105–33, title IV, §4041(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 360; Pub. L. 105–34, title I, §101(c), title IX, §§963(a), (b), 974(a), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 799, 892, 898; Pub. L. 105–206, title VI, §6023(6), (7), July 22, 1998, 112 Stat. 825; Pub. L. 107–16, title VI, §611(d)(3)(C), June 7, 2001, 115 Stat. 98; Pub. L. 107–90, title II, §202, Dec. 21, 2001, 115 Stat. 890; Pub. L. 108–121, title I, §§105(a), 108(a), Nov. 11, 2003, 117 Stat. 1338, 1339; Pub. L. 108–218, title II, §206(a), (b), Apr. 10, 2004, 118 Stat. 610, 611; Pub. L. 108–357, title III, §319(a), (b), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1470, 1471; Pub. L. 109–58, title XIII, §1304(a), (b), Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 997; Pub. L. 109–135, title IV, §412(bb), (cc), Dec. 21, 2005, 119 Stat. 2639; Pub. L. 109–280, title VIII, §862(a), title XII, §1220(a), Aug. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 1021, 1086; Pub. L. 111–148, title I, §1322(h)(1), title VI, §6301(f), title IX, §9007(a), title X, §10903(a), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 191, 747, 855, 1016; Pub. L. 111–152, title I, §1004(d)(4), Mar. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1035.)

References in Text

Sections 306A and 306B of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936, referred to in subsec. (c)(12)(B)(iv), are classified to sections 936a and 936b, respectively, of Title 7, Agriculture. Section 311 of the Act was classified to section 940a of Title 7 prior to repeal by Pub. L. 104–127, title VII, §780, Apr. 4, 1996, 110 Stat. 1151.

The date of the enactment of this subparagraph, referred to in subsec. (c)(12)(H)(vii), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 108–357, which was approved Oct. 22, 2004.

The Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977, referred to in subsec. (c)(21)(D)(i), is Pub. L. 91–173, Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 742, as amended by Pub. L. 95–164, Nov. 9, 1977, 91 Stat. 1290. Part C of title IV of the Act is classified generally to part C (§931 et seq.) of subchapter IV of chapter 22 of Title 30, Mineral Lands and Mining. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 801 of Title 30 and Tables.

Section 4223 of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, referred to in subsec. (c)(22)(A)(i), (C), (D), is classified to section 1403 of Title 29, Labor.

Section 4049 of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, referred to in subsec. (c)(24), was classified to section 1349 of Title 29, prior to its repeal by Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, §9312(a), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–361.

The date of the enactment of the Single-Employer Pension Plan Amendments Act of 1986, referred to in subsec. (c)(24), is the date of enactment of title XI of Pub. L. 99–272, which was approved Apr. 7, 1986.

The date of enactment of this subparagraph, referred to in subsec. (c)(27)(B)(iii)(I), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 105–34, which was approved Aug. 5, 1997.

Section 15(j) of the Railroad Retirement Act of 1974, referred to in subsec. (c)(28), is classified to section 231n(j) of Title 45, Railroads.

Section 1322 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, referred to in subsec. (c)(29)(A), (B)(ii), is classified to section 18042 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

The provisions of subsec. (a) of section 115, referred to in subsec. (f)(3)(B), now comprise section 115 in its entirety, following the deletion therefrom of the subsec. (a) designation by section 1901(a)(19) of Pub. L. 94–455.

The Federal Credit Union Act, referred to in subsec. (l)(1), is act June 26, 1934, ch. 750, 48 Stat. 1216, as amended. Title III of the Federal Credit Union Act is classified generally to subchapter III (§1795 et seq.) of chapter 14 of Title 12, Banks and Banking. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1751 of Title 12 and Tables.

Sections 21A and 21B of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act, referred to in subsec. (l)(2), (3), are classified to former section 1441a and section 1441b, respectively, of Title 12, Banks and Banking. Section 21A of the Act was repealed by Pub. L. 111–203, title III, §364(b), July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 1555.

Sections 1181(b) and 1855(d) of the Social Security Act, referred to in subsecs. (l)(4) and (o), are classified to sections 1320e(b) and 1395w–25(d), respectively, of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.

Sections 212(a)(3)(B) and 219 of the Immigration and Nationality Act, referred to in subsec. (p)(2)(A), (C)(i), are classified to sections 1182(a)(3)(B) and 1189, respectively, of Title 8, Aliens and Nationality.

The International Emergency Economic Powers Act, referred to in subsec. (p)(2)(B), is title II of Pub. L. 95–223, Dec. 28, 1977, 91 Stat. 1626, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 35 (§1701 et seq.) of Title 50, War and National Defense. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1701 of Title 50 and Tables.

Section 5 of the United Nations Participation Act of 1945, referred to in subsec. (p)(2)(B), is classified to section 287c of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.

Section 140(d)(2) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989, referred to in subsec. (p)(2)(C)(i), is classified to section 2656f(d)(2) of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.

The date of the enactment of this subsection, referred to in subsec. (p)(3)(A)(ii), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 108–121, which was approved Nov. 11, 2003.

Section 556(b)(2), referred to in subsec. (p)(4), was repealed by Pub. L. 108–357, title IV, §413(a)(1), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1506.

The date of the enactment of this subsection, referred to in subsec. (q)(2)(B)(ii), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 109–280, which was approved Aug. 17, 2006.

Section 11(b) of the Internal Security Act of 1950 (64 Stat. 997; 50 U.S.C. 790(b)), referred to in subsec. (s), was repealed by Pub. L. 103–199, title VIII, §803(1), Dec. 17, 1993, 107 Stat. 2329.

Amendments

2010—Subsec. (c)(9). Pub. L. 111–152 inserted at end “For purposes of providing for the payment of sick and accident benefits to members of such an association and their dependents, the term ‘dependent’ shall include any individual who is a child (as defined in section 152(f)(1)) of a member who as of the end of the calendar year has not attained age 27.”

Subsec. (c)(29). Pub. L. 111–148, §1322(h)(1), added par. (29).

Subsec. (l)(4). Pub. L. 111–148, §6301(f), added par. (4).

Subsec. (r). Pub. L. 111–148, §9007(a), added subsec. (r). Former subsec. (r) redesignated (s).

Subsec. (r)(5)(A). Pub. L. 111–148, §10903(a), substituted “the amounts generally billed” for “the lowest amounts charged”.

Subsec. (s). Pub. L. 111–148, §9007(a), redesignated subsec. (r) as (s).

2006—Subsec. (c)(21)(C). Pub. L. 109–280, §862(a), amended introductory provisions and cls. (i) and (ii) generally. Prior to amendment, introductory provisions and cls. (i) and (ii) read as follows: “Payments described in subparagraph (A)(i)(IV) may be made from such trust during a taxable year only to the extent that the aggregate amount of such payments during such taxable year does not exceed the lesser of—

“(i) the excess (if any) (as of the close of the preceding taxable year) of—

“(I) the fair market value of the assets of the trust, over

“(II) 110 percent of the present value of the liability described in subparagraph (A)(i)(I) of such person, or

“(ii) the excess (if any) of—

“(I) the sum of a similar excess determined as of the close of the last taxable year ending before the date of the enactment of this subparagraph plus earnings thereon as of the close of the taxable year preceding the taxable year involved, over

“(II) the aggregate payments described in subparagraph (A)(i)(IV) made from the trust during all taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this subparagraph.”

Subsecs. (q), (r). Pub. L. 109–280, §1220(a), which directed the amendment of section 501 by adding subsec. (q) and redesignating former subsec. (q) as (r), without specifying the act to be amended, was executed by making the amendments to this section, which is section 501 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.

2005—Subsec. (c)(12)(C). Pub. L. 109–58, §1304(a), struck out concluding provisions which read as follows: “Clauses (ii) through (v) shall not apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006.”

Subsec. (c)(12)(F). Pub. L. 109–135, §412(bb)(1), substituted “subparagraph (C)(iv)” for “subparagraph (C)(iii)”.

Subsec. (c)(12)(G). Pub. L. 109–135, §412(bb)(2), substituted “subparagraph (C)(v)” for “subparagraph (C)(iv)”.

Subsec. (c)(12)(H)(x). Pub. L. 109–58, §1304(b), struck out cl. (x) which read as follows: “This subparagraph shall not apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006.”

Subsec. (c)(22)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 109–135, §412(cc), substituted “clause (ii) of paragraph (21)(D)” for “clause (ii) of paragraph (21)(B)”.

2004—Subsec. (c)(12)(C). Pub. L. 108–357, §319(a)(1), added cls. (ii) to (v) and concluding provisions and struck out former cl. (ii) which read as follows: “from the prepayment of a loan under section 306A, 306B, or 311 of the Rural Electrification Act of 1936 (as in effect on January 1, 1987).”

Subsec. (c)(12)(E) to (G). Pub. L. 108–357, §319(a)(2), added subpars. (E) to (G).

Subsec. (c)(12)(H). Pub. L. 108–357, §319(b), added subpar. (H).

Subsec. (c)(15)(A). Pub. L. 108–218, §206(a), amended subpar. (A) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (A) read as follows: “Insurance companies or associations other than life (including interinsurers and reciprocal underwriters) if the net written premiums (or, if greater, direct written premiums) for the taxable year do not exceed $350,000.”

Subsec. (c)(15)(C). Pub. L. 108–218, §206(b), inserted before period at end “, except that in applying section 831(b)(2)(B)(ii) for purposes of this subparagraph, subparagraphs (B) and (C) of section 1563(b)(2) shall be disregarded”.

2003—Subsec. (c)(19)(B). Pub. L. 108–121, §105(a), substituted “, widowers, ancestors, or lineal descendants” for “or widowers”.

Subsecs. (p), (q). Pub. L. 108–121, §108(a), added subsec. (p) and redesignated former subsec. (p) as (q).

2001—Subsec. (c)(18)(D)(iii). Pub. L. 107–16, §611(d)(3)(C), struck out “(other than paragraph (4) thereof)” after “section 402(g)”.

Subsec. (c)(28). Pub. L. 107–90 added par. (28).

1998—Subsec. (n)(3). Pub. L. 105–206, §6023(6), substituted “subparagraph (E)(ii)” for “subparagraph (C)(ii)” in concluding provisions.

Subsec. (o). Pub. L. 105–206, §6023(7), substituted “section 1855(d)” for “section 1853(e)”.

1997—Subsec. (c)(26). Pub. L. 105–34, §101(c), inserted concluding provisions “A spouse and any qualifying child (as defined in section 24(c)) of an individual described in subparagraph (B) (without regard to this sentence) shall be treated as described in subparagraph (B).”

Subsec. (c)(27). Pub. L. 105–34, §963(a), (b), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), redesignated former subpar. (A) as cl. (i), redesignated subpar. (B) as cl. (ii) and former cls. (i) and (ii) of subpar. (B) as subcls. (I) and (II), respectively, of cl. (ii), redesignated subpar. (C) as cl. (iii) and former cls. (i) and (ii) of subpar. (C) as subcls. (I) and (II), respectively, of cl. (iii), and added subpar. (B).

Subsec. (e)(1)(A). Pub. L. 105–34, §974(a), inserted “(including the purchase of patron accounts receivable on a recourse basis)” after “billing and collection”.

Subsecs. (o), (p). Pub. L. 105–33 added subsec. (o) and redesignated former subsec. (o) as (p).

1996—Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 104–168 designated existing provisions as subpar. (A) and added subpar. (B).

Subsec. (c)(21)(D)(ii)(III). Pub. L. 104–188, §1704(j)(5), substituted “section 101(7)” for “section 101(6)” and “1752(7)” for “1752(6)”.

Subsec. (c)(26). Pub. L. 104–191, §341(a), added par. (26).

Subsec. (c)(27). Pub. L. 104–191, §342(a), added par. (27).

Subsecs. (n), (o). Pub. L. 104–188, §1114(a), added subsec. (n) and redesignated former subsec. (n) as (o).

1993—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 103–66, §13146(b), inserted at end “Rules similar to the rules of subparagraph (G) of paragraph (25) shall apply for purposes of this paragraph.”

Subsec. (c)(25)(G). Pub. L. 103–66, §13146(a), added subpar. (G).

1992—Subsec. (c)(21). Pub. L. 102–486 amended par. (21) generally, substituting present provisions consisting of subpars. (A) to (D) for former provisions consisting of subpars. (A) and (B).

1989—Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 101–73 amended subsec. (l) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (l) read as follows: “The organization described in this subsection is the Central Liquidity Facility established under title III of the Federal Credit Union Act (12 U.S.C. 1795 et seq.).”

1988—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 100–647, §1018(u)(15), substituted “Any” for “any”.

Subsec. (c)(12)(B)(iv). Pub. L. 100–647, §2003(a)(1), added cl. (iv).

Subsec. (c)(12)(C). Pub. L. 100–647, §2003(a)(2), amended subpar. (C) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (C) read as follows: “In the case of a mutual or cooperative electric company, subparagraph (A) shall be applied without taking into account any income received or accrued from qualified pole rentals.”

Subsec. (c)(17)(A)(ii), (iii), (18)(B), (C). Pub. L. 100–647, §1018(u)(34), made technical amendments to Pub. L. 99–154, §1114(b)(14). See 1986 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (c)(18)(D)(iv). Pub. L. 100–647, §1011(c)(7)(D), added cl. (iv).

Subsec. (c)(23). Pub. L. 100–647, §1018(u)(14), substituted “Any” for “any”.

Subsec. (c)(25)(A). Pub. L. 100–647, §1016(a)(1)(A), inserted at end “For purposes of clause (iii), the term ‘real property’ shall not include any interest as a tenant in common (or similar interest) and shall not include any indirect interest.”

Subsec. (c)(25)(C)(v). Pub. L. 100–647, §1016(a)(3)(B), struck out cl. (v) which read as follows: “any organization described in this paragraph.”

Subsec. (c)(25)(D). Pub. L. 100–647, §1016(a)(2), substituted “A corporation or trust shall in no event be treated as described in subparagraph (A) unless such corporation or trust permits its shareholders or beneficiaries” for “A corporation or trust described in this paragraph must permit its shareholders or beneficiaries” in introductory text.

Subsec. (c)(25)(E), (F). Pub. L. 100–647, §1016(a)(3)(A), (4), added subpars. (E) and (F).

Subsec. (e)(1)(A). Pub. L. 100–647, §6202(a), inserted “(including the purchasing of insurance on a group basis)” after “purchasing”.

Subsec. (m)(3)(E). Pub. L. 100–647, §1010(b)(4)(A), added subpar. (E).

Subsec. (m)(5). Pub. L. 100–647, §1010(b)(4)(B), added par. (5).

1987—Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 100–203 inserted “(or in opposition to)” after “in behalf of”.

1986—Subsec. (c)(1)(A)(i). Pub. L. 99–514, §1899A(15), substituted “July 18, 1984” for “the date of the enactment of the Tax Reform Act of 1984”.

Subsec. (c)(14)(B)(iv). Pub. L. 99–514, §1879(k)(1), added cl. (iv).

Subsec. (c)(15). Pub. L. 99–514, §1024(b), amended par. (15) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (15) read as follows: “Mutual insurance companies or associations other than life or marine (including inter-insurers and reciprocal underwriters) if the gross amount received during the taxable year from the items described in section 822(b) (other than paragraph (1)(D) thereof) and premiums (including deposits and assessments) does not exceed $150,000.”

Subsec. (c)(17)(A)(ii), (iii), (18)(B), (C). Pub. L. 99–514, §1114(b)(14), as amended by Pub. L. 100–647, §1018(u)(34), substituted “highly compensated employees (within the meaning of section 414(q))” for “officers, shareholders, persons whose principal duties consist of supervising the work of other employees, or highly compensated employees”.

Subsec. (c)(18)(D). Pub. L. 99–514, §1109(a), added subpar. (D).

Subsec. (c)(24). Pub. L. 99–272 added par. (24).

Subsec. (c)(25). Pub. L. 99–514, §1603(a), added par. (25).

Subsecs. (m), (n). Pub. L. 99–514, §1012(a), added subsec. (m) and redesignated former subsec. (m) as (n).

1984—Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 98–369, §2813(b)(2), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A) and added subpar. (B).

Subsec. (c)(1)(A). Pub. L. 98–369, §1079, substituted provisions referring to corporations exempt from Federal income taxes under any Act of Congress as amended and supplemented before July 18, 1984, or under this title without regard to any provision of law not contained in this title and not contained in a revenue Act for provisions referring to corporations exempt from Federal income taxes under any Act of Congress as amended and supplemented.

Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 98–369, §1032(a), added subsec. (k). Former subsec. (k) redesignated (l).

Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 98–369, §2813(b)(1), added subsec. (l). Former subsec. (l) redesignated (m).

Pub. L. 98–369, §1032(a), redesignated former subsec. (k) as (l).

Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 98–369, §2813(b)(1), redesignated former subsec. (l) as (m).

1983—Subsec. (c)(23). Pub. L. 97–448 substituted “75 percent” for “25 percent”.

1982—Subsec. (c)(19). Pub. L. 97–248, §354(a)(1), substituted “past or present members of the Armed Forces of the United States” for “war veterans” after “A post or organization of”.

Subsec. (c)(19)(B). Pub. L. 97–248, §354(a)(2), substituted “past or present members of the Armed Forces of the United States” for “war veterans” wherever appearing, struck out “veterans (but not war veterans), or are” after “individuals who are”, and substituted “or of cadets” for “or such individuals” before “, and”.

Subsec. (c)(23). Pub. L. 97–248, §354(b), added par. (23).

Subsecs. (j), (k). Pub. L. 97–248, §286(a), added subsec. (j) and redesignated former subsec. (j) as (k).

1981—Subsec. (c)(21)(B)(iii). Pub. L. 97–119 substituted “established under section 9501” for “established under section 3 of the Black Lung Benefits Revenue Act of 1977”.

1980—Subsec. (c)(12). Pub. L. 96–605 designated existing provision as subpar. (A), struck out provision that, in the case of any mutual or cooperative telephone company, the 85 per cent or more income requirement be applied without taking into account any income received or accrued from a nonmember telephone company for the performance of communication services which involve members of such mutual or cooperative telephone company, and added subpars. (B) to (D).

Subsec. (c)(21). Pub. L. 96–222 substituted “Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977” for “Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969”.

Subsec. (c)(22). Pub. L. 96–364 added par. (22).

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 96–601 inserted provision that the restriction on religious discrimination not apply to an auxiliary of a fraternal beneficiary society if the society is described in subsec. (c)(8) of this section, is exempt from income tax under subsec. (a) of this section, and limits its membership to the members of a particular religion or to a club which in good faith limits its membership to the members of a particular religion in order to further the teachings or principles of that religion, and not to exclude individuals of a particular race or color.

1978—Subsec. (c)(12). Pub. L. 95–345 inserted provision relating to applicability of statutory provisions to mutual or cooperative telephone company of income received or accrued from a nonmember telephone company.

Subsec. (c)(20). Pub. L. 95–600, §703(b)(2), substituted “this paragraph” for “section 501(c)(20)”.

Subsec. (c)(21). Pub. L. 95–227 added par. (21).

Subsecs. (g), (i). Pub. L. 95–600, §703(g)(2)(B), redesignated subsec. (g), which was added by section 2(a) of Pub. L. 94–568, as subsec. (i). Former subsec. (i), relating to cross reference, redesignated (j).

Subsecs. (i), (j). Pub. L. 95–600, §703(g)(2)(A), amended Pub. L. 95–600, §2(a). See 1976 Amendment note below.

1976—Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 94–455, §§1313(a), 1307(d)(1)(A), inserted “or to foster national or international amateur sports competition (but only if no part of its activities involve the provision of athletic facilities or equipment)” after “educational purposes” and inserted “(except as otherwise provided in subsection (h))” after “influence legislation”.

Subsec. (c)(7). Pub. L. 94–568, §1(a), struck out requirement that clubs be “operated exclusively” for specified purposes but required that substantially all of club activities be for specified purposes.

Subsec. (c)(17), (18). Pub. L. 94–455, §1906(b)(13)(A), struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

Subsec. (c)(20). Pub. L. 94–455, §2134(b), added par. (20).

Subsec. (e)(1)(A). Pub. L. 94–455, §1312(a), inserted “clinical” after “food”.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 94–568, §2(a), added subsec. (g) relating to prohibition of discrimination by certain social clubs.

Pub. L. 94–455, §2113(a), added subsec. (g) defining agricultural. Former subsec. (g) redesignated (h).

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 94–455, §§1307(a)(1), 2113(a), added subsec. (h). Former subsec. (g), relating to cross reference, redesignated (h) and further redesignated (i).

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 94–568, §2(a), as amended by Pub. L. 95–600, §703(g)(2)(A), added subsec. (i). Former subsec. (i) redesignated (j).

Pub. L. 94–455, §1307(a)(1), redesignated subsec. (h), relating to cross reference, as (i).

Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 94–568, §2(a), as amended by Pub. L. 95–600, §703(g)(2)(A), redesignated subsec. (i), relating to cross reference, as (j).

1975—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 93–625 inserted references to part VI of this subchapter.

1974—Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 93–310 added subsec. (f) and redesignated former subsec. (f) as (g).

1972—Subsec. (c)(19). Pub. L. 92–418 added par. (19).

1970—Subsec. (c)(13). Pub. L., 91–618 substituted “corporation chartered solely for the purpose of disposal of bodies by burial or cremation which is not permitted” for “corporation chartered solely for burial purposes as a cemetery corporation and is not permitted”.

1969—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91–172, §101(j)(3), struck out reference to section 504.

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–172, §101(j)(4), inserted reference to certain other activities in heading and to part III in text, and struck out reference to tax on unrelated income.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91–172, §§101(j)(5), 121(b)(6)(A), substituted “part IV” for “part III” after “Corporations organized by an association subject to” and added par. 18.

Subsec. (c)(9). Pub. L. 91–172, §121(b)(5)(A), inserted reference to designated beneficiaries and struck out reference to 85 percent or more income of voluntary employees’ beneficiary associations.

Subsec. (c)(10). Pub. L. 91–172, §121(b)(5)(A), substituted provisions concerning domestic fraternal societies, orders, or associations, operating under the lodge system, for provisions covering voluntary employees’ beneficiary associations which would pay benefits to designated beneficiaries of members.

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 91–172, §101(j)(6), substituted “section 170(b)(1)(A)(iii)” for “section 503(b)(5)” in last sentence.

1968—Subsecs. (e), (f). Pub. L. 90–364 added subsec. (e) and redesignated former subsec. (e) as (f).

1966—Subsec. (c)(6). Pub. L. 89–800 inserted reference to professional football leagues (whether or not administering a pension fund for football players).

Subsec. (c)(14). Pub. L. 89–352 designated as subpar. (A) provisions covering credit unions which were formerly set out preceding subpar. (A), designated as subpar. (B) and clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) thereunder provisions covering corporation or associations without capital stock organized before Sept. 1, 1957, which formerly were set out as provisions preceding subpar. (A) and as subpars. (A), (B), and (C) respectively, and added subpar. (C).

1962—Subsec. (c)(15). Pub. L. 87–834 substituted “$150,000” for “$75,000”.

1960—Subsec. (c)(14). Pub. L. 86–428 substituted “September 1, 1957” for “September 1, 1951”.

Subsec. (c)(17). Pub. L. 86–667 added par. (17).

1956—Subsec. (c)(15). Act Mar. 13, 1956, substituted “the items described in section 822(b) (other than paragraph (1)(D) thereof)” for “interest, dividends, rents,”.

Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–148, title IX, §9007(f), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 858, provided that:

“(1) .—Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), the amendments made by this section [enacting section 4959 of this title and amending this section and section 6033 of this title] shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Mar. 23, 2010].

“(2) .—The requirements of section 501(r)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as added by subsection (a), shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date which is 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

“(3) .—The amendments made by subsection (b) [enacting section 4959 of this title] shall apply to failures occurring after the date of the enactment of this Act.”

Pub. L. 111–148, title X, §10903(b), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 1016, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Mar. 23, 2010].”

Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–280, title VIII, §862(b), Aug. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 1021, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2006.”

Pub. L. 109–280, title XII, §1220(c), Aug. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 1089, provided that:

“(1) .—Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 513 of this title] shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 17, 2006].

“(2) .—In the case of any organization described in paragraph (3) or (4) of section 501(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and with respect to which the provision of credit counseling services is a substantial purpose on the date of the enactment of this Act, the amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date which is 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act.”

Effective Date of 2005 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–58, title XIII, §1304(c), Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 997, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 8, 2005].”

Effective Date of 2004 Amendments

Pub. L. 108–357, title III, §319(e), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1473, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 512 and 1381 of this title] shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 2004].”

Pub. L. 108–218, title II, §206(e), Apr. 10, 2004, 118 Stat. 611, provided that:

“(1) .—Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 831 of this title] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2003.

“(2) .—In the case of a company or association which—

“(A) for the taxable year which includes April 1, 2004, meets the requirements of section 501(c)(15)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as in effect for the last taxable year beginning before January 1, 2004, and

“(B) on April 1, 2004, is in a receivership, liquidation, or similar proceeding under the supervision of a State court,

the amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after the earlier of the date such proceeding ends or December 31, 2007.”

Effective Date of 2003 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–121, title I, §105(b), Nov. 11, 2003, 117 Stat. 1338, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 11, 2003].”

Pub. L. 108–121, title I, §108(b), Nov. 11, 2003, 117 Stat. 1341, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to designations made before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 11, 2003].”

Effective Date of 2001 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–16 applicable to years beginning after Dec. 31, 2001, see section 611(i)(1) of Pub. L. 107–16, set out as a note under section 415 of this title.

Effective Date of 1997 Amendments

Amendment by section 101(c) of Pub. L. 105–34 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1997, see section 101(e) of Pub. L. 105–34, set out as an Effective Date note under section 24 of this title.

Section 963(c) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1997.”

Section 974(b) of Pub. L. 105–34 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1996.”

Section 4041(b) of Pub. L. 105–33 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 5, 1997].”

Effective Date of 1996 Amendments

Section 341(b) of Pub. L. 104–191 provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1996.”

Section 342(b) of Pub. L. 104–191 provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years ending after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 21, 1996].”

Section 1114(b) of Pub. L. 104–188 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 20, 1996].”

Section 1311(d)(3) of Pub. L. 104–168 provided that:

“(A) .—The amendment made by subsection (b) [amending this section] shall apply to inurement occurring on or after September 14, 1995.

“(B) .—The amendment made by subsection (b) shall not apply to any inurement occurring before January 1, 1997, pursuant to a written contract which was binding on September 13, 1995, and at all times thereafter before such inurement occurred.”

Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Section 13146(c) of Pub. L. 103–66 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 1994.”

Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–486 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1991, see section 1940(d) of Pub. L. 102–486, set out as a note under section 192 of this title.

Effective Date of 1989 Amendment

Section 1402(b) of Pub. L. 101–73 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 9, 1989].”

Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by section 1011(c)(7)(D) of Pub. L. 100–647 applicable to plan years beginning after Dec. 31, 1987, with exception in case of a plan described in section 1105(c)(2) of Pub. L. 99–514, see section 1011(c)(7)(E) of Pub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

Section 1016(a)(1)(B) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: “The amendment made by subparagraph (A) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to property acquired by the organization after June 10, 1987, except that such amendment shall not apply to any property acquired after June 10, 1987, pursuant to a binding written contract in effect on June 10, 1987, and at all times thereafter before such acquisition.”

Amendment by sections 1010(b)(4), 1016(a)(2)–(4), and 1018(u)(14), (15), (34) of Pub. L. 100–647 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99–514, to which such amendment relates, see section 1019(a) of Pub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.

Section 2003(a)(3) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: “The amendments made by this subsection [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years ending after the date of the enactment of the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986 [Oct. 21, 1986].”

Section 6202(b) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to purchases before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 10, 1988].”

Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–203 applicable with respect to activities after Dec. 22, 1987, see section 10711(c) of Pub. L. 100–203, set out as a note under section 170 of this title.

Effective Date of 1986 Amendments

Amendment by section 1012(a) of Pub. L. 99–514 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1986, see section 1012(c) of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as an Effective Date note under section 833 of this title.

Amendment by section 1024(b) of Pub. L. 99–514 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1986, see section 1024(e) of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 831 of this title.

Amendment by section 1109(a) of Pub. L. 99–514 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1986, see section 1109(c) of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 219 of this title.

Amendment by section 1114(b)(14) of Pub. L. 99–514 applicable to years beginning after Dec. 31, 1986, see section 1114(c)(1) of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 414 of this title.

Section 1603(c) of Pub. L. 99–514 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 514 of this title] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1986.”

Section 1879(k)(2) of Pub. L. 99–514 provided that: “The amendments made by this subsection [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years ending after August 13, 1981.”

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–272 effective Jan. 1, 1986, with certain exceptions, see section 11019 of Pub. L. 99–272, set out as a note under section 1341 of Title 29, Labor.

Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by section 1032 of Pub. L. 98–369 applicable to taxable years beginning after July 18, 1984, see section 1032(c) of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 170 of this title.

Amendment by section 2813(b) of Pub. L. 98–369 effective Oct. 1, 1979, see section 2813(c) of Pub. L. 98–369, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1795k of Title 12, Banks and Banking.

Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–448 effective as if included in the provisions of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982, Pub. L. 97–248, to which such amendment relates, see section 311(d) of Pub. L. 97–448, set out as a note under section 31 of this title.

Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Section 286(c) of Pub. L. 97–248 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 170, 2055, and 2522 of this title] shall take effect on October 5, 1976.”

Section 354(c) of Pub. L. 97–248 provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 3, 1982].”

Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–119 effective Jan. 1, 1982, see section 103(d)(1) of Pub. L. 97–119, set out as an Effective Date note under section 9501 of this title.

Effective Date of 1980 Amendments

Section 106(c)(1) of Pub. L. 96–605, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to all taxable years to which the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] applies.”

Section 3(b) of Pub. L. 96–601 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years beginning after October 20, 1976.”

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–364 applicable to taxable years ending after Sept. 26, 1980, see section 210(c) of Pub. L. 96–364, set out as an Effective Date note under section 418 of this title.

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–222 effective, except as otherwise provided, as if it had been included in the provisions of the Revenue Act of 1978, Pub. L. 95–600, to which such amendment relates, see section 201 of Pub. L. 96–222, set out as an Effective Date of 1980 Amendment note under section 32 of this title.

Effective Date of 1978 Amendments

Amendment by section 703(b)(2), (g)(2)(B) of Pub. L. 95–600 effective on Oct. 4, 1976, see section 703(r) of Pub. L. 95–600, set out as a note under section 46 of this title.

Section 703(g)(2)(C) of Pub. L. 95–600 provided that: “The amendments made by this paragraph [amending this section] shall take effect on October 20, 1976, as if included in Public Law 94–568.”

Section 1(b) of Pub. L. 95–345 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1974.”

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–227 applicable with respect to contributions, acts, and expenditures made after Dec. 31, 1977, in and for taxable years beginning after such date, see section 4(f) of Pub. L. 95–227, set out as a note under section 192 of this title.

Effective Date of 1976 Amendments

Section 1(d) of Pub. L. 94–568 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 277 and 512 of this title] shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 20, 1976].”

Section 2(b) of Pub. L. 94–568 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 20, 1976].”

Section 1307(e) of Pub. L. 94–455 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 170, 275, 2055, 2106, 2522, 6104, 6161, 6201, 6211, 6212, 6213, 6214, 6344, 6501, 6512, 6601, and 7422 of this title and enacting sections 504 and 4911 of this title] shall apply—

“(1) except as otherwise specified in paragraph (2), in the case of amendments to subtitle A, to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1976;

“(2) in the case of the amendments made by subsection (a)(2) [enacting section 504 of this title], to activities occurring after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 4, 1976];

“(3) in the case of amendments to chapter 11, to the estates of decedents dying after December 31, 1976;

“(4) in the case of amendments to chapter 12, to gifts in calendar years beginning after December 31, 1976;

“(5) in the case of amendments to subtitle D, to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1976; and

“(6) in the case of amendments to subtitle F, on and after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 4, 1976].”

Section 1312(b) of Pub. L. 94–455 provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years ending after December 31, 1976.”

Section 1313(d) of Pub. L. 94–455 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 170, 2055, and 2522 of this title] shall apply on the day following the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 4, 1976].”

Section 2113(b) of Pub. L. 94–455 provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] applies to taxable years ending after December 31, 1975.”

Effective Date of 1975 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 93–625 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1974, see section 10(e) of Pub. L. 93–625, set out as an Effective Date note under section 527 of this title.

Effective Date of 1974 Amendment

Section 3(b) of Pub. L. 93–310 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years ending after December 31, 1973.”

Effective Date of 1972 Amendment

Section 1(c) of Pub. L. 92–418 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 512 of this title] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1969.”

Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Section 2 of Pub L. 91–618 provided that: “The amendment made by the first section of this Act [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years ending after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 31, 1970].”

Effective Date of 1969 Amendment

Amendment by section 101(j)(3) of Pub. L. 91–172 effective Jan. 1, 1970, except that amendment of subsec. (a) of this section applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1969, see section 101(k)(1), (2)(B) of Pub. L. 91–172, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4940 of this title.

Amendment by section 121(b)(5)(A), (6)(A) of Pub. L. 91–172 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1969, see section 121(g) of Pub. L. 91–172, set out as a note under section 511 of this title.

Effective Date of 1968 Amendment

Section 109(b) of Pub. L. 90–364 provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years ending after the date of the enactment of this Act [June 28, 1968].”

Effective Date of 1966 Amendments

Section 6(c) of Pub. L. 89–800 provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years ending after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 8, 1966].”

Section 3 of Pub. 89–352 provided in part that: “The amendment made by the first section of this Act [amending this section] shall apply to taxable years ending after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 2, 1966].”

Effective Date of 1962 Amendment

Section 8(h) of Pub. L. 87–834 provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting sections 823 to 826 of this title, amending this section and sections 821, 822, 832, 841, 1016, and 1201 of this title, and redesignating former section 823 as section 822(f) of this title] (other than by subsection (f) [amending section 831 of this title]) shall apply with respect to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1962.”

Effective Date of 1960 Amendments

Section 6 of Pub. L. 86–667 provided that:

“(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), the amendments made by this Act [amending this section and sections 503, 511, 513, and 514 of this title] shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1959.

“(b) In the case of loans, the amendments made by section 2 of this Act [amending section 503 of this title] shall apply only to loans made, renewed, or continued after December 31, 1959.”

Section 2 of Pub. L. 86–428 provided that: “The amendment made by this Act [amending this section] shall apply only with respect to taxable years beginning after December 31, 1959.”

Effective Date of 1956 Amendment

Amendment by act Mar. 13, 1956, applicable only to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1954, see section 6 of act Mar. 13, 1956, set out as a note under section 316 of this title.

Regulations

Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate to issue before Feb. 1, 1988, final regulations to carry out amendments made by section 1114 of Pub. L. 99–514, see section 1141 of Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

Mandatory Review of Tax Exemption for Hospitals

Pub. L. 111–148, title IX, §9007(c), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 857, provided that: “The Secretary of the Treasury or the Secretary's delegate shall review at least once every 3 years the community benefit activities of each hospital organization to which section 501(r) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as added by this section) applies.”

Reports

Pub. L. 111–148, title IX, §9007(e), Mar. 23, 2010, 124 Stat. 858, provided that:

“(1) .—The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall submit to the Committees on Ways and Means, Education and Labor [now Education and the Workforce], and Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and to the Committees on Finance and Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate an annual report on the following:

“(A) Information with respect to private tax-exempt, taxable, and government-owned hospitals regarding—

“(i) levels of charity care provided,

“(ii) bad debt expenses,

“(iii) unreimbursed costs for services provided with respect to means-tested government programs, and

“(iv) unreimbursed costs for services provided with respect to non-means tested government programs.

“(B) Information with respect to private tax-exempt hospitals regarding costs incurred for community benefit activities.

“(2)

“(A) .—The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall conduct a study on trends in the information required to be reported under paragraph (1).

“(B) .—Not later than 5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act [Mar. 23, 2010], the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall submit a report on the study conducted under subparagraph (A) to the Committees on Ways and Means, Education and Labor [now Education and the Workforce], and Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and to the Committees on Finance and Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate.”

Payments by Charitable Organizations Treated as Exempt Payments

Pub. L. 107–134, title I, §104, Jan. 23, 2002, 115 Stat. 2431, provided that:

“(a) .—For purposes of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986—

“(1) payments made by an organization described in section 501(c)(3) of such Code by reason of the death, injury, wounding, or illness of an individual incurred as the result of the terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001, or an attack involving anthrax occurring on or after September 11, 2001, and before January 1, 2002, shall be treated as related to the purpose or function constituting the basis for such organization's exemption under section 501 of such Code if such payments are made in good faith using a reasonable and objective formula which is consistently applied; and

“(2) in the case of a private foundation (as defined in section 509 of such Code), any payment described in paragraph (1) shall not be treated as made to a disqualified person for purposes of section 4941 of such Code.

“(b) .—This section shall apply to payments made on or after September 11, 2001.”

Special Rule for Certain Cooperatives

Section 1311(b)(2) of Pub. L. 104–168 provided that: “In the case of an organization operating on a cooperative basis which, before the date of the enactment of this Act [July 30, 1996], was determined by the Secretary of the Treasury or his delegate, to be described in section 501(c)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from tax under section 501(a) of such Code, the allocation or return of net margins or capital to the members of such organization in accordance with its incorporating statute and bylaws shall not be treated for purposes of such Code as the inurement of the net earnings of such organization to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual. The preceding sentence shall apply only if such statute and bylaws are substantially as such statute and bylaws were in existence on the date of the enactment of this Act.”

Application of Pub. L. 100–647 to Section 501(c)(3) Bonds

Section 1013(i) of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: “In accordance with section 1302 of the Reform Act [Pub. L. 99–514, set out as a note below], each amendment and other provision of this Act [see Tables for classification] which applies to private activity bonds shall, unless otherwise expressly provided, apply to qualified 501(c)(3) bonds.”

Cancellation of Certain Debts Originated by or Guaranteed by United States Not Taken Into Account in Determining Tax Exempt Status of Certain Organizations

Section 6203 of Pub. L. 100–647 provided that: “Subparagraph (A) of section 501(c)(12) of the 1986 Code shall be applied without taking into account any income attributable to the cancellation of any loan originally made or guaranteed by the United States (or any agency or instrumentality thereof) if such cancellation occurs after 1986 and before 1990.”

Plan Amendments Not Required Until January 1, 1989

For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle A or subtitle C of title XI [§§1101–1147 and 1171–1177] or title XVIII [§§1800–1899A] of Pub. L. 99–514 require an amendment to any plan, such plan amendment shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1989, see section 1140 of Pub. L. 99–514, as amended, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

Treatment of Section 501(c)(3) Bonds

Section 1302 of title XIII of Pub. L. 99–514 provided that: “Nothing in the treatment of section 501(c)(3) bonds as private activity bonds under the amendments made by this title [enacting sections 141 to 150 and 7703 of this title, amending sections 2, 22, 25, 32, 86, 103, 105, 152, 153, 163, 172, 194, 269A, 414, 879, 1016, 1398, 3402, 4701, 4940, 4942, 4988, 6362, 6652, and 7871 of this title, repealing sections 103A, 1391 to 1397, and 6039B of this title, enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 141 and 148 of this title, and amending provisions set out as a note under section 103A of this title] shall be construed as indicating how section 501(c)(3) bonds will be treated in future legislation, and any change in future legislation applicable to private activity bonds shall apply to section 501(c)(3) bonds only if expressly provided in such legislation.”

Tax-Exempt Status for Organization Introducing Into Public Use Technology Developed by Qualified Organizations

Section 1605 of Pub. L. 99–514 provided that:

“(a) .—For purposes of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, an organization shall be treated as an organization organized and operated exclusively for charitable purposes if such organization—

“(1) is organized and operated exclusively—

“(A) to provide for (directly or by arranging for and supervising the performance by independent contractors)—

“(i) reviewing technology disclosures from qualified organizations,

“(ii) obtaining protection for such technology through patents, copyrights, or other means, and

“(iii) licensing, sale, or other exploitation of such technology,

“(B) to distribute the income therefrom, to such qualified organizations after paying expenses and other amounts as agreed with the originating qualified organizations, and

“(C) to make research grants to such qualified organizations,

“(2) regularly provides the services and research grants described in paragraph (1) exclusively to 1 or more qualified organizations, except that research grants may be made to such qualified organizations through an organization which is controlled by 1 or more organizations each of which—

“(A) is an organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 or the income of which is excluded from taxation under section 115 of such Code, and

“(B) may be a recipient of the services or research grants described in paragraph (1),

“(3) derives at least 80 percent of its gross revenues from providing services to qualified organizations located in the same State as the State in which such organization has its principal office, and

“(4) was incorporated on July 20, 1981.

“(b) .—For purposes of this section, the term ‘qualified organization’ has the same meaning given to such term by subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section 41(e)(6) (as redesignated by section 231(d)(2)) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

“(c)

“(1) .—A qualified investment made by a private foundation in an organization described in subparagraph (C) shall be treated as an investment described in section 4944(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and shall not result in imposition of taxes under section 4941, 4943, 4944, 4945, or 507(c) of such Code.

“(2) .—For purposes of this subsection—

“(A) .—The term ‘qualified investment’ means a transfer by a private foundation of—

“(i) all of the patents, copyrights, know-how, and other technology or rights thereto of the private foundation, and

“(ii) investment assets, net receivables, and cash not exceeding $35,000,000,

  to such organization in exchange for debt.

“(B) .—The term ‘private foundation’ means—

“(i) a nonprofit corporation which was incorporated before 1913 which is described in sections 501(c)(3) and 509(a) of such Code, and which is exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of such Code, and

“(ii) the principal purposes of which are to support research by and to provide technology transfer services to organizations described in section 170(b)(1)(A) of such Code—

     “(I) which are exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of such Code, or

     “(II) the income of which is excluded from taxation under section 115 of such Code.

“(C) .—The term ‘technology transfer organization’ means a corporation established after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 1986]—

“(i) which is organized and operated to advance the public welfare through the provision of technology transfer services to research organizations,

“(ii) no part of the net earnings of which inures to the benefit of, or is distributable to, any private shareholder, individual, or entity, other than a private foundation or research organization,

“(iii) which does not participate in, or intervene in (including the publishing or distributing of statements) any political campaign on behalf of any candidate for public office,

“(iv) no substantial part of the activities of which is carrying on propaganda, or otherwise attempting, to influence legislation, and

“(v) upon liquidation or dissolution of which all of its net assets can be distributed only to research organizations.

“(d) .—This section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 1986].”

Applicability of 1976 Amendment to Certain Organizations

Section 1313(c) of Pub. L. 94–455, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that: “An organization which (without regard to the amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 170, 2055, and 2522 of this title]) is an organization described in section 170(c)(2)(B), 501(c)(3), 2055(a)(2), or 2522(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] shall not be treated as an organization not so described as a result of the amendments made by this section.”

Tax Exemption for Certain Puerto Rican Pension, etc., Plans

Section 1022(i) of Pub. L. 93–406, title II, Sept. 2, 1974, 88 Stat. 942, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:

“(1) .—Effective for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1973, for purposes of section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] (relating to exemption from tax), any trust forming part of a pension, profit-sharing, or stock bonus plan all of the participants of which are residents of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico shall be treated as an organization described in section 401(a) of such Code if such trust—

“(A) forms part of a pension, profit-sharing, or stock bonus plan, and

“(B) is exempt from income tax under the laws of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

“(2)

“(A) If the administrator of a pension, profit-sharing, or stock bonus plan which is created or organized in Puerto Rico elects, at such time and in such manner as the Secretary of the Treasury may require, to have the provisions of this paragraph apply, for plan years beginning after the date of election any trust forming a part of such plan shall be treated as a trust created or organized in the United States for purposes of section 401(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

“(B) An election under subparagraph (A), once made, is irrevocable.

“(C) This paragraph applies to plan years beginning after the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 2, 1974]

“(D) The source of any distributions made under a plan which makes an election under this paragraph to participants and beneficiaries residing outside of the United States shall be determined, for purposes of subchapter N of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 by the Secretary of the Treasury in accordance with regulations prescribed by him. For purposes of this subparagraph the United States means the United States as defined in section 7701(a)(9) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.”

Exchanges for Sale of Poultry

Pub. L. 89–44, title VIII, §811, June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 169, provided that certain corporations, associations, or organizations organized and operated exclusively for the purpose of providing an exchange for the sale of poultry growers of a particular locality shall be treated for purposes of this title as an exempt organization and that such exemption shall apply to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1953, and ending after Aug. 16, 1954, which begin before Jan. 1, 1966.

§502. Feeder organizations

(a) General rule

An organization operated for the primary purpose of carrying on a trade or business for profit shall not be exempt from taxation under section 501 on the ground that all of its profits are payable to one or more organizations exempt from taxation under section 501.

(b) Special rule

For purposes of this section, the term “trade or business” shall not include—

(1) the deriving of rents which would be excluded under section 512(b)(3), if section 512 applied to the organization,

(2) any trade or business in which substantially all the work in carrying on such trade or business is performed for the organization without compensation, or

(3) any trade or business which is the selling of merchandise, substantially all of which has been received by the organization as gifts or contributions.

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 166; Pub. L. 91–172, title I, §121(b)(7), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 542.)

Amendments

1969—Pub. L. 91–172 redesignated first sentence of existing provisions as subsec. (a), and substantial portion of second sentence as subsec. (b)(1), and, in subsec. (b)(1) as so redesignated, inserted reference to section 512 of this title, and added pars. (2) and (3).

Effective Date of 1969 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 91–172 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1969, see section 121(g) of Pub. L. 91–172, set out as a note under section 511 of this title.

§503. Requirements for exemption

(a) Denial of exemption to organizations engaged in prohibited transactions

(1) General rule

(A) An organization described in section 501(c)(17) shall not be exempt from taxation under section 501(a) if it has engaged in a prohibited transaction after December 31, 1959.

(B) An organization described in section 401(a) which is referred to in section 4975(g) (2) or (3) shall not be exempt from taxation under section 501(a) if it has engaged in a prohibited transaction after March 1, 1954.

(C) An organization described in section 501(c)(18) shall not be exempt from taxation under section 501(a) if it has engaged in a prohibited transaction after December 31, 1969.

(2) Taxable years affected

An organization described in section 501(c) (17) or (18) or paragraph (1)(B) shall be denied exemption from taxation under section 501(a) by reason of paragraph (1) only for taxable years after the taxable year during which it is notified by the Secretary that it has engaged in a prohibited transaction, unless such organization entered into such prohibited transaction with the purpose of diverting corpus or income of the organization from its exempt purposes, and such transaction involved a substantial part of the corpus or income of such organization.

(b) Prohibited transactions

For purposes of this section, the term “prohibited transaction” means any transaction in which an organization subject to the provisions of this section—

(1) lends any part of its income or corpus, without the receipt of adequate security and a reasonable rate of interest, to;

(2) pays any compensation, in excess of a reasonable allowance for salaries or other compensation for personal services actually rendered, to;

(3) makes any part of its services available on a preferential basis to;

(4) makes any substantial purchase of securities or any other property, for more than adequate consideration in money or money's worth, from;

(5) sells any substantial part of its securities or other property, for less than an adequate consideration in money or money's worth, to; or

(6) engages in any other transaction which results in a substantial diversion of its income or corpus to;


the creator of such organization (if a trust); a person who has made a substantial contribution to such organization; a member of the family (as defined in section 267(c)(4)) of an individual who is the creator of such trust or who has made a substantial contribution to such organization; or a corporation controlled by such creator or person through the ownership, directly or indirectly, of 50 percent or more of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock entitled to vote or 50 percent or more of the total value of shares of all classes of stock of the corporation.

(c) Future status of organizations denied exemption

Any organization described in section 501(c) (17) or (18) or subsection (a)(1)(B) which is denied exemption under section 501(a) by reason of subsection (a) of this section, with respect to any taxable year following the taxable year in which notice of denial of exemption was received, may, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, file claim for exemption, and if the Secretary, pursuant to such regulations, is satisfied that such organization will not knowingly again engage in a prohibited transaction, such organization shall be exempt with respect to taxable years after the year in which such claim is filed.

[(d) Repealed. Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11801(a)(22), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–521]

(e) Special rules

For purposes of subsection (b)(1), a bond, debenture, note, or certificate or other evidence of indebtedness (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as “obligation”) shall not be treated as a loan made without the receipt of adequate security if—

(1) such obligation is acquired—

(A) on the market, either (i) at the price of the obligation prevailing on a national securities exchange which is registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or (ii) if the obligation is not traded on such a national securities exchange, at a price not less favorable to the trust than the offering price for the obligation as established by current bid and asked prices quoted by persons independent of the issuer;

(B) from an underwriter, at a price (i) not in excess of the public offering price for the obligation as set forth in a prospectus or offering circular filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, and (ii) at which a substantial portion of the same issue is acquired by persons independent of the issuer; or

(C) directly from the issuer, at a price not less favorable to the trust than the price paid currently for a substantial portion of the same issue by persons independent of the issuer;


(2) immediately following acquisition of such obligation—

(A) not more than 25 percent of the aggregate amount of obligations issued in such issue and outstanding at the time of acquisition is held by the trust, and

(B) at least 50 percent of the aggregate amount referred to in subparagraph (A) is held by persons independent of the issuer; and


(3) immediately following acquisition of the obligation, not more than 25 percent of the assets of the trust is invested in obligations of persons described in subsection (b).

(f) Loans with respect to which employers are prohibited from pledging certain assets

Subsection (b)(1) shall not apply to a loan made by a trust described in section 401(a) to the employer (or to a renewal of such a loan or, if the loan is repayable upon demand, to a continuation of such a loan) if the loan bears a reasonable rate of interest, and if (in the case of a making or renewal)—

(1) the employer is prohibited (at the time of such making or renewal) by any law of the United States or regulation thereunder from directly or indirectly pledging, as security for such a loan, a particular class or classes of his assets the value of which (at such time) represents more than one-half of the value of all his assets;

(2) the making or renewal, as the case may be, is approved in writing as an investment which is consistent with the exempt purposes of the trust by a trustee who is independent of the employer, and no other such trustee had previously refused to give such written approval; and

(3) immediately following the making or renewal, as the case may be, the aggregate amount loaned by the trust to the employer, without the receipt of adequate security, does not exceed 25 percent of the value of all the assets of the trust.


For purposes of paragraph (2), the term “trustee” means, with respect to any trust for which there is more than one trustee who is independent of the employer, a majority of such independent trustees. For purposes of paragraph (3), the determination as to whether any amount loaned by the trust to the employer is loaned without the receipt of adequate security shall be made without regard to subsection (e).

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 166; Pub. L. 85–866, title I, §30(a), (b), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1629, 1630; Pub. L. 86–667, §2, July 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 535; Pub. L. 87–792, §6, Oct. 10, 1962, 76 Stat. 827; Pub. L. 91–172, title I, §§101(j)(7)–(14), 121(b)(6)(B), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 527, 542; Pub. L. 93–406, title II, §2003(b), Sept. 2, 1974, 88 Stat. 978; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1906(b)(13)(A), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, §11801(a)(22), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–521.)

Amendments

1990—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–508 struck out subsec. (d) “Special rule for loans” which read as follows: “For purposes of the application of subsection (b)(1), in the case of a loan by a trust described in section 401(a), the following rules shall apply with respect to a loan made before March 1, 1954, which would constitute a prohibited transaction if made on or after March 1, 1954:

“(1) If any part of the loan is repayable prior to December 31, 1955, the renewal of such part of the loan for a period not extending beyond December 31, 1955, on the same terms, shall not be considered a prohibited transaction.

“(2) If the loan is repayable on demand, the continuation of the loan without the receipt of adequate security and a reasonable rate of interest beyond December 31, 1955, shall be considered a prohibited transaction.”

1976—Subsecs. (a)(2), (c). Pub. L. 94–455 struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.

1974—Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 93–406, §2003(b)(1), substituted “section 501(c)(17)” for “section 501(c)(17) or (18)”.

Subsec. (a)(1)(B). Pub. L. 93–406, §2003(b)(2), inserted “which is referred to in section 4975(g)(2) or (3)”.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 93–406, §2003(b)(3), substituted “or paragraph (1)(B)” for “or section 401”.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 93–406, §2003(b)(4), substituted “or subsection (a)(1)(B)” for “or section 401”.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 93–406, §2003(b)(5), struck out subsec. (g) which covered trusts benefiting certain owner-employees.

1969—Subsec. (a)(1)(A). Pub. L. 91–172, §§101(j)(7), 121(b)(6)(B)(ii), redesignated subpar. (B) as (A) and inserted reference to section 501(c)(18). Former subpar. (A), referring to organizations described in section 501(c)(3) and to prohibited transactions engaged in after July 1, 1950, was struck out.

Subsec. (a)(1)(B). Pub. L. 91–172, §101(j)(7), redesignated subpar. (C) as (B). Former subpar. (B), referring to organizations described in section 501(c)(17) was amended by addition of a reference to section 501(c)(18), and redesignated as subpar. (A).

Subsec. (a)(1)(C). Pub. L. 91–172, §§101(j)(7), 121(b)(6)(B)(i), added subpar. (C). Former subpar. (C), dealing with organizations described in section 401(a) and with prohibited transactions engaged in after Mar. 1, 1954, was redesignated as subpar. (B).

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 91–172, §§101(j)(8), 121(b)(6)(B)(ii), struck out reference to organizations described in section 501(c)(3), and inserted references to organizations described in section 501(c)(18).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–172, §101(j)(14), redesignated subsec. (c) as (b). Former subsec. (b), setting out the organizations to which section applied, was struck out.

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91–172, §§101(j)(9), (14), 121(b)(6)(B)(ii), redesignated subsec. (d) as (c), struck out reference to organizations described in section 501(c)(3), and inserted reference to organizations described in section 501(c)(17). Former subsec. (c) redesignated (b).

Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 91–172, §101(j)(10), (14), redesignated subsec. (g) as (d) and substituted “subsection (b)(1)” for “subsection (c)(1).” Former subsec. (d) redesignated (c).

Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 91–172, §101(j)(11), (14), redesignated subsec. (h) as (e), modified heading to read: “Special rules”, substituted “subsection (b)(1)” for “subsection (c)(1)” in text preceding par. (1) and in par. (3), and in text preceding par. (1) struck out “acquired by a trust described in section 401(a) or section 501(c)(17)”. Former subsec. (e), covering the disallowance of certain charitable deductions, was struck out.

Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 91–172, §101(j)(12), (14), redesignated subsec. (i) as (f) and substituted “Subsection (b)(1)” for “Subsection (c)(1)” and “subsection (e)” for “subsection (h)”. Former subsec. (f), defining “gift or bequest”, was struck out.

Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 91–172, §101(j)(13), (14), redesignated subsec. (j) as (g) and substituted “subsection (b)” for “subsection (c)” in par. (1). Former subsec. (g) redesignated (d).

Subsecs. (h) to (j). Pub. L. 91–172, §101(j)(14), redesignated subsecs. (h), (i), and (j) as (e), (f), and (g), respectively. Former subsecs. (e) and (f) were struck out and former subsec. (g) was redesignated (d).

1962—Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 87–792 added subsec. (j).

1960—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 86–667, §2(a)(1), denied exemption to an organization described in section 501(c)(17) if it has engaged in a prohibited transaction after Dec. 31, 1959.

Subsecs. (a)(2), (b), (d). Pub. L. 86–667, §2(a)(2), (b), (c), included organizations described in section 501(c)(17).

Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 86–667, §2(d), included trusts described in section 501(c)(17).

1958—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 85–866, §30(a), added subsec. (h).

Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 85–866, §30(b), added subsec. (i).

Effective Date of 1974 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 93–406 effective Jan. 1, 1975, but with provision for an election to be exercised by an organization so as to constitute a savings clause with reference to the amendment, see section 2003(c) of Pub. L. 93–406, set out as an Effective Date; Savings Provisions note under section 4975 of this title.

Effective Date of 1969 Amendment

Amendment by section 101(j)(7)–(14) of Pub. L. 91–172 effective Jan. 1, 1970, see section 101(k)(1) of Pub. L. 91–172, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4940 of this title.

Amendment by section 121(b)(6)(B) of Pub. L. 91–172 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1969, see section 121(g) of Pub. L. 91–172, set out as a note under section 511 of this title.

Effective Date of 1962 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 87–792 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1962, see section 8 of Pub. L. 87–792, set out as a note under section 22 of this title.

Effective Date of 1960 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 86–667 applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1959, and in the case of loans, the amendments to this section made by Pub. L. 86–667 are applicable only to loans made, renewed, or continued after Dec. 31, 1959, see section 6 of Pub. L. 86–667, set out as a note under section 501 of this title.

Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Section 30(c) of Pub. L. 85–866, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, §2, Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:

“(1) .—Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to taxable years ending after March 15, 1956. The amendment made by subsection (b) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to taxable years ending after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 2, 1958], but only with respect to periods after such date.

“(2) .—Nothing in subsection (a) [amending this section] shall be construed to make any transaction a prohibited transaction which, under announcements of the Internal Revenue Service made with respect to section 503(c)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] before the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 2, 1958], would not constitute a prohibited transaction. In the case of any bond, debenture, note, or certificate or other evidence of indebtedness acquired before the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 2, 1958], by a trust described in section 401(a) of such Code which is held on such date, paragraphs (2) and (3) of section 503(h) of such Code shall be treated as satisfied if such requirements would have been satisfied if such obligation had been acquired on such date of enactment [Sept. 2, 1958].”

Savings Provision

For provisions that nothing in amendment by Pub. L. 101–508 be construed to affect treatment of certain transactions occurring, property acquired, or items of income, loss, deduction, or credit taken into account prior to Nov. 5, 1990, for purposes of determining liability for tax for periods ending after Nov. 5, 1990, see section 11821(b) of Pub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 45K of this title.

§504. Status after organization ceases to qualify for exemption under section 501(c)(3) because of substantial lobbying or because of political activities

(a) General rule

An organization which—

(1) was exempt (or was determined by the Secretary to be exempt) from taxation under section 501(a) by reason of being an organization described in section 501(c)(3), and

(2) is not an organization described in section 501(c)(3)—

(A) by reason of carrying on propaganda, or otherwise attempting, to influence legislation, or

(B) by reason of participating in, or intervening in, any political campaign on behalf of (or in opposition to) any candidate for public office,


shall not at any time thereafter be treated as an organization described in section 501(c)(4).

(b) Regulations to prevent avoidance

The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary or appropriate to prevent the avoidance of subsection (a), including regulations relating to a direct or indirect transfer of all or part of the assets of an organization to an organization controlled (directly or indirectly) by the same person or persons who control the transferor organization.

(c) Churches, etc.

Subsection (a) shall not apply to any organization which is a disqualified organization within the meaning of section 501(h)(5) (relating to churches, etc.) for the taxable year immediately preceding the first taxable year for which such organization is described in paragraph (2) of subsection (a).

(Added Pub. L. 94–455, title XIII, §1307(a)(2), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1721; amended Pub. L. 100–203, title X, §10711(b)(1), (2)(A), Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–464.)

Prior Provisions

A prior section 504, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 168; Oct. 22, 1968, Pub. L. 90–630, §6(a), 82 Stat. 1330, related to denial of exemption, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 91–172, title I, §101(j)(15), Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 527. For effective date of repeal, see section 101(k)(2)(B) of Pub. L. 91–172, set out as an Effective Date note under section 4940 of this title.

Amendments

1987—Pub. L. 100–203, §10711(b)(2)(A), substituted “substantial lobbying or because of political activities” for “substantial lobbying” in section catchline.

Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 100–203, §10711(b)(1), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: “is not an organization described in section 501(c)(3) by reason of carrying on propaganda, or otherwise attempting, to influence legislation,”.

Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–203 applicable with respect to activities after Dec. 22, 1987, see section 10711(c) of Pub. L. 100–203, set out as a note under section 170 of this title.

Construction of Amendment

Section 1307(a)(3) of Pub. L. 94–455 provided that: “It is the intent of Congress that enactment of this section [amending section 501 and enacting section 504 of this title] is not to be regarded in any way as an approval or disapproval of the decision of the Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit in Christian Echoes National Ministry, Inc. versus United States, 470 F.2d 849 (1972), or of the reasoning in any of the opinions leading to that decision.”

§505. Additional requirements for organizations described in paragraph (9), (17), or (20) of section 501(c)

(a) Certain requirements must be met in the case of organizations described in paragraph (9) or (20) of section 501(c)

(1) Voluntary employees’ beneficiary associations, etc.

An organization described in paragraph (9) or (20) of subsection (c) of section 501 which is part of a plan shall not be exempt from tax under section 501(a) unless such plan meets the requirements of subsection (b) of this section.

(2) Exception for collective bargaining agreements

Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any organization which is part of a plan maintained pursuant to an agreement between employee representatives and 1 or more employers if the Secretary finds that such agreement is a collective bargaining agreement and that such plan was the subject of good faith bargaining between such employee representatives and such employer or employers.

(b) Nondiscrimination requirements

(1) In general

Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, a plan meets the requirements of this subsection only if—

(A) each class of benefits under the plan is provided under a classification of employees which is set forth in the plan and which is found by the Secretary not to be discriminatory in favor of employees who are highly compensated individuals, and

(B) in the case of each class of benefits, such benefits do not discriminate in favor of employees who are highly compensated individuals.


A life insurance, disability, severance pay, or supplemental unemployment compensation benefit shall not be considered to fail to meet the requirements of subparagraph (B) merely because the benefits available bear a uniform relationship to the total compensation, or the basic or regular rate of compensation, of employees covered by the plan.

(2) Exclusion of certain employees

For purposes of paragraph (1), there may be excluded from consideration—

(A) employees who have not completed 3 years of service,

(B) employees who have not attained age 21,

(C) seasonal employees or less than half-time employees,

(D) employees not included in the plan who are included in a unit of employees covered by an agreement between employee representatives and 1 or more employers which the Secretary finds to be a collective bargaining agreement if the class of benefits involved was the subject of good faith bargaining between such employee representatives and such employer or employers, and

(E) employees who are nonresident aliens and who receive no earned income (within the meaning of section 911(d)(2)) from the employer which constitutes income from sources within the United States (within the meaning of section 861(a)(3)).

(3) Application of subsection where other nondiscrimination rules provided

In the case of any benefit for which a provision of this chapter other than this subsection provides nondiscrimination rules, paragraph (1) shall not apply but the requirements of this subsection shall be met only if the nondiscrimination rules so provided are satisfied with respect to such benefit.

(4) Aggregation rules

At the election of the employer, 2 or more plans of such employer may be treated as 1 plan for purposes of this subsection.

(5) Highly compensated individual

For purposes of this subsection, the determination as to whether an individual is a highly compensated individual shall be made under rules similar to the rules for determining whether an individual is a highly compensated employee (within the meaning of section 414(q)).

(6) Compensation

For purposes of this subsection, the term “compensation” has the meaning given such term by section 414(s).

(7) Compensation limit

A plan shall not be treated as meeting the requirements of this subsection unless under the plan the annual compensation of each employee taken into account for any year does not exceed $200,000. The Secretary shall adjust the $200,000 amount at the same time, and by the same amount, as any adjustment under section 401(a)(17)(B). This paragraph shall not apply in determining whether the requirements of section 79(d) are met.

(c) Requirement that organization notify Secretary that it is applying for tax-exempt status

(1) In general

An organization shall not be treated as an organization described in paragraph (9), (17), or (20) of section 501(c)—

(A) unless it has given notice to the Secretary, in such manner as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe, that it is applying for recognition of such status, or

(B) for any period before the giving of such notice, if such notice is given after the time prescribed by the Secretary by regulations for giving notice under this subsection.

(2) Special rule for existing organizations

In the case of any organization in existence on July 18, 1984, the time for giving notice under paragraph (1) shall not expire before the date 1 year after such date of the enactment.

(Added Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title V, §513(a), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 863; amended Pub. L. 99–514, title XI, §§1114(b)(16), 1151(e)(2)(B), (g)(6), (j)(3), title XVIII, §§1851(c), 1899A(16), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2452, 2506–2508, 2863, 2959; Pub. L. 100–647, title I, §1011B(a)(27)(C), (31)(B), (32), Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3487, 3488; Pub. L. 101–140, title II, §§203(a)(1), (2), 204(c), Nov. 8, 1989, 103 Stat. 830, 833; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, §13212(c), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 472; Pub. L. 107–16, title VI, §611(c)(1), June 7, 2001, 115 Stat. 97.)

Amendments

2001—Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 107–16 substituted “$200,000” for “$150,000” in two places.

1993—Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 103–66 substituted “Compensation limit” for “$200,000 compensation limit” in heading and “exceed $150,000. The Secretary shall adjust the $150,000 amount at the same time, and by the same amount, as any adjustment under section 401(a)(17)(B).” for “exceed $200,000. The Secretary shall adjust the $200,000 amount at the same time and in the same manner as under section 415(d).” in text.

1989—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–140, §203(a)(2), amended par. (1) to read as if amendments by Pub. L. 100–647, §1011B(a)(27)(C), had not been enacted, see 1988 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 101–140, §203(a)(2), amended par. (2) to read as if amendments by Pub. L. 100–647, §1011B(a)(31)(B), had not been enacted, see 1988 Amendment note below.

Pub. L. 101–140, §203(a)(1), amended par. (2) to read as if amendments by Pub. L. 99–514, §1151(g)(6), had not been enacted, see 1986 Amendment note below.

Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 101–140, §204(c), inserted at end “This paragraph shall not apply in determining whether the requirements of section 79(d) are met.”

1988—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 100–647, §1011B(a)(27)(C), inserted at end “This paragraph shall not apply to any organization by reason of a failure to meet the requirements of subsection (b) with respect to a benefit to which section 89 applies.”

Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 100–647, §1011B(a)(31)(B), substituted “there shall be” for “there may be” and “who are” for “who may be”.

Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 100–647, §1011B(a)(32), added par. (7).

1986—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 99–514, §1851(c)(1), struck out “of an employer” before “shall”.

Sours: https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/USCODE-2011-title26/html/USCODE-2011-title26-subtitleA-chap1-subchapF.htm
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION TO BUSINESS TAXES

26 U.S. Code CHAPTER 1— NORMAL TAXES AND SURTAXES

Amendments

2018—Pub. L. 115–141, div. U, title IV, § 401(a)(1), (d)(4)(A), (5)(A), (6)(A), Mar. 23, 2018, 132 Stat. 1184, 1209–1211, transferred subchapter R to follow subchapter Q and struck out subchapter W “District of Columbia Enterprise Zone”, subchapter X “Renewal Communities”, and subchapter Y “Short-Term Regional Benefits”.

2017—Pub. L. 115–97, title I, § 13823(c), Dec. 22, 2017, 131 Stat. 2188, added subchapter Z.

2005—Pub. L. 109–135, title I, § 101(b)(4), Dec. 21, 2005, 119 Stat. 2593, substituted “Short-Term Regional Benefits” for “New York Liberty Zone Benefits” in subchapter Y.

2004—Pub. L. 108–357, title II, § 248(b)(2), Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1457, added subchapter R.

2002—Pub. L. 107–147, title III, § 301(c), Mar. 9, 2002, 116 Stat. 40, added subchapter Y.

2000—Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(7) [title I, § 101(d)], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–600, added subchapter X.

1997—Pub. L. 105–34, title VII, § 701(c), Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 869, added subchapter W.

1993—Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, § 13301(b), Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 555, added subchapter U.

1986—Pub. L. 99–514, title XIII, § 1303(c)(1), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2658, struck out subchapter U “General stock ownership plans”.

1982—Pub. L. 97–354, § 5(b), Oct. 19, 1982, 96 Stat. 1697, substituted in subchapter S “Tax treatment of S corporations and their shareholders” for “Election of certain small business corporations as to taxable status”.

1980—Pub. L. 96–589, § 3(a)(2), Dec. 24, 1980, 94 Stat. 3400, added subchapter V.

1978—Pub. L. 95–600, title VI, § 601(c)(1), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2897, added subchapter U.

1966—Pub. L. 89–389, § 4(b)(2), Apr. 14, 1966, 80 Stat. 116, struck out subchapter R effective January 1, 1969.

1962—Pub. L. 87–834, § 17(b)(4), Oct. 16, 1962, 76 Stat. 1051, added subchapter T.

1960—Pub. L. 86–779, § 10(c), Sept. 14, 1960, 74 Stat. 1009, added to subchapter M heading “and real estate investment trusts”.

1958—Pub. L. 85–866, title I, § 64(d)(1), Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1656, added subchapter S.

Sours: https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/26/subtitle-A/chapter-1

1 chapter internal code revenue

CHAPTER 1-NORMAL TAXES AND SURTAXES

A.

Determination of tax liability

1

        

B.

Computation of taxable income

61

C.

Corporate distributions and adjustments

301

D.

Deferred compensation, etc.

401

E.

Accounting periods and methods of accounting

441

F.

Exempt organizations

501

G.

Corporations used to avoid income tax on shareholders

531

H.

Banking institutions

581

J.

Estates, trusts, beneficiaries, and decedents

641

K.

Partners and partnerships

701

L.

Insurance companies

801

M.

Regulated investment companies and real estate investment trusts

851

N.

Tax based on income from sources within or without the United States

861

O.

Gain or loss on disposition of property

1001

P.

Capital gains and losses

1201

Q.

Readjustment of tax between years and special limitations

1301

R.

Election to determine corporate tax on certain international shipping activities using per ton rate

1352

S.

Tax treatment of S corporations and their shareholders

1361

T.

Cooperatives and their patrons

1381

U.

Designation and treatment of empowerment zones, enterprise communities, and rural development investment areas

1391

Z.

Opportunity zones

1400Z–1

        


Editorial Notes

Amendments

2018- div. U, title IV, §401(a)(1), (d)(4)(A), (5)(A), (6)(A), Mar. 23, 2018, , 1209-1211, transferred subchapter R to follow subchapter Q and struck out subchapter W "District of Columbia Enterprise Zone", subchapter X "Renewal Communities", and subchapter Y "Short-Term Regional Benefits".

2017- title I, §13823(c), Dec. 22, 2017, , added subchapter Z.

2005- title I, §101(b)(4), Dec. 21, 2005, , substituted "Short-Term Regional Benefits" for "New York Liberty Zone Benefits" in subchapter Y.

2004- title II, §248(b)(2), Oct. 22, 2004, , added subchapter R.

2002- title III, §301(c), Mar. 9, 2002, , added subchapter Y.

2000- §1(a)(7) [title I, §101(d)], Dec. 21, 2000, , 2763A-600, added subchapter X.

1997- title VII, §701(c), Aug. 5, 1997, , added subchapter W.

1993- title XIII, §13301(b), Aug. 10, 1993, , added subchapter U.

1986- title XIII, §1303(c)(1), Oct. 22, 1986, , struck out subchapter U "General stock ownership plans".

1982- §5(b), Oct. 19, 1982, , substituted in subchapter S "Tax treatment of S corporations and their shareholders" for "Election of certain small business corporations as to taxable status".

1980- §3(a)(2), Dec. 24, 1980, , added subchapter V.

1978- title VI, §601(c)(1), Nov. 6, 1978, , added subchapter U.

1966- §4(b)(2), Apr. 14, 1966, , struck out subchapter R effective January 1, 1969.

1962- §17(b)(4), Oct. 16, 1962, , added subchapter T.

1960- §10(c), Sept. 14, 1960, , added to subchapter M heading "and real estate investment trusts".

1958- title I, §64(d)(1), Sept. 2, 1958, , added subchapter S.

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M.P. Land Revenue Code ,1959 -- Chapter-1 Preliminary -- अध्याय -1 प्रारम्भिक -- PART-2 --

ARTICLE 6. Deductions [17201 - 17299.9]
( Article 6 repealed and added by Stats. 1983, Ch. 488, Sec. 29. )


17201.

(a) Part VI of Subchapter B of Chapter 1 of Subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to itemized deductions for individuals and corporations, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.

(b) Part VII of Subchapter B of Chapter 1 of Subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to additional itemized deductions for individuals, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.

(c) Part IX of Subchapter B of Chapter 1 of Subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to items not deductible, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1993, Ch. 873, Sec. 12. Effective October 6, 1993.)

17201.2.

(a) The amendments made by Section 13531(a) of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Public Law 115-97) to add Section 162(r) to the Internal Revenue Code, relating to the disallowance of FDIC premiums paid by certain large financial institutions, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.

(b) For purposes of this section, Article 9 (commencing with Section 23361) of Chapter 2 of Part 11 shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 39, Sec. 8. (AB 91) Effective July 1, 2019.)

17201.4.

Section 179B of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to deductions for capital costs incurred in complying with Environmental Protection Agency sulfur regulations, shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2005, Ch. 691, Sec. 19. Effective October 7, 2005.)

17201.5.

Section 181 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to treatment of certain qualified film and television productions, shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2005, Ch. 691, Sec. 20. Effective October 7, 2005.)

17201.6.

Section 199 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to income attributable to domestic production activities, shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2005, Ch. 691, Sec. 21. Effective October 7, 2005.)

17202.

There shall be allowed to an employer as an ordinary and necessary expense paid or incurred during the taxable year in carrying on any trade or business (as provided in Section 162(a) of the Internal Revenue Code), the expenses involved in carrying out a parking cash-out program, as defined by subdivision (f) of Section 65088.1 of the Government Code.

(Added by Stats. 1992, Ch. 554, Sec. 7. Effective January 1, 1993.)

17203.

For purposes of applying limitations on the deductions described in this section, any reference to “compensation” or “earned income” shall be a reference to the amount required to be used for purposes of limiting the deduction in computing federal income tax for the same taxable year.

(a) The deduction allowed by Section 219 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(b) The deductions allowed by Sections 162(l) and 404 of the Internal Revenue Code in the case of an individual who is an employee within the meaning of Section 401(c)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(Added by Stats. 1996, Ch. 473, Sec. 1. Effective September 13, 1996.)

17204.

Section 165(h)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to special rules for losses in federally declared disasters, shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 14, Sec. 16. (SB 401) Effective January 1, 2011.)

17204.7.

Section 222 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to qualified tuition and related expenses, shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2005, Ch. 691, Sec. 24. Effective October 7, 2005.)

17206.

(a) For purposes of Section 17201, Section 170 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to charitable, etc., contributions and gifts, shall be applied to allow a taxpayer to elect to treat any contribution described in subdivision (b) made in January 2005, as if that contribution was made on December 31, 2004, and not in January 2005.

(b) A contribution is described in this subdivision if that contribution is a cash contribution made for the relief of victims in areas affected by the December 26, 2004, Indian Ocean tsunami for which a charitable contribution deduction is allowable under Section 17201.

(Amended by Stats. 2010, Ch. 14, Sec. 17. (SB 401) Effective January 1, 2011.)

17207.

(a) An excess disaster loss, as defined in subdivision (c), shall be carried to other taxable years as provided in subdivision (b), with respect to losses resulting from any of the following disasters:

(1) Forest fire or any other related casualty occurring in 1985 in California.

(2) Storm, flooding, or any other related casualty occurring in 1986 in California.

(3) Any loss sustained during 1987 as a result of a forest fire or any other related casualty.

(4) Earthquake, aftershock, or any other related casualty occurring in 1987 in California.

(5) Earthquake, aftershock, or any other related casualty occurring in 1989 in California.

(6) Any loss sustained during 1990 as a result of fire or any other related casualty in California.

(7) Any loss sustained as a result of the Oakland/Berkeley Fire of 1991, or any other related casualty.

(8) Any loss sustained as a result of storm, flooding, or any other related casualty occurring in February 1992 in California.

(9) Earthquake, aftershock, or any other related casualty occurring in April 1992 in the County of Humboldt.

(10) Riots, arson, or any other related casualty occurring in April or May 1992 in California.

(11) Any loss sustained as a result of the earthquakes that occurred in the County of San Bernardino in June and July of 1992, or any other related casualty.

(12) Any loss sustained as a result of the Fountain Fire that occurred in the County of Shasta, or as a result of either of the fires in the Counties of Calaveras and Trinity that occurred in August 1992, or any other related casualty.

(13) Any loss sustained as a result of storm, flooding, or any other related casualty that occurred in the Counties of Alpine, Contra Costa, Fresno, Humboldt, Imperial, Lassen, Los Angeles, Madera, Mendocino, Modoc, Monterey, Napa, Orange, Plumas, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, Sierra, Siskiyou, Sonoma, Tehama, Trinity, and Tulare, and the City of Fillmore in January 1993.

(14) Any loss sustained as a result of a fire that occurred in the Counties of Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura, during October or November of 1993, or any other related casualty.

(15) Any loss sustained as a result of the earthquake, aftershocks, or any other related casualty that occurred in the Counties of Los Angeles, Orange, and Ventura on or after January 17, 1994.

(16) Any loss sustained as a result of a fire that occurred in the County of San Luis Obispo during August of 1994, or any other related casualty.

(17) Any loss sustained as a result of the storms or flooding occurring in 1995, or any other related casualty, sustained in any county of this state subject to a disaster declaration with respect to the storms and flooding.

(18) Any loss sustained as a result of the storms or flooding occurring in December 1996 or January 1997, or any related casualty, sustained in any county of this state subject to a disaster declaration with respect to the storms or flooding.

(19) Any loss sustained as a result of the storms or flooding occurring in February 1998, or any related casualty, sustained in any county of this state subject to a disaster declaration with respect to the storms or flooding.

(20) Any loss sustained as a result of a freeze occurring in the winter of 1998–99, or any related casualty, sustained in any county of this state subject to a disaster declaration with respect to the freeze.

(21) Any loss sustained as a result of an earthquake occurring in September 2000, that was included in the Governor’s proclamation of a state of emergency for the County of Napa.

(22) Any loss sustained as a result of the Middle River levee break in San Joaquin County occurring in June 2004.

(23) Any losses sustained as a result of the fires that occurred in the Counties of Los Angeles, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, and Ventura in October and November 2003, or as a result of floods, mudflows, and debris flows, directly related to fires.

(24) Any losses sustained in the Counties of Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo as a result of the San Simeon earthquake, aftershocks, and any other related casualties.

(25) Any losses sustained as a result of the wildfires that occurred in Shasta County, commencing August 11, 2004, and any other related casualty.

(26) Any loss sustained in the Counties of Kern, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura as a result of the severe rainstorms, related flooding and slides, and any other related casualties, that occurred in December 2004, January 2005, February 2005, March 2005, or June 2005.

(27) Any loss sustained in the Counties of Alameda, Alpine, Amador, Butte, Calaveras, Colusa, Contra Costa, Del Norte, El Dorado, Fresno, Humboldt, Kings, Lake, Lassen, Madera, Marin, Mariposa, Mendocino, Merced, Monterey, Napa, Nevada, Placer, Plumas, Sacramento, San Joaquin, San Luis Obispo, San Mateo, Santa Cruz, Shasta, Sierra, Siskiyou, Solano, Sonoma, Stanislaus, Sutter, Trinity, Tulare, Tuolumne, Yolo, and Yuba as a result of the severe rainstorms, related flooding and slides, and any other related casualties, that occurred in December 2005, January 2006, March 2006, or April 2006.

(28) Any loss sustained in the County of San Bernardino as a result of the wildfires that occurred in July 2006.

(29) Any loss sustained in the Counties of Riverside and Ventura as a result of wildfires that occurred during the 2006 calendar year.

(30) Any loss sustained in the Counties of El Dorado, Fresno, Imperial, Kern, Kings, Madera, Merced, Monterey, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Clara, Stanislaus, Tulare, Ventura, and Yuba that were the subject of the Governor’s proclamations of a state of emergency for the severe freezing conditions that occurred in January 2007.

(31) Any loss sustained in the County of El Dorado as a result of wildfires that occurred in June 2007.

(32) Any loss sustained in the Counties of Santa Barbara and Ventura as a result of the Zaca Fire that occurred during the 2007 calendar year.

(33) Any loss sustained in the County of Inyo as a result of wildfires that commenced in July 2007.

(34) Any loss sustained in the Counties of Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura as a result of wildfires that occurred during the 2007 calendar year that were the subject of the Governor’s disaster proclamations of September 15, 2007, and October 21, 2007.

(35) Any loss sustained in the County of Riverside as a result of extremely strong and damaging winds that occurred in October 2007.

(36) Any loss sustained in the Counties of Butte, Kern, Mariposa, Mendocino, Monterey, Plumas, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, Shasta, and Trinity as a result of wildfires that occurred in May or June 2008 that were the subject of the Governor’s proclamations of a state of emergency.

(37) Any loss sustained in the County of Santa Barbara as a result of wildfires that occurred in July 2008.

(38) Any loss sustained in the County of Inyo as a result of the severe rainstorms, related flooding and landslides, and any other related casualties, that occurred in July 2008.

(39) Any loss sustained in the County of Humboldt as a result of wildfires that commenced in May 2008.

(40) Any loss sustained in the County of Santa Barbara as a result of wildfires that commenced in November 2008.

(41) Any loss sustained in the Counties of Los Angeles and Ventura as a result of wildfires that commenced in October 2008 or November 2008 that were the subject of the Governor’s proclamations of a state of emergency.

(42) Any loss sustained in the Counties of Orange, Riverside, and San Bernardino as a result of wildfires that commenced in November 2008.

(43) Any loss sustained in the County of Santa Barbara as a result of wildfires that commenced in May 2009.

(b) (1) In the case of any loss allowed under Section 165(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to limitation of losses of individuals, any excess disaster loss shall be carried forward to each of the five taxable years following the taxable year for which the loss is claimed. However, if there is any excess disaster loss remaining after the five-year period, then the applicable percentage, as set forth in paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 17276, of that excess disaster loss shall be carried forward to each of the next 10 taxable years.

(2) The entire amount of any excess disaster loss as defined in subdivision (c) shall be carried to the earliest of the taxable years to which, by reason of subdivision (b), the loss may be carried. The portion of the loss which shall be carried to each of the other taxable years shall be the excess, if any, of the amount of excess disaster loss over the sum of the adjusted taxable income for each of the prior taxable years to which that excess disaster loss is carried.

(c) “Excess disaster loss” means a disaster loss computed pursuant to Section 165 of the Internal Revenue Code which exceeds the adjusted taxable income of the year of loss or, if the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code is made, the adjusted taxable income of the year preceding the loss.

(d) The provisions of this section and Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code shall be applicable to any of the losses listed in subdivision (a) sustained in any county or city in this state which was proclaimed by the Governor to be in a state of disaster.

(e) Losses allowable under this section may not be taken into account in computing a net operating loss deduction under Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(f) For purposes of this section, “adjusted taxable income” shall be defined by Section 1212(b)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(g) For losses described in paragraphs (15) to (43), inclusive, of subdivision (a), the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code may be made on a return or amended return filed on or before the due date of the return (determined with regard to extension) for the taxable year in which the disaster occurred.

(Amended by Stats. 2009, Ch. 299, Sec. 2. (AB 1568) Effective January 1, 2010.)

17207.2.

(a) An excess disaster loss, as defined in subdivision (c), shall be carried to other taxable years as provided in subdivision (b), with respect to losses sustained in the County of Humboldt as a result of the earthquake that occurred in January 2010.

(b) (1) In the case of any loss allowed under Section 165(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to limitation of losses of individuals, any excess disaster loss shall be carried forward to each of the five taxable years following the taxable year for which the loss is claimed. However, if there is any excess disaster loss remaining after the five-year period, then the applicable percentage, as set forth in paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 17276, of that excess disaster loss shall be carried forward to each of the next 10 taxable years.

(2) The entire amount of any excess disaster loss as defined in subdivision (c) shall be carried to the earliest of the taxable years to which, by reason of subdivision (b), the loss may be carried. The portion of the loss which shall be carried to each of the other taxable years shall be the excess, if any, of the amount of excess disaster loss over the sum of the adjusted taxable income for each of the prior taxable years to which that excess disaster loss is carried.

(c) “Excess disaster loss” means a disaster loss computed pursuant to Section 165 of the Internal Revenue Code which exceeds the adjusted taxable income of the year of loss or, if the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code is made, the adjusted taxable income of the year preceding the loss.

(d) The provisions of this section and Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code shall be applicable to any of the losses listed in subdivision (a) sustained in any county or city in this state which was proclaimed by the Governor to be in a state of disaster.

(e) Losses allowable under this section may not be taken into account in computing a net operating loss deduction under Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(f) For purposes of this section, “adjusted taxable income” shall be defined by Section 1212(b)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(g) For losses described in subdivision (a), the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code may be made on a return or amended return filed on or before the due date of the return (determined with regard to extension) for the taxable year in which the disaster occurred.

(Added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 449, Sec. 5. (AB 1690) Effective September 29, 2010.)

17207.3.

(a) An excess disaster loss, as defined in subdivision (c), shall be carried to other taxable years as provided in subdivision (b), with respect to losses sustained in the County of Imperial as a result of the earthquake that occurred in April 2010.

(b) (1) In the case of any loss allowed under Section 165(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to limitation of losses of individuals, any excess disaster loss shall be carried forward to each of the five taxable years following the taxable year for which the loss is claimed. However, if there is any excess disaster loss remaining after the five-year period, then the applicable percentage, as set forth in paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 17276, of that excess disaster loss shall be carried forward to each of the next 10 taxable years.

(2) The entire amount of any excess disaster loss as defined in subdivision (c) shall be carried to the earliest of the taxable years to which, by reason of subdivision (b), the loss may be carried. The portion of the loss which shall be carried to each of the other taxable years shall be the excess, if any, of the amount of excess disaster loss over the sum of the adjusted taxable income for each of the prior taxable years to which that excess disaster loss is carried.

(c) “Excess disaster loss” means a disaster loss computed pursuant to Section 165 of the Internal Revenue Code which exceeds the adjusted taxable income of the year of loss or, if the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code is made, the adjusted taxable income of the year preceding the loss.

(d) The provisions of this section and Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code shall be applicable to any of the losses listed in subdivision (a) sustained in any county or city in this state which was proclaimed by the Governor to be in a state of disaster.

(e) Losses allowable under this section may not be taken into account in computing a net operating loss deduction under Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(f) For purposes of this section, “adjusted taxable income” shall be defined by Section 1212(b)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(g) For losses described in subdivision (a), the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code may be made on a return or amended return filed on or before the due date of the return (determined with regard to extension) for the taxable year in which the disaster occurred.

(Added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 461, Sec. 6. (AB 2136) Effective September 29, 2010.)

17207.4.

(a) Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified to additionally provide that an appraisal for the purpose of obtaining a loan of federal funds or a loan guarantee from the federal government as a result of a presidentially declared disaster, as defined by Section 1033(h)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, may be used to establish the amount of any loss described in Section 165(i)(1) or (2) of the Internal Revenue Code to the extent provided in regulations or other guidance of the Secretary of the Treasury under Section 165(i)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code, as added by Section 912 of Public Law 105-34.

(b) This section shall apply on and after August 5, 1997.

(Added by Stats. 1998, Ch. 7, Sec. 6. Effective March 14, 1998.)

17207.6.

(a) An excess disaster loss, as defined in subdivision (c), shall be carried to other taxable years as provided in subdivision (b), with respect to losses resulting from any of the following disasters:

(1) Any loss sustained in the Counties of Los Angeles and Monterey as a result of wildfires that commenced in August 2009.

(2) Any loss sustained in the County of Placer as a result of wildfires that commenced in August 2009.

(3) Any loss sustained in the Counties of Calaveras, Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Francisco, and Siskiyou as a result of winter storms that commenced in January 2010.

(4) Any loss sustained in the County of Kern as a result of the wildfires that commenced in July 2010.

(b) (1) In the case of any loss allowed under Section 165(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to limitation of losses of individuals, any excess disaster loss shall be carried forward to each of the five taxable years following the taxable year for which the loss is claimed. However, if there is any excess disaster loss remaining after the five-year period, then the applicable percentage, as set forth in paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 17276, of that excess disaster loss shall be carried forward to each of the next 10 taxable years.

(2) The entire amount of any excess disaster loss as defined in subdivision (c) shall be carried to the earliest of the taxable years to which, by reason of subdivision (b), the loss may be carried. The portion of the loss which shall be carried to each of the other taxable years shall be the excess, if any, of the amount of excess disaster loss over the sum of the adjusted taxable income for each of the prior taxable years to which that excess disaster loss is carried.

(c) “Excess disaster loss” means a disaster loss computed pursuant to Section 165 of the Internal Revenue Code which exceeds the adjusted taxable income of the year of loss or, if the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code is made, the adjusted taxable income of the year preceding the loss.

(d) The provisions of this section and Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code shall be applicable to any of the losses listed in subdivision (a) sustained in any county or city in this state which was proclaimed by the Governor to be in a state of disaster.

(e) Losses allowable under this section may not be taken into account in computing a net operating loss deduction under Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(f) For purposes of this section, “adjusted taxable income” shall be defined by Section 1212(b)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(g) For losses described in subdivision (a), the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code may be made on a return or amended return filed on or before the due date of the return (determined with regard to extension) for the taxable year in which the disaster occurred.

(Added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 447, Sec. 5. (AB 1662) Effective September 29, 2010.)

17207.7.

(a) An excess disaster loss, as defined in subdivision (c), shall be carried to other taxable years as provided in subdivision (b), with respect to losses sustained in the County of Mendocino as a result of the tsunami that occurred in March 2011.

(b) (1) In the case of any loss allowed under Section 165(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to limitation of losses of individuals, any excess disaster loss shall be carried forward to each of the five taxable years following the taxable year for which the loss is claimed. However, if there is any excess disaster loss remaining after the five-year period, then the applicable percentage, as set forth in paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 17276, of that excess disaster loss shall be carried forward to each of the next 10 taxable years.

(2) The entire amount of any excess disaster loss as defined in subdivision (c) shall be carried to the earliest of the taxable years to which, by reason of subdivision (b), the loss may be carried. The portion of the loss which shall be carried to each of the other taxable years shall be the excess, if any, of the amount of excess disaster loss over the sum of the adjusted taxable income for each of the prior taxable years to which that excess disaster loss is carried.

(c) “Excess disaster loss” means a disaster loss computed pursuant to Section 165 of the Internal Revenue Code which exceeds the adjusted taxable income of the year of loss or, if the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code is made, the adjusted taxable income of the year preceding the loss.

(d) This section and Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code apply to any of the losses listed in subdivision (a) sustained in any county or city in this state which was proclaimed by the Governor to be in a state of disaster.

(e) Losses allowable under this section shall not be taken into account in computing a net operating loss deduction under Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(f) For purposes of this section, “adjusted taxable income” shall be defined by Section 1212(b)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(g) For losses described in subdivision (a), the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code may be made on a return or amended return filed on or before the due date of the return (determined with regard to extension) for the taxable year in which the disaster occurred.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 303, Sec. 469. (AB 731) Effective January 1, 2016.)

17207.8.

(a) An excess disaster loss, as defined in subdivision (c), shall be carried to other taxable years as provided in subdivision (b), with respect to losses sustained in the County of San Mateo as a result of the explosion and fire that occurred in September 2010.

(b) (1) In the case of any loss allowed under Section 165(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to limitation of losses of individuals, any excess disaster loss shall be carried forward to each of the five taxable years following the taxable year for which the loss is claimed. However, if there is any excess disaster loss remaining after the five-year period, then the applicable percentage, as set forth in paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 17276, of that excess disaster loss shall be carried forward to each of the next 10 taxable years.

(2) The entire amount of any excess disaster loss as defined in subdivision (c) shall be carried to the earliest of the taxable years to which, by reason of subdivision (b), the loss may be carried. The portion of the loss which shall be carried to each of the other taxable years shall be the excess, if any, of the amount of excess disaster loss over the sum of the adjusted taxable income for each of the prior taxable years to which that excess disaster loss is carried.

(c) “Excess disaster loss” means a disaster loss computed pursuant to Section 165 of the Internal Revenue Code which exceeds the adjusted taxable income of the year of loss or, if the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code is made, the adjusted taxable income of the year preceding the loss.

(d) This section and Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code apply to any of the losses listed in subdivision (a) sustained in any county or city in this state which was proclaimed by the Governor to be in a state of disaster.

(e) Losses allowable under this section shall not be taken into account in computing a net operating loss deduction under Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(f) For purposes of this section, “adjusted taxable income” shall be defined by Section 1212(b)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(g) For losses described in subdivision (a), the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code may be made on a return or amended return filed on or before the due date of the return (determined with regard to extension) for the taxable year in which the disaster occurred.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 303, Sec. 470. (AB 731) Effective January 1, 2016.)

17207.11.

(a) Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code shall be applicable to any losses sustained in the County of Santa Cruz as a result of the severe storms that occurred in March 2011.

(b) For losses described in subdivision (a), the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code may be made on a return or amended return filed on or before the due date of the return, determined with regard to extension, for the taxable year in which the disaster occurred.

(c) Unless specifically provided otherwise, any law that suspends, defers, reduces, or otherwise diminishes the deduction of a net operating loss shall not apply to a net operating loss attributable to the loss described in subdivision (a).

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 203, Sec. 1. (AB 2332) Effective August 27, 2012.)

17207.12.

(a) Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code shall be applicable to any losses sustained in the Counties of Los Angeles and San Bernardino as a result of the severe winds that occurred in November 2011.

(b) For losses described in subdivision (a), the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code may be made on a return or amended return filed on or before the due date of the return, determined with regard to extension, for the taxable year in which the disaster occurred.

(c) Unless specifically provided otherwise, any law that suspends, defers, reduces, or otherwise diminishes the deduction of a net operating loss shall not apply to a net operating loss attributable to the loss described in subdivision (a).

(Added by Stats. 2012, Ch. 284, Sec. 1. (SB 1544) Effective September 7, 2012.)

17207.13.

(a) Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code shall be applicable to any losses sustained in the County of San Diego as a result of the wildfires that occurred in May 2014.

(b) For losses described in subdivision (a), the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code may be made on a return or amended return filed on or before the due date of the return, determined with regard to extension, for the taxable year in which the disaster occurred.

(c) Unless specifically provided otherwise, any law that suspends, defers, reduces, or otherwise diminishes the deduction of a net operating loss shall not apply to a net operating loss attributable to the loss described in subdivision (a).

(Added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 352, Sec. 1. (AB 922) Effective September 16, 2014.)

17207.14.

(a) For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, and before January 1, 2024, Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to disaster losses, shall be applicable to any loss sustained as a result of any disaster occurring in any city, county, or city and county in this state that is proclaimed by the Governor to be in a state of emergency.

(b) (1) For losses described in subdivision (a), the election under Section 165(i) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to disaster losses, may be made on a return or amended return filed on or before the due date of the return, determined with regard to any extension of time for filing the return, for the taxable year in which the disaster occurred.

(2) Notwithstanding Section 18572, this subdivision shall apply to any loss described in subdivision (a).

(c) Unless specifically provided otherwise, any law, other than Section 17276.20, that suspends, defers, reduces, or otherwise diminishes the deduction of a net operating loss shall not apply to a net operating loss attributable to the loss described in subdivision (a).

(d) This section shall remain in effect only until December 1, 2024, and as of that date is repealed.

(Added by Stats. 2015, Ch. 230, Sec. 2. (SB 35) Effective September 1, 2015. Repealed as of December 1, 2024, by its own provisions.)

17208.1.

(a) There shall be allowed as a deduction the amount of interest paid or incurred by a taxpayer during the taxable year on any loan or financed indebtedness obtained from a publicly owned utility company for the purpose of acquiring and installing any energy efficient product or equipment to a qualified residence located in this state.

(b) For purposes of this section:

(1) “Energy efficient product or equipment” means any product or equipment certified by a publicly owned utility company that will improve the energy efficiency, as defined by paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 399.4 of the Public Utilities Code, of a qualified residence on which the product or equipment is installed or applied.

(2) “Energy efficient product or equipment” shall include, but not be limited to, heating, ventilation, air-conditioning, lighting, solar, advanced metering of energy usage, windows, insulation, zone heating products, and weatherization systems.

(3) “Zone heating products” mean gas room heaters certified by the California Energy Commission or wood fueled stoves certified by the federal Environmental Protection Agency.

(4) “Publicly owned utility company” has the same meaning as set forth in subdivision (d) of Section 9604 of the Public Utilities Code.

(5) “Qualified residence” has the same meaning as set forth in Section 163(h)(4)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(6) “Publicly owned utility company loan or financial indebtedness” means any amount borrowed from a publicly owned utility company to finance the acquisition and installation of energy efficient products and equipment installed or applied to a qualified residence located in this state.

(c) Any interest amount that is allowed as a deduction pursuant to this section (and the application of Section 17072) may not otherwise be allowed as a deduction for purposes of this part.

(d) The publicly owned utility company shall issue a federal income tax Form 1098, or similar form, for the purpose of notifying the taxpayer of his or her eligibility for the deduction allowed by this section.

(e) The deduction allowed by this section shall be in lieu of any credit allowed by this part for interest paid or incurred by the taxpayer in connection with the purchase of energy efficient equipment.

(f) The Legislature finds and declares that many taxpayers may be unaware that they may deduct interest paid or incurred pursuant to this section. The Legislature further finds that it is important to inform taxpayers of this deduction. Therefore, it is the intent of the Legislature to encourage all publicly owned utility companies to inform their customers in writing that they may deduct interest paid or incurred pursuant to this section. It is the further intent of the Legislature to encourage all publicly owned utility companies that are unable to offer customer financing to acquire or install energy efficient products and equipment to inform their customers in writing that interest on a home equity or home improvement loan used to purchase energy efficient products and equipment may also be tax deductible.

(g) It is the intent of the Legislature to inquire with the Internal Revenue Service as to whether the loan program administered by the Sacramento Municipal Utility District qualifies for an interest deduction in compliance with the Internal Revenue Code and the regulations thereunder.

(Added by Stats. 2001, 2nd Ex. Sess., Ch. 5, Sec. 2. Effective October 1, 2001.)

17209.

(a) For each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2020, and before January 1, 2025, Section 280E of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to expenditures in connection with the illegal sale of drugs, shall not apply to the carrying on of any trade or business that is commercial cannabis activity by a licensee.

(b) For purposes of this section, “commercial cannabis activity” and “licensee” shall have the same meanings as set forth in Division 10 (commencing with Section 26000) of the Business and Professions Code.

(c) This section shall remain in effect only until December 1, 2025, and as of that date is repealed.

(Added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 792, Sec. 1. (AB 37) Effective October 12, 2019. Repealed as of December 1, 2025, by its own provisions.)

17215.

(a) Section 220(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to deduction allowed, is modified to provide that the amount allowed as a deduction shall be an amount equal to the amount allowed to that individual as a deduction under Section 220 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to medical savings accounts, on the federal income tax return filed for the same taxable year by that individual.

(b) Section 220(f)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to additional tax on distributions not used for qualified medical expenses, is modified by substituting “12.5 percent” in lieu of “20 percent.”

(c) The amendments made to this section by the act adding this subdivision shall apply to disbursements made during taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2016.

(Amended by Stats. 2015, Ch. 359, Sec. 12. (AB 154) Effective September 30, 2015. Applicable to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2015, as provided in Sec. 41 of Stats. 2015, Ch. 359.)

17215.1.

Section 220(f)(5) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to rollover contributions, shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2005, Ch. 691, Sec. 26.5. Effective October 7, 2005.)

17215.4.

Section 223 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to health savings accounts, shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2005, Ch. 691, Sec. 26.6. Effective October 7, 2005.)

17220.

(a) Section 164(a)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to the deductibility of state, local, and foreign income, war profits, and excess profits taxes, shall not apply.

(b) Section 164(b)(5) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to general sales taxes, shall not apply.

(c) In addition to the provisions of Section 164(c) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to deduction denied in case of certain taxes, no deduction shall be allowed for any tax imposed under Chapter 10.5 (commencing with Section 17935), Chapter 10.6 (commencing with Section 17941), or Chapter 10.7 (commencing with Section 17948) of this part or under Part 11 (commencing with Section 23001).

(Amended by Stats. 2017, Ch. 561, Sec. 233. (AB 1516) Effective January 1, 2018.)

17222.

No deduction shall be allowed for the tax deducted and withheld under Section 18662 and Section 13020 of the Unemployment Insurance Code either to the employer or to the recipient of the income in computing taxable income under this part.

(Amended by Stats. 1993, Ch. 31, Sec. 8. Effective June 16, 1993. Operative January 1, 1994, by Sec. 83 of Ch. 31.)

17224.

Section 163(e) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified as follows:

(a) For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 1987, and before the taxable year in which the debt obligation matures or is sold, exchanged, or otherwise disposed, the amount deductible under this part is the same as the amount deductible on the federal tax return.

(b) The difference between the amount deductible on the federal tax return and the amount allowable under this part, with respect to obligations issued after December 31, 1984, for taxable years beginning before January 1, 1987, shall be allowed as a deduction in the taxable year in which the debt obligation matures or is sold, exchanged, or otherwise disposed.

(c) The provisions of Section 7202(c) of Public Law 101-239, relating to the effective date for treatment of certain high yield original issue discount obligations, shall apply.

(Amended by Stats. 1990, Ch. 452, Sec. 9. Effective July 31, 1990. Applicable to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 1990, by Sec. 56 of Ch. 452.)

17225.

Section 163(h)(3)(E) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to mortgage insurance premiums treated as interest, shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 14, Sec. 18. (SB 401) Effective January 1, 2011.)

17228.

For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, a deduction shall not be allowed for the amount of any fine or penalty paid or incurred by an owner of all or part of a professional sports franchise, where that fine or penalty is assessed or imposed by the professional sports league that includes that franchise.

(Added by Stats. 2014, Ch. 792, Sec. 1. (AB 877) Effective September 29, 2014.)

17230.

Payments made to the California Housing Finance Agency by the borrower pursuant to Section 52514 of the Health and Safety Code shall be considered payments of interest for purposes of Section 163 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(Repealed and added by Stats. 1983, Ch. 488, Sec. 29. Effective July 28, 1983.)

17240.

The fee imposed by Section 9008 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public Law 111-148), shall be considered a tax described in Section 275(a)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(Added by Stats. 2015, Ch. 359, Sec. 13. (AB 154) Effective September 30, 2015. Applicable to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2015, as provided in Sec. 41 of Stats. 2015, Ch. 359.)

17241.

(a) Section 213(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to allowance of deduction, is modified by substituting “7.5 percent” for “10 percent.”

(b) Section 213(f) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to special rule for 2013, 2014, 2015, and 2016, shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2015, Ch. 359, Sec. 14. (AB 154) Effective September 30, 2015. Applicable to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2015, as provided in Sec. 41 of Stats. 2015, Ch. 359.)

17250.

(a) Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code is modified as follows:

(1) Any reference to “tax imposed by this chapter” in Section 168 of the Internal Revenue Code means “net tax,” as defined in Section 17039.

(2) (A) Section 168(e)(3) is modified to provide that any grapevine, replaced in a vineyard in California in any taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1992, as a direct result of a phylloxera infestation in that vineyard, or replaced in a vineyard in California in any taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1997, as a direct result of Pierce’s disease in that vineyard, shall be “five-year property,” rather than “10-year property.”

(B) Section 168(g)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified to provide that any grapevine, replaced in a vineyard in California in any taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1992, as a direct result of a phylloxera infestation in that vineyard, or replaced in a vineyard in California in any taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1997, as a direct result of Pierce’s disease in that vineyard, shall have a class life of 10 years.

(C) Every taxpayer claiming a depreciation deduction with respect to grapevines as described in this paragraph shall obtain a written certification from an independent state-certified integrated pest management adviser, or a state agricultural commissioner or adviser, that specifies that the replanting was necessary to restore a vineyard infested with phylloxera or Pierce’s disease. The taxpayer shall retain the certification for future audit purposes.

(3) Section 168(j) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to property on Indian reservations, shall not apply.

(4) Section 168(k) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to special allowance for certain property acquired after December 31, 2007, and before January 1, 2009, shall not apply.

(5) Sections 168(b)(3)(G) and 168(b)(3)(H) of the Internal Revenue Code shall not apply.

(6) Sections 168(e)(3)(E)(iv), 168(e)(3)(E)(v), and 168(e)(3)(E)(ix) of the Internal Revenue Code shall not apply.

(7) Sections 168(e)(6), 168(e)(7), and 168(e)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to qualified leasehold improvement property, qualified restaurant property, and qualified retail improvement property, respectively, shall not apply.

(8) Section 168(l) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to special allowance for cellulosic biofuel plant property, shall not apply.

(9) Section 168(m) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to special allowance for certain reuse and recycling property, shall not apply.

(10) Section 168(n) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to special allowance for qualified disaster assistance property, shall not apply.

(11) Section 168(i)(15)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to termination, is modified by substituting the phrase “December 31, 2007” for the phrase “December 31, 2009.”

(12) Section 168(e)(3)(B)(vii) of the Internal Revenue Code shall not apply.

(b) Section 169 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to amortization of pollution control facilities, is modified as follows:

(1) The deduction allowed by Section 169 of the Internal Revenue Code shall be allowed only with respect to facilities located in this state.

(2) The “state certifying authority,” as defined in Section 169(d)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, means the State Air Resources Board, in the case of air pollution, and the State Water Resources Control Board, in the case of water pollution.

(Amended by Stats. 2010, Ch. 14, Sec. 19. (SB 401) Effective January 1, 2011.)

17250.5.

(a) Section 167(g) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to depreciation under income forecast method, shall be modified as follows:

(1) Section 167(g)(2)(C) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified by substituting “Section 19521” for “Section 460(b)(7)” of the Internal Revenue Code.

(2) Section 167(g)(5)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified by substituting “Part 10.2 (commencing with Section 18401) (other than Section 19136)” for “Subtitle F (other than Sections 6654 and 6655).”

(3) Section 167(g)(5)(E) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to treatment of distribution costs, shall not apply.

(4) Section 167(g)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to treatment of participations and residuals, shall not apply.

(b) Section 167(h) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to amortization of geological and geophysical expenditures, shall not apply.

(Amended by Stats. 2010, Ch. 14, Sec. 20. (SB 401) Effective January 1, 2011.)

17255.

(a) Section 179(b)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to dollar limitation, shall not apply and in lieu thereof, the aggregate cost which may be taken into account under Section 179(a) of the Internal Revenue Code for any taxable year shall not exceed twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000).

(b) Section 179(b)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to reduction in limitation, does not apply and in lieu thereof, the limitation under subdivision (a) for any taxable year shall be reduced, but not to below zero, by the amount by which the cost of Section 179 property, as defined in Section 179(d)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code, except as otherwise provided, placed in service during the taxable year exceeds two hundred thousand dollars ($200,000).

(c) Section 179 of the Internal Revenue Code is modified to provide that the “aggregate amount disallowed” referred to in Section 179(b)(3)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code shall be computed under this part as it read on the date the property generating the amount disallowed was placed in service.

(d) The last sentence in Section 179(c)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to election irrevocable, does not apply.

(e) Section 179(d)(1)(A)(ii) of the Internal Revenue Code does not apply.

(f) Section 179(e) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to special rules for qualified disaster assistance property, does not apply.

(Amended by Stats. 2016, Ch. 86, Sec. 278. (SB 1171) Effective January 1, 2017.)

17256.

Section 179A of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to deduction for clean-fuel vehicles and certain refueling property, shall not apply.

(Amended by Stats. 2005, Ch. 691, Sec. 32. Effective October 7, 2005.)

17257.

Section 179C of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to election to expense certain refineries, shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 14, Sec. 22. (SB 401) Effective January 1, 2011.)

17257.2.

Section 179D of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to energy efficient commercial buildings deduction, shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 14, Sec. 23. (SB 401) Effective January 1, 2011.)

17257.4.

Section 179E of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to election to expense advanced mine safety equipment, shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 14, Sec. 24. (SB 401) Effective January 1, 2011.)

17260.

(a) No deduction, other than depreciation, shall be allowed for expenditures for tertiary injectants as provided by Section 193 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(b) Section 263(a) of the Internal Revenue Code shall not apply to expenditures for which a deduction is allowed under Section 17266 or 17267.2.

(Amended by Stats. 1997, Ch. 603, Sec. 11. Effective October 3, 1997.)

17269.

Whereas, the people of the State of California desire to promote and achieve tax equity and fairness among all the state’s citizens and further desire to conform to the public policy of nondiscrimination, the Legislature hereby enacts the following for these reasons and for no other purpose:

(a) The provisions of Section 162(a) of the Internal Revenue Code shall not be applicable to expenses incurred by a taxpayer with respect to expenditures made at, or payments made to, a club which restricts membership or the use of its services or facilities on the basis of ancestry or any characteristic listed or defined in Section 11135 of the Government Code, except for genetic information.

(b) A club described in subdivision (a) holding an alcoholic beverage license pursuant to Division 9 (commencing with Section 23000) of the Business and Professions Code, except a club holding an alcoholic beverage license pursuant to Section 23425 thereof, shall provide on each receipt furnished to a taxpayer a printed statement as follows:

“The expenditures covered by this receipt are nondeductible for state income tax purposes or franchise tax purposes.”

(c) For purposes of this section:

(1) “Expenses” means those expenses otherwise deductible under Section 162(a) of the Internal Revenue Code, except for subdivision (a), and includes, but is not limited to, club membership dues and assessments, food and beverage expenses, expenses for services furnished by the club, and reimbursements or salary adjustments to officers or employees for any of the preceding expenses.

(2) “Club” means a club as defined in Division 9 (commencing with Section 23000) of the Business and Professions Code, except a club as defined in Section 23425 thereof.

(Amended by Stats. 2011, Ch. 261, Sec. 22. (SB 559) Effective January 1, 2012.)

17270.

(a) For purposes of Section 162(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to travel expenses, all of the following shall apply:

(1) The place of residence of a member of the Legislature within the district represented shall be considered the tax home.

(2) The provisions of Section 162(h) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to state legislators’ travel expenses away from home, shall not be applied.

(b) The provisions of Section 280C(a) of the Internal Revenue Code (relating to rule for employment credits) shall not apply.

(c) Section 280C(c)(3)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified to refer to Section 17041 in lieu of Section 11(b)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(Amended by Stats. 1999, Ch. 987, Sec. 30. Effective October 10, 1999.)

17271.

(a) The amendments made by Section 13601(a), (b), (c), and (d) of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Public Law 115-97) to Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to certain excessive employee remuneration, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.

(b) The amendments made by Section 13601(e)(2) of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Public Law 115-97), relating to exception for binding contracts, shall apply, and is modified by substituting “March 31, 2019” for “November 2, 2017.”

(Added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 39, Sec. 9. (AB 91) Effective July 1, 2019.)

17273.

For each taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1999, Section 162(l)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to applicable percentage, is modified to provide that Section 2002 of the Tax and Trade Relief Extension Act of 1998 (P.L. 105-277), relating to phase in of a 100-percent deduction for health insurance, shall apply.

(Amended by Stats. 1999, Ch. 146, Sec. 23.5. Effective July 22, 1999.)

17274.

(a) Notwithstanding any other provisions in this part to the contrary, no deduction shall be allowed for interest, taxes, depreciation, or amortization paid or incurred in the taxable year with respect to substandard housing located in this state, except as provided in subdivision (e).

(b) “Substandard housing” means occupied dwellings from which the taxpayer derives rental income or unoccupied or abandoned dwellings for which both of the following apply:

(1) Either of the following occurs:

(A) For occupied dwellings from which the taxpayer derives rental income, a state or local government regulatory agency has determined that the housing violates state law or local codes dealing with health, safety, or building.

(B) For dwellings that are unoccupied or abandoned for at least 90 days, a state or local government regulatory agency has cited the housing for conditions that constitute a serious violation of state law or local codes dealing with health, safety, or building, and that constitute a threat to public health and safety.

(2) Either of the following occurs:

(A) After written notice of violation by the regulatory agency, specifying the applicability of this section, the housing has not been brought to a condition of compliance within six months after the date of the notice or the time prescribed in the notice, whichever period is later.

(B) Good faith efforts for compliance have not been commenced, as determined by the regulatory agency.

“Substandard housing” also means employee housing that has not, within 30 days of the date of the written notice of violation or the date for compliance prescribed in the written notice of violation, been brought into compliance with the conditions stated in the written notice of violation of the Employee Housing Act (Part 1 (commencing with Section 17000) of Division 13 of the Health and Safety Code) issued by the enforcement agency that specifies the application of this section. The regulatory agency may, for good cause shown, extend the compliance date prescribed in a violation notice.

(c) (1) When the period specified in paragraph (2) of subdivision (b) has expired without compliance, the regulatory agency shall mail to the taxpayer a notice of noncompliance. The notice of noncompliance shall be in a form and shall include information prescribed by the Franchise Tax Board, shall be mailed by certified mail to the taxpayer at the taxpayer’s last known address, and shall advise the taxpayer of (A) an intent to notify the Franchise Tax Board of the noncompliance within 10 days unless an appeal is filed, (B) where an appeal may be filed, and (C) a general description of the tax consequences of the filing with the Franchise Tax Board. Appeals shall be made to the same body and in the same manner as appeals from other actions of the regulatory agency. If no appeal is made within 10 days or if after disposition of the appeal the regulatory agency is sustained, the regulatory agency shall notify, in writing, the Franchise Tax Board of the noncompliance.

(2) The notice of noncompliance shall contain the legal description or the lot and block numbers of the real property, the assessor’s parcel number, and the name of the owner of record as shown on the latest equalized assessment roll. In addition, the regulatory agency shall, at the same time as notification of the notice of noncompliance is sent to the Franchise Tax Board, record a copy of the notice of noncompliance in the office of the recorder for the county in which the substandard housing is located that includes a statement of tax consequences that may be determined by the Franchise Tax Board. However, the failure to record a notice with the county recorder does not relieve the liability of any taxpayer nor does it create any liability on the part of the regulatory agency.

(3) The regulatory agency may charge the taxpayer a fee in an amount not to exceed the regulatory agency’s costs incurred in recording any notice of noncompliance or issuing any release of that notice. The notice of compliance shall be recorded and shall serve to expunge the notice of noncompliance. The notice of compliance shall contain the same recording information required for the notice of noncompliance. No deduction by the taxpayer, or any other taxpayer who obtains title to the property subsequent to the recordation of the notice of noncompliance, shall be allowed for the items provided in subdivision (a) from the date of the notice of noncompliance until the date the regulatory agency determines that the substandard housing has been brought to a condition of compliance. The regulatory agency shall mail to the Franchise Tax Board and the taxpayer a notice of compliance, which notice shall be in the form and include the information prescribed by the Franchise Tax Board. In the event the period of noncompliance does not cover an entire taxable year, the deductions shall be denied at the rate of 1/12 for each full month during the period of noncompliance.

(4) If the property is owned by more than one owner or if the recorded title is in the name of a fictitious owner, the notice requirements provided in subdivision (b) and this subdivision shall be satisfied for each owner if the notices are mailed to one owner or to the fictitious name owner at the address appearing on the latest available property tax bill. However, notices made pursuant to this subdivision do not relieve the regulatory agency from furnishing taxpayer identification information required to implement this section to the Franchise Tax Board.

(d) For the purposes of this section, a notice of noncompliance shall not be mailed by the regulatory agency to the Franchise Tax Board if any of the following occur:

(1) The housing was rendered substandard solely by reason of earthquake, flood, or other natural disaster except where the condition remains for more than three years after the disaster.

(2) The owner of the substandard housing has secured financing to bring the housing into compliance with those laws or codes that have been violated, causing the housing to be classified as substandard, and has commenced repairs or other work necessary to bring the housing into compliance.

(3) The owner of substandard housing that is not within the meaning of housing accommodation as defined by subdivision (d) of Section 35805 of the Health and Safety Code has done both of the following:

(A) Attempted to secure financing to bring the housing into compliance with those laws or codes that have been violated, causing the housing to be classified as substandard.

(B) Been denied that financing solely because the housing is located in a neighborhood or geographical area in which financial institutions do not provide financing for rehabilitation of any of that type of housing.

(e) This section does not apply to deductions from income derived from property rendered substandard solely by reason of a change in applicable state or local housing standards unless the violations cause substantial danger to the occupants of the property, as determined by the regulatory agency which has served notice of violation pursuant to subdivision (b).

(f) The owner of substandard housing found to be in noncompliance shall, upon total or partial divestiture of interest in the property, immediately notify the regulatory agency of the name and address of the person or persons to whom the property has been sold or otherwise transferred and the date of the sale or transference.

(g) By July 1 of each year, the regulatory agency shall report to the appropriate legislative body of its jurisdiction all of the following information, for the preceding calendar year, regarding its activities to secure code enforcement, which shall be public information:

(1) The number of written notices of violation issued for substandard housing under subdivision (b).

(2) The number of violations complied with within the period prescribed in subdivision (b).

(3) The number of notices of noncompliance issued pursuant to subdivision (c).

(4) The number of appeals from those notices pursuant to subdivision (c).

(5) The number of successful appeals by owners.

(6) The number of notices of noncompliance mailed to the Franchise Tax Board pursuant to subdivision (c).

(7) The number of cases in which a notice of noncompliance was not sent pursuant to subdivision (d).

(8) The number of extensions for compliance granted pursuant to subdivision (b) and the mean average length of the extensions.

(9) The mean average length of time from the issuance of a notice of violation to the mailing of a notice of noncompliance to the Franchise Tax Board where the notice is actually sent to the Franchise Tax Board.

(10) The number of cases where compliance is achieved after a notice of noncompliance has been mailed to the Franchise Tax Board.

(11) The number of instances of disallowance of tax deductions by the Franchise Tax Board resulting from referrals made by the regulatory agency. This information may be filed in a supplemental report in succeeding years as it becomes available.

(h) The provisions of this section relating to substandard housing consisting of abandoned or unoccupied dwellings do not apply to any lender engaging in a “federally related transaction,” as defined in Section 11302 of the Business and Professions Code, who acquires title through judicial or nonjudicial foreclosure, or accepts a deed in lieu of foreclosure. The exception provided in this subdivision covers only substandard housing consisting of abandoned or unoccupied dwellings involved in the federally related transaction.

(Amended by Stats. 1999, Ch. 987, Sec. 31. Effective October 10, 1999.)

17275.

In computing taxable income, no deduction shall be allowed for any of the following:

(a) Abandonment fees paid under Section 51061 or 51093 of the Government Code.

(b) Tax recoupment fees paid under Section 51142 of the Government Code.

(Added by Stats. 1983, Ch. 488, Sec. 29. Effective July 28, 1983.)

17275.2.

Section 170(e)(3)(C) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to special rule for contributions of food inventory, shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 14, Sec. 25. (SB 401) Effective January 1, 2011.)

17275.3.

Section 170(e)(3)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to special rule for contributions of book inventory to public schools, shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 14, Sec. 26. (SB 401) Effective January 1, 2011.)

17275.4.

(a) For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2014, a deduction for a charitable contribution to an educational organization that is a postsecondary institution or to the Key Worldwide Foundation, pursuant to Section 170 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to charitable, etc., contributions and gifts, and a deduction for a business expense related to a payment to the Edge College and Career Network, LLC, pursuant to Section 162 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to trade or business expenses, shall not be allowed to a taxpayer who meets all of the following conditions:

(1) They are charged as a defendant in any of the following criminal complaints filed in the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts:

(A) Criminal Complaint #19-CR-10081-IT.

(B) Criminal Complaint #19-CR-10078-RWZ.

(C) Criminal Complaint #19-CR-10075-MLW.

(D) Criminal Complaint #19-CR-10074-NMG.

(E) Criminal Complaint #19-cr-10079-RWZ.

(F) Criminal Complaint #1:19-cr-10117.

(G) Criminal Complaint #1:19-cr-10115.

(H) Criminal Complaint #19-cr-10131.

(I) Criminal Complaint #1:19-cr-10116.

(J) Criminal Complaint #1-19-cr-10080.

(2) There is a final determination of their guilt with regard to a violation of any offense of Title 18 of the United States Code arising out of that criminal complaint.

(3) There is a finding that they took the deduction unlawfully pursuant to the final determination of guilt described in paragraph (2), or pursuant to a determination by the Franchise Tax Board.

(b) For purposes of this section, “final determination of guilt” means that the defendant has been convicted by verdict of a jury, accepted and recorded by the court, by a finding of the court in a case where a jury has been waived, or by a plea of guilty, and that the defendant has exhausted all appellate remedies.

(Added by Stats. 2019, Ch. 511, Sec. 2. (AB 136) Effective October 4, 2019.)

17275.5.

(a) No deduction shall be denied under Section 170(f)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to substantiation requirement for certain contributions, upon a showing that the requirements in Section 170(f)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code have been met with respect to that contribution for federal purposes.

(b) Section 170(f)(10)(F) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to excise tax on premiums paid, shall not apply.

(c) The provisions of Section 170(f)(11)(E) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to qualified appraisal and appraiser, shall apply to appraisals prepared with respect to returns or submissions filed on or after January 1, 2010.

(d) Section 170(f)(13) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to contributions of certain interests in buildings located in registered historic districts, shall not apply.

(e) Section 170(f)(18) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to contributions to donor advised funds, shall not apply.

(Amended by Stats. 2010, Ch. 14, Sec. 27. (SB 401) Effective January 1, 2011.)

17276.

Except as provided in Sections 17276.1, 17276.2, 17276.4, 17276.5, 17276.6, and 17276.7, the deduction provided by Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to net operating loss deduction, shall be modified as follows:

(a) (1) Net operating losses attributable to taxable years beginning before January 1, 1987, shall not be allowed.

(2) A net operating loss shall not be carried forward to any taxable year beginning before January 1, 1987.

(b) (1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), the provisions of Section 172(b)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to amount of carrybacks and carryovers, shall be modified so that the applicable percentage of the entire amount of the net operating loss for any taxable year shall be eligible for carryover to any subsequent taxable year. For purposes of this subdivision, the applicable percentage shall be:

(A) Fifty percent for any taxable year beginning before January 1, 2000.

(B) Fifty-five percent for any taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2000, and before January 1, 2002.

(C) Sixty percent for any taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2002, and before January 1, 2004.

(D) One hundred percent for any taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2004.

(2) In the case of a taxpayer who has a net operating loss in any taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1994, and who operates a new business during that taxable year, each of the following shall apply to each loss incurred during the first three taxable years of operating the new business:

(A) If the net operating loss is equal to or less than the net loss from the new business, 100 percent of the net operating loss shall be carried forward as provided in subdivision (d).

(B) If the net operating loss is greater than the net loss from the new business, the net operating loss shall be carried over as follows:

(i) With respect to an amount equal to the net loss from the new business, 100 percent of that amount shall be carried forward as provided in subdivision (d).

(ii) With respect to the portion of the net operating loss that exceeds the net loss from the new business, the applicable percentage of that amount shall be carried forward as provided in subdivision (d).

(C) For purposes of Section 172(b)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, the amount described in clause (ii) of subparagraph (B) shall be absorbed before the amount described in clause (i) of subparagraph (B).

(3) In the case of a taxpayer who has a net operating loss in any taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1994, and who operates an eligible small business during that taxable year, each of the following shall apply:

(A) If the net operating loss is equal to or less than the net loss from the eligible small business, 100 percent of the net operating loss shall be carried forward to the taxable years specified in subdivision (d).

(B) If the net operating loss is greater than the net loss from the eligible small business, the net operating loss shall be carried over as follows:

(i) With respect to an amount equal to the net loss from the eligible small business, 100 percent of that amount shall be carried forward as provided in subdivision (d).

(ii) With respect to that portion of the net operating loss that exceeds the net loss from the eligible small business, the applicable percentage of that amount shall be carried forward as provided in subdivision (d).

(C) For purposes of Section 172(b)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code, the amount described in clause (ii) of subparagraph (B) shall be absorbed before the amount described in clause (i) of subparagraph (B).

(4) In the case of a taxpayer who has a net operating loss in a taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1994, and who operates a business that qualifies as both a new business and an eligible small business under this section, that business shall be treated as a new business for the first three taxable years of the new business.

(5) In the case of a taxpayer who has a net operating loss in a taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1994, and who operates more than one business, and more than one of those businesses qualifies as either a new business or an eligible small business under this section, paragraph (2) shall be applied first, except that if there is any remaining portion of the net operating loss after application of clause (i) of subparagraph (B) of that paragraph, paragraph (3) shall be applied to the remaining portion of the net operating loss as though that remaining portion of the net operating loss constituted the entire net operating loss.

(6) For purposes of this section, the term “net loss” means the amount of net loss after application of Sections 465 and 469 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(c) Section 172(b)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to years to which the loss may be carried, is modified as follows:

(1) Net operating loss carrybacks shall not be allowed for any net operating losses attributable to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2018, and before January 1, 2013.

(2) A net operating loss attributable to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2013, and before January 1, 2019, shall be a net operating loss carryback to each of the two taxable years preceding the taxable year of the loss in lieu of the number of years provided therein.

(A) For a net operating loss attributable to a taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2013, and before January 1, 2014, the amount of carryback to any taxable year shall not exceed 50 percent of the net operating loss.

(B) For a net operating loss attributable to a taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2014, and before January 1, 2015, the amount of carryback to any taxable year shall not exceed 75 percent of the net operating loss.

(C) For a net operating loss attributable to a taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2015, and before January 1, 2019, the amount of carryback to any taxable year shall not exceed 100 percent of the net operating loss.

(3) A net operating loss carryback shall not be carried back to any taxable year beginning before January 1, 2011.

(d) (1) (A) For a net operating loss for any taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1987, and before January 1, 2000, Section 172(b)(1)(A)(ii) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified to substitute “five taxable years” in lieu of “20 taxable years” except as otherwise provided in paragraphs (2) and (3).

(B) For a net operating loss for any taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2000, and before January 1, 2008, Section 172(b)(1)(A)(ii) of the Internal Revenue Code is modified to substitute “10 taxable years” in lieu of “20 taxable years.”

(2) For any taxable year beginning before January 1, 2000, in the case of a “new business,” the “five taxable years” in paragraph (1) shall be modified to read as follows:

(A) “Eight taxable years” for a net operating loss attributable to the first taxable year of that new business.

(B) “Seven taxable years” for a net operating loss attributable to the second taxable year of that new business.

(C) “Six taxable years” for a net operating loss attributable to the third taxable year of that new business.

(3) For any carryover of a net operating loss for which a deduction is denied by Section 17276.3, the carryover period specified in this subdivision shall be extended as follows:

(A) By one year for a net operating loss attributable to taxable years beginning in 1991.

(B) By two years for a net operating loss attributable to taxable years beginning before January 1, 1991.

(4) The net operating loss attributable to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 1987, and before January 1, 1994, shall be a net operating loss carryover to each of the 10 taxable years following the year of the loss if it is incurred by a taxpayer that is under the jurisdiction of the court in a Title 11 or similar case at any time during the income year. The loss carryover provided in the preceding sentence does not apply to any loss incurred after the date the taxpayer is no longer under the jurisdiction of the court in a Title 11 or similar case.

(e) For purposes of this section:

(1) “Eligible small business” means any trade or business that has gross receipts, less returns and allowances, of less than one million dollars ($1,000,000) during the taxable year.

(2) Except as provided in subdivision (f), “new business” means any trade or business activity that is first commenced in this state on or after January 1, 1994.

(3) “Title 11 or similar case” shall have the same meaning as in Section 368(a)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.

(4) In the case of any trade or business activity conducted by a partnership or “S” corporation paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be applied to the partnership or “S” corporation.

(f) For purposes of this section, in determining whether a trade or business activity qualifies as a new business under paragraph (2) of subdivision (e), the following rules apply:

(1) In any case where a taxpayer purchases or otherwise acquires all or any portion of the assets of an existing trade or business (irrespective of the form of entity) that is doing business in this state (within the meaning of Section 23101), the trade or business thereafter conducted by the taxpayer (or any related person) shall not be treated as a new business if the aggregate fair market value of the acquired assets (including real, personal, tangible, and intangible property) used by the taxpayer (or any related person) in the conduct of its trade or business exceeds 20 percent of the aggregate fair market value of the total assets of the trade or business being conducted by the taxpayer (or any related person). For purposes of this paragraph only, the following rules apply:

(A) The determination of the relative fair market values of the acquired assets and the total assets shall be made as of the last day of the first taxable year in which the taxpayer (or any related person) first uses any of the acquired trade or business assets in its business activity.

(B) Acquired assets that constituted property described in Section 1221(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code in the hands of the transferor shall not be treated as assets acquired from an existing trade or business, unless those assets also constitute property described in Section 1221(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code in the hands of the acquiring taxpayer (or related person).

(2) In a case in which a taxpayer (or any related person) is engaged in one or more trade or business activities in this state, or has been engaged in one or more trade or business activities in this state within the preceding 36 months (“prior trade or business activity”), and thereafter commences an additional trade or business activity in this state, the additional trade or business activity shall only be treated as a new business if the additional trade or business activity is classified under a different division of the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual published by the United States Office of Management and Budget, 1987 edition, than are any of the taxpayer’s (or any related person’s) current or prior trade or business activities.

(3) In a case in which a taxpayer, including all related persons, is engaged in trade or business activities wholly outside of this state and the taxpayer first commences doing business in this state (within the meaning of Section 23101) after December 31, 1993 (other than by purchase or other acquisition described in paragraph (1)), the trade or business activity shall be treated as a new business under paragraph (2) of subdivision (e).

(4) In a case in which the legal form under which a trade or business activity is being conducted is changed, the change in form shall be disregarded and the determination of whether the trade or business activity is a new business shall be made by treating the taxpayer as having purchased or otherwise acquired all or any portion of the assets of an existing trade or business under the rules of paragraph (1).

(5) “Related person” shall mean any person that is related to the taxpayer under either Section 267 or 318 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(6) “Acquire” shall include any gift, inheritance, transfer incident to divorce, or any other transfer, whether or not for consideration.

(7) (A) For taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 1997, the term “new business” shall include any taxpayer that is engaged in biopharmaceutical activities or other biotechnology activities that are described in Codes 2833 to 2836, inclusive, of the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Manual published by the United States Office of Management and Budget, 1987 edition, and as further amended, and that has not received regulatory approval for any product from the Food and Drug Administration.

(B) For purposes of this paragraph:

(i) “Biopharmaceutical activities” means those activities that use organisms or materials derived from organisms, and their cellular, subcellular, or molecular components, in order to provide pharmaceutical products for human or animal therapeutics and diagnostics. Biopharmaceutical activities make use of living organisms to make commercial products, as opposed to pharmaceutical activities that make use of chemical compounds to produce commercial products.

(ii) “Other biotechnology activities” means activities consisting of the application of recombinant DNA technology to produce commercial products, as well as activities regarding pharmaceutical delivery systems designed to provide a measure of control over the rate, duration, and site of pharmaceutical delivery.

(g) Notwithstanding any provisions of this section to the contrary, a deduction shall be allowed to a “qualified taxpayer” as provided in Sections 17276.1, 17276.2, 17276.4, 17276.5, 17276.6, and 17276.7.

(h) The Franchise Tax Board may prescribe appropriate regulations to carry out the purposes of this section, including any regulations necessary to prevent the avoidance of the purposes of this section through splitups, shell corporations, partnerships, tiered ownership structures, or otherwise.

(i) The Franchise Tax Board may reclassify any net operating loss carryover determined under either paragraph (2) or (3) of subdivision (b) as a net operating loss carryover under paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) upon a showing that the reclassification is necessary to prevent evasion of the purposes of this section.

(j) Except as otherwise provided, the amendments made by Chapter 107 of the Statutes of 2000 apply to net operating losses for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2000.

(Amended by Stats. 2019, Ch. 39, Sec. 10. (AB 91) Effective July 1, 2019.)

17276.05.

(a) In addition to the modifications made by Section 17276, the deduction provided by Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to net operating loss deduction, shall be modified as follows:

(1) Section 172(b)(1)(J) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to certain losses attributable to federally declared disasters, shall not apply.

(2) Section 172(j) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to rules relating to qualified disaster losses, shall not apply.

(b) This section shall be operative for taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2011.

(Added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 721, Sec. 10. (SB 858) Effective October 19, 2010.)

17276.1.

(a) A qualified taxpayer, as defined in Section 17276.2, 17276.4, 17276.5, 17276.6, or 17276.7, may elect to take the deduction provided by Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to the net operating loss deduction, as modified by Section 17276, with the following exceptions:

(1) Subdivision (a) of Section 17276, relating to years in which allowable losses are sustained, shall not be applicable.

(2) Subdivision (b) of Section 17276, relating to the 50-percent reduction of losses, shall not be applicable.

(b) The election to compute the net operating loss under this section shall be made in a statement attached to the original return, timely filed for the year in which the net operating loss is incurred and shall be irrevocable. In addition to the exceptions specified in subdivision (a), the provisions of Section 17276.2, 17276.4, 17276.5, 17276.6, or 17276.7, as appropriate, shall be applicable.

(c) Any carryover of a net operating loss sustained by a qualified taxpayer, as defined in subdivision (a) or (b) of Section 17276.2 as that section read immediately prior to January 1, 1997, shall, if previously elected, continue to be a deduction, as provided in subdivision (a), applied as if the provisions of subdivision (a) or (b) of Section 17276.2, as that section read prior to January 1, 1997, still applied.

(Amended by Stats. 2001, Ch. 623, Sec. 2. Effective October 9, 2001.)

17276.3.

(a) Notwithstanding Sections 17276, 17276.1, 17276.2, 17276.4, 17276.5, 17276.6, and 17276.7 of this code and Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code, no net operating loss deduction shall be allowed for any taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2002, and before January 1, 2004.

(b) For any carryover of a net operating loss for which a deduction is denied by subdivision (a), the carryover period under Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code shall be extended as follows:

(1) By one year, for losses incurred in taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2002, and before January 1, 2003.

(2) By two years, for losses incurred in taxable years beginning before January 1, 2002.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 488, Sec. 2. Effective September 12, 2002.)

17276.4.

(a) The term “qualified taxpayer” as used in Section 17276.1 includes a person or entity engaged in the conduct of a trade or business within the Los Angeles Revitalization Zone designated pursuant to Section 7102 of the Government Code. For purposes of this subdivision, all of the following shall apply:

(1) A net operating loss shall not be a net operating loss carryback for any taxable year, and a net operating loss for any taxable year beginning on or after the date the area in which the taxpayer conducts a trade or business is designated the Los Angeles Revitalization Zone shall be a net operating loss carryover to each following taxable year that ends before the Los Angeles Revitalization Zone expiration date or to each of the 15 taxable years following the taxable year of loss, if longer.

(2) “Net operating loss” means the loss determined under Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code, as modified by Section 17276.1, attributable to the taxpayer’s business activities within the Los Angeles Revitalization Zone (as defined in Section 7102 of the Government Code) prior to the Los Angeles Revitalization Zone expiration date. The attributable loss shall be determined in accordance with Chapter 17 (commencing with Section 25101) of Part 11, modified as follows:

(A) Loss shall be apportioned to the Los Angeles Revitalization Zone by multiplying total loss from the business by a fraction, the numerator of which is the property factor plus the payroll factor, and the denominator of which is 2.

(B) “The Los Angeles Revitalization Zone” shall be substituted for “this state.”

(3) A net operating loss carryover shall be a deduction only with respect to the taxpayer’s business income attributable to the Los Angeles Revitalization Zone (as defined in Section 7102 of the Government Code) determined in accordance with subdivision (c).

(4) If a loss carryover is allowable pursuant to this section for any taxable year after the Los Angeles Revitalization Zone designation has expired, the Los Angeles Revitalization Zone shall be deemed to remain in existence for purposes of computing the limitation set forth in paragraph (2) and allowing a net operating loss deduction.

(5) Attributable income shall be that portion of the taxpayer’s California source business income which is apportioned to the Los Angeles Revitalization Zone. For that purpose, the taxpayer’s business income attributable to sources in this state first shall be determined in accordance with Chapter 17 (commencing with Section 25101) of Part 11. That business income shall be further apportioned to the Los Angeles Revitalization Zone in accordance with Article 2 (commencing with Section 25120) of Chapter 17 of Part 11, modified as follows:

(A) Business income shall be apportioned to the Los Angeles Revitalization Zone by multiplying total California business income of the taxpayer by a fraction, the numerator of which is the property factor plus the payroll factor, and the denominator of which is 2.

(B) The property factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the average value of the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in the Los Angeles Revitalization Zone during the taxable year and the denominator of which is the average value of all the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in this state during the taxable year.

(C) The payroll factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the total amount paid by the taxpayer in the Los Angeles Revitalization Zone during the taxable year for compensation, and the denominator of which is the total compensation paid by the taxpayer in this state during the taxable year.

(6) “Los Angeles Revitalization Zone expiration date” means the date the Los Angeles Revitalization Zone designation expires, is repealed, or becomes inoperative pursuant to Section 7102, 7103, or 7104 of the Government Code.

(b) This section shall be inoperative on the first day of the taxable year beginning on or after the determination date, and each taxable year thereafter, with respect to the taxpayer’s business activities within a geographic area that is excluded from the map pursuant to Section 7102 of the Government Code, or an excluded area determined pursuant to Section 7104 of the Government Code. The determination date is the earlier of the first effective date of a determination under subdivision (c) of Section 7102 of the Government Code occurring after December 1, 1994, or the first effective date of an exclusion of an area from the amended Los Angeles Revitalization Zone under Section 7104 of the Government Code. However, if the taxpayer has any unused loss amount as of the date this section becomes inoperative, that unused loss amount may continue to be carried forward as provided in this section.

(c) A taxpayer who qualifies as a “qualified taxpayer” under one or more sections shall, for the taxable year of the net operating loss and any taxable year to which that net operating loss may be carried, designate on the original return filed for each year the section that applies to that taxpayer with respect to that net operating loss. If the taxpayer is eligible to qualify under more than one section, the designation is to be made after taking into account subdivision (d).

(d) If a taxpayer is eligible to qualify under this section and either Section 17276.2, 17276.5, or 17276.6 as a “qualified taxpayer,” with respect to a net operating loss in a taxable year, the taxpayer shall designate which section is to apply to the taxpayer.

(e) Notwithstanding Section 17276, the amount of the loss determined under this section or Section 17276.2, 17276.5, or 17276.6 shall be the only net operating loss allowed to be carried over from that taxable year and the designation under subdivision (c) shall be included in the election under Section 17276.1.

(f) This section shall cease to be operative on December 1, 1998. However, any unused net operating loss may continue to be carried over to following years as provided in this section.

(Added by Stats. 1998, Ch. 1039, Sec. 8. Effective September 30, 1998. Applicable as prescribed by Sec. 23(b) of Ch. 1039. Inoperative on December 1, 1998, by its own provisions.)

17276.7.

(a) The term “qualified taxpayer” as used in Section 17276.1 includes a person or entity that conducts a farming business that is directly affected by Pierce’s disease and its vectors. For purposes of this subdivision, all of the following shall apply:

(1) A net operating loss shall not be a net operating loss carryback to any taxable year, and a net operating loss for any taxable year beginning on or after the date that the area in which the taxpayer conducts a farming business is affected by Pierce’s disease and its vectors shall be a net operating loss carryover to each of the nine taxable years following the taxable year of loss, until used.

(2) For purposes of this subdivision:

(A) “Net operating loss” means the loss determined under Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code, as modified by Section 17276.1, attributable to the taxpayer’s farming business activities affected by Pierce’s disease and its vectors. That attributable loss shall be determined in accordance with Chapter 17 (commencing with Section 25101) of Part 11, modified for purposes of this subdivision, as follows:

(i) A loss shall be apportioned to the area affected by Pierce’s disease and its vectors by multiplying the total loss from the farming business by a fraction, the numerator of which is the property factor plus the payroll factor, and the denominator of which is two.

(ii) “The area affected by Pierce’s disease and its vectors” shall be substituted for “this state.”

(B) A net operating loss carryover computed under this section shall be allowed as a deduction only with respect to the taxpayer’s farming business income attributable to the area affected by Pierce’s disease and its vectors.

(C) Attributable income is that portion of the taxpayer’s California source farming business income that is apportioned to the area affected by Pierce’s disease and its vectors. For that purpose, that taxpayer’s farming business income attributable to sources in this state first shall be determined in accordance with Chapter 17 (commencing with Section 25101) of Part 11. That farming business income shall be further apportioned to the area affected by Pierce’s disease and its vectors in accordance with Article 2 (commencing with Section 25120) of Chapter 17 of Part 11, modified for purposes of this subdivision as follows:

(i) Farming business income shall be apportioned to the area affected by Pierce’s disease and its vectors by multiplying the total California farming business income of the taxpayer by a fraction, the numerator of which is the property factor plus the payroll factor, and the denominator of which is two. For purposes of this paragraph:

(I) The property factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the average value of the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in the area affected by Pierce’s disease and its vectors during the taxable year, and the denominator of which is the average value of all the taxpayer’s real and tangible personal property owned or rented and used in this state during the taxable year.

(II) The payroll factor is a fraction, the numerator of which is the total amount paid by the taxpayer in the area affected by Pierce’s disease and its vectors during the taxable year for compensation, and the denominator of which is the total compensation paid by the taxpayer in this state during the taxable year.

(ii) If a loss carryover is allowable pursuant to this section for any taxable year after Pierce’s disease and its vectors have occurred, the area affected by Pierce’s disease and its vectors shall be deemed to remain in existence for purposes of computing the limitation set forth in subparagraph (B) and allowing a net operating loss deduction.

(b) A taxpayer who qualifies as a “qualified taxpayer” under one or more sections shall, for the taxable year of the net operating loss and any taxable year to which that net operating loss may be carried, designate on the original return filed for each year the section that applies to that taxpayer with respect to that net operating loss. If the taxpayer is eligible to qualify under more than one section, the designation is to be made after taking into account subdivision (c).

(c) If a taxpayer is eligible to compute its net operating loss under this section and either Section 17276.2, 17276.4, 17276.5, or 17276.6 as a “qualified taxpayer,” with respect to a net operating loss in a taxable year, the taxpayer shall designate which section is to apply to the taxpayer.

(d) Notwithstanding Section 17276, the amount of the loss determined under this section or Section 17276.2, 17276.4, 17276.5, or 17276.6 shall be the only net operating loss allowed to be carried over from that taxable year and the designation under subdivision (b) shall be included in the election under Section 17276.1.

(e) (1) A qualified taxpayer may utilize the net operating loss carryover allowed by this section only if the Department of Food and Agriculture confirms that the taxpayer’s farming business was affected by Pierce’s disease and its vectors during the year for which the qualified taxpayer seeks a deduction under this section.

(2) To make the determination required by this subdivision, the Department of Food and Agriculture shall utilize the definitions in Title 3 of the California Code of Regulations, relating to Pierce’s disease and its vectors.

(3) The Franchise Tax Board shall develop a management agreement with the cooperation of the Department of Food and Agriculture to establish procedures by which the Franchise Tax Board secures the information. This subdivision shall not be construed to require the Department of Food and Agriculture to confirm more than the fact that the taxpayer’s farming business was affected by Pierce’s disease and its vectors during the year for which the qualified taxpayer seeks a deduction.

(f) This section applies to net operating losses attributable to taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2001, and before January 1, 2003.

(Amended by Stats. 2002, Ch. 524, Sec. 3. Effective January 1, 2003.)

17276.21.

(a) Notwithstanding Sections 17276, 17276.1, 17276.2, 17276.4, 17276.5, 17276.6, and 17276.7 of this code and Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code, no net operating loss deduction shall be allowed for any taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2008, and before January 1, 2012.

(b) For any net operating loss or carryover of a net operating loss for which a deduction is denied by subdivision (a), the carryover period under Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code shall be extended as follows:

(1) By one year, for losses incurred in taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2010, and before January 1, 2011.

(2) By two years, for losses incurred in taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2009, and before January 1, 2010.

(3) By three years, for losses incurred in taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2008, and before January 1, 2009.

(4) By four years, for losses incurred in taxable years beginning before January 1, 2008.

(c) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), a net operating loss deduction shall be allowed for carryback of a net operating loss attributable to a taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2013, and before January 1, 2019.

(d) The provisions of this section do not apply to the following taxpayers:

(1) For a taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2008, and before January 1, 2010, this section does not apply to a taxpayer with net business income of less than five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) for the taxable year. For purposes of this paragraph, business income means:

(A) Income from a trade or business, whether conducted by the taxpayer or by a passthrough entity owned directly or indirectly by the taxpayer. For purposes of this paragraph, the term “passthrough entity” means a partnership or an “S” corporation.

(B) Income from rental activity.

(C) Income attributable to a farming business.

(2) For a taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2010, and before January 1, 2012, this section does not apply to a taxpayer with modified adjusted gross income of less than three hundred thousand dollars ($300,000) for the taxable year. For purposes of this paragraph, “modified adjusted gross income” means the amount described in paragraph (2) of subdivision (h) of Section 17024.5, determined without regard to the deduction allowed under Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to net operating loss deduction.

(Amended by Stats. 2019, Ch. 39, Sec. 11. (AB 91) Effective July 1, 2019.)

17276.22.

Notwithstanding Section 17276.1, 17276.2, 17276.4, 17276.5, 17276.6, or 17276.7 to the contrary, a net operating loss attributable to a taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2008, shall be a net operating carryover to each of the 20 taxable years following the year of the loss, and a net operating loss attributable to a taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2013, and before January 1, 2019, shall also be a net operating loss carryback to each of the two taxable years preceding the taxable year of loss.

(Amended by Stats. 2019, Ch. 39, Sec. 12. (AB 91) Effective July 1, 2019.)

17276.23.

(a) Notwithstanding Sections 17276, 17276.1, 17276.4, 17276.7, and 17276.22, former Sections 17276.2, 17276.5, 17276.6, and 17276.20, and Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code, a net operating loss deduction shall not be allowed for any taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2020, and before January 1, 2023.

(b) For any net operating loss or carryover of a net operating loss for which a deduction is denied by subdivision (a), the carryover period under Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code shall be extended as follows:

(1) By one year, for losses incurred in taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2021, and before January 1, 2022.

(2) By two years, for losses incurred in taxable years beginning on or after January 1, 2020, and before January 1, 2021.

(3) By three years, for losses incurred in taxable years beginning before January 1, 2020.

(c) This section shall not apply as follows:

(1) For a taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2020, and before January 1, 2023, this section shall not apply to a taxpayer with a net business income of less than one million dollars ($1,000,000) for the taxable year.

(2) For a taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 2020, and before January 1, 2023, this section shall not apply to a taxpayer with a modified adjusted gross income of less than one million dollars ($1,000,000) for the taxable year.

(d) For purposes of this section:

(1) “Business income” means any of the following:

(A) Income from a trade or business, whether conducted by the taxpayer or by a passthrough entity owned directly or indirectly by the taxpayer.

(B) Income from rental activity.

(C) Income attributable to a farming business.

(2) “Modified adjusted gross income” means the amount described in paragraph (2) of subdivision (h) of Section 17024.5, determined without regard to the deduction allowed under Section 172 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to net operating loss deduction.

(3) “Passthrough entity” means a partnership or an S corporation.

(Added by Stats. 2020, Ch. 8, Sec. 8. (AB 85) Effective June 29, 2020.)

17278.

(a) To the extent specified in subdivision (b), there shall be allowed as a deduction to a taxpayer those payments of the taxpayer which are made pursuant to an interindemnity arrangement specified in Section 1280.7 of the Insurance Code and which are paid to a trust of members of a cooperative corporation organized and operated under Part 2 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 3 of Title 1 of the Corporations Code and the members of which consist solely of physicians and surgeons licensed in this state.

(b) The deduction authorized by subdivision (a) shall be taken with respect to the taxable year in which the payment is made and shall be taken only to the extent that the payment does not exceed the amount which would otherwise be payable to an independent insurance company for similar coverage for medical malpractice insurance in that taxable year. Any portion of the payment in excess of that amount shall be treated as a payment under the interindemnity arrangement for five succeeding taxable years and may be carried forward as a deduction to those five succeeding taxable years until used. The deduction shall be applied first to the earliest years possible.

(c) In the event any payment is refunded by the trust to the taxpayer for any reason, the payment shall be included in the taxpayer’s income for the taxable year in which it is received to the extent that the payment or any portion thereof was taken as a deduction in any earlier taxable year.

(d) Any refund of a payment which is made by a trust to a taxpayer shall be reported by the trust to the Franchise Tax Board in the year in which the refund is made. The trust shall furnish the taxpayer with a copy of that report. In the case of any payment to be made to a taxpayer who is not a resident of the State of California in the year in which the refund is made, the Franchise Tax Board may, by regulation, require the trust to withhold an amount from the refund, determined by the Franchise Tax Board to reasonably represent the amount of tax due when that refund is included with other income of the taxpayer, and to transmit the amount withheld to the Franchise Tax Board at a time as it may designate.

(e) For purposes of this section:

(1) “Payment” means a contribution to or an assessment by an interindemnity arrangement described in Section 1280.7 of the Insurance Code.

(2) “Taxpayer” means a physician or surgeon licensed in this state who is a participating member in an interindemnity arrangement described in Section 1280.7 of the Insurance Code.

(3) “Trust” means a trust described in subdivision (a).

(f) Upon request, the trust shall submit to the Franchise Tax Board the names and membership dates of all participating doctors.

(g) The Franchise Tax Board shall prescribe those regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this section.

(Added by renumbering Section 17268 by Stats. 1984, Ch. 1276, Sec. 2. Effective September 19, 1984. Section applicable, by Sec. 5 of Ch. 1276, during taxable years in which federal treatment is similar.)

17278.5.

The deduction allowed by Section 194 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to amortization of reforestation expenditures, shall be available only with respect to qualified timber property located in this state.

(Added by Stats. 1997, Ch. 611, Sec. 36. Effective October 3, 1997.)

17279.

Section 197 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to amortization of goodwill and certain other intangibles, is modified as follows:

(a) (1) Section 13261(g) of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1993 (P.L. 103-66), relating to effective dates, shall apply, except as otherwise provided.

(2) (A) If a taxpayer has, at any time, made an election for federal purposes under Section 13261(g)(2) of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1993 (P.L. 103-66), relating to election to have amendments apply to property acquired after July 25, 1991, or Section 13261(g)(3) of that act, relating to elective binding contract exception, a separate election for state purposes shall not be allowed under paragraph (3) of subdivision (e) of Section 17024.5 and the federal election shall be binding for purposes of this part.

(B) If a taxpayer has not made an election for federal purposes under Section 13261(g)(2) of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1993 (P.L. 103-66), relating to election to have amendments apply to property acquired after July 25, 1991, or Section 13261(g)(3) of that act, relating to elective binding contract exception, with respect to property acquired before August 11, 1993, then the taxpayer shall not be allowed to make an election under Section 13261(g) of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1993 (P.L. 103-66), for purposes of this part, with respect to that property.

(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, each of the following shall apply:

(1) No deduction shall be allowed under this section for any taxable year beginning prior to January 1, 1994.

(2) No inference is intended with respect to the allowance or denial of any deduction for amortization in any taxable year beginning before January 1, 1994.

(3) In the case of an intangible that was acquired in a taxable year beginning before January 1, 1994, the amount to be amortized shall not exceed the adjusted basis of that intangible as of the first day of the first taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1994, and that amount shall be amortized ratably over the period beginning with the first month of the first taxable year beginning on or after January 1, 1994, and ending 15 years after the month in which the intangible was acquired.

(Amended by Stats. 1997, Ch. 611, Sec. 37. Effective October 3, 1997.)

17279.4.

Section 198 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to expensing of environmental remediation costs, is modified as follows:

(a) For expenditures paid or incurred before January 1, 2004, all of the following shall apply:

(1) If a taxpayer has, at any time, made an election for federal purposes under Section 198(a) of the Internal Revenue Code to have Section 198 of the Internal Revenue Code apply to a qualified environmental remediation expenditure, Section 198 of the Internal Revenue Code shall apply to that qualified environmental remediation expenditure for state purposes, a separate election for state purposes shall not be allowed under paragraph (3) of subdivision (e) of Section 17024.5, and the federal election shall be binding for purposes of this part.

(2) If a taxpayer fails to make an election for federal purposes under Section 198(a) of the Internal Revenue Code to have Section 198 of the Internal Revenue Code apply to a qualified environmental remediation expenditure, an election under Section 198(a) of the Internal Revenue Code shall not be allowed for state purposes, Section 198 of the Internal Revenue Code shall not apply to that qualified environmental remediation expenditure for state purposes, and a separate election for state purposes shall not be allowed under paragraph (3) of subdivision (e) of Section 17024.5.

(b) No inference as to the proper treatment for purposes of this part of qualified environmental remediation expenditures paid or incurred in taxable years beginning before January 1, 1998, shall be made.

(c) Section 198(h) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to termination, shall not apply.

(d) Section 198 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to expensing of environmental remediation costs, shall not apply to expenditures paid or incurred after December 31, 2003.

(Amended by Stats. 2005, Ch. 691, Sec. 33. Effective October 7, 2005.)

17279.6.

Section 198A of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to expensing of qualified disaster expenses, shall not apply.

(Added by Stats. 2010, Ch. 14, Sec. 29. (SB 401) Effective January 1, 2011.)

17280.

(a) No deduction shall be denied as provided by Section 265 of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to expenses and interest relating to tax-exempt income.

(b) No deduction shall be allowed for any of the following:

(1) Any amount otherwise allowable as a deduction which is allocable to one or more classes of income other than interest (whether or not any amount of income of that class or classes is received or accrued) wholly exempt from the taxes imposed by this part, or any amount otherwise allowable under Section 212 of the Internal Revenue Code (relating to expenses for production of income) which is allocable to interest (whether or not any amount of such interest is received or accrued) wholly exempt from the taxes imposed by this part.

(2) Interest on indebtedness incurred or continued to purchase or carry obligations the interest on which is wholly exempt from the taxes imposed by this part. The proper apportionment and allocation of the deduction with respect to taxable and nontaxable income shall be determined under rules and regulations prescribed by the Franchise Tax Board.

(3) Interest on indebtedness incurred or continued to purchase or carry shares of stock of a management company or series thereof which during the taxable year of the holder thereof distributes exempt-interest dividends.

(c) For purposes of paragraph (2) of subdivision (b):

(1) “Interest” includes any amount paid or incurred—

(A) By any person making a short sale in connection with personal property used in that short sale, or

(B) By any other person for the use of any collateral with respect to that short sale.

(2) If—

(A) The taxpayer provides cash as collateral for any short sale, and

(B) The taxpayer receives no material earnings on that cash during the period of the sale,

subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) shall not apply to that short sale.

(d) No deduction shall be denied under this section for interest on a mortgage on, or real property taxes on, the home of the taxpayer by reason of the receipt of an amount as either of the following:

(1) A military housing allowance.

(2) A parsonage allowance excludable from gross income under Section 107 of the Internal Revenue Code.

(Amended by Stats. 1988, Ch. 970, Sec. 1.)

17282.

(a) In computing taxable income, deductions, including deductions for cost of goods sold, shall not be allowed to any taxpayer from any of his or her gross income directly derived from any act or omission of criminal profiteering activity, as defined in Section 186.2 of the Penal Code, or as defined in Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 11350) of Division 10 of the Health and Safety Code, or Article 5 (commencing with Section 750) of Chapter 1 of Part 2 of Division 1 of the Insurance Code; and deductions shall not be allowed to any taxpayer from any of his or her gross income derived from any other activities which directly tend to promote or to further, or are directly connected or associated with, those acts or omissions.

(b) A prior, final determination by a court of competent jurisdiction of this state in any criminal proceedings or any proceeding in which the state, county, city and county, city, or other political subdivision was a party thereto on the merits of the legality of the activities of a taxpayer, or predecessor in interest of a taxpayer, shall be required in order for subdivision (a) to apply and shall be binding upon the Franchise Tax Board and the State Board of Equalization.

(c) (1) Except as provided in paragraphs (2) and (3), this section shall be applied with respect to taxable years that have not been closed by a statute of limitations, res judicata, or otherwise as of September 14, 1982.

(2) The amendments made to this section by Chapter 962 of the Statutes of 1984 shall be applied with respect to taxable years that have not been closed by a statute of limitations, res judicata, or otherwise as of January 1, 1985.

(3) The amendments made to this section by Chapter 454 of the Statutes of 2011 shall be applied with respect to taxable years that have not been closed by a statute of limitations, res judicata, or otherwise as of the effective date of that act.

(Amended by Stats. 2012, Ch. 162, Sec. 171. (SB 1171) Effective January 1, 2013.)

17286.

In addition to the deduction denied under Section 162(c)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code, relating to payments made to officials or employees of a foreign government, no deduction shall be allowed for any payment that would be unlawful under the laws of the United States, if those laws were applicable to the payment and to the official or employee.

(Added by Stats. 1983, Ch. 498, Sec. 143. Effective July 28, 1983.)

17287.

Section 269A of the Internal Revenue Code is modified by substituting “California Personal Income Tax” for “Federal income tax.”

(Amended by Stats. 1999, Ch. 987, Sec. 34. Effective October 10, 1999.)

17299.8.

The Franchise Tax Board may disallow a deduction under this part to an individual or entity for amounts paid as remuneration for personal services if that individual or entity fails to report the payments required under Section 13050 of the Unemployment Insurance Code or Section 18631 on the date prescribed therefor (determined with regard to any extension of time for filing).

(Amended by Stats. 2007, Ch. 156, Sec. 1. Effective January 1, 2008.)

17299.9.

(a) Notwithstanding any other provisions in this part, in the case of a taxpayer who owns real property and has either failed to provide information required pursuant to Section 18642, or has provided information which is either false, misleading, or incomplete in the information return required pursuant to Section 18642, no deduction shall be allowed for interest, taxes, depreciation, or amortization paid or incurred with respect to that real property, as provided in subdivision (b).

(b) No deduction shall be allowed for the items provided in subdivision (a) from 60 days after the due date for filing the information return required pursuant to Section 18642 until the date the Franchise Tax Board determines that all provisions of Section 18642 have been complied with.

(c) In the event the period of noncompliance does not cover an entire taxable year, the deductions shall be denied at the rate of one-twelfth for each full month during the period of noncompliance.

(Amended by Stats. 1993, Ch. 31, Sec. 10. Effective June 16, 1993. Operative January 1, 1994, by Sec. 83 of Ch. 31.)

Sours: https://leginfo.legislature.ca.gov/faces/codes_displayText.xhtml?lawCode=RTC&division=2.&title=&part=10.&chapter=3.&article=6.

Now discussing:

Of times and began to enter it. To my surprise, inside, of course, she turned out not to be like a 20-year-old, but still, for her 52-year-olds, its even. Nothing. About twenty minutes later I finished right in it, filled it with all my heart. While we were resting, she told me that I was her first for the last four years.



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